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‣ Lipodistrofia em crianças e adolescentes com síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida e sua relação com a terapia antirretroviral empregada; Lipodystrophy in children and adolescents with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and its relationship with the antiretroviral therapy employed

SARNI, Roseli Oselka Saccardo; SOUZA, Fabíola Isabel Suano de; BATTISTINI, Tânia Regina Beraldo; PITTA, Tassiana Sacchi; FERNANDES, Ana Paula; TARDINI, Priscila Chemiotti; FONSECA, Fernando Luis Affonso; SANTOS, Valter Pinho dos; LOPEZ, Fábio Ancona
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pediatria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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OBJETIVO: Avaliar a presença de lipodistrofia clínica em crianças com síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida e relacioná-la com o esquema antirretroviral utilizado, alterações do perfil lipídico e resistência insulínica. MÉTODOS: Por meio de estudo transversal, foram avaliadas 30 crianças e adolescentes (mediana de idade = 9,1 anos) com síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida, no período entre 2004 e 2005. As avaliações clínico-laboratoriais incluíram: classificação da infecção pelo HIV, medidas antropométricas (peso e estatura), glicemia e insulina séricas e perfil lipídico (LDL-c, HDL-c, triglicérides). A lipodistrofia foi definida por parâmetros clínicos. O teste do qui-quadrado foi utilizado na análise estatística. RESULTADOS: Todos os pacientes recebiam terapia antirretroviral regularmente (mediana de tempo de uso = 28,4 meses), 80% utilizavam três drogas em associação (terapia fortemente ativa) e 30% usavam inibidores de protease. Lipodistrofia e dislipidemia foram observadas em 53,3 e 60% dos pacientes, respectivamente. Crianças que utilizavam terapia fortemente ativa com inibidor de protease apresentaram maior percentual de lipodistrofia mista, com diferença estatisticamente significante em relação ao grupo com terapia fortemente ativa sem inibidor de protease e ao grupo sem terapia fortemente ativa (44...

‣ Evolução de parâmetros antropométricos em portadores do vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana ou com Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida: um estudo prospectivo; Changes in the anthropometric parameters of patients with the Human Immunodeficiency virus or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: a prospective study

CURTI, Maíra Ladeia Rodrigues; ALMEIDA, Luara Bellinghausen; JAIME, Patrícia Constante
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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OBJETIVO: Avaliar o estado nutricional e a evolução de parâmetros antropométricos para alterações morfológicas em pacientes vivendo com o vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana ou com Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida em uso de terapia antirretroviral de alta atividade. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo de coorte prospectiva com duração de 12 meses, envolvendo indivíduos adultos, de ambos os sexos, em terapia antirretroviral recém introduzida. Os indicadores antropométricos estudados foram índice de massa corporal, circunferência de cintura, dobras cutâneas subescapular, biciptal e triciptal, avaliados com intervalos de três meses, totalizando 4 medidas do tempo. Variáveis foram descritas segundo mediana e percentis 25 e 75 e analisadas por ANOVA para medidas repetidas. RESULTADOS: A população estudada foi composta por 53 indivíduos, a maioria do sexo masculino (81%), entre 30 e 39 anos. Apenas a dobra cutânea subescapular apresentou significante variação no tempo (T1=13,7 vs T4=16,0; p<0,001), apontando para lipo-hipertrofia dorso-cervical. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados deste estudo, embora limitados, direcionam para a necessidade de vigilância de parâmetros antropométricos associados a alterações morfológicas...

‣ Conhecimento médico sobre as imunodeficiências primárias na cidade de São Paulo, Brasil; Medical awareness concerning primary immunodeficiency diseases in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Dantas, Ellen de Oliveira; Aranda, Carolina Sanchez; Nobre, Fernanda Aimée; Fahl, Kristine; Mazzucchelli, Juliana Themudo Lessa; Felix, Erika; Friedlander-Del Nero, Dora Lisa; Nudelman, Victor; Sano, Flavio; Neto, Antonio Condino; Damasceno, Elaine; Cost
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein; São Paulo Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein; São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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OBJETIVO: Avaliar o conhecimento médico sobre as imunodeficiências primárias na cidade de São Paulo (SP). MÉTODOS: Um questionário de 14 questões sobre as imunodeficiências primárias foi aplicado a médicos que trabalhavam em hospitais gerais. Uma das questões apresentava 25 situações clínicas que poderiam ou não estar associadas às imunodeficiências primárias, e a porcentagem de respostas apropriadas gerou um indicador de conhecimento. RESULTADOS: Participaram do estudo 746 médicos, dentre os quais 215 pediatras (28,8%), 244 cirurgiões (32,7%) e 287 clínicos (38,5%). Cerca de 70% dos médicos responderam ter aprendido sobre as imunodeficiências primárias na graduação ou na residência médica. O atendimento a pacientes que usam antibióticos com frequência foi relatado por 75% dos médicos, mas apenas 34,1% já haviam investigado algum paciente e 77,8% não conheciam os dez sinais de alerta para as imunodeficiências primárias. O indicador de conhecimento obtido apresentou uma média de 45,72% (±17,87). Apenas 26,6% dos pediatras e 6,6% tanto dos clínicos quanto dos cirurgiões apresentaram indicador de conhecimento de pelo menos 67% (equivalente à resposta apropriada em dois terços das situações clínicas). CONCLUSÃO: Há uma deficiência no conhecimento médico das imunodeficiências primárias na cidade de São Paulo...

‣ Caracterização imunofenotípica de linfócitos B de memória em pacientes com deficiência de IgA e imunodeficiência comum variável; Immunophenotypical characterization of memory B lymphocytes in patients with IgA deficiency and common variable immunodeficiency

Avalos, José de Jesus Rivas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/09/2009 Português
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INTRODUÇÃO: A deficiência de IgA (DIgA) é a imunodeficiência primária mais comum e caracteriza-se pela presença de concentrações de IgA sérica abaixo de 7 mg/dL e níveis normais de IgM e IgG. A maioria dos indivíduos acometidos não apresenta doença aparente embora alguns possam apresentar infecções recorrentes ou crônicas de mucosas, atopia e/ou doenças autoimunes (DAIs). Presumivelmente, a doença resulta de um defeito na troca de isótipo para IgA ou de falha na maturação de linfócitos produtores de IgA. A imunodeficiência comum variável (ICV) constitui uma deficiência primária de anticorpos caracterizada por níveis séricos baixos de IgG, IgA e/ou IgM, ao lado de valores normais ou diminuídos de linfócitos B e/ou T, levando a infecções crônicas ou recorrentes principalmente dos tratos respiratório e gastrintestinal. Embora a fisiopatologia da ICV ainda não esteja esclarecida, em muitos pacientes ela pode ser decorrente de algum defeito intrínseco de linfócitos B. De modo especial, as células B de memória (CD27+) têm sido correlacionadas com alguns aspectos clínicos da doença. Números elevados de células B de memória com persistência de IgM (CD27+IgM+) parecem estar correlacionados com a presença de infecções...

‣ Imunodeficiência comum variável: distúrbio de diferenciação dos linfócitos B ou distúrbio de ativação dos linfócitos T?; Common Variable Immunodeficiency: disturbance of differentiation of B lymphocytes or disorder of activation of T lymphocytes?

Collanieri, Anna Cristina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/09/2010 Português
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A imunodeficiência comum variável (ICV) é uma imunodeficiência primária de origem heterogênea, definida como uma diminuição de pelo menos dois isótipos de imunoglobulinas, a falta de resposta anticórpica a imunizações e a exclusão de outras causas primárias de hipogamaglobulinemia. A ausência de níveis adequados de anticorpos em pacientes com ICV resulta em infecções bacterianas recorrentes, mais freqüentes no trato respiratório e digestivo, que podem levar a seqüelas sinusais e pulmonares. Nos últimos 6 anos iniciou-se a descoberta de genes relacionados à causa de doenças com o fenótipo de ICV, como os genes de TACI, BAFF-R, CD19 e ICOS. Dentre as alterações imunológicas, podemos também relatar deficiência de células B de memória (CD19+IgM-IgD-CD27+), levando a distúrbio de comutação isotípica e redução da secreção de imunoglobulinas. Atualmente tal característica vem sendo utilizada para classificar a ICV. No decorrer do presente trabalho pudemos observar que pacientes com ICV apresentam alterações na expressão de CD27 não somente em células B, mas também em células T, além de resposta linfoproliferativa ao estímulo de PHA reduzida. O CD27 consiste em uma molécula da família TNF presente constitutivamente em células T e após ativação em células B. Sua atuação na resposta imune está relacionada com a proliferação e co-ativação de células T específicas que atuam na interação T-B...

‣ Detecção do provírus da imunodeficiência felina em gatos domésticos pela técnica de Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase; Detection of feline immunodeficiency provirus in domestic cats by polymerase chain reaction

Caldas, Ana Paula Ferrary; Leal, Elcio de Souza; Silva, Eduardo Filipe Avila; Ravazzolo, Ana Paula
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection of domestic cats is one of the most promising animal models for the infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Infected cats may develop a disease similar to that observed in AIDS patients, with increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections. In this study we used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect proviral DNA of feline immunodeficiency virus on the blood and tissue samples from cats with a clinical diagnosis of immunodeficiency. The PCR primers were used to amplify the gag gene, which is conserved among different isolates. From 40 samples analyzed, 15 were positive and 4 of them were submitted to hybridization to confirm the specificity of the amplified fragments. These results confirm the presence of FIV in domestic cats in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

‣ Virus-host interaction in feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection

Taniwaki, Sueli Akemi; Figueiredo, Andreza Soriano; Araujo Jr., João Pessoa
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection has been the focus of several studies because this virus exhibits genetic and pathogenic characteristics that are similar to those of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). FIV causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in cats, nevertheless, a large fraction of infected cats remain asymptomatic throughout life despite of persistent chronic infection. This slow disease progression may be due to the presence of factors that are involved in the natural resistance to infection and the immune response that is mounted by the animals, as well as due to the adaptation of the virus to the host. Therefore, the study of virus-host interaction is essential to the understanding of the different patterns of disease course and the virus persistence in the host, and to help with the development of effective vaccines and perhaps the cure of FIV and HIV infections. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

‣ Is human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome decreasing among Brazilian injection drug users? Recent findings and how to interpret them

Bastos, Francisco In??cio Pinkusfeld Monteiro; Bongertz, Vera; Teixeira, Sylvia Lopes Maia; Morgado, Mariza Gon??alves; Hacker, Mariana de Andrea Vilas-Boas
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Francisco I Bastos,a, Vera Bongertz*, Sylvia Lopes Teixeira*, Mariza G Morgado*,Mariana A Hacker a Departamento de Informa????o em Sa??de, CICT-Fiocruz, Av. Brasil 4365, 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil *Departamento de Imunologia, IOC-Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; We briefly review findings from Brazilian settings where the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic among injection drug users (IDUs) seems to be decreasing, highlighting recent findings from Rio de Janeiro and discussing methodological alternatives. Former analyses using serologic testing algorithm for recent HIV seroconversion have shown that HIV incidence has been low in IDUs recruited by two different surveys carried out in Rio, where low injection frequencies and infection rates have been found among new injectors. The proportion of AIDS cases among IDUs in Rio has been fairly modest, compared to S??o Paulo and especially to the southernmost states. Notwithstanding, the interpretation of findings from serial surveys constitutes a challenge, magnified in the assessment of HIV spread among IDUs due to the dynamic nature of the drug scenes and limitations of sampling strategies targeting hard-to-reach populations. Assessment of epidemic trends may profit from the triangulation of data...

‣ Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and tropical diseases: a brazilian perspective

Morgado, Mariza Gon??alves; Barcellos, Christovam de Castro; Pina, Maria de F??tima Rodrigues Pereira de; Bastos, Francisco In??cio Pinkusfeld Monteiro
Fonte: Funda????o Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Funda????o Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Mariza G Morgado, Christovam Barcellos*, Maria de F??tima Pina*, Francisco In??cio Bastos* Laborat??rio de Aids e Imunologia Molecular, Departamento de Imunologia, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz *Departamento de Informa????es em Sa??de, Centro de Informa????o Cient??fica e Tecnol??gica-Fiocruz, UNAIDS Collaborating Centre, Av. Brasil 4365, 21045-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil; The paper summarizes recent findings on the epidemiology and pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/Aids), highlighting the role of co-infections with major tropical diseases. Such co-infections have been studied in the Brazilian context since the beginning of the Aids epidemic and are expected to be more frequent and relevant as the Aids epidemic in Brazil proceeds towards smaller municipalities and the countryside, where tropical diseases are endemic. Unlike opportunistic diseases that affect basically the immunocompromised host, most tropical diseases, as well as tuberculosis, are pathogenic on their own, and can affect subjects with mild or no immunossuppression. In the era of highly active anti-retroviral therapies (HAART), opportunistic diseases seem to be on decrease in Brazil, where such medicines are fully available. Benefiting from HAART in terms of restoration of the immune function...

‣ Common variable immunodeficiency and isosporiasis: first report case

Silva,Gisele Barbosa e; Fernandes,Karla Pereira; Segundo,Gesmar Rodrigues Silva
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 Português
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We report a severe case of diarrhea in a 62-year-old female HIV-negative patient from whom Giardia lamblia and Isospora belli were isolated. Because unusual and opportunistic infections should be considered as criteria for further analysis of immunological status, laboratory investigations led to a diagnosis of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). This is the first reported case of isosporiasis in a patient with CVID and illustrates the importance of being aware of a possible link, particularly in relation to primary immunodeficiency.

‣ Immunocompromised host: from the early events until the impact of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Costa,Sylvio Celso Gonçalves da
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2000 Português
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The concept that microorganisms can modulate the host resistance was historically reviewed in the present article. The importance of African trypanosomiasis in the development of the research on immunosuppression as well as the impact of human immunodeficiency virus infection are discussed. Each day new opportunistic organisms establish a constant challenge for the correct diagnosis of concomitant infections in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The importance of parasite infection in the balance of host resistance in the third world was emphasized. Finally, some aspects of Leishmania as opportunistic organisms were presented.

‣ Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and tropical diseases: a Brazilian perspective

Morgado,Mariza G; Barcellos,Christovam; Pina,Maria de Fátima; Bastos,Francisco Inácio
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2000 Português
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The paper summarizes recent findings on the epidemiology and pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/Aids), highlighting the role of co-infections with major tropical diseases. Such co-infections have been studied in the Brazilian context since the beginning of the Aids epidemic and are expected to be more frequent and relevant as the Aids epidemic in Brazil proceeds towards smaller municipalities and the countryside, where tropical diseases are endemic. Unlike opportunistic diseases that affect basically the immunocompromised host, most tropical diseases, as well as tuberculosis, are pathogenic on their own, and can affect subjects with mild or no immunossuppression. In the era of highly active anti-retroviral therapies (HAART), opportunistic diseases seem to be on decrease in Brazil, where such medicines are fully available. Benefiting from HAART in terms of restoration of the immune function, putative milder clinical courses are expected in the future for most co-infections, including tropical diseases. On the other hand, from an ecological perspective, the progressive geographic diffusion of Aids makes tropical diseases and tuberculosis a renewed challenge for Brazilian researchers and practitioners dealing with HIV/Aids in the coming years.

‣ The human immunodeficiency virus preventive vaccine research at the French National Agency for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome research

Fischer,Elizabeth; Rieux,Véronique; Guillet,Jean-Gérard; Kazatchkine,Michel
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2005 Português
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The human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic is of unprecedented gravity and is spreading rapidly, notably in the most disadvantaged regions of the world. The search for a preventive vaccine is thus an absolute priority. For over 10 years the French National Agency for AIDS research (ANRS) has been committed to an original program combining basic science and clinical research. The HIV preventive vaccine research program run by the ANRS covers upstream research for the definition of immunogens, animal models, and clinical research to evaluate candidate vaccines. Most researchers in 2004 believe that it should be possible to obtain partial vaccine protection through the induction of a strong and multiepitopic cellular response. Since 1992, the ANRS has set up 15 phases I and II clinical trials in order to evaluate the safety and the capacity of the candidate vaccines for inducing cellular immune responses. The tested candidate vaccines were increasingly complex recombinant canarypox viruses (Alvac) containing sequences coding for certain viral proteins, utilized alone or combined with other immunogens (whole or truncated envelope proteins). ANRS has also been developing an original strategy based on the utilization of lipopeptides. These comprise synthetic fragments of viral proteins associated with lipids that facilitate the induction of a cellular immune response. These approaches promptly allowed the assessment of a prime-boost strategy combining a viral vector and lipopeptides.

‣ Is human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome decreasing among Brazilian injection drug users? Recent findings and how to interpret them

Bastos,Francisco I; Bongertz,Vera; Teixeira,Sylvia Lopes; Morgado,Mariza G; Hacker,Mariana A
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2005 Português
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We briefly review findings from Brazilian settings where the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic among injection drug users (IDUs) seems to be decreasing, highlighting recent findings from Rio de Janeiro and discussing methodological alternatives. Former analyses using serologic testing algorithm for recent HIV seroconversion have shown that HIV incidence has been low in IDUs recruited by two different surveys carried out in Rio, where low injection frequencies and infection rates have been found among new injectors. The proportion of AIDS cases among IDUs in Rio has been fairly modest, compared to São Paulo and especially to the southernmost states. Notwithstanding, the interpretation of findings from serial surveys constitutes a challenge, magnified in the assessment of HIV spread among IDUs due to the dynamic nature of the drug scenes and limitations of sampling strategies targeting hard-to-reach populations. Assessment of epidemic trends may profit from the triangulation of data, but cannot avert biases associated with sampling errors. Efforts should be made to triangulate data from different sources, besides exploring specific studies from different perspectives. In an attempt to further assess the observed trends...

‣ Human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus/hepatitis B virus co-infection in Southern Brazil: clinical and epidemiological evaluation

Raboni,Sonia Mara; Tuon,Felipe Francisco; Beloto,Nayara Carvalho Polido; Demeneck,Henrique; Oliveira,Andre; Largura,Denis; Sagrado,Andressa Gervasoni; Lima,Bárbara Perdonsini; Franzoni,João Paulo; Pedroso,Maria Lucia
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
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Hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus share a similar transmission pathway and are often diagnosed in the same patient. These patients tend to have a faster progression of hepatic fibrosis. This cross-sectional study describes the demographic features and clinical profile of human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis co-infected patients in Parana, Southern Brazil. A total of 93 human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients attending a tertiary care academic hospital in Southern Brazil were included. Clinical, demographic and epidemiological data were evaluated. Hepatitis B virus and/or hepatitis C virus positive serology was found in 6.6% of patients. The anti-hepatitis C virus serum test was positive in 85% (79/93) of patients, and the infection was confirmed in 72% of the cases. Eighteen patients (19%) were human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis B virus positive (detectable HBsAg). Among co-infected patients, there was a high frequency of drug use, and investigations for the detection of co-infection were conducted late. A low number of patients were eligible for treatment and, although the response to antiretroviral therapy was good, there was a very poor response to hepatitis therapy. Our preliminary findings indicate the need for protocols aimed at systematic investigation of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients...

‣ Mechanisms of Immunodeficiency Due To NFkappaB Signaling Defects

Mooster, Jana
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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Ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (ED-ID) is a rare primary immunodeficiency syndrome characterized by defects in ectodermal tissues (skin, hair and sweat glands), recurrent infections, impaired response to Toll-like receptor ligands, hypogammaglobulinemia and deficient antibody production. It is caused by defective (NFkappa B) signaling. The most common form of ED-ID is X-linked. It is caused by hypomorphic mutations in the (NFkappa B) essential modifier gene NEMO, which is an important regulatory component in the (NFkappa B) signaling pathway. We report the first case of ED-ID caused by insufficient expression of a NEMO protein of normal sequence, due to a mutation in the 5’ untranslated region of the NEMO gene. Autosomal dominant ED-ID, a rare form of ED-ID, has been reported to be caused by a heterozygous S32I mutation in the (I kappa B alpha). This mutation prevents IκBα phosphorylation and inhibits its degradation. The mutant sequesters (NFkappa B) in the cytoplasm and acts as a dominant negative. We report the first ED-ID patient with a heterozygous mutation (W11X) that causes N-terminal truncation of (I kappa B alpha) and results in functional haploinsufficiency. We have constructed a knock-in mouse model of ED-ID caused by a heterozygous S32I mutation in (I kappa B alpha). The mutant mice had ED...

‣ Estudo epidemiol??gico da infec????o pelo v??rus da imunodefici??ncia felina em gatos dom??sticos da regi??o sul do Rio Grande do Sul; Epidemiological study of the feline immunodeficiency virus infection in domestic cats of the south region of Rio Grande do Sul State

SILVA, F??bio da Silva e
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Veterin??ria; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Veterin??ria; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Veterin??ria; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Veterin??ria; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The feline immunodeficiency virus belongs to the Retroviridae family, Lentivirus gennus and presents molecular structure and pathogenicity similar to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), therefore it is not transmissible to humans, being susceptible only the domestic and feral cats. FIV is classified in five phylogenetically different subtypes from A to E spread worldwide, apart from recombinant strains among the subtypes. Recently, two new subtypes were described, the subtype F identified in the United States and Portugal, and the subtype U-NZenv in New Zealand. Considering that the retroviruses have the ability to integrate the cell genome, under double stranded DNA form, it is possible to detect the provirus in infected leucocytes through the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. The present report investigated the occurrence of the feline immunodeficiency virus infection between 2010 and 2011 in domestic cats submitted to medical treatment at the Hospital of Veterinary Clinics of the Federal University of Pelotas and private clinics from Pelotas, RS. Blood samples of seventy animals, healthy or sick, were collected and subjected to the nested-PCR technique. The tested cats were classified in two groups taking into account their clinical condition: the group 1 represented 28 FIV suspect cats with lymphadenomegaly...

‣ Deficiency of caspase recruitment domain family, member 11 (CARD11), causes profound combined immunodeficiency in human subjects.

Stepensky, Polina; Keller, Baerbel; Buchta, Mary; Kienzler, Ann-Kathrin; Elpeleg, Orly; Somech, Raz; Cohen, Sivan; Shachar, Idit; Miosge, Lisa A; Schlesier, Michael; Fuchs, Ilka; Enders, Anselm; Eibel, Hermann; Grimbacher, Bodo; Warnatz, Klaus
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 9 pages
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BACKGROUND: Profound combined immunodeficiency can present with normal numbers of T and B cells, and therefore the functional defect of the cellular and humoral immune response is often not recognized until the first severe clinical manifestation. Here we report a patient of consanguineous descent presenting at 13 months of age with hypogammaglobulinemia, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, and a suggestive family history. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify the genetic alteration in a patient with combined immunodeficiency and characterize human caspase recruitment domain family, member 11 (CARD11), deficiency. METHODS: Molecular, immunologic, and functional assays were performed. RESULTS: The immunologic characterization revealed only subtle changes in the T-cell and natural killer cell compartment, whereas B-cell differentiation, although normal in number, was distinctively blocked at the transitional stage. Genetic evaluation revealed a homozygous deletion of exon 21 in CARD11 as the underlying defect. This deletion abrogated protein expression and activation of the canonical nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway in lymphocytes after antigen receptor or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate stimulation, whereas CD40 signaling in B cells was preserved. The abrogated activation of the canonical NF-κB pathway was associated with severely impaired upregulation of inducible T-cell costimulator...

‣ The absence of the human platelet antigen polymorphism effect on fibrosis progression in human immunodeficiency virus-1/hepatitis C virus coinfected patients

Picelli,Natália; Tanikawa,Aline Aki; Grotto,Rejane Maria Tommasini; Silva,Giovanni Faria; Barbosa,Alexandre Naime; Ferrasi,Adriana Camargo; Silveira,Liciana Vaz de Arruda; Pardini,Maria Inês de Moura Campos
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
347.99027%
AbstractINTRODUCTION:Hepatic fibrosis progression in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infections has been associated with viral and host factors, including genetic polymorphisms. Human platelet antigen polymorphisms are associated with the rapid development of fibrosis in HCV-monoinfected patients. This study aimed to determine whether such an association exists in human immunodeficiency virus-1/hepatitis C virus-coinfected patients.METHODS:Genomic deoxyribonucleic acid from 36 human immunodeficiency virus-1/hepatitis C virus-coinfected patients was genotyped to determine the presence of human platelet antigens-1, -3, or -5 polymorphisms. Fibrosis progression was evaluated using the Metavir scoring system, and the patients were assigned to two groups, namely, G1 that comprised patients with F1, portal fibrosis without septa, or F2, few septa (n = 23) and G2 that comprised patients with F3, numerous septa, or F4, cirrhosis (n = 13). Fisher's exact test was utilized to determine possible associations between the human platelet antigen polymorphisms and fibrosis progression.RESULTS:There were no deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the human platelet antigen systems evaluated. Statistically significant differences were not observed between G1 and G2 with respect to the distributions of the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the human platelet antigen systems.CONCLUSION:The greater stimulation of hepatic stellate cells by the human immunodeficiency virus and...

‣ Prevention and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in resource-limited settings

Hogan,Daniel R.; Salomon,Joshua A.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2005 Português
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347.99027%
Strategies for confronting the epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) have included a range of different approaches that focus on prevention and treatment. However, debate persists over what levels of emphasis are appropriate for the different components of the global response. This paper presents an overview of this debate and briefly summarizes the evidence on a range of interventions designed to prevent the spread of HIV infection, paying particular attention to voluntary counselling and testing, treatment for sexually transmitted infections and prevention of mother-to-child transmission. We also review the experience with antiretroviral therapy to date in terms of response rates and survival rates, adherence, drug resistance, behavioural change and epidemiological impact. Although various studies have identified strategies with proven effectiveness in reducing the risks of HIV infection and AIDS mortality, considerable uncertainties remain. Successful integration of treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS will require a balanced approach and rigorous monitoring of the impact of programmes in terms of both individual and population outcomes.