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‣ HEPATITIS B VACCINATION COVERAGE AND POSTVACCINATION SEROLOGIC TESTING AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS AT A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY IN BRAZIL

de Souza, Eduardo Pernambuco; Teixeira, Marcelo de Souza
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the hepatitis B vaccination coverage among medical students at a public university in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and their compliance with the postvaccination serologic testing recommendations. Of the total of 858 students, 675 (78.7%) participated in the study. Among the participants, 48.9% (95% CI: 45.1% to 52.7%) were vaccinated against hepatitis B (received ≥ 3 doses of the vaccine), 31.6% were not (received 0, 1 or 2 doses), and 19.6% did not know their vaccination status. Hepatitis B vaccination coverage increased from 26.0% among first-year students to 70.6% among sixth-year students while the prevalence of unknown vaccination status decreased from 39.7% among first-year students to 2.4% among sixth-year students. The frequency of unvaccinated students ranged from 23.7% among fifth-year students to 34.4% among first-year students. Only 34.8% of the vaccinated students performed the anti-HBs testing after vaccination. Among these medical students, we found a low adherence to the hepatitis B vaccination and to the postvaccination serologic testing. A comprehensive hepatitis B immunization program should be offered to students at this medical school.

‣ IL-1β Production through the NLRP3 Inflammasome by Hepatic Macrophages Links Hepatitis C Virus Infection with Liver Inflammation and Disease

Negash, Amina A.; Ramos, Hilario J.; Crochet, Nanette; Lau, Daryl Tan-Yeung; Doehle, Brian; Papic, Neven; Delker, Don A.; Jo, Juandy; Bertoletti, Antonio; Hagedorn, Curt H.; Gale, Michael
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of liver disease. Liver inflammation underlies infection-induced fibrosis, cirrhosis and liver cancer but the processes that promote hepatic inflammation by HCV are not defined. We provide a systems biology analysis with multiple lines of evidence to indicate that interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production by intrahepatic macrophages confers liver inflammation through HCV-induced inflammasome signaling. Chronic hepatitis C patients exhibited elevated levels of serum IL-1β compared to healthy controls. Immunohistochemical analysis of healthy control and chronic hepatitis C liver sections revealed that Kupffer cells, resident hepatic macrophages, are the primary cellular source of hepatic IL-1β during HCV infection. Accordingly, we found that both blood monocyte-derived primary human macrophages, and Kupffer cells recovered from normal donor liver, produce IL-1β after HCV exposure. Using the THP-1 macrophage cell-culture model, we found that HCV drives a rapid but transient caspase-1 activation to stimulate IL-1β secretion. HCV can enter macrophages through non-CD81 mediated phagocytic uptake that is independent of productive infection. Viral RNA triggers MyD88-mediated TLR7 signaling to induce IL-1β mRNA expression. HCV uptake concomitantly induces a potassium efflux that activates the NLRP3 inflammasome for IL-1β processing and secretion. RNA sequencing analysis comparing THP1 cells and chronic hepatitis C patient liver demonstrates that viral engagement of the NLRP3 inflammasome stimulates IL-1β production to drive proinflammatory cytokine...

‣ Prevalência e fatores associados às infecções pelos vírus das hepatites B e C em pacientes HIV positivos, atendidos na rede pública de Goiânia - Goiás; Prevalence of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection and associated factors among HIV positive patients assisted by public health system in Goiânia - Goiás

Brandão, Natália Alberto Alves
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Medicina Tropical e Saúde Pública (IPTSP); Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública - IPTSP (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Medicina Tropical e Saúde Pública (IPTSP); Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública - IPTSP (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Hepatitis B and C viruses are responsible for the most common chronic viral infections worldwide. The prevalence of these viruses is higher among HIV-infected individuals, due to common route of transmission. Coinfections HBV / HIV and HCV / HIV seems to be associated with a worst liver disease prognosis. Studies evaluating these coinfections in the mid-western Brazil are scarce. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and the risk factors associated with HBV and HCV coinfections in HIV-positive patients in Goiânia – Goiás. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted including 495 adults, recruited from the Centro de Referência em Diagnóstico e Terapêutica de Goiânia in 2011. After signing the informed consent, participants were interviewed and material was collected for research markers for HBV (anti-HBc, HBsAg, anti-HBs and HBV DNA) and HCV (anti-HCV and HCV RNA). Prevalence of HBV and HCV infection was estimated. Univariate and multivariate analysis to evaluate factors associated with positivity for both viruses were performed. Odds and adjusted odds ratios were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CI95%) and a significance level of p<0.05. Results: Participants mean age was 40.2 years (standard deviation =10. 4) with a male predominance (73.9%). Injecting drugs usage was reported by 3.6% of participants. The prevalence of markers for hepatitis B exposure was 33.5% (CI95% 29.4-37.9). Nineteen patients (3.8%...

‣ The development of persistent duck hepatitis B virus infection can be prevented using antiviral therapy combined with DNA or recombinant fowlpoxvirus vaccines

Feng, F.; Teoh, C.; Qiao, Q.; Boyle, D.; Jilbert, A.
Fonte: Elsevier Sci Ltd Publicador: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
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We recently reported the development of a successful post-exposure combination antiviral and “prime-boost” vaccination strategy using the duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) model of human hepatitis B virus infection. The current study aimed to simplify the vaccination strategy and to test the post-exposure efficacy of combination therapy with the Bristol-Myers Squibb antiviral drug, entecavir (ETV) and either a single dose of DHBV DNA vaccines on day 0 post-infection (p.i.) or a single dose of recombinant fowlpoxvirus (rFPV–DHBV) vaccines on day 7 p.i. Whilst untreated control ducks infected with an equal dose of DHBV all developed persistent and wide spread DHBV infection of the liver, ducks treated with ETV combined with either the DHBV DNA vaccines on day 0 p.i. or the rFPV–DHBV vaccines on day 7 p.i. had no detectable DHBV-infected hepatocytes by day 14 p.i. and were protected from the development of persistent DHBV infection.; Feng Feng, Chee Quin Teoh, Qiao Qiao, David Boyle and Allison R. Jilbert

‣ Occult HBV infection status among chronic hepatitis C and hemodialysis patients in Northeastern Egypt: regional and national overview

Mandour,Mohamed; Nemr,Nader; Shehata,Atef; Kishk,Rania; Badran,Dahlia; Hawass,Nashaat
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 Português
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INTRODUCTION: Occult hepatitis B infection (OBI) is considered to be one of the major risks for patients suffering from end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on regular hemodialysis (HD) and patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study compared the prevalence of OBI among these two high-risk groups in the Suez Canal region, Northeastern Egypt, to obtain a better national overview of the magnitude of OBI in this region. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from 165 HD patients and 210 chronic HCV-infected patients. Anti-HCV antibody, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), total hepatitis B core (anti-HBc) antibody, and hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). HCV RNA was detected using a quantitative real-time RT-PCR assay, and HBV was detected using a nested PCR. RESULTS: All patients were negative for HBsAg. A total of 49.1% and 25.2% of the patients in the HD and HCV groups, respectively, were anti-HBc-positive. In addition, more anti-HBs-positive patients were detected in the HD group compared to the HCV group (52.1% and 11.4%, respectively). Three cases were positive for HBV DNA in the HD group, while eighteen positive cases were detected in the HCV group. Both study groups showed significant differences in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level as well as anti-HBc...

‣ Identifizierung neuer Antigen-/Antikörpersysteme bei Patienten mit autoimmuner Hepatitis; Identification of new antigen-/antibody systems in patients with autoimmune hepatitis

Kitterer, Daniel
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertation; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
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Hintergrund: Autoantikörper spielen bei der Diagnostik und Klassifikation der autoimmunen Hepatitis (AIH) eine wichtige Rolle. Darüber hinaus wird über eine eventuelle Bedeutung von Autoantikörpern bei der Pathogenese der Erkrankung spekuliert. Bei der AIH Typ III kommen Autoantikörper gegen Leber-/Pankreas (LP)- bzw. ein lösliches Leber-Antigen (SLA) vor. Diese Autoantikörper sind krankheitsspezifisch und reagieren im Westernblot unter Verwendung eines 100 000g Überstandes aus Rattenleber mit einem 52 kDa Protein, das mittlerweile als UGA-Suppressor Transfer RNA (tRNA) assoziiertes Protein (tRNP(Ser)Sec) identifiziert wurde. Seren von Patienten mit AIH Typ III erkennen jedoch weitere Proteine, u.a. eine 48 kDa Determinante, die bisher nicht identifiziert werden konnten und auch mit Seren von Patienten beobachtet wurden, bei denen klinisch/histologisch die typische Konstellation einer AIH vorlag, die bisher bekannten relevanten Autoantikörper aber fehlten. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit war daher, diese Reaktionsmuster besser zu definieren und hinsichtlich ihrer Spezifität für eine AIH zu überprüfen. Methoden und Ergebnisse: Seren von 11 Patienten mit anti-LP/SLA positiver AIH III sowie von 27 Patienten mit klinisch/histologisch hochgradigem Verdacht auf AIH (n=27) und 58 Patienten mit AIH Typ I wurden im Westernblot gegen den 100 000g Überstand aus Rattenleber getestet. Als Kontrollgruppen dienten Seren von 6 Patienten mit primär-biliärer Zirrhose sowie von 35 Blutspendern. In Seren der AIH III-Patienten wurden neben Antikörpern gegen die LP/SLA-assoziierte 52kDa Determinante weitere Antikörper gegen 66...

‣ Help-seeking and coping with the psychosocial burden of chronic Hepatitis C: a qualitative study of patient, hepatologist, and counsellor perspectives

Stewart, B.; Mikocka-Walus, A.; Harley, H.; Andrews, J.
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C affects millions of people worldwide, may have significant physical consequences, and patients are also at increased risk of psychiatric morbidity. However, it is currently unknown how patients cope with, and seek help for the psychosocial issues which contribute to this psychiatric morbidity. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to qualitatively explore the biopsychosocial burden of chronic hepatitis C, patients' subsequent coping and help-seeking, and the patient-health professional relationship from the different perspectives of patients, hepatologists, and counsellors. METHODS: Thirteen patients, five hepatologists, and two hepatitis C specific counsellors from South Australia participated in semi-structured interviews, which were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analysed thematically. RESULTS: All groups perceived chronic hepatitis C as a severe disease involving inextricably intertwined biological, psychological, and social impacts. Negative factors included the impact of diagnosis, stigmatisation, and often unwarranted fears regarding transmission and disease progression. The key positive influences reported across the groups involved information provision and access to informal and formal support. However...

‣ Positive serology for viral hepatitis and donor self-exclusion in Southern Brazil

Maccarini,Julia De Luca; Nazario,Carlos Alberto Kuntz; Ferreira,Jovino dos Santos; Ceglio,William Queiroz Guimaraes Wiegandt; Serpa,Romulo Cavalcante; Ferreira,Vera Lucia Paes Cavalcanti; de Lucca Schiavon,Leonardo; Narciso-Schiavon,Janaina Luz
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 Português
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Introduction Despite the great advances in serological testing for transfusion-transmitted infections, the selection of blood donors by blood bank operators remains the only way to avoid transmission within the testing window period. Part of this selection is the self-exclusion form, on which the donors can exclude their blood from donation without any explanation. This study assessed the clinical and epidemiological characteristics related to positivity for viral hepatitis and to the use of the confidential self-exclusion (CSE) form. Methods This transversal study analyzed the data collected from blood donors' files in a hospital in Southern Brazil. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified the clinical and epidemiological variables related to positive serologies of viral hepatitis and to whether the donor was self-excluded. Results Of the 3,180 donors included in this study, 0.1% tested positive for HBsAg, 2.1% for anti-HBc, and 0.9% for anti-HCV. When the 93 donors with positive serologies for viral hepatitis were compared with those who were negative, a greater proportion of the positive serology group was found to have had a history of blood transfusions (OR=4.908; 95%CI=1.628 - 14.799; p<0.01), had repeatedly donated (OR=2.147; 95%CI=1.236 - 3.729; p<0.01)...

‣ Seroconversion of hepatitis B vaccine in infants related to the mother's serostatus in a community of São José dos Campos, state of São Paulo, Brazil

Ribeiro,Tereza Monteiro; Azevedo,Raymundo Soares
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2006 Português
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PURPOSE: To detect seroconversion of hepatitis B vaccine and antibody waning 3 years after vaccination in children immunized according to the World Health Organization schedule and its relationship to the mother's serostatus during pregnancy. METHODS: A serological study was carried out in São José dos Campos. Blood samples from pregnant women were taken for hepatitis B marker serology. To evaluate seroconversion in infants born to these women, serology was performed 1 month after they were vaccinated with recombinant vaccine. Another group of children was evaluated 3 years after being immunized. RESULTS: Among 224 pregnant women, 0.9% were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen, 8.0% for antibodies to the surface antigen, and 4.5% for antibodies to the virus core. Seroconversion among 174 infants was as follows: absent in 18 children (10.35%), low level in 15 (8.62%), intermediate level in 26 (14.94%), and a high level (good response) in 115 (66.09%). Antibody positivity after 3 years was as follows: absent in 8 children (7.92%), low level in 51 (50.5%), intermediate level in 20 (19.8%), and high level in 22 (21.78%). Considering the age that the vaccine was administered, a significant proportion of non-seroconverters was found among children who had received the complete 3-dose schedule before 9 months (P = 0.023). Another factor that significantly contributed to the lack of seroconversion was the presence of any serological marker for hepatitis B during pregnancy (P = 0.044). CONCLUSIONS: Data gathered in this work show that the immunization schedule for hepatitis B in low or moderate prevalence areas should be revised in order to optimize seroconversion.

‣ Association between age at diagnosis and degree of liver injury in hepatitis C

Oliveira,Ana Cláudia de; Bortotti,Ana Clara; Nunes,Nathália Neves; Bacha,Ibrahin A.H. El; Parise,Edison Roberto
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 Português
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Introduction: A population-based survey conducted in Brazilian capital cities found that only 16% of the population had ever been tested for hepatitis C. These data suggest that much of the Brazilian population with HCV infection remains undiagnosed. The distribution of age ranges at diagnosis and its association with the degree of hepatitis C are still unknown in Brazilian patients. Material and methods: Patients with HCV infection, diagnosed by HCV RNA (Amplicor-HCV, Roche), were included in the study. Patients with HBV or HIV coinfection, autoimmune diseases, or alcohol intake > 20 g/day were excluded. HCV genotyping was performed by sequence analysis, and viral load by quantitative RT-PCR (Amplicor, Roche). The METAVIR classification was used to assess structural liver injury. The Chi-square (χ2) test and student's t-test were used for between-group comparisons. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient were used for analysing the correlation between parameters. Results: A total of 525 charts were reviewed. Of the patients included, 49.5% were male, only 10% of the patients were aged less than 30 years; peak prevalence of HCV infection occurred in the 51-to-60 years age range. Genotype 1 accounted for 65.4% of the cases. Information on HCV subtype was obtained in 227 patients; 105 had subtype 1a and 122 had 1b. According to the degree of structural liver injury...

‣ Clinical and epidemiological features of patients with chronic hepatitis C co-infected with HIV

Eduardo Lorens,Braga; André Castro,Lyra; Fabrizio,Ney-Oliveira; Lourianne,Nascimento; Adriano,Silva; Carlos,Brites; Rosicreuza,Marbak; Luiz Guilherme Costa,Lyra; Manuel L.,Ribeiro Neto; Koonj Asvin,Shah
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2006 Português
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Co-infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is increasingly common and affects the clinical course of chronic hepatitis C. Highly active antiretroviral therapy has improved the life expectancy of HIV infected patients, but, by extending survival, it permits the development of HCV cirrhosis. This study tried to evaluate clinical and epidemiological features of patients with chronic hepatitis C co-infected with HIV. We evaluated 134 HCV-infected patients: i) group A - 65 co-infected HCV/HIV patients, ii) group B - 69 mono-infected HCV patients. The impact of HIV infection on HCV liver disease was analyzed using Child's score, ultrasound findings and liver histology. Patients were subjected to HCV genotyping and anti-HBs dosage. Patients mean age was 42.4 years (±9.1) and 97 (72.4%) were males. Injected drug use and homo/bisexual practice were more frequently encountered in the co-infected group: 68.3% and 78.0%, respectively. Antibodies against hepatitis B virus (anti-HBs) were found in only 38.1% of the patients (66.7% group A x 33.3% group B). Ten out of 14 individuals (71.4%) who had liver disease (Child B or C) and 25 out of 34 (73.5%) who showed ultrasound evidence of chronic liver disease were in the co-infection group. HCV genotype-2/3 was more frequently encountered in co-infected patients (36.9% group A vs. 21.8% group B). Conclusions: a) HIV infection seems to adversely affect the clinical course of chronic hepatitis C...

‣ Health related quality of life among patients with chronic hepatitis C: a cross-sectional study of sociodemographic, psychopathological and psychiatric determinants

Fábregas,Bruno Cópio; Ávila,Renata Eliane de; Faria,Marjore Novaes; Moura,Alexandre Sampaio; Carmo,Ricardo Andrade; Teixeira,Antonio Lúcio
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 Português
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INTRODUCTION: Chronic hepatitis C virus infection patients have higher rates of psychiatric disorders than the general population. Chronic hepatitis C virus infection is known to be associated with impaired health related quality of life. To our knowledge, there is no previous research of health related quality of life in chronic hepatitis C patients that combined structured psychiatric interview and careful psychopathological evaluation, including depression, anxiety and fatigue instruments. The aim of this study was to evaluate health related quality of life of chronic hepatitis C patients and to investigate the association with sociodemographic, psychopathological and psychiatric factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one individuals with chronic hepatitis C virus infection receiving care at a Brazilian public university-based outpatient service for infectious diseases were enrolled in the study. The World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Brief Version was used to assess health related quality of life. Standard psychiatric interview (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus) was conducted to establish Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Axis I psychiatric diagnosis. Further instruments completed psychopathological investigation: Beck Depression Inventory...

‣ Impact of vaccination in the reduction of hepatitis B in Paraná

PUDELCO,Priscila; KOEHLER,Andreia Eloize; BISETTO,Lúcia Helena Linheira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 Português
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This study identified the impact of hepatitis B vaccine over reducing incidence of this disease in Paraná State, between 2001 and 2011, and discussed the role of nursing in immunization. Descriptive documental and quantitative research. Utilized secondary data of hepatitis B, between 2001 and 2011 and vaccination coverage of hepatitis B vaccine between 1995 and 2011 in Paraná State, available in DATASUS, SINAN and Immunization Programs. Data has been collected from May to July 2012. Included cases of hepatitis B confirmed by laboratory testing. Of the 14,434 selected cases, 81,8% was in urban residents, 86,5% belonged to 20 to 59 age group and 45,3% were infected by sexual transmission. In the correlation of vaccine coverage with the incidence, was identified reducing this rate in the range of 0 to 9 years old, in places with vaccination coverage's above 95%. It concludes that hepatitis B vaccination had impact over disease reduction in Paraná State.

‣ Antibody response following Hepatitis B vaccination in peritoneal dialysis patients: does normalized urea clearance matter?

Dervisoglu,Erkan; Simsek,Melih; Yilmaz,Ahmet
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
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OBJECTIVES: Data on the factors that contribute to the antibody response to hepatitis B virus vaccination in peritoneal dialysis patients are scarce. The current study was conducted on a group of peritoneal dialysis patients to learn how the response to hepatitis B virus vaccination varies according to the patient's clearance of urea normalized to total body water (Kt/V). METHODS: A convenience sample of 33 peritoneal dialysis patients (13 women and 20 men, with a mean age of 49¡12 years) was administered double doses (20 μg IM in each deltoid muscle) of recombinant hepatitis B vaccine at 0, 1, 2, and 6 months. Response to immunization was measured at one to three months after the final dose of vaccine. The subjects were divided into groups according to the level of antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs), including non-responders ( < 10 IU/L), weak responders (10-100 IU/L), and good responders ( > 100 IU/L). RESULTS: Among non-responders, weak responders, and good responders, significant differences were found in age (54 ± 12 vs. 56 ± 9 vs. 45¡12 years, respectively; p = 0.049) and recombinant human erythropoietin use (20 vs. 29 vs. 76%, respectively; p = 0.016). No significant differences in weekly total Kt/V (p = 0.704)...

‣ Impacto de la utilización de hígados de donantes anti-HBc positivo en pacientes trasplantados por hepatitis B

García Eliz, Marcia; Prieto Castillo, Martín; Vargas Blasco, Víctor
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 Português
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El nostre objectiu és avaluar l’impacte de la utilització de fetges de donants anti-HBc positius en pacients trasplantats per hepatitis B, els quals van ser revisats de manera retrospectiva. La probabilitat acumulada d’hepatitis B post-trasplantament al 1er, 5é i 10é any va ésser del 3,7%, 8,3% i 8,3% en els receptors d’un empelt anti-HBc+ en comparació amb el 2,7%, 9,8% i 9,8% en els que varen rebre un empelt anti-HBc- (p=0,99). La probabilitat de supervivència al 1er, 5é i 10é any dels receptors d’un òrgan anti-HBc+ va ésser del 87%, 82% i 58% front al 87%, 82% i 74% en els que varen rebre un anti-HBc- (p=0,73). La utilització de donants anti-HBc positius no afecta ni a la supervivència ni al desenvolupament de hepatitis B en pacients trasplantats per VHB.; Nuestro objetivo es evaluar el impacto de la utilización de hígados de donantes anti-HBc positivos en pacientes trasplantados por hepatitis B, los cuales fueron revisados de manera retrospectiva. La probabilidad acumulada de hepatitis B post-trasplante al 1º, 5º y 10º año fue de 3,7%, 8,3% y 8,3% en los receptores de un injerto anti-HBc+ en comparación con 2,7%, 9,8% y 9,8% en los que recibieron un injerto anti-HBc- (p=0,99). La probabilidad de supervivencia al 1º...

‣ Antibody response following Hepatitis B vaccination in peritoneal dialysis patients: does normalized urea clearance matter?

Dervisoglu, Erkan; Simsek, Melih; Yilmaz, Ahmet
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
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OBJECTIVES: Data on the factors that contribute to the antibody response to hepatitis B virus vaccination in peritoneal dialysis patients are scarce. The current study was conducted on a group of peritoneal dialysis patients to learn how the response to hepatitis B virus vaccination varies according to the patient's clearance of urea normalized to total body water (Kt/V). METHODS: A convenience sample of 33 peritoneal dialysis patients (13 women and 20 men, with a mean age of 49¡12 years) was administered double doses (20 μg IM in each deltoid muscle) of recombinant hepatitis B vaccine at 0, 1, 2, and 6 months. Response to immunization was measured at one to three months after the final dose of vaccine. The subjects were divided into groups according to the level of antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs), including non-responders ( < 10 IU/L), weak responders (10-100 IU/L), and good responders ( > 100 IU/L). RESULTS: Among non-responders, weak responders, and good responders, significant differences were found in age (54 ± 12 vs. 56 ± 9 vs. 45¡12 years, respectively; p = 0.049) and recombinant human erythropoietin use (20 vs. 29 vs. 76%, respectively; p = 0.016). No significant differences in weekly total Kt/V (p = 0.704)...

‣ Soroconversão vacinal da hepatite B em crianças no primeiro ano de vida e sua relação com a soropositividade das mães em uma comunidade de São José dos Campos; Seroconversion of hepatitis B vaccine in infants related to the mother's serostatus in a community of São José dos Campos, state of São Paulo, Brazil

Ribeiro, Tereza Monteiro; Azevedo, Raymundo Soares
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2006 Português
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OBJETIVO: Determinar a soroconversão vacinal da hepatite B em crianças no primeiro ano de vida e sua relação com a soropositividade das mães e avaliar a concentração de anticorpos 3 anos após a vacinação. MÉTODOS: Estudo sorológico, realizado na cidade de São José dos Campos com amostras de sangue coletadas de gestantes para testar marcadores de Hepatite B. Para avaliar a soroconversão em crianças nascidas dessas mulheres, realizou-se sorologia mês após a última dose de vacina. Em outro grupo de crianças, imunizadas há 3 anos, foi feita a mesma sorologia. RESULTADOS: Entre 224 gestantes, 0,9% foram positivas para o antígeno de superfície, 8,0% para anticorpos contra este antígeno e 4,5% para anticorpos contra o "core" viral. A soroconversão de 174 crianças, um mês após a última dose da vacina, foi ausente em 18 crianças (10,35%), baixa em 15 (8,62%), intermediária em 26 (14,94%), e houve boa resposta em 115 (66.09%). A soropositividade de 101 crianças vacinadas há 3 anos, foi ausente em 8 (7,92%), baixa em 51 (50,5%), intermediária em 20 (19,8%), e alta concentração de anticorpos em 22 (21,78%). Considerando a idade da vacinação, encontrou-se uma proporção significante de crianças soronegativas entre vacinadas antes dos 9 meses (p=0...

‣ The Direct Cost of Managing Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B Infection in Australia

Butler, James; Pianko, Stephen; Korda, Rosemary; Nguyen, Shara; Gow, Paul; Roberts, Stuart K; Strasser, Simone; Sievert, William
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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GOALS: To estimate the average annual cost of managing a patient with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) disease in Australia. BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence or economic burden of hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection in Australia, despite it being recognized as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. STUDY: A retrospective analysis of 149 patients with CHB disease in six disease states (noncirrhotic CHB, compensated and decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, liver transplantation in year 1, and liver transplantation in subsequent posttransplantation years) was conducted. The cost of palliative care for 53 patients with chronic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma was also estimated, based on data from a palliative care unit. RESULTS: The average annual costs (year-2001 AUS$) for each disease state per patient were: noncirrhotic CHB, 1233 dollars (95% CI 939 dollars-1544 dollars); compensated cirrhosis, 1394 dollars (95% CI 975 dollars-1797 dollars); decompensated cirrhosis, 11,961 dollars (95% CI 6993 dollars-18,503 dollars); liver transplantation in year 1, 144,392 dollars (SD, 115,374 dollars); liver transplantation in year 2+, 23,160 dollars (SD, 19,289 dollars); and hepatocellular carcinoma, 11,753 dollars (95% CI 7385 dollars-17...

‣ Marcadores sorológicos de hepatite B em indivíduos submetidos a exames de sangue em unidades de saúde; Serological markers of hepatitis B in people submitted to blood testing in health care clinics

Miranda, Lucia VG; Passos, Afonso DC; Figueiredo, José FC; Gaspar, Ana MC; Yoshida, Clara FT
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2000 Português
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OBJETIVO: Estudar aspectos da epidemiologia da hepatite B em pessoas submetidas à coleta de sangue em unidades de saúde. MÉTODOS: Indivíduos dos quais se coletou sangue em unidades de saúde de Ribeirão Preto, independentemente do motivo, foram solicitados a fornecer uma quantidade adicional de material, obtida no momento da coleta e submetida à detecção de marcadores de hepatite B. Simultaneamente, por meio de questionário padronizado, foram obtidas informações de possíveis fatores de risco para a doença. Os dados foram analisados por meio de um modelo de regressão logística. RESULTADOS: As prevalências de HBsAg e de anti-HBcAg foram de 0,3% e 13,9%, respectivamente. Os fatores de risco associados à infecção foram: idade, residência na cidade há menos de um ano, antecedente de hepatite, exposição prévia a casas de correção e homo/bissexualismo masculino. CONCLUSÕES: Devido a dificuldades crescentes de obtenção de sangue de indivíduos sadios, essa pode ser uma alternativa para estudos que objetivem fornecer informações sobre a circulação de agentes infecciosos na população. Embora não se possa generalizar os dados obtidos pela metodologia usada, ela traz conhecimento referente à circulação do vírus de hepatite B.; OBJECTIVE: To study some of the epidemiological aspects of hepatitis B in a non-representative sample of patients seen in health care clinics. METHODS: The study population comprised 632 patients who were seen at health care clinics in the city of Ribeirão Preto...

‣ Fatores de risco para infecção pelo HIV em pacientes com o vírus da hepatite C; Risk factors for HIV infection among patients infected with hepatitis C virus

Silva, Anita Campos Mendonça; Barone, Antônio Alci
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2006 Português
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OBJETIVO: Os vírus da imunodeficiência humana e o vírus da hepatite C apresentam fatores de transmissão em comum. Atualmente, há alta freqüência da co-infecção, principalmente em indivíduos usuários de drogas injetáveis e com história de transfusões. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os fatores de risco para infecção pelo HIV em pacientes infectados pelo vírus da hepatite C. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo epidemiológico do tipo caso-controle, realizado com 118 pacientes (casos) infectados pelos vírus HIV e vírus da hepatite C e 233 pacientes (controles) infectados somente pelo vírus da hepatite C. Entre janeiro de 1999 a novembro de 2001, os pacientes foram submetidos a questionário sobre características sociodemográficas, profissionais, e principais fatores de risco para infecção pelos vírus. Após descritas e comparadas, as variáveis foram submetidas à análise univariada, e em seguida à análise de regressão logística para variáveis selecionadas pelo teste da razão da máxima verossimilhança. RESULTADOS: A co-infecção está associada ao sexo feminino (OR=2,89; IC 95%: 1,16-7,08), aos estados civis separado/viúvo (OR=3,91; IC 95%: 1,34-11,35), ao uso pregresso ou atual de drogas ilícitas (OR=3...