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‣ Spontaneous one-lung ventilation increases the lung inflammatory response : an experimental pilot study

Machado, Humberto S.; Sá, Paula; Nunes, Catarina S.; Couceiro, António; Moreira da Silva, Álvaro; Águas, Artur
Fonte: OMICS International Publicador: OMICS International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/08/2014 Português
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36.39447%
Study objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate if spontaneous one-lung ventilation would induce any type of inflammatory lung response when compared to spontaneous two-lung ventilation and its intensity, by quantification of inflammatory cells in lung histology at the end of the procedure. Design: In vivo prospective randomised animal study Setting: University research laboratory Subjects: New Zealand rabbits Interventions: Rabbits (n=20) were randomly assigned to 4 groups (n=5 each group). Groups 1 and 2 were submitted to one-lung ventilation, during 20 and 75 minutes respectively; groups 3 and 4 were submitted to two-lung ventilation during 20 and 75 minutes and considered controls. Ketamine/xylazine was administered for induction and maintenance of anesthesia. One-lung ventilation was achieved by administration of air into the interpleural space, and left lung collapse was visually confirmed through the centre of the diaphragm. Measurements: Lung histology preparations were observed under light microscopy for quantification of the inflammatory response (light, moderate and severe). Main results: All subjects had at least light inflammatory response. However, rabbits submitted to one-lung ventilation had a statistically significant value for the occurrence of moderate inflammation (p<0.05). The inflammatory response found included mainly eosinophils...

‣ Spirometric assessment of lung transplant patients: one year follow-up

PÊGO-FERNANDES, Paulo M.; ABRÃO, Fernando Conrado; FERNANDES, Frederico Leon Arrabal; CARAMORI, Marlova L.; SAMANO, Marcos Naoyuki; JATENE, Fabio B.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39447%
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare spirometry data between patients who underwent single-lung or double-lung transplantation the first year after transplantation. INTRODUCTION: Lung transplantation, which was initially described as an experimental method in 1963, has become a therapeutic option for patients with advanced pulmonary diseases due to improvements in organ conservation, surgical technique, immunosuppressive therapy and treatment of post-operative infections. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of the 39 patients who received lung transplantation in our institution between August 2003 and August 2006. Twenty-nine patients survived one year post-transplantation, and all of them were followed. RESULTS: The increase in lung function in the double-lung transplant group was more substantial than that of the single-lung transplant group, exhibiting a statistical difference from the 1st month in both the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and the forced vital capacity (FVC) in comparison to the pre-transplant values (p <0.05). Comparison between double-lung transplant and single lung-transplant groups of emphysema patients demonstrated a significant difference in lung function beginning in the 3rd month after transplantation. DISCUSSION: The analyses of the whole group of transplant recipients and the sub-group of emphysema patients suggest the superiority of bilateral transplant over the unilateral alternative. Although the pre-transplant values of lung function were worse in the double-lung group...

‣ Animated solid model of the lung constructed from unsynchronized MR sequential images

TSUZUKI, M. S. G.; TAKASE, F. K.; GOTOH, T.; KAGEI, S.; ASAKURA, A.; IWASAWA, T.; INOUE, T.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.400217%
This work discusses a 4D lung reconstruction method from unsynchronized MR sequential images. The lung, differently from the heart, does not have its own muscles, turning impossible to see its real movements. The visualization of the lung in motion is an actual topic of research in medicine. CT (Computerized Tomography) can obtain spatio-temporal images of the heart by synchronizing with electrocardiographic waves. The FOV of the heart is small when compared to the lung`s FOV. The lung`s movement is not periodic and is susceptible to variations in the degree of respiration. Compared to CT, MR (Magnetic Resonance) imaging involves longer acquisition times and it is not possible to obtain instantaneous 3D images of the lung. For each slice, only one temporal sequence of 2D images can be obtained. However, methods using MR are preferable because they do not involve radiation. In this paper, based on unsynchronized MR images of the lung an animated B-Repsolid model of the lung is created. The 3D animation represents the lung`s motion associated to one selected sequence of MR images. The proposed method can be divided in two parts. First, the lung`s silhouettes moving in time are extracted by detecting the presence of a respiratory pattern on 2D spatio-temporal MR images. This approach enables us to determine the lung`s silhouette for every frame...

‣ Recruitment maneuver in experimental acute lung injury: The role of alveolar collapse and edema

SANTIAGO, Viviane R.; RZEZINSKI, Andreia F.; NARDELLI, Liliane M.; SILVA, Johnatas D.; GARCIA, Cristiane S. N. B.; MARON-GUTIERREZ, Tatiana; ORNELLAS, Debora S.; MORALES, Marcelo M.; CAPELOZZI, Vera L.; MARINI, John; PELOSI, Paolo; ROCCO, Patricia R. M.
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42767%
Objective: In acute lung injury, recruitment maneuvers have been used to open collapsed lungs and set positive end-expiratory pressure, but their effectiveness may depend on the degree of lung injury. This study uses a single experimental model with different degrees of lung injury and tests the hypothesis that recruitment maneuvers may have beneficial or deleterious effects depending on the severity of acute lung injury. We speculated that recruitment maneuvers may worsen lung mechanical stress in the presence of alveolar edema. Design: Prospective, randomized, controlled experimental study. Setting: University research laboratory. Subjects: Thirty-six Wistar rats randomly divided into three groups (n = 12 per group). Interventions: In the control group, saline was intraperitoneally injected, whereas moderate and severe acute lung injury animals received paraquat intraperitoneally (20 mg/kg [moderate acute lung injury] and 25 mg/kg [severe acute lung injury]). After 24 hrs, animals were further randomized into subgroups (n = 6/each) to be recruited (recruitment maneuvers: 40 cm H(2)O continuous positive airway pressure for 40 secs) or not, followed by 1 hr of protective mechanical ventilation (tidal volume, 6 mL/kg; positive end-expiratory pressure...

‣ Análise regional da dinâmica ventilatória em transplante pulmonar com tomografia de impedância elétrica; Assessment of regional ventilatory dynamics in lung transplantation, using electrical impedance tomography

Afonso Júnior, José Eduardo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/08/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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INTRODUÇÃO: A monitorização da ventilação em transplante pulmonar depende de medidas estáticas e globais a partir de testes de função pulmonar e tomografia computadorizada, o que não é suficiente para detectar alterações regionais no parênquima pulmonar, que podem ser relevantes na avaliação de diferentes causas de comprometimento funcional. Tomografia de Impedância Elétrica (TIE) é uma técnica não-invasiva e livre de radiação com base na medição do potencial elétrico na superfície da parede torácica. O comportamento dinâmico e as informações quantitativas extraídas de imagens da TIE tornam possível avaliar as diferenças regionais na ventilação pulmonar. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a ventilação regional com a TIE, em pacientes submetidos a transplante pulmonar unilateral ou bilateral e avaliar as variações ventilatórias em várias posições diferentes. MÉTODOS: A TIE foi realizada em 18 pacientes transplantados de pulmão (7 pacientes com transplante de pulmão bilateral, 6 pacientes com transplante unilateral por enfisema e 5 pacientes com transplante unilateral por fibrose), nas posições: sentada, supina, prona e decúbitos lateral direito e esquerdo. Os pacientes foram orientados a realizar 30 ciclos de ventilação espontânea e...

‣ Imagem e mecânica pulmonar regional em duas estratégias protetoras de ventilação mecânica (ARDSNet versus PEEP ajustada pela tomografia de impedância elétrica): um estudo de longo prazo em modelo experimental; Image and regional lung mechanics in two protective ventilatory strategies (ARDSNet versus PEEP adjusted by electrical impedance tomography): a long term experimental model study

Timenetsky, Karina Tavares
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/04/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Introdução: As estratégias ventilatórias protetoras têm contribuído para a redução da letalidade da Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório Agudo (SDRA), mas ainda está em debate qual, entre as diversas existentes, é a mais eficaz. A estratégia ARDSNet, muito utilizada na prática clínica, prioriza a redução do volume corrente para minimizar a hiperdistensão. As estratégias Open Lung Approach (OLA), além de procurarem reduzir a hiperdistensão, buscam minimizar o colapso pulmonar para evitar a atelectasia cíclica. Os métodos para ajuste da PEEP ideal nas estratégias OLA apresentam imperfeições: difícil implementação, não permitem avaliação regional do pulmão ou não podem ser realizados a beira leito. Uma estratégia OLA guiada por Tomografia de Impedância Elétrica (TIE) que permite a avaliação regional pulmonar de modo contínuo e a beira leito pode trazer benefícios. Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos fisiológicos (imagem, mecânica e trocas gasosas) ao longo de 42 h entre duas estratégias ventilatórias protetoras em um modelo suíno de SDRA (estratégia ARDSNET X estratégia guiada por TIE: (PEEPTIE). Comparar a mecânica pulmonar e troca gasosa nas duas estratégias ao final das 42 h de ventilação...

‣ Preservação pulmonar com ECMO-tópico ou isquemia fria: avaliação funcional ex vivo e histológica de pulmões não aceitos para transplante pulmonar; Preservation: topical-ECMO or cold ischemia. Functional ex vivo and histological evaluation of donated lungs refused for lung transplantation

Mariani, Alessandro Wasum
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/08/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Introdução: Apesar dos importantes avanços na preservação pulmonar alcançados nas últimas décadas esta questão permanece longe do ideal e representa um dos maiores problemas enfrentados pelos grupos de transplante pulmonar. O grupo da Suécia liderado pelo Prof. Stig Steen descreveu um novo método de preservação pulmonar chamado de ECMOtópico que foi publicado nos mesmos artigos que divulgaram o sistema de perfusão ex vivo. Todavia, este novo método nunca foi avaliado de forma comparativa contra a forma atualmente mais aceita de preservação pulmonar: a isquemia fria após infusão de solução de preservação. O presente estudo compara estas duas formas de preservação utilizando um modelo de avaliação pulmonar ex vivo. Como objetivos secundários foram estudados: a capacidade de recuperação da função pulmonar pelo sistema ex vivo e a utilidade do modelo experimental bloco pulmonar dividido. Métodos: Quatorze pulmões foram captados de sete doadores em morte encefálica negados para transplante pulmonar. Após a preservação inicial com perfusão anterógrada de solução de LPD-glicose o bloco pulmonar foi dividido, sendo cada lado submetido a um médoto diferente de preservação: ECMO-tópico ou isquemia fria por oito horas. Após este período os pulmões foram re-conectados e avaliados em um sistema de reperfusão pulmonar ex vivo estudando-se parâmetros funcionais e histológicos; biópsias pulmonares foram coletadas em três tempos em cada lado. As variáveis funcionais estudadas foram: capacidade de oxigenação (CO)...

‣ Impacto na ventilação e aeração pulmonar após remoção de derrame pleural neoplásico: um estudo com tomografia de impedância elétrica; Impact of lung ventilation and aeration after a therapeutic pleural aspiration of a malignant effusion: a study using electrical impedance tomography

Alves, Sergio Henrique Saraiva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/03/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39447%
INTRODUÇÃO: O primeiro passo na presença de derrame pleural maligno é a aspiração terapêutica do líquido para alívio dos sintomas e avaliar indicação de pleurodese. Infelizmente, em seres humanos a re-aeração e re- ventilação pulmonar após a retirada de líquido pleural foi avaliada apenas indiretamente. A tomografia de impedância elétrica (TIE) é uma técnica precisa que já foi extensivamente validada para quantificar aeração e ventilação pulmonar em tempo real e à beira-leito. O conhecimento das alterações em aeração e ventilação pulmonar após a retirada do líquido pleural é essencial para a compreensão da evolução clínica, objetivando novos esquemas de pleurodese e novos indicadores de reexpansão pulmonar. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a aeração, ventilação e sincronia ventilatória antes e durante a primeira hora após a aspiração de um derrame pleural maligno. Objetivos secundários: correlacionar a re-aeração com variáveis que pudessem influenciá-la. Métodos: Critérios de inclusão: derrame pleural unilateral com necessidade de aspiração terapêutica e superior a 500 mL. Os sinais e imagens da TIE foram adquiridos em seis períodos diferentes: antes da aspiração pleural, imediatamente...

‣ A lung computed tomographic assessment of positive end-expiratory pressure-induced lung overdistension

Vieira, Silvia R.R.; Puybasset, Louis; Richecoeur, Jack; Lu, Qin; Cluzel, Philippe; Gusman, Pablo B.; Coriat, Pierre; Rouby, Jean-Jacques
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1571-1577
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.410002%
The aim of this study was to assess positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP)-induced lung overdistension and alveolar recruitment in six patients with acute lung injury (ALI) using a computed tomographic (CT) scan method. Lung overdistension was first determined in six healthy volunteers in whom CT sections were obtained at FRC and at TLC with a positive airway pressure of 30 cm H2O. In patients, lung volumes were quantified by the analysis of the frequency distribution of CT numbers on the entire lung at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) and PEEP. In healthy volunteers at FRC, the distribution of the density histograms was monophasic with a peak at -791 ± 12 Hounsfield units (HU). The lowest CT number observed was -912 HU. At TLC, lung volume increased by 79 ± 35% and the peak CT number decreased to -886 ± 26 HU. More than 70% of the increase in lung volume was located below -900 HU, suggesting that this value can be considered as the threshold separating normal aeration from overdistension. In patients with ALI, at ZEEP the distribution of density histograms was either monophasic (n = 3) or biphasic (n = 3). The mean CT number was -319 ± 34 HU. At PEEP 13 ± 3 cm H2O, lung volume increased by 47 ± 19% whereas mean CT number decreased to -538 ± 171 HU. PEEP induced a mean alveolar recruitment of 320 ± 160 ml and a mean lung overdistension of 238 ± 320 ml. In conclusion...

‣ Influence of different routes of flush perfusion on the distribution of lung preservation solutions in parenchyma and airways

Bitu-Moreno, José; Francischetti, Ieda; Siemer, Ralph; Matheis, Georg; Baretti, Rufus; Maffei, F. H. A.; Kreitmayr, Barbara; Beyersdorf, Friedhelm
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 481-489
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39447%
Objective: The present study was performed to investigate the influence of different routes of perfusion on the distribution of the preservation solutions in the lung parenchyma and upper airways. Methods: Pigs were divided into four groups: control (n = 6), pulmonary artery (PA) (n = 6), simultaneous PA + bronchial artery (BA) (n = 8), and retrograde delivery (n = 6). After preparation and cannulation, cardioplegia solution and Euro- Collins solution (ECS) for lung preservation were given simultaneously. After removal of the heart, the double lung bloc was harvested. Following parameters were assessed: total and regional perfusion (dye-labeled microspheres), tissue water content, PA, aorta, left atrial and left ventricular pressures, cardiac output and lung temperature. Results: Our data show that flow of the ECS in lung parenchyma did not reach control values (9.4 ± 1.0 ml/min per g lung wet weight) regardless of the route of delivery (PA 6.3 ± 1.5, PA + BA 4.8 ± 0.9, retrograde 2.7 ± 0.9 ml/min per g lung wet weight). However, flow in the proximal and distal trachea were significantly increased by PA + BA delivery (0.970 ± 0.4, respectively, 0.380 ± 0.2 ml/min per g) in comparison with PA (0.023 ± 0.007, respectively, 0.024 ± 0.070 ml/min per g)...

‣ Effects of contrast material on computed tomographic measurements of lung volumes in patients with acute lung injury

Bouhemad, Bélaid; Puybasset, L.; Coriat, P.; Roussat, M. O.; Goldstein, I.; Nieszkowska, A.; Richecoeur, Jack; Lu, Qin; Malbouisson, Luiz M.; Cluzel, Philippe; Rouby, Jean-Jacques; Gusman, P.; Vieira, S.; Elman, M.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 63-71
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.410002%
Background. Intravenous injection of contrast material is routinely performed in order to differentiate nonaerated lung parenchyma from pleural effusion in critically ill patients undergoing thoracic computed tomography (CT). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of contrast material on CT measurement of lung volumes in 14 patients with acute lung injury. Method. A spiral thoracic CT scan, consisting of contiguous axial sections of 10 mm thickness, was performed from the apex to the diaphragm at end-expiration both before and 30 s (group 1; n=7) or 15 min (group 2; n=7) after injection of 80 ml contrast material. Volumes of gas and tissue, and volumic distribution of CT attenuations were measured before and after injection using specially designed software (Lungview®; Institut National des Télécommunications, Evry, France). The maximal artifactual increase in lung tissue resulting from a hypothetical leakage within the lung of the 80 ml contrast material was calculated. Results. Injection of contrast material significantly increased the apparent volume of lung tissue by 83 ± 57 ml in group 1 and 102 ± 80 ml in group 2, whereas the corresponding maximal artifactual increases in lung tissue were 42 ± 52 ml and 31 ± 18 ml. Conclusion. Because systematic injection of contrast material increases the amount of extravascular lung water in patients with acute lung injury...

‣ Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Screening, Diagnosis, and Staging

Ferreira, J.; Magalhães, M.; Rocha, E.; Marques, F.
Fonte: ANNALS OF RESPIRATORY MEDICINE Publicador: ANNALS OF RESPIRATORY MEDICINE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/04/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Tobacco consumption is the primary cause of lung cancer, accounting for more than 85% 90% of all lung cancer deaths. Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for about 85% of all lung cancers. Several studies have shown that low-dose helical CT of the lung detects more nodules and lung cancers, including early-stage cancers, than does chest radiography. The National Lung Cancer Screening Trial results show that three annual rounds of low-dose CT screening reduce mortality from lung cancer. Despite the great debate around lung cancer screening, recently the National Comprehensive Cancer Network has come out in favor of lung cancer screening in an updated set of guidelines. All patients who present with suspect lung cancer should have a complete and meticulous history and physical examination performed to identify symptoms or physical findings suggestive of locally extensive or metastatic disease, assess pulmonary health status, identify significant comorbidities, and assess overall health status. Tissue sampling is required to confirm a diagnosis in all patients with suspected lung cancer. Non-surgical approaches, surgical approaches, or both may be used to obtain a tissue sample. Evaluation of the mediastinal lymph nodes is a key step in the further staging of the patient. The best way of evaluating mediastinal lymph nodes is still a matter of debate. The tumor node metastasis (TNM) International Staging System provides useful prognostic information and is used to stage all patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Recent trials added new data on screening and diagnostic approach. Those data will be reviewed in this paper.

‣ Familial cancer aggregation and the risk of lung cancer

Wünsch-Filho,Victor; Boffetta,Paolo; Colin,Didier; Moncau,José Eduardo
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.400217%
CONTEXT: Around 90% of lung cancer worldwide is attributable to cigarette smoking, although less than 20% of cigarette smokers develop lung cancer. Other factors such as diet, chronic lung diseases, occupation and possibly environmental agents also contribute to this cancer. Genetic factors seem to play a role in lung cancer, but the precise characteristics influencing lung cancer susceptibility are not known, since genetic factors are easily obscured by the strong environmental determinants of lung cancer, particularly smoking. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect that cancer occurrence among first-degree relatives has on the risk of lung cancer. DESIGN: Hospital-based case-control study. SETTING: The metropolitan region of São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 334 incident lung cancer cases and 578 controls matched by hospitals. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: By means of a structured questionnaire, cases and controls were interviewed about cancer occurrence in first-degree relatives, tobacco smoking, exposure to passive smoking, occupation, migration and socioeconomic status. Non-conditional logistic regression was used to calculate the risk of familial cancer aggregation, the effect of cancer in first-degree relatives and smoking in conjunction, and for controlling confounders. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratio (OR) revealed a slight...

‣ Lung mechanics and high-resolution computed tomography of the chest in very low birth weight premature infants

Mello,Rosane Reis de; Dutra,Maria Virgínia Peixoto; Ramos,José Roberto; Daltro,Pedro; Boechat,Márcia; Lopes,José Maria de Andrade
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 Português
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CONTEXT: Premature infant lung development may be affected by lung injuries during the first few weeks of life. Lung injuries have been associated with changes in lung mechanics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an association between lung mechanics and lung structural alterations in very low birth weight infants (birth weight less than 1500 g). DESIGN: A cross-sectional evaluation of pulmonary mechanics (lung compliance and lung resistance) and high resolution computed tomography of the chest at the time of discharge, in 86 very low birth weight infants born at Instituto Fernandes Figueira, a tertiary public healthcare institution in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Lung compliance and resistance were measured during quiet sleep. High resolution computed tomography was performed using Pro Speed-S equipment. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Statistical analysis was performed by means of variance analysis (ANOVA/ Kruskal Wallis). The significance level was set at 0.05. RESULTS: Abnormal values for both lung compliance and lung resistance were found in 34 babies (43%), whereas 20 (23.3%) had normal values for both lung compliance and lung resistance. The mean lung compliance and lung resistance for the group were respectively 1.30 ml/cm H2O/kg and 63.7 cm H2O/l/s. Lung alterations were found via high-resolution computed tomography in 62 (72%) infants. Most infants showed more than one abnormality...

‣ Spirometric assessment of lung transplant patients: one year follow-up

Pêgo-Fernandes,Paulo M.; Abrão,Fernando Conrado; Fernandes,Frederico Leon Arrabal; Caramori,Marlova L.; Samano,Marcos Naoyuki; Jatene,Fabio B.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39447%
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare spirometry data between patients who underwent single-lung or double-lung transplantation the first year after transplantation. INTRODUCTION: Lung transplantation, which was initially described as an experimental method in 1963, has become a therapeutic option for patients with advanced pulmonary diseases due to improvements in organ conservation, surgical technique, immunosuppressive therapy and treatment of post-operative infections. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of the 39 patients who received lung transplantation in our institution between August 2003 and August 2006. Twenty-nine patients survived one year post-transplantation, and all of them were followed. RESULTS: The increase in lung function in the double-lung transplant group was more substantial than that of the single-lung transplant group, exhibiting a statistical difference from the 1st month in both the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and the forced vital capacity (FVC) in comparison to the pre-transplant values (p <0.05). Comparison between double-lung transplant and single lung-transplant groups of emphysema patients demonstrated a significant difference in lung function beginning in the 3rd month after transplantation. DISCUSSION: The analyses of the whole group of transplant recipients and the sub-group of emphysema patients suggest the superiority of bilateral transplant over the unilateral alternative. Although the pre-transplant values of lung function were worse in the double-lung group...

‣ Stereotactic body radiotherapy for centrally located early-stage non-small cell lung cancer or lung metastases from the RSSearch® patient registry

Davis, Joanne N.; Medbery, Clinton; Sharma, Sanjeev; Pablo, John; Kimsey, Frank; Perry, David; Muacevic, Alexander; Mahadevan, Anand
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate treatment patterns and outcomes of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for centrally located primary non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or lung metastases from the RSSearch® Patient Registry, an international, multi-center patient registry dedicated to radiosurgery and SBRT. Methods: Eligible patients included those with centrally located lung tumors clinically staged T1-T2 N0, M0, biopsy-confirmed NSCLC or lung metastases treated with SBRT between November 2004 and January 2014. Descriptive analysis was used to report patient demographics and treatment patterns. Overall survival (OS) and local control (LC) were determined using Kaplan-Meier method. Toxicity was reported using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Results: In total, 111 patients with 114 centrally located lung tumors (48 T1-T2,N0,M0 NSCLC and 66 lung metastases) were treated with SBRT at 19 academic and community-based radiotherapy centers in the US and Germany. Median follow-up was 17 months (range, 1–72). Median age was 74 years for primary NSCLC patients and 65 years for lung metastases patients (p < 0.001). SBRT dose varied from 16 – 60 Gy (median 48 Gy) delivered in 1–5 fractions (median 4 fractions). Median dose to centrally located primary NSCLC was 48 Gy compared to 37.5 Gy for lung metastases (p = 0.0001) and median BED10 was 105.6 Gy for primary NSCLC and 93.6 Gy for lung metastases (p = 0.0005). Two-year OS for T1N0M0 and T2N0M0 NSCLC was 79 and 32.1 %...

‣ Incidence and mortality of acute lung injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome in three Australian states

Bersten, A.; Edibam, C.; Hunt, T.; Moran, J.
Fonte: Amer Lung Assoc Publicador: Amer Lung Assoc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 Português
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To determine the incidence and 28-d mortality rate for acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) using the 1994 American–European Consensus Conference definitions, we prospectively screened every admission to all 21 adult intensive care units in the States of South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania (total population older than 15 yr of age estimated as 2,941,137), between October 1 and November 30, 1999. A total of 1,977 admissions were screened of which 168 developed ALI and 148 developed ARDS, which represents a first incidence of 34 and 28 cases per 100,000 per annum, respectively. The respective 28-d mortality rates were 32% and 34%. The most common predisposing factors for ALI were nonpulmonary sepsis (31%) and pneumonia (28%). Although the incidences of ALI and ARDS are higher and the mortality rates are lower than those reported from studies in other countries, multicenter international studies are required to exclude methodological differences as the cause for this finding.; Andrew D. Bersten, Cyrus Edibam, Tamara Hunt, John Moran and The Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group

‣ Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde e fadiga de pessoas com câncer de pulmão em cuidados paliativos; Quality of life related to realth and fatigue of people with lung cancer in palliative care

Cardoso, Renata Carvalho
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/07/2015 Português
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36.39447%
O câncer de pulmão é uma doença maligna que acomete principalmente a população de adultos e idosos na faixa etária dos 40 aos 80 anos. Sua principal causa continua sendo o tabagismo, e sua sobrevida varia com o estadiamento da doença no momento do diagnóstico e sua alta taxa de mortalidade está associada ao diagnóstico tardio da doença, o que limita as opções de tratamento curativo. A Qualidade de Vida Relacionada à Saúde (QVRS) de sujeitos com câncer de pulmão é influenciada por múltiplos fatores, incluindo sintomas, capacidade funcional, estratégias de enfrentamento e rede social de suporte, dentre outros. Entretanto, ainda falta esclarecer o impacto da fadiga na QVRS de pessoas com câncer de pulmão avançado. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a QVRS e a fadiga de sujeitos com diagnóstico de câncer de pulmão em cuidados paliativos e identificar a relação entre a presença de fadiga e percepção da QVRS desta população. Trata-se de um estudo transversal e com abordagem quantitativa, correlacional, com uma casuística composta por 120 sujeitos, sendo 60 com câncer de pulmão em cuidados paliativos (grupo de estudo) e 60 sem diagnóstico oncológico (grupo controle). Durante a coleta de dados foram aplicadas as escalas: Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS)...

‣ Differential expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α in non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer

Karetsi,Eleni; Ioannou,Maria G.; Kerenidi,Theodora; Minas,Markos; Molyvdas,Paschalis A.; Gourgoulianis,Konstantinos I.; Paraskeva,Efrosyni
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 Português
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OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor in small cell lung cancer and subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer and examine their relationships with clinicopathologic factors, response to treatment and survival. METHODS: We examined samples obtained by bronchial endoscopic biopsy from 55 patients with inoperable lung cancer (16 with adenocarcinoma, 17 with squamous cell carcinoma, and 22 with small cell lung cancer). Hypoxiainducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor were detected using immunohistochemistry. The diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients were conducted according to the standard practice. RESULTS: A significant difference (p=0.022) in hypoxia-inducible factor 1α expression was observed between nonsmall cell lung cancer (75.8% positive) and small cell lung cancer (45.5% positive). The frequency of hypoxiainducible factor 1α nuclear expression was 88.2% in squamous cell carcinoma, 62.5% in adenocarcinoma, and 45.5% in small cell lung cancer. A significant correlation was observed between hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor expression (Fisher's exact test...

‣ Differential expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α in non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer

Karetsi, Eleni; Ioannou, Maria G.; Kerenidi, Theodora; Minas, Markos; Molyvdas, Paschalis A.; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos I.; Paraskeva, Efrosyni
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.39447%
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor in small cell lung cancer and subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer and examine their relationships with clinicopathologic factors, response to treatment and survival. METHODS: We examined samples obtained by bronchial endoscopic biopsy from 55 patients with inoperable lung cancer (16 with adenocarcinoma, 17 with squamous cell carcinoma, and 22 with small cell lung cancer). Hypoxiainducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor were detected using immunohistochemistry. The diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients were conducted according to the standard practice. RESULTS: A significant difference (p=0.022) in hypoxia-inducible factor 1α expression was observed between nonsmall cell lung cancer (75.8% positive) and small cell lung cancer (45.5% positive). The frequency of hypoxiainducible factor 1α nuclear expression was 88.2% in squamous cell carcinoma, 62.5% in adenocarcinoma, and 45.5% in small cell lung cancer. A significant correlation was observed between hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor expression (Fisher's exact test...