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‣ Prevalence and distribution of the GBV-C/HGV among HIV-1-infected patients under anti-retroviral therapy

ALCALDE, Rosana; NISHIYA, Anna; CASSEB, Jorge; INOCENCIO, Lilian; FONSECA, Luiz A. M.; DUARTE, Alberto J. S.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Infection with GB virus C (GBV-C) or hepatitis G virus (HGV) is highly prevalent among HIV/AIDS patients. GBV-C/HGV viremia has not been associated with liver disease and seems to slow HIV disease progression. To study the GBV-C/HGV genotypes prevalence among HIV/AIDS patients and its association with HIV viral load (VL) and CD4+ lymphocyte counts. From February 2003 to February 2004, we analyzed 210 HIV-1-infected subjects who were on anti-retroviral therapy (ART). For 63 of them a PCR-nested to the non-coding 5` (5`NCR) region of the GBV-C/HGV was done, and for 49 a DNA direct sequencing was done. A phylogenetic analysis was performed by PHYLIP program. 63(30%) of the HIV-1-infected patients were co-infected with GBV-C/HGV. The phylogenetic analysis revealed the following genotypes (and respective relative frequencies): 1(10%), 2a (41%), 2b (43%), and 3 (6%). Co-infected patients presented lower HIV-1 VL and higher T CD4+ lymphocyte cells counts as compared with patients negative for GBV-C/HGV sequences (log = 4.52 vs. 4.71, p = 0.036), and T CD4+ lymphocyte counts (cells/mm(3) = 322.6 vs. 273.5, p = 0.081, respectively). T CD4+ cells counts equal to, or higher than, 200/mm(3) were significantly more common among co-infected patients than among HIV-infected-only patients (p = 0.042). The lowest T CD4+ cells counts were associated with genotype 1 and the highest with genotype 2b (p = 0.05). The GBV-C/HGV infection prevalence was 30% among HIV-1-infected subjects...

‣ Evaluation of GBV-C / HVG viremia in HIV-infected women; Avaliação da viremia por GBV-C/HGV em mulheres infectadas pelo HIV

Silva, Synara Araújo; Rodrigues, Célia Lima; Campos, Aléia Faustino; Levi, José Eduardo
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The present study aimed at standardizing a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay to evaluate the presence of GBV-C/HGV RNA. A "TaqMan" assay using primers and probe derived from the 5¢ NCR region was developed and validated. Two hundred and fifty-three plasma samples from HIV-infected women were tested for GBV-C viremia and antibody against the envelope protein 2. GBV-C RNA was detected in 22.5% of the patients whereas the antibody was identified in 25.3% of the cohort. Detection of viral RNA and of antibodies was mutually exclusive. Viral loads showed a mean of 1,777 arbitrary units / mL, being 1.1 and 13,625 arbitrary units / mL respectively the lowest and highest values measured. We conclude that the real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction method developed is appropriate for the investigation of GBV-C RNA since it was shown to be highly specific and sensitive, as well as requiring few steps, preventing contamination and providing additional information as to the relative viremia of carriers, a parameter that must be included in studies evaluating the co-factors influencing the clinical outcome of HIV/AIDS.

‣ Desenvolvimento de uma técnica molecular para detecção e quantificação do vírus da hepatite G (GBV-C/HGV); The Hepatitis G (GBV-C / HGV) agent is a flavivirus

Silva, Synara Alexandre Araujo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2010 Português
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Introdução: O vírus da hepatite G (GBV-C/HGV) é um flavivírus de genoma RNA de fita simples polaridade positiva, replicando em linfócitos, não sendo até hoje associado a qualquer patogenia humana. Estudos recentes demonstram que pessoas co-infectadas pelos vírus GBV-C/HGV e HIV têm menor progressão para AIDS e morte, embora alguns estudos tenham falhado em demonstrar tais efeitos. Objetivo: Determinar a soroprevalência e viremia (qualitativa) por GBV-C/HGV nas amostras de pacientes HIV+ e desenvolver uma metodologia de PCR em tempo real para fazer a determinação das cargas virais de GBV-C/HGV. Métodos: Avaliamos a presença de anticorpo e RNA do vírus GBV-C/HGV em 253 amostras de plasma de mulheres HIV positivas, coletadas entre 1997-99. Realizamos o ensaio imunoenzimático anti-E2 (EIA anti-HGenv kit, Roche(TM)), a reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR), o NESTED PCR e, padronizamos um PCR em tempo real (RT-PCR), ensaio baseado no sistema Taqman, também aplicado nas mesmas amostras. A curva-padrão do ensaio foi feita com diluições seriadas de uma bolsa de plasma GBV-C/HGV+, e os resultados expressos em unidades aleatórias/mL. Resultados: Das 253 amostras testadas, 64 foram positivas para o anticorpo anti-E2 (25...

‣ Liver histology in co-infection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Hepatitis G virus (HGV)

STRAUSS,Edna; GAYOTTO,Luiz Carlos da Costa; FAY,Fabian; FAY,Oscar; FERNANDES,Helena Sabino; CHAMONE,Dalton de Alencar Fischer
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2002 Português
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As little is known about liver histology in the co-infection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis G virus (HGV), HGV RNA was investigated in 46 blood donors with hepatitis C, 22 of them with liver biopsy: co-infection HCV / HGV (n = 6) and HCV isolated infection (n = 16). Besides staging and grading of inflammation at portal, peri-portal and lobular areas (Brazilian Consensus), the fibrosis progression index was also calculated. All patients had no symptoms or signs of liver disease and prevalence of HGV / HCV co-infection was 15.2%. Most patients had mild liver disease and fibrosis progression index, calculated only in patients with known duration of infection, was 0.110 for co-infection and 0.130 for isolated HCV infection, characterizing these patients as "slow fibrosers". No statistical differences could be found between the groups, although a lesser degree of inflammation was always present in co-infection. In conclusion co-infection HCV / HGV does not induce a more aggressive liver disease, supporting the hypothesis that HGV is not pathogenic.

‣ Genotype distribution of the GB virus C in citizens of São Paulo City, Brazil

Nishiya,Anna S.; Ribeiro-Dos-Santos,Gabriela; Bassit,Leda; Focaccia,Roberto; Chamone,Dalton F.; Sabino,Ester C.
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2003 Português
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There has been several studies worldwide on phylogenetics and genotype distribution of the GB-virus C / Hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV). However, in their great majority, those investigations were based on some epidemiologically linked group, rather than on a representative sampling of the general population. The present is a continuation of the first study in Brazil with such a population; it addresses the GBV-C/HGV phylogenetics and genotype distribution based on samples identified among more than 1,000 individuals of the city of São Paulo. For this purpose, a 728 bp fragment of the 5´non-coding region (5´NCR) of the viral genome, from 24 isolates, was sequenced and subjected to phylogenetic analysis. Genotypes 1, 2a and 2b were found at 8.3% (2/24), 50% (12/24) and 41.7% (10/24), respectively. In conclusion São Paulo displays a genotype distribution similar to the published data for other States and Regions of Brazil, endorsing the notion that types 1 and 2 would have entered the country with African and European people, respectively, since its earliest formation.

‣ HEV, TTV and GBV-C/HGV markers in patients with acute viral hepatitis

Lyra,A.C.; Pinho,J.R.R.; Silva,L.K.; Sousa,L.; Saraceni,C.P.; Braga,E.L.; Pereira,J.E.; Zarife,M.A.S.; Reis,M.G.; Lyra,L.G.C.; Silva,L.C. da; Carrilho,F.J.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2005 Português
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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of HEV, TTV and GBV-C/GBV-C/HGV in patients with acute viral hepatitis A, B and non-A-C. We evaluated sera of 94 patients from a sentinel program who had acute hepatitis A (N = 40), B (N = 42) and non-A-C (N = 12); 71 blood donors served as controls. IgM and anti-HEV IgG antibodies were detected by enzyme immunoassay using commercial kits. TTV and GBV-C/HGV were detected by nested PCR; genotyping was done by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Anti-HEV IgG was present in 38, 10 and 17% of patients with hepatitis A, B and non-A-C. Four patients with hepatitis A and 1 with non-A-C hepatitis also had anti-HEV IgM detected in serum. TTV was detected in 21% of patients with acute hepatitis and in 31% of donors. GBV-C/HGV was detected in 9% of patients with hepatitis, and in 10% of donors. We found TTV isolates of genotypes 1, 2, 3, and 4 and GBV-C/HGV isolates of genotypes 1 and 2. Mean aminotransferase levels were lower in patients who were TTV or GBV-C/HGV positive. In conclusion, the detection of anti-HEV IgM in some acute hepatitis A cases suggests co-infection with HEV and hepatitis E could be the etiology of a few cases of sporadic non-A-C hepatitis in Salvador, Brazil. TTV genotype 1...

‣ GBV-C/HGV and HIV-1 coinfection

Maidana,Maria Teresa; Sabino,Ester Cerdeira; Kallas,Esper Georges
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2005 Português
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An interesting interaction pattern has been found between HIV-1 and GBV-C/HGV, resulting in protection against progression to AIDS. The mechanisms involved in this interaction remain to be clarified. We examined the current knowledge concerning this coinfection and developed hypotheses to explain its effects. A better understanding of this interaction could result in new concepts, which may lead to new strategies to control HIV-1 replication and progression to AIDS.

‣ Detection of Hepatitis G Virus (HGV) RNA and Antibodies to the HGV Envelope Protein E2 in a Cohort of Hemodialysis Patients

Pérez-Gracia, T.; Galán, F.; Girón-González, J. A.; Lozano, A.; Benavides, B.; Fernández, E.; Rodríguez-Iglesias, M.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2000 Português
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An analysis of the evolution of hepatitis G virus (HGV) infection markers was performed for a cohort of 58 hemodialyzed patients. During follow-up (4.88 ± 0.42 years), a group of these patients cleared their antibodies against the envelope protein E2 with (4 of 29 cases; 13.8%) or without (9 of 29 cases; 31%) the reappearance of viremia. This finding implies a temporally limited protection in patients previously infected with HGV.

‣ Outcome of mother to infant acquired GBV-C/HGV infection

Zuin, G; Saccani, B; Di, G; Tanzi, E; Zanetti, A; Principi, N
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1999 Português
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Twelve children born to hepatitis C virus antibody GBV-C/HGV RNA positive mothers who acquired GBV-C/HGV infection by the vertical or perinatal route were studied. Most (91%) were persistently GBV-C/HGV RNA positive up to 12 months of age. Four out of six cases who acquired GBV-C/HGV alone had normal alanine amino transferase activities. Long lasting evidence of hepatocellular injury was detected only in children with GBV-C/HGV and hepatitis C virus and HIV coinfection.



‣ GB Virus C/Hepatitis G Virus (GBV-C/HGV): still looking for a disease

Sathar, M A; Soni, P N; York, D
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2000 Português
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GB Virus C and Hepatitis G Virus (GBV-C/HGV) are positive, single-stranded flaviviruses. GBV-C and HGV are independent isolates of the same virus. Transmission via the blood-borne route is the commonest mode, although vertical and sexual transmission is well documented. GBV-C/HGV is distributed globally; its prevalence in the general population is 10 fold higher in African countries than in non-African countries. High prevalences of GBV-C/HGV have been found in subjects with frequent parenteral exposure and in groups at high risk of exposure to blood and blood products. The clinical significance of human infection with GBV-C/HGV is currently unclear. The virus can establish both acute and chronic infection and appears to be sensitive to interferon. Only some 12–15% of chronic Non-A, B, C hepatitis cases are infected with GBV-C/HGV. A direct association with liver pathology is still lacking and it is not yet clear as to whether GBV-C/HGV is indeed a hepatotropic virus. Current evidence suggests that the spectrum of association of GBV-C/HGV infection with extrahepatic diseases ranges from haematalogical diseases, aplastic anaemia, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive idiopathic thrombocytopenia and thalassemia, through to common variable immune deficiency and cryoglobunemia.

‣ The GB viruses: a review and proposed classification of GBV-A, GBV-C (HGV), and GBV-D in genus Pegivirus within the family Flaviviridae

Stapleton, Jack T.; Foung, Steven; Muerhoff, A. Scott; Bukh, Jens; Simmonds, Peter
Fonte: Society for General Microbiology Publicador: Society for General Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2011 Português
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In 1967, it was reported that experimental inoculation of serum from a surgeon (G.B.) with acute hepatitis into tamarins resulted in hepatitis. In 1995, two new members of the family Flaviviridae, named GBV-A and GBV-B, were identified in tamarins that developed hepatitis following inoculation with the 11th GB passage. Neither virus infects humans, and a number of GBV-A variants were identified in wild New World monkeys that were captured. Subsequently, a related human virus was identified [named GBV-C or hepatitis G virus (HGV)], and recently a more distantly related virus (named GBV-D) was discovered in bats. Only GBV-B, a second species within the genus Hepacivirus (type species hepatitis C virus), has been shown to cause hepatitis; it causes acute hepatitis in experimentally infected tamarins. The other GB viruses have however not been assigned to a genus within the family Flaviviridae. Based on phylogenetic relationships, genome organization and pathogenic features of the GB viruses, we propose to classify GBV-A-like viruses, GBV-C and GBV-D as members of a fourth genus in the family Flaviviridae, named Pegivirus (pe, persistent; g, GB or G). We also propose renaming ‘GB’ viruses within the tentative genus Pegivirus to reflect their host origin.

‣ High prevalence of GB Virus C/Hepatitis G Virus RNA among Brazilian blood donors

Levi,José Eduardo; Contri,Daniela Gazoto; Lima,Liliam Pereira; Takaoka,Deise Tihe; Garrini,Regina Helena; Santos,Wellingtom; Fachini,Roberta; Wendel,Silvano
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2003 Português
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The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of the Hepatitis G Virus on a population of blood donors from São Paulo, Brazil and to evaluate its association to sociodemographic variables. Two RT-PCR systems targeting the putative 5'NCR and NS3 regions were employed and the former has shown a higher sensitivity. The observed prevalence of HGV-RNA on 545 blood donors was 9.7% (CI 95% 7.4;12.5). Statistical analysis depicted an association with race/ethnicity, black and mulatto donors being more frequently infected; and also with years of education, less educated donors presenting higher prevalences. No association was observed with other sociodemographic parameters as age, gender, place of birth and of residence. DNA sequencing of nine randomly chosen isolates demonstrated the presence of genotypes 1, 2 and 3 among our population but clustering of these Brazilian isolates was not detected upon phylogenetic analysis.

‣ Detection of GBV-C/HGV RNA in cervico-vaginal smears from healthy individuals

Watanabe,Maria Angelica Ehara; Miquelão,Ana Karina Melim Benthien; Oliveira,Carlos Eduardo Coral de; Oliveira,Karen Brajão de; Nasser,Thiago Franco; Aoki,Mateus Nóbrega; Suzuki,Patrícia Sayuri; Amarante,Marla Karine; Venâncio,Emerson José; Azevedo,E
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2008 Português
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The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the sexual transmission of GBV-C/HGV, through RNA detection in cervicovaginal smears. Therefore the GBV-C/HGV RNA in cervicovaginal smears from apparently healthy women was investigated using routine proceedings for prophylactic screening to cervical cancer. GBV-C/HGV RNA was detected by reverse transcriptase and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Only one woman presented co-infection with human papilloma virus (HPV). The GBV-C/HGV RNA was detected in 13/73 (17.57%) healthy women and it's prevalence in participating women between 28-43 years old was 53.85%. No association was found with GBV-C/HGV for the age of first sexual intercourse and number of pregnancies. In GBV-C/HGV RNA positive women, 69.23% were married. In conclusion, the present findings show that cervical and vaginal specimens could contain the GBV-C/HGV RNA.

‣ Investigation of HGV and TTV infection in sera and saliva from non-hepatitis patients with oral diseases

Yan, Jie; Chen, Li-Li; Lou, Yong-Liang; Zhong, Xiao-Zhi
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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AIM: To determine the frequencies of HGV and TTV infections in serum and saliva samples of non-hepatitis patients with oral diseases in Hangzhou area, and to understand the correlation between detected results of HGV RNA and/or TTV DNA in sera and in saliva from the same patients.

‣ Analysis of the effect of a peptide sequence of the E2 protein (HGV/GBV-C) on the physicochemical properties of zwitterionic and negatively charged bilayers

Alay, Maite; Alsina, M. Asunción; Haro Villar, Isabel; Prat, Josefina; Busquets, M. Antònia
Fonte: John Wiley & Sons Publicador: John Wiley & Sons
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 22195 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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6 pages, 6 figures, 1 table.-- PMID: 15966052 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Nov 2005.; The membrane-interacting properties of a potential epitope of GB virus C/hepatitis G virus located at the region (99–118) of the E2 structural protein were investigated using several fluorescence techniques. SUV of DMPC:DPPC (1:1) or DMPG:DPPC (1:1) zwitterionic and anionic mixtures, respectively, were used as model membranes. FRET with NBD-PE as energy donor and Rho-PE as energy acceptor-labelled SUV indicated that the peptide was able to fuse both zwitterionic and anionic SUVs, the latter requiring lower peptide concentrations. However, the peptide increased the steady-state anisotropy of DPH embedded in the hydrophobic centre of the membrane with zwitterionic headgroups and to a lesser extent in anionic bilayers, suggesting that charge–charge interactions are not required for membrane interactions and also confirming the FRET results. No changes in anisotropy were observed with the probe TMA-DPH located at the surface of the bilayer. Finally, analysis of the intrinsic emission fluorescence of the tryptophan residue, upon incubation with SUV, showed a blue shift in the presence of anionic bilayers, both below and above the main transition temperature (Tm) (gel to liquid-crystalline state) and...

‣ Antigenicity of chimeric and cyclic synthetic peptides based on nonstructural proteins of GBV-C/HGV

Pérez, Teresa; Ercilla, Guadalupe; Chan, Weng C.; Haro Villar, Isabel
Fonte: European Peptide Society; John Wiley & Sons Publicador: European Peptide Society; John Wiley & Sons
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 311795 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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12 pages, 7 figures.-- PMID: 16180243 [PubMed].-- Available online Sep 23, 2005.; In this work, new putative epitopes located in nonstructural proteins of GBV-C/HGV were synthesized using solid-phase chemistry for their use in immunoassays. The antigens were obtained in linear, chimeric and cyclic forms with the main aim of improving the sensitivity of the enzyme immunoassays. Our results showed, on one hand, that the combination of different antigens seems to be necessary to ensure good sensitivity and more specificity and, on the other hand, that cyclic compounds show higher ability to recognize anti-GBV-C/HGV antibodies than its parent peptide. Furthermore, CD and FTIR have been used in conjunction to characterize the conformational changes therein with synthetic constructs that could explain their different antigenicity.; This work was supported by the MCYT Project BQU2003-0507-CO2-02. Teresa Pérez acknowledges the CSIC I3P postgraduate scholarship program for financial support.; Peer reviewed

‣ Interaction of synthetic peptides corresponding to hepatitis G virus (HGV/GBV-C) E2 structural protein with phospholipid vesicles

Larios, Cristina; Christiaens, Bart; Gómara Elena, María José; Alsina, M. Asunción; Haro Villar, Isabel
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Publicador: Blackwell Publishing
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 22195 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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11 pages, 7 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 15885095 [PubMed].-- Printed version published May 2005.; The interaction with phospholipid bilayers of two synthetic peptides with sequences corresponding to a segment next to the native N-terminus and an internal region of the E2 structural hepatitis G virus (HGV/GBV-C) protein [E2(7–26) and E2(279–298), respectively] has been characterized. Both peptides are water soluble but associate spontaneously with bilayers, showing higher affinity for anionic than zwitterionic membranes. However, whereas the E2(7–26) peptide is hardly transferred at all from water to the membrane interface, the E2(279–298) peptide is able to penetrate into negatively charged bilayers remaining close to the lipid/water interface. The nonpolar environment clearly induces a structural transition in the E2(279–298) peptide from random coil to α-helix, which causes bilayer perturbations leading to vesicle permeabilization. The results indicate that this internal segment peptide sequence is involved in the fusion of HGV/GBV-C to membrane.; This work was funded by grants BQU2003-05070-CO2-01/02 from the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (Spain) and a predoctoral grant awarded to C. L.; Peer reviewed

‣ Histologia hepática na co-infecção do vírus da hepatite C (VHC) e vírus da hepatite G (VHG); Liver histology in co-infection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Hepatitis G virus (HGV)

STRAUSS, Edna; GAYOTTO, Luiz Carlos da Costa; FAY, Fabian; FAY, Oscar; FERNANDES, Helena Sabino; CHAMONE, Dalton de Alencar Fischer
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2002 Português
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As escassas informações sobre histologia hepática na co-infecção do vírus da Hepatite C (VHC) e vírus da Hepatite G (VHG) nos levou a investigar o RNA-VHG em 46 doadores de sangue com hepatite C, dos quais 22 com biópsia hepática: co-infecção VHC / VHG (n = 6) e infecção isolada do VHC (n = 16). Além de estadiamento e gradação da atividade inflamatória nas áreas portal, peri-portal e lobular, segundo o Consenso Brasileiro, calculamos também o índice de progressão da fibrose. Os pacientes estudados não apresentavam sintomas ou sinais físicos de doença hepática. A prevalência da co-infecção VHC / VHG foi de 15,2%. A maior parte dos pacientes apresentava-se com lesão hepática discreta e o índice de progressão da fibrose, calculado apenas nos pacientes com duração conhecida da infecção, foi de 0,110 para os co-infectados e de 0,130 para aqueles com infecção isolada pelo VHC, caracterizando esses pacientes como "fibrosantes lentos". Não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos, apesar de menor grau de inflamação em todas as áreas analisadas, nos casos de co-infecção. Em conclusão, a co-infecção VHC / VHG não induz o surgimento de lesão hepática mais grave, favorecendo a hipótese de que o VHG não é patogênico.; As little is known about liver histology in the co-infection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis G virus (HGV)...

‣ Alta prevalência do RNA do vírus da hepatite G (HGV) em doadores de sangue brasileiros; High prevalence of GB Virus C/Hepatitis G Virus RNA among Brazilian blood donors

Levi, José Eduardo; Contri, Daniela Gazoto; Lima, Liliam Pereira; Takaoka, Deise Tihe; Garrini, Regina Helena; Santos, Wellingtom; Fachini, Roberta; Wendel, Silvano
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2003 Português
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O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a presença do vírus da hepatite G e sua associação com variáveis sóciodemográficas em uma população de doadores de sangue da cidade de São Paulo, Brasil. Dois sistemas de PCR foram empregados, um focando a região 5' não-codificadora e outro a região não-estrutural 3, apresentando o primeiro maior sensibilidade. A prevalência detectada do HGV-RNA em 545 doadores foi de 9,7% (IC 95% 7,4;12,5). A prevalência do HGV-RNA foi significativamente maior em doadores da raça negra/mulata (26,5%) quando comparados aos doadores caucasianos (7,5%), (OR = 4,5). Também foi observada uma tendência de maiores prevalências em doadores de menor escolaridade. Não se observou associação significativa com outros parâmetros estudados como idade, sexo, origem geográfica e local de residência. O sequenciamento do DNA de nove isolados selecionados ao acaso demonstrou a presença dos genótipos 1, 2 e 3, mas não houve um agrupamento das amostras brasileiras quando submetidas à análise filogenética; The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of the Hepatitis G Virus on a population of blood donors from São Paulo, Brazil and to evaluate its association to sociodemographic variables. Two RT-PCR systems targeting the putative 5'NCR and NS3 regions were employed and the former has shown a higher sensitivity. The observed prevalence of HGV-RNA on 545 blood donors was 9.7% (CI 95% 7.4;12.5). Statistical analysis depicted an association with race/ethnicity...

‣ Distribuição dos genótipos do vírus GB-C (HGV) em indivíduos da cidade de São Paulo, Brasil; Genotype distribution of the GB virus C in citizens of São Paulo City, Brazil

Nishiya, Anna S.; Ribeiro-Dos-Santos, Gabriela; Bassit, Leda; Focaccia, Roberto; Chamone, Dalton F.; Sabino, Ester C.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.926687%
Há na literatura vários estudos filogenéticos e de distribuição de genótipos do chamado "Vírus GB-C" ou da "Hepatite G", mais conhecido pela dupla sigla "GBV-C/HGV". Ocorre que, em sua grande maioria, estas pesquisas foram realizadas com amostras de grupos ligados epidemiologicamente e não com indivíduos representativos da população geral. O presente estudo é uma continuação do primeiro trabalho no Brasil feito com este tipo de amostragem. Trata-se de análise filogenética e distribuição genotípica do GBV-C/HGV a partir de amostras isoladas dentre mais de 1.000 indivíduos da cidade de São Paulo. Para tanto, um fragmento de 728 pares de base da região 5' não-codificadora (5´NCR) do genoma viral, de 24 amostras, foi sequenciado e submetido à analise filogenética. Foram identificados os genótipos 1, 2a e 2b nas respectivas freqüências: 8,3% (2/24), 50% (12/24) e 41,7% (10/24). Concluindo, São Paulo apresenta uma distribuição de genótipos semelhante à publicada para outros estados e regiões do Brasil, endossando a idéia de que os tipos 1 e 2 teriam vindo com os africanos e europeus, respectivamente, e portanto estariam na população do país desde a sua formação.; There has been several studies worldwide on phylogenetics and genotype distribution of the GB-virus C / Hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV). However...