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‣ Rectal and Pouch Recurrences After Surgical Treatment for Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

CAMPOS, Fabio Guilherme; IMPERIALE, Antonio Rocco; SEID, Victor Edmond; PEREZ, Rodrigo Oliva; SOUSA JR., Afonso Henrique da Silva e; KISS, Desiderio Roberto; HABR-GAMA, Angelita; CECCONELLO, Ivan
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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61.158%
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a genetic disease characterized by multiple adenomatous colorectal polyps and different extracolonic manifestations (ECM). The present work is aimed to analyze the outcome after surgical treatment regarding complications and cancer recurrence. Charts from patients treated between 1977 and 2006 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical and endoscopic data, results of treatment, pathological reports and information about recurrence were collected. Eighty-eight patients (41 men [46.6%] and 47 women [53.4%]) were assisted. At diagnosis, associated colorectal cancer (CRC) was detected in 53 patients (60.2%), whose average age was higher than those without CRC (40.0 vs. 29.5 years). At colonoscopy, polyposis was classified as attenuated in 12 patients (14.3%). Surgical treatment consisted in total proctocolectomy with ileostomy (PCI, 15 [17.4%]), restorative proctocolectomy (RPC, 27 [31.4%]), total colectomy with ileal-rectum anastomosis (IRA, 42 [48.8%]), palliative segmental resection (1 [1.2%]) and internal bypass (1 [1.2%]). Two patients were not operated on due to religious reasons and advanced disease. Complications occurred in 25 patients (29.0%), more commonly after RPC (48.1%). There was no operative mortality. Local or distant metastases were detected in six (11.3%) patients with CRC treated to cure. During the follow-up of 36 IRA...

‣ Histopathological evaluation and risk factors related to the development of pouchitis in patients with ileal pouches for ulcerative colitis

Arashiro, Roberta Thiery de Godoy; Teixeira, Magaly Gemio; Rawet, Viviane; Quintanilha, Alina Guimaraes; Paula, Henrique Moura de; Silva, Adriano Zanon; Nahas, Sergio Carlos; Cecconello, Ivan
Fonte: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO Publicador: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
60.24103%
OBJECTIVE: Many changes in mucosal morphology are observed following ileal pouch construction, including colonic metaplasia and dysplasia. Additionally, one rare but potential complication is the development of adenocarcinoma of the reservoir. The aim of this study was to evaluate the most frequently observed histopathological changes in ileal pouches and to correlate these changes with potential risk factors for complications. METHODS: A total of 41 patients were enrolled in the study and divided into the following three groups: a non-pouchitis group (group 1) (n = 20; 8 males; mean age: 47.5 years) demonstrating optimal outcome; a pouchitis without antibiotics group (group 2) (n = 14; 4 males; mean age: 47 years), containing individuals with pouchitis who did not receive treatment with antibiotics; and a pouchitis plus antibiotics group (group 3) (n = 7; 3 males; mean age: 41 years), containing those patients with pouchitis who were administered antibiotics. Ileal pouch endoscopy was performed, and tissue biopsy samples were collected for histopathological analysis. RESULTS: Colonic metaplasia was found in 15 (36.6%) of the 41 patients evaluated; of these, five (25%) were from group 1, eight (57.1%) were from group 2, and two (28.6%) were from group 3. However...

‣ Avaliação do perfil microbiológico e dos fatores de risco relacionados ao desenvolvimento de bolsites em pacientes com bolsa ileal por retocolite ulcerativa; Microbiological assessment and risk factors related to developing pouchitis in patients with Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis by ulcerative colitis

Arashiro, Roberta Thiery de Godoy
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/03/2012 Português
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INTRODUÇÃO: A bolsite tem sido descrita como a complicação mais comum após a realização de bolsa ileal por retocolite ulcerativa. A etiologia da bolsite não está clara, mas sua resolução ocasional com metronidazol e/ou ciprofloxacina sugere que a estase fecal e a superproliferação bacteriana possam estar envolvidas na sua patogênese. Poucos estudos analisaram culturas microbianas de amostras teciduais. Além disso, várias alterações na morfologia da mucosa são vistas após a construção das bolsas ileais, como inflamação aguda e crônica com atrofia vilosa, hiperplasia de criptas, metaplasia colônica e displasias. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é caracterizar a microflora das bolsas ileais de pacientes operados por RCU com e sem bolsites, além de caracterizar as alterações histopatológicas mais freqüentes nas bolsas ileais e correlacioná-las com possíveis fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de bolsites. MÉTODOS: Quarenta e um pacientes foram envolvidos no estudo, divididos em três grupos: o grupo sem bolsite (NB) não apresentava inflamação da bolsa ileal ao momento da avaliação (n=20; 12 mulheres; média de idade, 47.5 anos); o grupo BNA apresentava bolsite e incluía pacientes sem uso de antibióticos (n=14; 10 mulheres; média de idade...

‣ Morphology of heal and jejunal pouches used as rectal substitutes

Teixeira, F. V.; Daud, D.; Eleuterio, M. L.; Silva, MDP; Kelly, K. A.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 373-376
Português
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51.235703%
PURPOSE: Our aim was to determine whether the mucosa of a canine jejunal pouch used as a rectal substitute after proctocolectomy retains its morphologic features better than the mucosa of a canine ileal pouch so used. METHODS: Among ten dogs that underwent proctocolectomy, five had a jejunal pouch-distal rectal anastomosis and five an ileal pouch-distal rectal anastomosis. After six months, the animals were killed, the intestinal pouches and portions of unaltered distal ileum were removed, and a blinded, mucosal morphometric analysis was performed. RESULTS: the mucosa of the jejunal pouches had an overall thickness (mean standard deviation, anterior and posterior walls, 1,300 140 Am), villous height (286 +/- 46 mum), and crypt depth (790 77 Am) greater than that of the ileal pouches (920 +/- 170, 208 +/- 47, and 530 +/- 130 mum, respectively; P < 0.05). Moreover, the mucosal thickness of the jejunal pouches was similar to that of the distal ileum proximal to the pouch (1,200 +/- 200 mum; P > 0.05), whereas the mucosal thickness of the ileal pouch was thinner (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: the jejunal mucosa retains its major morphometric features when the jejunum is used as a rectal substitute after proctocolectomy. In contrast, the ileal mucosa atrophies when the ileum is so used.

‣ Morphology of ileal and jejunal pouches used as rectal substitutes

Teixeira, Fabio V.; Daud, Danilo; Eleuterio, Maria L.; Silva, Maeli D.-P.; Kelly, Keith A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 373-376
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
61.43793%
PURPOSE: Our aim was to determine whether the mucosa of a canine jejunal pouch used as a rectal substitute after proctocolectomy retains its morphologic features better than the mucosa of a canine ileal pouch so used. METHODS: Among ten dogs that underwent proctocolectomy, five had a jejunal pouch-distal rectal anastomosis and five an ileal pouch-distal rectal anastomosis. After six months, the animals were killed, the intestinal pouches and portions of unaltered distal ileum were removed, and a blinded, mucosal morphometric analysis was performed. RESULTS: The mucosa of the jejunal pouches had an overall thickness (mean ± standard deviation, anterior and posterior walls, 1,300 ± 140 μm), villous height (286 ± 46 μm), and crypt depth (790 ± 77 μm) greater than that of the ileal pouches (920 ± 170, 208 ± 47, and 530 ± 130 μm, respectively; P < 0.05). Moreover, the mucosal thickness of the jejunal pouches was similar to that of the distal ileum proximal to the pouch (1,200 ± 200 μm; P > 0.05), whereas the mucosal thickness of the ileal pouch was thinner (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The jejunal mucosa retains its major morphometric features when the jejunum is used as a rectal substitute after proctocolectomy. In contrast, the ileal mucosa atrophies when the ileum is so used.

‣ Pouchitis: extracolonic manifestation of ulcerative colitis?

Teixeira,William Gemio Jacobsen; Silva,José Hyppólito da; Teixeira,Magaly Gemio; Almeida,Maristela; Calache,João Elias; Habr-Gama,Angelita
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/1999 Português
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Pouchitis is the most frequent complication of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for treatment of ulcerative colitis. There are several possible explanations. Among them, we focus on the one that considers pouchitis as an extracolonic manifestation of ulcerative colitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pouchitis and extra-intestinal manifestations (EIM), which are frequent in these patients. Sixty patients underwent restorative proctocolectomy with an ileal J pouch (IPAA) from September 1984 to December 1998. Pouchitis was defined by clinical, endoscopic, and histologic criteria. The following extra-intestinal manifestations were studied: articular, cutaneous, hepatobiliary, ocular, genitourinary, and growth failure. Thirteen patients, of which 10 were female (76.9%), developed one or more episodes of pouchitis. Twelve patients of this group (92.3%) presented some kind of extra-intestinal manifestation, 4 pre-operatively (exclusively), 2 post-operatively (exclusively), and 6 both pre- and post-operatively (1.7 per patient). Twenty patients (42.7%) of the 47 without pouchitis did not present extra-intestinal manifestations; 10/35 (28.5%) of females had pouchitis, compared to 3/35 (12.0%) of men. Pouchitis was more frequent among females...

‣ Short- and long-term outcomes of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis

Teixeira,Magaly Gemio; Ponte,Adauto C. Abreu da; Sousa,Manuela; Almeida,Maristela G. de; Silva Filho,Edésio; Calache,João Elias; Habr-Gama,Angelita; Kiss,Desidério R.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 Português
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61.22766%
Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis was an important advancement in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. The aim of this study was to determine whether early complications of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in patients with ulcerative colitis are associated with poor late functional results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty patients were operated on from 1986 to 2000, 62 patients with ileostomy and 18 without. The early and late complications were recorded. Specific emphasis has been placed on the incidence of pouchitis with prolonged follow-up. RESULTS: The ileostomy was closed an average of 9.2 months after the first operation. Fourteen patients were excluded from the long-term evaluation; 6 patients were lost to regular follow-up, 4 died, and 4 patients still have the ileostomy. Of the 4 patients that died, 1 died from surgical complications. Early complications after operation (41) occurred in 34 patients (42.5%). Late complications (29) occurred in 25 patients as follows: 16 had pouchitis, 3 associated with stenosis and 1 with sexual dysfunction; 5 had stenosis; and there was 1 case each of incisional hernia, ileoanal fistula, hepatic cancer, and endometriosis. Pouchitis occurred in 6 patients (9.8%) 1 year after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis...

‣ Endoscopic management of anastomotic bleeding in the ileal pouch with staples removal and clipping

Wu,Xian-rui; Lan,Nan; Shen,Bo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 Português
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70.31633%
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pouch bleeding is a rare but detrimental complication following ileal pouch surgery. It is usually self-limited, however continuous bleeding requires intervention. There is limited published data on its management. DESIGN: Ileoscopy via stoma for loop ileostomy and pouchoscopy via anus for ileal pouch were performed under sedation for the purpose of diagnosis and management of postoperative bleeding. RESULTS: Ileoscopy demonstrated a large, long blood clot in the lumen of efferent limb, but no sign of active bleeding was identified. Pouchoscopy showed that lumen of pouch body as well as afferent limb was filled with maroon-colored liquid stool. Pouch and neo-terminal ileum mucosa was normal. Two dislodged staples at the anastomotic line with sharp tips towards the lumen were found, with activating bleeding at one site. The staples were removed by biopsy forceps, and active bleeding was successfully controlled by the deployment of one endoclip. CONCLUSIONS: We reported the first case that postoperative pouch bleeding, which was caused by dislodged staples, was successfully managed by endoscopic removal of the staples combined with clipping.

‣ Current trends regarding protective ileostomy after restorative proctocolectomy

Campos,Fabio Guilherme C. M. de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 Português
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The decision to perform a protective ileostomy after ileoanal-pouch anastomosis is controversial, and most of the discussion is based on its advantages and disadvantages. Although a temporary intestinal diversion has been routinely indicated in most patients, this choice is also associated with complications. The present work aims to review the outcomes after restorative proctocolectomy with or without a protective ileostomy in the treatment of ulcerative colitis and polyposis syndromes. Most papers emphasize that diversion protects against anastomosis leaks; consequently, it may prevent pelvic sepsis and pouch failure. Otherwise, a defunctioning ileostomy may cause morbidity such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, psychological problems, skin irritation, anastomosis strictures and intestinal obstruction, among others. There are those who believe that the omission of an ileostomy after the confection of ileal pouches should be reserved for selected patients, with quite acceptable results. The selection criteria should include surgeon, patient and procedure features to ensure a good outcome

‣ Management of ileal pouch prolapse with endoscopic hot snare

Wu,Xian-rui; Liu,Xiu-li; Lan,Nan; Shen,Bo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 Português
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Pouch prolapse is a complication following the creation of restorative proctocolectomy. There is a paucity of information in the literature pertaining to its management. An ileal J pouch patient with dyschezia presented to our Pouch Center. Under sedation, pouchoscopy was performed with a gastroscope. We detected an anterior distal pouch mucosal prolapse, 1.5 cm in diameter, blocking the anal canal. The prolapsed mucosa was excised with hot snare under a retroflex view. There was no bleeding or perforation. The entire procedure took 25 minutes. The patient tolerated the procedure well and was discharged home 30 minutes after post-procedural observation. The patient reported the resolution of the dyschezia symptom. The histopathological examination of excised specimen showed small bowel mucosa and sub-mucosa with changes compatible with mucosal prolapse. Endoscopic hot snare appears to be feasible in the management of pouch mucosal prolapse.

‣ Quality of life in patients with ileal pouch for ulcerative colitis

Tilio,Marcela Soares Goncalves de; Arias,Larissa Berbert; Camargo,Michel Gardere; Oliveira,Priscila Sene Portel de; Panzetti,Nathalia Vieira; Ayrizono,Maria de Lourdes Setsuko; Leal,Raquel Franco; Fagundes,Joao Jose; Coy,Claudio Saddy Rodrigues
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2013 Português
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INTRODUCTION: proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the standard surgical procedure for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) and is associated with the prospect of cure. Experience gained over the years has demonstrated the occurrence of a high number of complications as well as bowel disorders that can compromise quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVE: evaluate QoL in patients with IPAA for ulcerative colitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) was used to assess QoL in patients with IPAA after its validation in Portuguese. RESULTS: thirty-one patients submitted to IPAA by the same group of professionals were evaluated. QoL was classified as regular in all domains evaluated (intestinal and systemic symptoms and emotional and social aspects). There were no differences in relation to gender, type of pouch or postoperative time. However, elderly patients showed a tendency toward lower scores. Having a professional activity was associated with higher scores in systemic symptoms and social aspects (p < 0.05). Patients with ileostomy showed lower values in the domains of systemic symptoms, emotional and social aspects (p <0.05). CONCLUSION: in all domains assessed...

‣ Closure of leak at the tip of the "J" after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis using a novel over-the-scope clipping system

Lian,Lei; Shen,Bo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
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60.32811%
OBJECTIVE: leaks from the body or the tip of the J-pouch can occur after restorative proctocolecotmy. Although it may follow an indolent clinical course, it often requires surgical repair or pouch revision. Here we describe a novel endoscopic approach to close the leak at the tip of the J pouch. DESIGN: pouchoscopy was performed under sedation and endoscopic over-the-scope clipping system was used for the management of a leak from the tip of a J-pouch. RESULTS: under sedation, a pouchoscopy was performed and the deep tip of "J" leak was detected with a guidewire, along with water-contrasted pouchogram. The contained cavity from the leak was cleaned with hydrogen peroxide and 50% dextrose. Debridement of the epithelialized mouth of the leak was performed with an endoscopic cytology brush. Then endoscopic over-the-scope clipping system was used and the leak defect was completely closed. There was no bleeding or perforation. The entire procedure took 25 min. The patient continued to do well and reported resolution of the low back pain symptom. CONCLUSION: we reported the first case in the literature that a leak from the tip of a J-pouch was endoscopically occluded using a novel over-the-scope clipping system.

‣ Successful endoscopic treatment of fecalith blocking sinus in a patient with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis

Ma,Jessica; Zhang,Brook; Wu,Xian-rui; Shen,Bo
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 Português
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Background: Ulcerative colitis patients who underwent restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis can develop various mechanical complications. Among them is presacral sinus resulting from chronic anastomotic leak. Methods: We present a symptomatic patient with a large fecalith blocking the sinus which was successfully treated with Doppler ultrasound guided endoscopic needle knife sinusotomy along with fecalith extraction. Results: A 67-year-old female presented with a 4-month history of perianal pain and urgency. Pouchocopy showed a 3-cm deep wide-mouthed anastomotic sinus, the orifice of which was blocked by a large hard fecalith. Removal of the fecalith using RothNet, Tripod, or Basket were made but failed. Then needle knife was applied to cut the orifice to enlarge the opening of the sinus. One month later, the patient returned and the fecalith was successfully removed with two Baskets and two Rothnets. Six months after fecalith extraction, pouchoscopy showed a compartalized distal pouch sinus with two cavities, which was treated by two sessions of Doppler ultrasound guided endoscopic needle knife sinusotomy. Six months following the treatment, the sinus was completed healed. The patient tolerated all procedures well without any complication. Conclusion: Fecalith blocking pouch anastomotic sinus is a rare complication in patients with restorative proctocolectomy. In our case...

‣ Anal and neorectal function after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis.

Stryker, S J; Kelly, K A; Phillips, S F; Dozois, R R; Beart, R W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1986 Português
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51.07022%
Bowel function varies markedly among patients with colectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Little is known of the mechanisms controlling fecal continence and frequency of defecation after operation. The aim of this study was to determine which features of the anal sphincter and neorectum accounted for the variation in clinical outcome. Twenty patients were studied 4 to 35 months after operation and compared to 12 healthy volunteers. Despite several patients exhibiting impaired fecal continence, anal sphincteric length and pressures and ileal pouch capacity and distensibility were similar in patients and controls. Patients with poor results, however, had rapid filling of their ileal pouch, which resulted in early onset of high amplitude propulsive pressure waves in the pouch. As these waves became more frequent, defecation resulted. Patients with poor results also were not able to empty adequately their pouch. The poorer the completeness of evacuation, the more frequent the defecation (r = 0.62, p less than 0.01). The authors conclude that rapid pouch filling and impaired pouch evacuation can lead to increased stool frequency in patients after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis.

‣ A clinico-physiological comparison of ileal pouch-anal and straight ileoanal anastomoses.

Taylor, B M; Cranley, B; Kelly, K A; Phillips, S F; Beart, R W; Dozois, R R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1983 Português
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The ileal pouch-anal anastomosis improves clinical results after colectomy and mucosal proctectomy compared to the straight ileoanal anastomosis. The question was what physiologic changes brought about by the pouch led to the improvement. Among 124 patients who had had ileoanal anastomosis, 25 volunteered for a detailed clinicophysiologic evaluation. Fourteen had had the ileal pouch-anal operation a mean of 8 months previously, and 11 had the straight ileoanal operation a mean of 25 months previously. Both groups of patients had satisfactory anal sphincter resting pressures (mean +/- SEM, pouch = 68 +/- 8 cm H2O, straight = 65 +/- 9 cm H2O, p greater than 0.05) and neorectal capacities (pouch = 278 +/- 26 ml, straight = 233 +/- 36 ml, p less than 0.05), and all could evacuate spontaneously. However, the pouch patients had a more distensible neorectum (delta V/delta P pouch = 9.5 +/- 1.3 ml/cm H2O, straight = 4.9 +/- 0.9 ml/cm H2O, p less than 0.05) and smaller amplitude neorectal contractions (pouch = 36 +/- 5 cm H2O, straight = 90 +/- 13 cm H2O; p less than 0.05). We concluded that the pouch-anal anastomosis increased the distensibility of the neorectum and decreased its propulsive drive, and so improved clinical results.

‣ Motility of the jejunum after proctocolectomy and ileal pouch anastomosis.

Chaussade, S; Merite, F; Hautefeuille, M; Valleur, P; Hautefeuille, P; Couturier, D
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1989 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
70.396343%
Proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anastomosis could modify motility of the small intestine through two mechanisms: obstruction or bacterial overgrowth. Motility of the jejunum was measured in 11 patients with ileoanal anastomosis six (n = 6), or 12 (n = 5) months after closure of the loop ileostomy. Manometric recording from the jejunum were made during fasting (four hours) and after a liquid meal (one hour). These findings were compared with those of six healthy volunteers. Motor events were classified as follows: migrating motor complex (MMC), propagated contractions, or discrete clustered contractions. All patients were investigated for bacterial overgrowth (D-glucose breath test). Only two patients had bacterial overgrowth. The frequency of MMC remained unchanged after ileo-anal anastomosis (2.83 (0.37)/four hours) compared with normal volunteers (2.81 (0.29)/four hours). During fasting, four patients had numerous propagated contractions in the jejunum. This condition was associated in two with bacterial overgrowth and in two with intubation of the reservoir. Discrete clustered contractions were found in the seven patients studied postprandially (7.6 (2.5)/h), but not in volunteers. These seven patients emptied their pouch spontaneously and bacterial overgrowth was found in only one. As this motility pattern was previously described in partial small intestinal obstruction...

‣ Pouchitis after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis occurs with increased frequency in patients with associated primary sclerosing cholangitis.

Penna, C; Dozois, R; Tremaine, W; Sandborn, W; LaRusso, N; Schleck, C; Ilstrup, D
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1996 Português
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51.09131%
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), present in 5% of patients with ulcerative colitis, may be associated with pouchitis after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. The cumulative frequency of pouchitis in patients with and without PSC who underwent ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis was determined. A total of 1097 patients who had an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis, 54 with associated PSC, were studied. Pouchitis was defined by clinical criteria in all patients and by clinical, endoscopic, and histological criteria in 83% of PSC patients and 85% of their matched controls. PSC was defined by clinical, radiological, and pathological findings. One or more episodes of pouchitis occurred in 32% of patients without PSC and 63% of patients with PSC. The cumulative risk of pouchitis at one, two, five, and 10 years after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis was 15.5%, 22.5%, 36%, and 45.5% for the patients without PSC and 22%, 43%, 61%, and 79% for the patients with PSC. In the PSC group, the risk of pouchitis was not related to the severity of liver disease. In conclusion, the strong correlation between PSC and pouchitis suggest a common link in their pathogenesis.

‣ Quality of life after Brooke ileostomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Comparison of performance status.

Pemberton, J H; Phillips, S F; Ready, R R; Zinsmeister, A R; Beahrs, O H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1989 Português
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51.732783%
Although the clinical results of Brooke ileostomy are good, patients are permanently incontinent of stool and gas. Alternative operations designed to restore enteric continence, such as ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, must not only be as safe and effective as Brooke ileostomy, but should provide an improved quality of life in order to establish long-term acceptability. Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis has been performed safely and good functional results have been reported. The quality of life after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, however, has not been documented. Two hundred ninety-eight ileal pouch patients and 406 Brooke ileostomy patients who had the operations performed for chronic ulcerative colitis or familial adenomatous polyposis formed the basis of the study. After adjusting for age, diagnosis, and reoperation rate, logistic regression analysis of performance scores in seven different categories was used to discriminate between operations. Median follow-up was longer in Brooke ileostomy patients than in ileal pouch patients (104 months vs. 47 months, respectively), and Brooke ileostomy patients were slightly older (38 years vs. 32 years). A great majority of patients in each group were satisfied (93% Brooke ileostomy; 95% ileal pouch-anal anastomosis). Thirty-nine per cent of Brooke ileostomy patients...

‣ Adenocarcinoma in Ileal Pouch after Proctocolectomy for Familial Adenomatous Polyposis: Report of A Case

Lee, Seung Hyun; Ahn, Byung Kwon; Chang, Hee-Kyung; Baek, Sung Uhn
Fonte: The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences Publicador: The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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51.445244%
Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is one of the surgical treatments of choice for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. Although the risk of cancer developing in an ileal pouch is not yet clear, a few cases of adenocarcinoma arising in an ileal pouch have been reported. We report a case of adenocarcinoma in ileal pouch after proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. A 56-yr-old woman was diagnosed as having familial adenomatous polyposis. Total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis was performed. Six years later, she underwent completion-proctectomy with ileal J pouch-anal anastomosis including anorectal mucosectomy for rectal cancer. After 7 yr, she presented with anal spotting. Endoscopic biopsies revealed adenocarcinoma at the ileal pouch. Resection of the ileal pouch and permanent ileostomy were performed. The risk of cancer in an ileal pouch and its prevention with regular surveillance must be emphasized.

‣ Resultado precoce e tardio da anastomose íleoanal com reservatório ileal na retocolite ulcerativa; Short- and long-term outcomes of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis

Teixeira, Magaly Gemio; Ponte, Adauto C. Abreu da; Sousa, Manuela; Almeida, Maristela G. de; Silva Filho, Edésio; Calache, João Elias; Habr-Gama, Angelita; Kiss, Desidério R.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2003 Português
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A anastomose íleo-anal com reservatório ileal foi um importante avanço no tratamento da retocolite ulcerativa. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar se os maus resultados funcionais tardios estariam relacionados às complicações precoces da anastomose íleo-anal com reservatório ileal em doentes com retocolite ulcerativa. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Oitenta doentes foram operados entre 1986 e 2000, 60 com ileostomia de proteção e 18 sem. Os doentes foram avaliados quanto a incidência de complicações pós-operatórias precoces e tardias. Enfatizou-se a incidência de bolsite no pós-operatório prolongado. RESULTADO: A ileostomia foi fechada em média 9,2 meses após a primeira operação. Quatorze doentes foram excluídos da avaliação tardia: seis perderam o seguimento e quatro faleceram. Quatro doentes permanecem com a ileostomia. Trinta e quatro doentes (42,5%) apresentaram 41 complicações precoces. Vinte e cinco apresentaram 29 complicações tardias: 16 bolsites, três associadas a estenose e uma a disfunção erétil; cinco estenoses e uma de cada das seguintes: hérnia incisional, fístula íleoanal, câncer hepático e endometriose. Seis doentes apresentaram bolsite um ano após a anastomose íleoanal com reservatório ileal (9...