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‣ Prevalence and nonrandom distribution of exonic mutations in interferon regulatory factor 6 in 307 families with Van der Woude syndrome and 37 families with popliteal pterygium syndrome

LIMA, Renata. L. L. Ferreira de; HOPER, Sarah A.; GHASSIBE, Michella; COOPER, Margaret E.; RORICK, Nicholas K.; KONDO, Shinji; KATZ, Lori; MARAZITA, Mary L.; COMPTON, John; BALE, Sherri; HEHR, Ute; DIXON, Michael J.; DAACK-HIRSCH, Sandra; BOUTE, Odile; BA
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Purpose: Interferon regulatory factor 6 encodes a member of the IRF family of transcription factors. Mutations in interferon regulatory factor 6 cause Van der Woude and popliteal pterygium syndrome, two related orofacial clefting disorders. Here, we compared and contrasted the frequency and distribution of exonic Mutations in interferon regulatory factor 6 between two large geographically distinct collections of families with Van der Woude and between one collection of families with popliteal pterygium syndrome. Methods: We performed direct sequence analysis of interferon regulatory factor 6 exons oil samples from three collections, two with Van der Woude and one with popliteal pterygium syndrome. Results: We identified mutations in interferon regulatory factor 6 exons in 68% of families in both Van der Woude collections and in 97% of families with popliteal pterygium syndrome. In sum, 106 novel disease-causing variants were found. The distribution of mutations in the interferon regulatory factor 6 exons in each collection was not random; exons 3, 4, 7, and 9 accounted for 80%. In the Van der Woude collections, the mutations were evenly divided between protein truncation and missense, whereas most mutations identified in the popliteal pterygium syndrome collection were missense. Further...

‣ Rehabilitative treatment of cleft lip and palate: experience of the Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies/USP (HRAC/USP) - Part 1: overall aspects

de Souza Freitas, Jose Alberto; das Neves, Lucimara Teixeira; Pompeia Fraga de Almeida, Ana Lucia; Garib, Daniela Gamba; Trindade-Suedam, Ivy Kiemle; Faria Yaedu, Renato Yassutaka; Moura Carvalho Lauris, Rita de Cassia; Soares, Simone; Oliveira, Thais Mar
Fonte: UNIV SAO PAULO FAC ODONTOLOGIA BAURU; BAURU-SP Publicador: UNIV SAO PAULO FAC ODONTOLOGIA BAURU; BAURU-SP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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C left lip and palate is the most common among craniofacial malformations and causes several esthetic and functional implications that require rehabilitation. This paper aims to generally describe the several aspects related to this complex pathology and the treatment protocol used by the Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of So Paulo (HRAC-USP) along 40 years of experience in the treatment of individuals with cleft lip and palate.

‣ Region 8q24 Is a Susceptibility Locus for Nonsyndromic Oral Clefting in Brazil

Brito, Luciano Abreu; Ribeiro Paranaiba, Livia Maris; Silva, Camila Bassi Fernandes da; Masotti, Cibele; Silva, Carolina Malcher Amorim de Carvalho; Schlesinger, David; Rocha, Katia Maria da; Cruz, Lucas Alvizi; Barbara, Ligia Kobayashi; Alonso, Nivaldo;
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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BACKGROUND: Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate is a relatively common craniofacial defect with multifactorial inheritance. The association of the rs987525 single nucleotide variant, located in a gene desert at 8q24.21 region, has been consistently replicated in European populations. We performed a structured association approach combined with transcriptional analysis of the MYC gene to dissect the role of rs987525 in oral clefting susceptibility in the ethnically admixed Brazilian population. METHODS: We performed the association study conditioned on the individual ancestry proportions in a sample of 563 patients and 336 controls, and in an independent sample of 221 patients and 261 controls. The correlation between rs987525 genotypes and MYC transcriptional levels in orbicularis oris muscle mesenchymal stem cells was also investigated in 42 patients and 4 controls. RESULTS: We found a significant association in the larger sample (p = 0.0016; OR = 1.80 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 1.21-2.69], for heterozygous genotype, and 2.71 [95% CI, 1.47-4.96] for homozygous genotype). We did not find a significant correlation between rs987525 genotypes and MYC transcriptional levels (p = 0.14; r = -0.22, Spearman Correlation). CONCLUSIONS: We present a positive association of rs987525 in the Brazilian population for the first time...

‣ Association of AXIN2 with Non-syndromic Oral Clefts in Multiple Populations

Letra, A.; Bjork, B.; Cooper, M. E.; Szabo-Rogers, H.; Deleyiannis, F. W. B.; Field, L. L.; Czeizel, A. E.; Ma, L.; Garlet, G. P.; Poletta, F. A.; Mereb, J. C.; Lopez-Camelo, J. S.; Castilla, E. E.; Orioli, I. M.; Wendell, S.; Blanton, S. H.; Liu, K.; Hec
Fonte: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC; THOUSAND OAKS Publicador: SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC; THOUSAND OAKS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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We have previously shown the association of AXIN2 with oral clefts in a US population. Here, we expanded our study to explore the association of 11 AXIN2 markers in 682 cleft families from multiple populations. Alleles for each AXIN2 marker were tested for transmission distortion with clefts by means of the Family-based Association Test. We observed an association with SNP rs7224837 and all clefts in the combined populations (p = 0.001), and with SNP rs3923086 and cleft lip and palate in Asian populations (p = 0.004). We confirmed our association findings in an additional 528 cleft families from the United States (p < 0.009). We tested for gene-gene interaction between AXIN2 and additional cleft susceptibility loci. We assessed and detected Axin2 mRNA and protein expression during murine palatogenesis. In addition, we also observed co-localization of Axin2 with Irf6 proteins, particularly in the epithelium. Our results continue to support a role for AXIN2 in the etiology of human clefting. Additional studies should be performed to improve our understanding of the biological mechanisms linking AXIN2 to oral clefts.; NIH [R00DE018413, R00DE018954, R01DE016148, R01DE009886, R01DE012472]

‣ Identificação de genes de suscetibilidade às fissuras labiopalatinas não sindrômicas: influência da epidemiologia e da estratificação populacional; Identification of susceptibility genes to nonsyndromic cleft lip/palate: epidemiology and population stratification influences

Brito, Luciano Abreu
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/07/2011 Português
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Fissura labial com ou sem fissura de palato não sindrômica (FL±P NS) é uma doença complexa que afeta 1:700 indivíduos no mundo. A busca das causas genéticas dessa malformação é dificultada pelo padrão multifatorial de herança e pela heterogeneidade genética, sendo que o gene IRF6 e a região 8q24 são os loci de associação mais corroborada. A estratificação populacional é um problema adicional a ser considerado em estudos de caso-controle na população brasileira. No intuito de caracterizar variáveis que possam interferir na busca dos fatores de risco, realizamos em um primeiro estudo uma avaliação epidemiológica de pacientes de cinco localidades do país (Santarém-PA, Barbalha-CE, Fortaleza-CE, Maceió-AL e Rio de Janeiro-RJ) . Este estudo revelou Barbalha como a região onde a genética desempenha papel mais determinante (herdabilidade = 85%; risco de recorrência = 2,2-2,8%); Maceió, por outro lado, foi a região de menor influência genética (herdabilidade = 45%; risco de recorrência = 0,6-0,7%). Ainda, a consangüinidade não mostrou um mecanismo importante para explicar estes resultados. Em um segundo estudo, realizamos a caracterização da ancestralidade da amostra, com o intuito de estabelecermos parâmetros para serem utilizados em futuros estudos de associação na nossa população. Para testarmos as nossas hipóteses realizamos um estudo de caso-controle com os SNPs mais corroborados nos dois loci em outras populações: rs642961 em um enhancer do gene IRF6 e rs987525 na região 8q24. Verificamos que quando realizamos um teste de associação para os SNPs com correção para estrutura populacional obtivemos resultados consistentes com as estimativas de herdabilidade...

‣ Investigação do papel de SNVs (single nucleotide variants) na etiologia da fissura lábio-palatina não sindrômica; Investigation of the role of SNVs (single nucleotide variants) in the etiology of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate

Silva, Carolina Malcher Amorim de Carvalho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/04/2013 Português
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Fissura de lábio com ou sem fissura de palato não-sindrômica (FL/P NS) é uma malformação craniofacial frequente, com modelo de herança multifatorial, onde fatores de risco genéticos e ambientais atuam na manifestação da doença. Variações nos níveis de expressão gênica têm sido apontadas como um importante mecanismo de susceptibilidade a doenças complexas, e variantes no DNA que regulam esses níveis de expressão (eQTL) têm sido combinadas a estudos de associação para auxiliar no entendimento da etiologia de algumas doenças. No presente trabalho, integramos eQTLs e estudo de associação para 1) verificar se variantes já associadas com FL/P NS possuem um papel regulatório em células-tronco de músculo orbicular do lábio (OOMMSC, um tecido afetado em FL/P NS), e 2) verificar se eQTLs mapeados em OOMMSC teriam associação com a mesma. Para o primeiro objetivo, verificamos a correlação entre os genótipos das variantes rs642961 e rs590223 e os níveis de expressão de IRF6, e também entre rs987525 e os níveis de expressão de MYC. Não encontramos correlação para nenhuma das três variantes testadas. É possível que essas variantes possuam um papel funcional em algum momento específico da embriogênese...

‣ Estudo clínico e molecular em pacientes com fissuras orais para avaliação do efeito fenotípico de variantes do IRF6 e estimativa da contribuição genética nas fissuras palatinas; Clinical and molecular studies in patients with oral clefts to assess the phenotypic effect of IRF6 variants and the genetic contribution to cleft palate

Meira, Joanna Goes Castro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/04/2014 Português
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As fissuras orais são as malformações craniofaciais mais freqüentes ao nascimento e apresentam incidências variáveis entre as diversas populações. Essas fissuras são subdivididas em dois grupos principais, as fissuras labiais com ou sem fissura de palato (FL±P) e as fissuras palatinas (FP), consideradas entidades distintas do ponto de vista embriológico, epidemiológico e etiológico. Estas malformações podem ser classificadas em sindrômicas ou não sindrômicas (NS) a depender da existência de outras alterações clínicas associadas. Para as FL±PNS e FPNS, o padrão de herança multifatorial e o modelo “doenças comuns-variantes comuns” foram propostos. Diversos estudos têm sido realizados na tentativa de se identificar os fatores genéticos de predisposição a estas malformações, particularmente para as FL±PNS. Entre estes fatores, o IRF6, comprovadamente associado à síndrome de Van der Woude (SVW), é um gene candidato associado às fissuras NS. Em algumas situações, a SVW torna-se clinicamente indistinguível das fissuras não sindrômicas, o que pode dificultar o aconselhamento genético destas famílias afetadas por fissuras. A associação entre FL±P e variantes comuns no IRF6 tem sido observada em vários estudos em diferentes populações...

‣ Significant association between IRF6 820G→A and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in the Thai population

Srichomthong, C; Siriwan, P; Shotelersuk, V
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2005 Português
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Background: Previous data have shown an association between DNA sequence variants in the IRF6 gene and an increased risk of non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) in some populations.

‣ Interferon Regulatory Factor 6 (IRF6) and Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1 (FGFR1) Contribute to Human Tooth Agenesis

Vieira, Alexandre R.; Modesto, Adriana; Meira, Raquel; Barbosa, Anna Renata Schneider; Lidral, Andrew C.; Murray, Jeffrey C.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/03/2007 Português
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Phenotypic characteristics expressed in syndromes give clues to the factors involved in the cause of isolated forms of the same defects. We investigated two genes responsible for craniofacial syndromes, FGFR1 and IRF6, in a collection of families with isolated tooth agenesis. Cheek swab samples were obtained for DNA analysis from 116 case/parent trios. Probands had at least one developmentally missing tooth, excluding third molars. In addition, we studied 89 cases and 50 controls from Ohio to replicate any positive findings. Genotyping was performed by kinetic polymerase chain-reaction or TaqMan assays. Linkage disequilibrium analysis and transmission distortion of the marker alleles were performed. The same variants in the IRF6 gene that are associated with isolated orofacial clefts are also associated with human tooth agenesis (rs861019, P = 0.058; rs17015215—V274I, P = 0.0006; rs7802, P = 0.004). Mutations in IRF6 cause Van der Woude and popliteal pterygium syndromes. The craniofacial phenotypic characteristics of these syndromes include oral clefts and preferential tooth agenesis of incisors and premolars, besides pits on the lower lips. Also it appears that preferential premolar agenesis is associated with FGFR1 (P = 0.014) and IRF6 (P = 0.002) markers. There were statistically significant data suggesting that IRF6 interacts not only with MSX1 (P = 0.001)...

‣ Genetic Variants in IRF6 and the Risk of Facial Clefts: Single-Marker and Haplotype-Based Analyses in a Population-Based Case-Control Study of Facial Clefts in Norway

Jugessur, Astanand; Rahimov, Fedik; Lie, Rolv T.; Wilcox, Allen J.; Gjessing, Håkon K.; Nilsen, Roy M.; Nguyen, Truc Trung; Murray, Jeffrey C.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2008 Português
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Mutations in the gene encoding interferon regulatory factor 6 (IRF6) underlie a common form of syndromic clefting known as Van der Woude syndrome. Lip pits and missing teeth are the only additional features distinguishing the syndrome from isolated clefts. Van der Woude syndrome, therefore, provides an excellent model for studying the isolated forms of clefting. From a population-based case-control study of facial clefts in Norway (1996–2001), we selected 377 cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P), 196 cleft palate only (CPO), and 763 control infant-parent triads for analysis. We genotyped six single nucleotide polymorphisms within the IRF6 locus and estimated the relative risks (RR) conferred on the child by alleles and haplotypes of the child and of the mother. On the whole, there were strong statistical associations with CL/P but not CPO in our data. In single-marker analyses, mothers with a double-dose of the ‘a’-allele at rs4844880 had an increased risk of having a child with CL/P (RR = 1.85, 95% confidence interval: 1.04–3.25; P = 0.036). An RR of 0.38 (95% confidence interval: 0.16–0.92; P = 0.031) was obtained when the child carried a single-dose of the ‘a’-allele at rs2235371 (the p.V274I polymorphism). The P-value for the overall test was <0.001. In haplotype analyses...

‣ Association between IRF6 SNPs and Oral Clefts in West China

Huang, Y.; Wu, J.; Ma, J.; Beaty, T.H.; Sull, J.W.; Zhu, L.; Lu, D.; Wang, Y.; Meng, T.; Shi, B.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2009 Português
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Analyses of previous data have confirmed the contribution of the IRF6 gene to susceptibility to nonsyndromic oral clefts (NSOC) in some populations. We tested for associations between the rs2013162, rs2235375, and rs2235371 polymorphisms in IRF6 and the risk of NSOC, using both case-parent trio and case-control designs on samples from western China. Our study group consisted of 332 persons with NSOC, their parents (289 mothers and 243 fathers for 206 complete trios for these three SNPs), and 174 control individuals. We found strong evidence of over- and under-transmission of the C allele (the Val allele) at rs2235371, and the C allele at rs2235375 in cleft case-parent trios (P = 0.013 and P = 0.000, respectively). There were significant differences in the frequency distributions of both genotypes and alleles when cases were compared with control infants at rs2235371 and rs2235375. Five specific haplotypes showed significant over- and under-transmission. These results further support a role for IRF6 variants in western Chinese populations.

‣ Functional characterization of the MECP2/IRAK1 lupus risk haplotype in human T cells and a human MECP2 transgenic mouse

Koelsch, Kristi A.; Webb, Ryan; Jeffries, Matlock; Dozmorov, Mikhail G.; Frank, Mark Barton; Guthridge, Joel M.; James, Judith A.; Wren, Jonathan D.; Sawalha, Amr H.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Genetic polymorphism in MECP2/IRAK1 on chromosome Xq28 is a confirmed and replicated susceptibility locus for lupus. High linkage disequilibrium in this locus suggests that both MECP2 and IRAK1 are candidate genes for the disease. DNA methylation changes in lupus T cells play a central role in the pathogenesis of lupus, and MeCp-2 (encoded by MECP2) is a master regulator of gene expression and is also known to recruit DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) during DNA synthesis. Using human T cells from normal individuals with either the lupus risk or the lupus protective haplotype in MECP2/IRAK1, we demonstrate that polymorphism in this locus increases MECP2 isoform 2 mRNA expression in stimulated but not unstimulated T cells. By assessing DNA methylation levels across over 485,000 methylation sites across the entire genome, we further demonstrate that the lupus risk variant in this locus is associated with significant DNA methylation changes, including in the HLA-DR and HLA-DQ loci, as well as interferon-related genes such as IFI6, IRF6, and BST2. Further, using a human MECP2 transgenic mouse, we show that overexpression of MECP2 alters gene expression in stimulated T cells. This includes overexpression of Eif2c2 that regulates the expression of multiple microRNAs (such as miR-21)...

‣ Haploinsufficiency of Interferon Regulatory Factor 6 Alters Brain Morphology in the Mouse

Aerts, Andrea; DeVolder, Ian; Weinberg, Seth M.; Thedens, Dan; Dunnwald, Martine; Schutte, Brian C.; Nopoulos, Peg
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Orofacial clefts are among the commonest birth defects. Among many genetic contributors to orofacial clefting, Interferon Regulatory Factor 6 (IRF6) is unique since mutations in this gene cause Van der Woude (VWS), the most common clefting syndrome. Furthermore, variants in IRF6 contribute to increased risk for non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P). Our previous work shows that individuals with either VWS or NSCL/P may have cerebral anomalies (larger anterior, smaller posterior regions), and a smaller cerebellum. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that disrupting Irf6 in the mouse will result in quantitative brain changes similar to those reported for humans with VWS and NSCL/P. Male mice heterozygous for Irf6 (Irf6gt1/+; n = 9) and wild type (Irf6+/+; n = 6) mice at comparable age underwent a 4.7T MRI scan to obtain quantitative measures of cortical and subcortical brain structures. There was no difference in total brain volume between groups. However, the frontal cortex was enlarged in the Irf6gt1/+ mice compared to that of wild types (p = 0.028) while the posterior cortex did not differ. In addition, the volume of the cerebellum of Irf6gt1/+ mice was decreased (p = 0.004). Mice that were heterozygous for Irf6 showed a similar pattern of brain anomalies previously reported in humans with VWS and NSCL/P. These structural differences were present in the absence of overt oral clefts. These results support a role for IRF6 in brain morphometry and provide evidence for a potential genetic link to abnormal brain development in orofacial clefting.

‣ Rare Functional Variants in Genome–wide Association Identified Candidate Genes for Non-syndromic Clefts in the African Population

Butali, Azeez; Mossey, Peter; Adeyemo, Wasiu L.; Eshete, Mekonen; Gaines, Lauren A. L.; Braimah, Ramat O.; Aregbesola, Babatunde S.; Rigdon, Jennifer; Emeka, Christian; Olutayo, James; Ogunlewe, Olugbenga; Ladeinde, Akinola; Abate, Fikre; Hailu, Taye; Moh
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Nonsyndromic clefts of the lip and palate [NSCLP] are complex genetic traits. Together, they are classified as one of the most common birth defects with a prevalence of 1/700 live births. Genome-wide association studies [GWAS] for non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate [NSCL[P]] revealed significant association for common single nucleotide polymorphisms near genes involved in craniofacial development i.e. MAFB, PAX7, VAX1, ARHGAP29 (ABCA4 locus), and IRF6. Sequencing of protein coding regions of the NSCL[P] GWAS candidate genes or adjacent genes suggest a role for rare functional variants. Replication studies in the African population did not observe any significant association with the GWAS candidate genes. On the other hand, the role of rare functional variants in GWAS candidate genes has not been evaluated in the African population. We obtained saliva samples from case triads in Nigeria and Ethiopia for Sanger sequencing of the GWAS candidate genes [MAFB, PAX7, VAX1, ARHGAP29, and IRF6] in order to identify rare functional variants. A total of 220 African samples [140 Nigerians and 80 Ethiopians] were sequenced and we found the following new rare variants— p.His165Asn in the MAFB gene, p.Asp428Asn in the PAX7, a splice-site variant that creates a new donor splice-site in PAX7. We also found three previously reported missense variants p.Gly466Ser in PAX7; p.Leu913Ser and Arg955His in ARHGAP29. No de novo mutations were found. Future genome-wide association and sequencing studies should be conducted using samples from Africa in order to identify new molecular genetic factors that contribute to the etiology of NSCLP.

‣ Functional Assessment of Disease-Associated Regulatory Variants In Vivo Using a Versatile Dual Colour Transgenesis Strategy in Zebrafish

Bhatia, Shipra; Gordon, Christopher T.; Foster, Robert G.; Melin, Lucie; Abadie, Véronique; Baujat, Geneviève; Vazquez, Marie-Paule; Amiel, Jeanne; Lyonnet, Stanislas; van Heyningen, Veronica; Kleinjan, Dirk A.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/06/2015 Português
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Disruption of gene regulation by sequence variation in non-coding regions of the genome is now recognised as a significant cause of human disease and disease susceptibility. Sequence variants in cis-regulatory elements (CREs), the primary determinants of spatio-temporal gene regulation, can alter transcription factor binding sites. While technological advances have led to easy identification of disease-associated CRE variants, robust methods for discerning functional CRE variants from background variation are lacking. Here we describe an efficient dual-colour reporter transgenesis approach in zebrafish, simultaneously allowing detailed in vivo comparison of spatio-temporal differences in regulatory activity between putative CRE variants and assessment of altered transcription factor binding potential of the variant. We validate the method on known disease-associated elements regulating SHH, PAX6 and IRF6 and subsequently characterise novel, ultra-long-range SOX9 enhancers implicated in the craniofacial abnormality Pierre Robin Sequence. The method provides a highly cost-effective, fast and robust approach for simultaneously unravelling in a single assay whether, where and when in embryonic development a disease-associated CRE-variant is affecting its regulatory function.

‣ IRF6 is a Risk Factor for Nonsyndromic Cleft Lip in the Brazilian Population

Brito, Luciano Abreu; Silva, Camila Bassi Fernandes da; Masotti, Cibele; Silva, Carolina Malcher Amorim de Carvalho; Rocha, Katia Maria da; Schlesinger, David; Bueno, Daniela F.; Cruz, Lucas Alvizi; Barbara, Ligia K.; Bertola, Debora R.; Meyer, Diogo; Fra
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) is a complex disorder with a worldwide incidence estimated at 1:700. Among the putative susceptibility loci, the IRF6 gene and a region at 8q24.21 have been corroborated in different populations. To test the role of IRF6 in NSCL/P predisposition in the Brazilian population, we conducted a structured association study with the SNPs rs642961 and rs590223, respectively, located at 5' and 3' of the IRF6 gene and not in strong linkage disequilibrium (LD), in patients from five different Brazilian locations. We also evaluated the effect of these SNPs in IRF6 expression in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). We observed association between rs642961 and cleft lip only (CLO) (P = 0.009; odds ratio (OR) for AA genotype = 1.83 [95% Confidence interval (CI), 0.64-5.31]; OR for AG genotype = 1.72 [95% CI, 1.03-2.84]). This association seems to be driven by the affected patients from Barbalha, a location which presents the highest heritability estimate (H-2 = 0.85), and the A allele at rs642961 is acting through a dominant model. No association was detected for the SNP rs590223. We did not find any correlation between expression levels and genotypes of the two loci, and it is possible that these SNPs have a functional role in some specific period of embryogenesis. (C) 2012 Wiley Periodicals...

‣ Search for Genetic Modifiers of IRF6 and Genotype-Phenotype Correlations in Van der Woude and Popliteal Pterygium Syndromes

Leslie, Elizabeth J.; Mancuso, Jennifer L.; Schutte, Brian C.; Cooper, Margaret E.; Durda, Kate M.; L'Heureux, Jamie; Zucchero, Theresa M.; Marazita, Mary L.; Murray, Jeffrey C.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Van der Woude syndrome is the most common form of syndromic orofacial clefting, accounting for 1-2% of all patients with cleft lip and/or cleft palate. Van der Woude and popliteal pterygium syndromes are caused by mutations in IRF6, but phenotypic variability within and among families with either syndrome suggests that other genetic factors contribute to the phenotypes. The aim of this study was to identify common variants acting as genetic modifiers of IRF6 as well as genotype-phenotype correlations based on mutation type and location. We identified an association between mutations in the DNA-binding domain of IRF6 and limb defects (including pterygia). Although we did not detect formally significant associations with the genes tested, borderline associations suggest several genes that could modify the VWS phenotype, including FOXE1, TGFB3, and TFAP2A. Some of these genes are hypothesized to be part of the IRF6 gene regulatory network and may suggest additional genes for future study when larger sample sizes are also available. We also show that families with the Van der Woude phenotype but in whom no mutations have been identified have a lower frequency of cleft lip, suggesting there may be locus and/or mutation class differences in Van der Woude syndrome.

‣ Estudio genético de una familia chilena con tres fenotipos dentales diferentes; Genetic studies of a Chilean family with three different dental anomalies

Castillo T., Silvia; Vieira, Alexandre R.; Pardo V., Rosa Andrea
Fonte: SOC MEDICA SANTIAGO Publicador: SOC MEDICA SANTIAGO
Tipo: Artículo de revista
Português
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Background: Congenital dental anomalies can affect up to 25% of the population. Aim: To report the genetic study of a family with dental anomalies. Material and methods: We studied a Chilean family presenting with three independent dental phenotypes: third molar agenesis, supernumerary teeth, and dentinal dysplasia type I. We searched for mutations in candidate genes proposed for tooth agenesis and supernumerary teeth: IRF6 FGFR1, MSX1, MSX2, PAX9, PRDM16 and TGFA. We also studied DSPP as a candidate gene for dentinal dysplasia type I. Results. We did not find mutations in FGFR1, MSX2, PAX9, PRDM16 or TGFA. We found a MSX1 mutation (G16D) in both affected and unaffected family members. Also, we found a genetic variation not described before in IRF6 in the dentinal dysplasia type I case. Conclusions: Further investigation is necessary to evaluate if these variants are functional in nature. Finally, we are reporting a mutation in DSPP in an asymptomatic 2-year-old child, which illustrates the ethical pitfalls of interpreting molecular data for genetic counseling of young and/or asymtomatic individuals.

‣ Estudio genético de una familia chilena con tres fenotipos dentales diferentes

Andrea Pardo V,Rosa; Castillo T,Silvia; R Vieira,Alexandre
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 Português
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Background: Congenital dental anomalies can affect up to 25% of the population. Aim: To report the genetic study of a family with dental anomalies. Material and methods: We studied a Chilean family presenting with three independent dental phenotypes: third molar agenesis, supernumerary teeth, and dentinal dysplasia type I. We searched for mutations in candidate genes proposed for tooth agenesis and supernumerary teeth: IRF6, FGFR1, MSX1, MSX2, PAX9, PRDM16 and TGFA. We also studied DSPP as a candidate gene for dentinal dysplasia type I. Results: We did not find mutations in FGFR1, MSX2, PAX9, PRDM16, or TGFA. We found a MSX1 mutation (G16D) in both affected and unaffected family members. Also, we found a genetic variation not described before in IRF6 in the dentinal dysplasia type I case. Conclusions: Further investigation is necessary to evaluate if these variants are functional in nature. Finally, we are reporting a mutation in DSPP in an asymptomatic 2-year-old child, which illustrates the ethical pitfalls of interpreting molecular data for genetic counseling of young and/or asymtomatic individuals