The solvent extraction performance of N,N’-dimethyl-N,N’-dibutylmalonamide (DMDBMA) in 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE) towards platinum(IV) and palladium(II) in hydrochloric acid media was systematically evaluated. Pt(IV) extraction (%E) increases with the HCl concentration in the aqueous phases, being always higher than 72%, whereas Pd(II) extraction decreases from 65% at 1 M HCl to 22% at 8 M HCl. Several stripping agents for the two metals were tested: Pt(IV) is
successfully recovered by a 1 M sodium thiosulfate solution, whereas the best result for Pd(II) was achieved with 0.1Mthiourea in 1MHCl. The loading capacity of DMDBMA for Pt(IV) is high, and data obtained from successive extraction-stripping cycles suggest a good DMDBMA stability pattern. Attempts to replace 1,2-DCE by more environmentally-friendly diluents showed, in general, worse %E for Pt(IV). The dependence of Pt(IV) distribution coefficients on DMDBMA and chloride ion concentrations, as well as on acidity, are the basis of a proposal for the composition of Pt(IV) extracted species.
Liquid-liquid extraction of platinum(IV) from chloride media was carried out using N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-dicyclohexyltetradecylmalonamide (DMDCHTDMA) in 1,2-dichloroethane. Platinum can be effectively extracted by DMDCHTDMA without addition of tin(II) chloride, since extraction percentages (%E) of 88% and 99% have been achieved from 6 M and 8 M HCl, respectively. Moreover, platinum can be successfully stripped through a simple contact with a 1 M HCl solution. The effect of some experimental parameters such as equilibration time, diluent, extractant and HCl concentrations was systematically investigated. The loading capacity of DMDCHTDMA was also evaluated. Data obtained from successive extraction-stripping cycles suggest a good stability pattern of DMDCHTDMA. Preliminary extraction data achieved with single metal ion solutions pointed out to a possible separation of platinum(IV) from palladium(II).