Página 1 dos resultados de 127 itens digitais encontrados em 0.001 segundos

‣ Estudo da toxicidade da Ipomoea carnea em ratas durante o período perinatal. Avaliação dos possíveis efeitos lesivos no tecido placentário; Ipomoea carnea toxicity study in rats during perinatal period. Evaluation of possible harmful effects on the placental tissue

Lippi, Luciana Lucinio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/09/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.28263%
A Ipomoea carnea é uma planta tóxica amplamente distribuída no Brasil e em outros países tropicais. Durante os períodos de seca esta planta se mantém verde, podendo servir como fonte de alimento para os animais de produção. A intoxicação natural é de caráter crônico e ocorre quando ruminantes particularmente, caprinos ingerem a planta, estes animais desenvolvem, principalmente, sintomatologia de origem nervosa. Dois tipos de princípios ativos tóxicos foram isolados desta planta, um alcalóide nortropânico, as calisteginas B1, B2, B3 e C1 e principalmente o alcalóide indolizidínico, a suainsonina, cujo mecanismo de ação tóxico se estabelece por inibição de duas enzimas a α-manosidase lisossomal, levando ao acúmulo de oligossacarídeos não metabolizados no interior de lisossomos, promovendo a degeneração vacuolar intracitoplasmática, perda de função e até mesmo morte celular e a manosidase II do Complexo de Golgi, causando alterações na síntese, no processamento e no transporte de glicoproteínas. Histologicamente esta intoxicação é caracterizada pela presença de vacúolos lisossomais no sistema nervoso central (SNC), tireóide, fígado, pâncreas e rins. Recentemente, pesquisas, relativas à toxicidade perinatal desta planta...

‣ Doença do armazenamento lisossomal induzida pelo consumo de Sida carpinifolia em bovinos do Rio Grande do Sul; Lysosomal storage disease caused by Sida carpinifolia in cattle in Rio Grande do Sul

Pedroso, Pedro Miguel Ocampos; Oliveira, Luiz Gustavo Schneider; Cruz, Claudio Estevao Farias da; Soares, Mauro Pereira; Barreto, Laura; Driemeier, David
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.049307%
Relata-se a intoxicação natural por Sida carpinifolia (guanxuma, chá-da-índia) em bovinos no Rio Grande do Sul. Foram afetados cinco bovinos no período 2001- 2008. O quadro clínico foi caracterizado por emagrecimento, incoordenação, dificuldade de locomoção, tremores generalizados, quedas frequentes e morte. Microscopicamente, as principais alterações foram vacuolização dos neurônios de Purkinje do cerebelo, das células acinares do pâncreas e das células foliculares da tireoide. A microscopia eletrônica evidenciou vacúolos com conteúdo finamente granulado e delimitado por membrana. Na lectinahistoquímica, observou-se marcação em neurônios com as lectinas Concanavalia ensiformis (Con-A), Triticum vulgaris (WGA) e Succinyl Triticum vulgaris (sWGA).; This paper reports the natural poisoning by Sida carpinifolia (guanxuma, chá-da-índia) in cattle in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Five cattle were affected in the period 2001-2008. Clinical signs included weight loss, incoordination, walking difficulty, generalized tremors, frequent falls, and death. Microscopically, the main changes were vacuolation of Purkinje neurons in the cerebellum, pancreatic acinar cells, and thyroid follicular cells. Transmission electron microscopy revealed vacuoles bordered by membrane containing finely granular material. Lectin histochemistry showed positive staining in neurons with the lectins Concanavalia ensiformis (Con-A)...

‣ Pathological findings in fetuses of goats and cattle poisoned by Sida carpinifolia (Malvaceae); Achados patológicos em fetos de caprinos e bovinos intoxicados por Sida carpinifolia (Malvaceae)

Pedroso, Pedro Miguel Ocampos; Colodel, Edson Moleta; Seitz, Anderson Luís; Correa, Gabriel Laizola Frainer; Soares, Mauro Pereira; Driemeier, David
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.049307%
In Brazil, the consumption of Sida carpinifolia by livestock has been associated with neurological diseases linked to lysosomal storage disorders. This paper describes the pathological indings in two caprine fetuses from dams that were experimentally poisoned with S. carpinifolia. The goats were orally dosed with 10 and 13g/kg of a paste of green chopped S. carpinifolia for 30 days and were observed for an additional 15 days period after the last dosage with the plant; thereafter they were euthanized and necropsied. The dams showed only slight clinical signs. The study also includes the indings in one bovine fetus from a naturally S. carpinifolia poisoned cow which showed mild incoordination, generalized tremors, staggering, and frequent falls. The cow was euthanized and necropsied. While there were no signi icant histopathological changes in the goats, in the cow vacuolation of Purkinje neurons of the cerebellum, pancreatic acinar cells, and thyroid follicular cells were observed. The main microscopic changes observed in the caprine and bovine fetuses were vacuolation in the epithelium of renal tubules, thyroid follicular cells, and Purkinje neurons of the cerebellum. Transmission electron microscopy of sections from CNS of the cow and its fetus revealed vacuoles containing ine granular material surrounded by membrane. Lectin-histochemistry of CNS sections from goat fetuses marked lightly to sWGA lectins...

‣ Evaluation of WGA and Concanavalin A (Con A) lectin as biomarkers of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis in human biopsies with no evidence of egg-granuloma system

Rêgo,Moacyr Jesus Barreto de Melo; Vieira-De-Mello,Gabriela Souto; Araújo,Cláudio Witaker; Cavalcanti,Maria do Socorro de Mendonça; Beltrão,Eduardo Isidoro Carneiro
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.376074%
Introduction: Colonic lesions are predominant in patients with schistosomiasis. However, carbohydrate alterations in colonic schistosomiasis remain unclear. Lectin-ligands allow us to identify changes in the saccharide patterns of cells. Methods: Biopsies of descending and rectosigmoid colon of patients were submitted to WGA and Con A lectin histochemistry. Results: WGA stained stroma and gland cells of descending colon and rectosigmoid tissues in a granular strong cytoplasmatic pattern in schistosomiasis specimens differing from normal control and Con A failing to recognize all samples analyzed. Conclusions: WGA ligands are expressed differently in patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis and no evidence of egg-granuloma system.

‣ Pathological findings in fetuses of goats and cattle poisoned by Sida carpinifolia (Malvaceae)

Pedroso,Pedro M.O.; Colodel,Edson Moleta; Seitz,Anderson Luiz; Correa,Gabriel L.F.; Soares,Mauro Pereira; Driemeier,David
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.049307%
In Brazil, the consumption of Sida carpinifolia by livestock has been associated with neurological diseases linked to lysosomal storage disorders. This paper describes the pathological findings in two caprine fetuses from dams that were experimentally poisoned with S. carpinifolia. The goats were orally dosed with 10 and 13g/kg of a paste of green chopped S. carpinifolia for 30 days and were observed for an additional 15 days period after the last dosage with the plant; thereafter they were euthanized and necropsied. The dams showed only slight clinical signs. The study also includes the findings in one bovine fetus from a naturally S. carpinifolia poisoned cow which showed mild incoordination, generalized tremors, staggering, and frequent falls. The cow was euthanized and necropsied. While there were no significant histopathological changes in the goats, in the cow vacuolation of Purkinje neurons of the cerebellum, pancreatic acinar cells, and thyroid follicular cells were observed. The main microscopic changes observed in the caprine and bovine fetuses were vacuolation in the epithelium of renal tubules, thyroid follicular cells, and Purkinje neurons of the cerebellum. Transmission electron microscopy of sections from CNS of the cow and its fetus revealed vacuoles containing fine granular material surrounded by membrane. Lectin-histochemistry of CNS sections from goat fetuses marked lightly to sWGA lectins...

‣ Evaluation of the antischistosomal activity of sulfated α-D-glucan from the lichen Ramalina celastri free and encapsulated into liposomes

Araújo,R.V.S.; Melo-Júnior,M.R.; Beltrão,E.I.C.; Mello,L.A.; Iacomini,M.; Carneiro-Leão,A.M.A.; Carvalho Jr,L.B.; Santos-Magalhães,N.S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.049307%
The antischistosomal activity of the sulfated polysaccharide α-D-glucan (Glu.SO4) extracted from Ramalina celastri was evaluated after encapsulation into liposomes (Glu.SO4-LIPO) in Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice. The effect of treatment with Glu.SO4 and Glu.SO4-LIPO (10 mg/kg) on egg elimination, worm burden and hepatic granuloma formation was assessed using female albino Swiss mice, 35-40 days of age, weighing 25 ± 2 g, infected with 150 cercariae/animal (Biomphalaria glabrata, BH strain). Four groups (N = 10) were studied, two controls (empty liposomes and NaCl) and two treated groups (Glu.SO4-LIPO and Glu.SO4) using a single dose. Parasitological analysis revealed that Glu.SO4-LIPO was as efficient as Glu.SO4 in reducing egg elimination and worm burden. Treatment with free Glu.SO4 and Glu.SO4-LIPO induced a statistically significant reduction in the number of granulomas (62 and 63%, respectively). Lectin histochemistry showed that wheat germ agglutinin intensely stained the egg-granuloma system in all treated groups. On the other hand, peanut agglutinin stained cells in the control groups, but not in the treated groups. The present results suggest a correlation between the decreasing number of hepatic egg-granulomas and the glycosylation profile of the egg-granuloma system in animals treated with free Glu.SO4 or Glu.SO4-LIPO.

‣ Altered lectin-binding sites in normal colon and ulcerative colitis

Melo-Júnior,Mario R.; Telles,Adriana M. S.; Albuquerque,Francisco E. B.; Pontes-Filho,Nicodemos T.; Carvalho Jr.,Luiz B.; Beltrão,Eduardo I. C.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.25159%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of carbohydrates via lectin histochemistry and computer image analysis in normal colon and ulcerative colitis. Sections of human intestinal tissues (4mm) were incubated with lectins (Con A, WGA, LTA and PNA) and evaluated through optical microscopy. Staining results were analysed using an image analysis programme. The results showed a positive intense staining pattern to the inflammatory cells, mainly neutrophils of sigmoid and rectum portion of colon as well as epithelial gland cells. WGA and LTA lectins showed distinct patterns between normal gland epithelium and ulcerative colitis. PNA and Con A failed to recognize carbohydrate moieties in studied cases. The results were also confirmed by the image analysis. The observations reported here suggest that WGA and LTA lectins are promising histologic markers to differentiate normal gland epithelium from inflammatory ulcerative colitis regarding the differences observed in the expression of N-acetylglucosamine and L-fucose.

‣ Digital image analysis of skin neoplasms evaluated by lectin histochemistry: potential marker to biochemical alterations and tumour differential diagnosis

Melo-Júnior,Mario R.; Araújo-Filho,Jorge Luiz S.; Patu,Vasco José Ramos M.; Machado,Marcos Cezar F. de Paula; Beltrão,Eduardo I.C.; Carvalho Jr.,Luiz B.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.75299%
The present study aims to evaluate, through lectin histochemistry, the alterations in the expression of cell surface carbohydrate between benign and malignant lesions of skin using computer image analysis. Skin fragments were obtained through biopsies and diagnosed as basal cell carcinoma (BCC), epidermoid carcinoma (EpC), trichoepithelioma (TE), keratoacanthoma (KA), seborrheic keratosis (SK) and actinic keratosis (AK). Lectins Con A, WGA, PNA, UEA-I and LTA were used in histochemistry study. Image analysis was carried out in a workstation using OPTIMAS TM software system. PNA strong binding pattern to studied tumours evidenced the high expression of D-galactose residues in the epidermal neoplasms when compared to other sugars recognized by the other lectins. Among benign neoplasms, KA presented a high expression of glucose/mannose, alpha-fucose and D-galactose residues evidenced by the intense staining of Con A (94.7%), LTA (84.2%) and PNA (89.4%), respectively. Malignant tumours showed distinct binding patterns. EpC presented significant binding only by PNA lectin. BCC was differentially stained in comparison to the staining pattern observed in benign lesions such as TE. Qualitative (lectin histochemistry) and quantitative (digital image analysis) data obtained in this study evidenced those lectins are potential markers to biochemical alterations in skin neoplasms.

‣ An ultrastructural and lectin-histochemical study on the seminiferous epithelium of the common tree shrew (Tupaia glis).

Kurohmaru, M; Maeda, S; Suda, A; Hondo, E; Ogawa, K; Endo, H; Kimura, J; Yamada, J; Rerkamnuaychoke, W; Chungsamarnyart, N; Hayashi, Y; Nishida, T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.376077%
The seminiferous epithelium of the common tree shrew (Tupaia glis) was investigated using transmission electron microscopy and lectin-histochemistry. It was compared with that of shrews examined in previous studies. Some peculiar structures were detected in the tree shrew spermatid at the electron microscopic level. The most characteristic feature was the disposition of mitochondria in early spermatids. In cap and early acrosome-phase spermatids, mitochondria accumulated in one area of the spermatid cytoplasm and then dispersed in the late acrosome phase. Subsequently they again clustered to form the middle piece of spermatozoa. While the lamellar structure was clearly seen in the caudal region of the spermatid nucleus, it gradually disappeared during the process of elongation. The dilated area in the postacrosomal space of early round spermatids was also characteristic. The dilation was not detected in elongated spermatids. These structures were not recognised in the seminiferous epithelium of shrews. With respect to lectin histochemistry, the binding patterns in the spermatid acrosome of the tree shrew were similar to those of the musk shrew. However, PNA and BPA, which reacted with the Sertoli cell cytoplasm of the musk shrew, showed no reaction in the tree shrew Sertoli cell. Thus...

‣ Development of the chick thymus microenvironment: a study by lectin histochemistry.

Fernandez, J G; Sanchez, A J; Melcon, C; Chamorro, C A; Garcia, C; Paz, P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1994 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.25159%
The microenvironment of the chick thymus has been examined during development using lectin histochemistry. We have assayed WGA, Con A, RCA-I and TPA on thymic sections from 13, 15, 17 and 19 d chick embryos and 0, 5, 10 and 15 d chicks. All lectins were immunoperoxidase and colloidal gold-conjugated for transmission electron microscope observations. WGA labelled both the cortical and medullary thymic stroma at all the stages analysed. An intense reaction to WGA was observed in the subcortical region from stage 18 embryos to 5 d chicks. On the other hand, WGA did not stain medullary areas of the chick thymus. Con A lectin detected several cell clusters of stromal cells and thymocytes in cortical regions. These clusters could represent a lymphostromal complex with which Con A receptors are associated, probably in relation to cell adhesion. The residues detected by RCA were distributed both in stromal cells and thymocytes of the developing chick thymus. There was an increase of the reaction to RCA between the 19 d embryos and the 5 d chicks. This increase might be interpreted in terms of the secretion of thymic humoral factors at these stages. The thymic stromal cells stained with immunoperoxidase conjugated-TPA showed a reticular pattern in the medulla. There is a possibility that the fucosyl residues may be expressed in the Ia antigen as has previously been suggested in other species.

‣ Lectin Histochemistry of Resected Adenocarcinoma of the Lung : Helix pomatia Agglutinin Binding Is an Independent Prognostic Factor

Laack, Eckart; Nikbakht, Haleh; Peters, Anja; Kugler, Christian; Jasiewicz, Yvonne; Edler, Lutz; Hossfeld, Dieter Kurt; Schumacher, Udo
Fonte: American Society for Investigative Pathology Publicador: American Society for Investigative Pathology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.25159%
The worldwide incidence of adenocarcinoma of the lung is rising. Unfortunately, no significant prognostic marker beyond the classical TNM staging exists to stratify these patients for appropriate therapy. Because lectins, carbohydrate-binding proteins, have been shown to be useful prognostic markers in several other adenocarcinomas, a panel of lectins [Helix pomatia agglutinin (HPA), Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinin, Ulex europaeus agglutinin, Maackia amurenis agglutinin, Sambucus nigra agglutinin] with different carbohydrate-binding specificities were tested for their prognostic relevance. Paraffin wax sections of 93 patients with adenocarcinomas of the lung who had undergone surgery between 1990 and 1995 were investigated by lectin histochemistry. Lectin-binding data and other known prognostic factors were correlated with survival. In univariate analysis, binding of HPA, Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinin, and Ulex europaeus agglutinin to adenocarcinoma cells were prognostic indicators for overall and relapse-free survival, whereas Maackia amurenis agglutinin and Sambucus nigra agglutinin binding had no prognostic value. However, in a multivariate analysis next to stage and gender only HPA was a significant independent prognostic factor on survival. In conclusion...

‣ Lectin histochemistry of an ovine lysosomal storage disease with deficiencies of beta-galactosidase and alpha-neuraminidase.

Murnane, R. D.; Ahern-Rindell, A. J.; Prieur, D. J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1989 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.69373%
Lectin histochemistry is a useful technique to identify and to localize in cells and tissues the terminal carbohydrate moieties of glycoproteins and glycolipids. The specific diagnosis of some glycoprotein storage diseases was accomplished using lectin staining patterns, and such methods of diagnosis have been attempted for some glycolipid storage diseases. This technique was applied to formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded and frozen neural, hepatic, and renal tissues of sheep with an inherited lysosomal storage disease with deficiencies of beta-galactosidase and alpha-neuraminidase. The cytoplasm of central nervous system neurons of affected sheep in paraffin-embedded sections stained with peanut agglutinin (PNA), Ricinus communis agglutinin-I (RCA-I), Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA), and soybean agglutinin (SBA). The cytoplasm of neurons in frozen sections of these tissues stained with PNA, RCA-I, wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), and Ulex europaeus agglutinin-I (UEA-I). The cytoplasm of frozen and paraffin-embedded sections of liver and kidney of affected sheep stained with PNA, whereas paraffin-embedded sections also stained with RCA-I. These results suggest the stored material in this disease has terminal saccharide moieties consisting of beta-galactose...

‣ Lectin histochemistry of feline sphingomyelinosis

Kamiya, S.; Yamagami, T.; Umeda, M.; Sugiyama, M.; Daigo, M.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.049307%
-

‣ Lectin histochemistry of salivary glands in the Gian t An t-eater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla)

Meyer, W.; Beyer, C.; Wissdorf, H.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.376074%
The submandibular and buccal glands of the Giant Ant-eater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) have been studied by means of a series of carbohydrate histochemical methods, including a broad spectrum of PO-lectin procedures. The seromucous cells (Gl. submandibularis) and mucous cells (Gl. buccalis) of the glandular acini, as well as the secretion in the excretory duct system exhibited very strong to strong reactions for neutral and acidic glycocongugates. The serous cells of the buccal glands and the excretory duct cells reacted rather weakly. The different controls applied particularly emphasized that sialoglycoconjugates are the predominant ingredients of the saliva secreted. Lectin histochemical differentiation demonstrated a varying pattern of saccharide residues in these substances. In the submandibular glands the glycocongujates (mostly proteoglycans) of the seromucous cells and the luminal secretion normally contained terminal B-galactose and minor contents of terminal a-N-acetylglucosamine. After sialidase digestion this cell type exhibited distinct amounts of sialic acid-B-galactose and sialic acid-a-N-acetylgalactosamine. Sialic acid was also clearly present in the tough interlobular connective tissue. The buccal glands showed a similar distribution of saccharide residues in the mucous cells. In the serous cells...

‣ Reverse lectin histochemistry: Design and application of glycoligands for detection of cell and tissue lectins

Gabius, H.J.; Gabius, S.; Zemlyanukhina, T.V.; Bovin, N.V.; Brinck, U.; Danguy, A.; Joshi, S.S.; Kaiser, K.; Schottelius, J.; Sinowatz, F.; Tietze, L.F.; Vidal-Vanaclocha, F.; Zanetta, J.P.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.460405%
Plant and invertebrate lectins are valuable cyto- and histological tools for the localization of defined carbohydrate determinants. The welldocumented ubiquitous occurrence of sugar receptors encourages functional considerations. Undoubtedly, analysis of the presence of vertebrate lectins in tissues and cells is required to answer the pertinent and tempting question on the physiological relevance of protein (1ectin)-carbohydrate recognition in situ. Carrierimmobilized glycoligands, derived from custom-made chemical synthesis, enable the visualization of respective binding sites. Histochemically inert proteins or synthetic polymers with appropriate functional groups are suitable carrier molecules for essential incorporation of ligand and label. The resulting neoglycoconjugates can track down tissue receptors that are neither impaired by fixation procedures nor blocked by endogenous highaffinity ligands. Lectins, especially the receptors of the tissue under investigation (endogenous lectins), and appropriately tailored immobilized glycoligands or lectin-specific antibodies (when available) are complementary tools to test the attractive hypothesis that diverse, functionally relevant glycobiological processes within or between cells are operative. Concomitant evaluation of both sides of lectin histochemistry...

‣ Ageing of the human oviduct: lectin histochemistry

Gheri, G.; Noci, I.; Sgambati, E.; Borri, P.; Taddei, G.; Gheri Bryk, S.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.25159%
The aim of the present research was to investigate the changes of the sugar residues in the oviduct in the course of ageing in postmenopausal women vs normally menstruating women, by means of lectin histochemistry. Twenty asymptomatic postmenopausal women (48- 83 years old) were recruited among patients who underwent a vaginal hysterectomy. Eight normally menstruating women were recruited as controls. Fragments of Fallopian tubes (pars ampullaris) were fixed in 10% formalin and routinely processed. The sections were labelled with HRP-lectins (PNA, SBA, DBA, WGA, Con A, LTA, UEAI). Some sections were pre-treated with neuraminidase prior to staining with HRP-lectins. Among the postmenopausal patients, our histochemical data showed that there was no difference in the localization and distribution of sugar residues of glycoconjugates as detected by various HRP-lectins. Moreover, our results demonstrated that the oviductal epithelium is characterized by apical reactivity in both ciliated and non-ciliated cells. In the course of ageing, the ciliated cells changed their morphology from bathyprismatic to large and rounded shape. ConA lectin reacted intensely with such highly degenerating ciliated cells and could be considered a marker of these cells. The degenerating ciliated cells are also characterized by the absence of sialic acid. In comparison with the sugar residues present in the control group...

‣ Histochemical study of glycoconjugates in the toadfish Halobatrachus didactylus oesophagus epithelium

Desantis, S.; Cirillo, F.; Deflorio, M.; Megalofonou, P.; Palazón, J.L.; Sarasquete, C.; De Metrio, G.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.049307%
The carbohydrate expression in the epithelium lining the oesophagus of the toadfish Halobatrachus didactylus was studied by means of conventional and lectin histochemistry. The stratified epithelium was constituted by basal cells, polymorphous cells in the intermediate layer, pyramidal and flattened cells in the outer layer and contained two types of large secretory cells: goblet cells and sacciform cells. PAS, Alcian blue pH 2.5 and pH 1.0 stained very strongly the goblet cells, weakly the surface of the other epithelial cells but did not stain the sacciform cells. The goblet cells cytoplasm contained oligosaccharides with terminal Galß1,3GalNAc, a/ßGalNAc, Galß1,4GlcNAc, aL-Fuc and internal ßGlcNAc residues (PNA, SBA, RCA120, UEA I, LTA and KOH-sialidase-WGA affinity). Galß1,4GlcNAc, aL-Fuc and internal ßGlcNAc were also found in the glycocalyx. The sacciform cells expressed sialyloligosaccharides terminating with Neu5Aca2,3Galß1,4GlcNac, Neu5Acß2,6Gal/GalNAc, Neu5AcForssman pentasaccharide (MAL II, SNA, KOH-sialidase-DBA staining) as well as asialoglycoconjugates with terminal/internal aMan (Con A affinity) and with terminal Galß1,3GalNAc, Forssman pentasaccharide, Galß1,4GlcNAc, GalNAc (HPA and SBA reactivity), aGal (GSA I-B4 reactivity)...

‣ Absorptive activities of the efferent ducts evaluated by the immunolocalization of aquaporin water channels and lectin histochemistry in adult cats

Arrighi, S.; Ventriglia, G.; Aralla, M.; Zizza, S.; Di Summa, A.; Desantis, S.
Fonte: Murcia: F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia: F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.48492%
Ultrastructural and biochemical features of efferent ducts (EDs) are indicative of an intense absorptive activity towards the luminal fluid. This function was investigated by 1) the immunohistochemical localization of different aquaporins, integral membrane water channels that facilitate rapid passive movement of water, and 2) the histochemical localization of lectins, known to have specific affinity for glycoconjugate residues. AQP1 was mostly revealed at the apical surface and adluminal cytoplasm of non-ciliated cells and to a minor extent in their lateral plasma membrane, whereas it was absent in ciliated cells. Blood vessels showed AQP1-immunoreactivity, which was present in endothelial cells of venous vessels and capillaries and around the muscular sheath of arteries. AQP9 was expressed in the apical zone of ciliated and non-ciliated cells and in the lateral cell membrane. AQP2 and AQP5 were undetectable. Lectin histochemistry showed that non-ciliated cells contain glycans with terminal Neu5Acα2,3Galß1,3GalNAc, Neu5Acα2,3Galß1,4GlcNAc, Galß1,4GlcNAc, GalNAc (s-PNA, MAL II, RCA120, SBA reactivity) and with internal/terminal αMan (Con A affinity) at the luminal surface and the apical region. In addition, non-ciliated cells expressed oligosaccharides terminating with GalNAc and Neu5Acα2...

‣ Expression pattern of glycoconjugates in the Bidderian and ovarian follicles of the Brazilian toad Bufo ictericus analyzed by lectin histochemistry

Farias,C. F.; Azevedo,R. A.; Brito-Gitirana,L.
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.28263%
The Bidder's organ and ovary of the Brazilian toad Bufo ictericus were studied by light microscopy, using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and periodic acid Schiff (PAS) staining. The expression and distribution of carbohydrate moieties was analyzed by lectin histochemistry, using 8 lectins with different carbohydrate specificities: Ulex europaeus (UEA I), Lens culinaris (LCA), Erythrina cristagalli (ECA), Arachis hypogaea (PNA), Ricinus communis (RCA I), Aleuria aurantia (AAA), Triticum vulgaris (WGA), and Glycine maximum (SBA). The results showed that the Bidderian zona pellucida presented alpha-mannose, alpha-L-fucose, beta-D-galactose, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, and alpha/beta-N-acetyl-galactosamine residues. The Bidderian follicular cells showed the presence of beta-D-galactose and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. In the extracellular matrix, alpha-mannose and alpha/beta-N-acetyl-galactosamine residues were detected. The ovarian zona pellucida showed alpha-L-fucose, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, alpha/beta-N-acetyl-galactosamine residues, and alpha-mannose and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues were detected in the follicular cells. Thus, the zona pellucida in both organs contains N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, and alpha/beta-N-acetyl-galactosamine residues. alpha-L-fucose residues were detected in the zona pellucida of both organs...

‣ Glycohistochemical study of the toadfish Halobatrachus didactylus (Scheider, 1801) stomach; Expresión glucohistoquímica en el estómago del pez sapo, Halobatrachus didactylus (Schneider,1801)

Desantis, Salvatore; Acone, Franca; Zizza, Sara; Deflorio, Michele; Palazón Fernández, José Luis; Sarasquete, Carmen; Metrio, Gregorio de
Fonte: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España) Publicador: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 259768 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.75299%
11 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables.; [EN] Toadfish Halobatrachus didactylus gastric mucosa was studied using conventional and lectin histochemistry. Conventional histochemistry revealed neutral glycoconjugates predominating over acidic ones in the apical zone of both surface epithelial cells and pit cells. The neck cells contained a few neutral glycoconjugates, whereas gastric glands were negative to PAS and AB staining. Lectin histochemistry showed different oligosaccharide expression along the columnar cells. The sub-nuclear cytoplasm was stained with RCA120, SBA, HPA, GSA I-B4, GSA II, UEA I, LTA, Con A, KOH-sialidase-WGA. The Golgi zone reacted with RCA120, DBA, SBA, HPA, KOH-sialidase-WGA, GSA I-B4, GSA II, UEA I, LTA, MAL II, SNA, and showed an increase in DBA staining after KOH-sialidase treatment. The granules of the apical zone stained with PNA, UEA I, LTA and showed increased PNA reactivity after KOH-sialidase treatment. The luminal cell coat reacted with PNA, HPA, Con A, KOH-sialidase-WGA, UEA I, LTA, MAL II, SNA and KOH-sialidase-PNA. Pit cells showed a minor expression of lectin-binding sites with respect to columnar cells. Neck cells linked UEA I and LTA and gastric glands reacted with PNA, DBA, SBA, HPA, Con A, GSA I-B4, KOH-sialidase-WGA and KOH-sialidase-DBA. The results suggest that the stomach of the toadfish H. didactylus is characterised by a species-specific glycoconjugate pattern.; [ES] Se ha estudiado la expresión de residuos glucídicos de glucoconjugados en la mucosa gástrica del pez sapo...