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‣ New extractants for separation of platinium-group metals from chloride solutions and their application to recycling processes

Paiva, A. P.; Carvalho, G. I.; Schneider, A. L.; Costa, M. Clara; Costa, A. M.; Assunção, A. F.; Nogueira, C. A.
Fonte: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia Publicador: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 10/09/2012 Português
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In this paper some results on the application of four N,N’-tetrasubstituted malonamide derivatives for the extraction and separation of platinum-group metals (PGMs) are presented. The above mentioned extractants were specifically synthesized in order to evaluate their efficiency for the extraction of a specific metal, or group of metals, from aqueous chloride matrices. Different behaviours were obtained towards platinum(IV) and/or palladium(II) extraction, all the N,N’-tetrasubstituted malonamide derivatives allowing the mutual separation of the two metal ions, depending on the HCl concentration. Generally, extraction experiments were carried out involving initial aqueous phases containing 100 mg/L of each metal isolate, in varying 1M to 8M HCl concentration ranges, and 0.05M extractant in 1,2- dichloroethane solutions. From the preliminary results obtained, one can conclude that HCl concentrations and the structure of the malonamide derivative play a crucial role on the efficiency shown for Pt(IV) and/or Pd(II) extraction. The efficiency of the stripping stage of the loaded organic phases is variable, depending on the N,N’-tetrasubstituted malonamide derivative, as well as on the metal ion involved; for Pt(IV), distilled water and 1M HCl were generally successful...