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‣ Development of mesalazine pellets coated with methacrylic-derived polymer

Déo,Simone Cristina; Andreazza,Itamar Francisco; Possamai,João Carlos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2011 Português
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38.602637%
Mesalazine (5-ASA) is the standard drug for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) due to its local effect on intestinal and colonic mucosa. The effective and safe treatment of this disease requires more efficient delivery of the active substance to its site of action. The focus of this study was the use of multiparticulate systems, a modified release form in which the drug is divided into several functional subunits of release in the form of granules or pellets. When these forms are administered, they are rapidly disintegrated, distributing their content throughout the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a multiparticulate system consisting of pellets coated with polymer for pH-dependent release, derived from methacrylic acid and incorporated into the tablet dosage form of mesalazine as a model drug. The extrusion-spheronisation technique was used, resulting in smooth and spherical pellets with uniform size distribution, which were coated in fluidized bed using Opadry® Enteric 94K28327 containing Eudragit® S100 as the agent regulating drug release. The dissolution profile of coated pellets showed good control of drug release from the polymer at the two levels of coating evaluated (8% and 10%)...

‣ Use of new once-daily 5-aminosalicylic acid preparations in the treatment of ulcerative colitis: Is there anything new under the sun?

Lakatos, Peter Laszlo
Fonte: The WJG Press Publicador: The WJG Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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28.728892%
5-aminosalicylate (5-ASA) agents remain the mainstay treatment in ulcerative colitis (UC). A number of oral 5-ASA agents are commercially available, including azobond pro-drugs, as well as delayed- and controlled-release forms of mesalazine. However, poor adherence due to frequent daily dosing and a large number of tablets has been shown to be an important barrier to successful management of patients with UC. Recently, new, once-daily formulations of mesalazine, including the unique multi-matrix delivery system and mesalazine granules, were proven to be efficacious in inducing and maintaining remission in mild-to-moderate UC, with a good safety profile comparable to that of other oral mesalazine formulations. In addition, they offer the advantage of a low pill burden and might contribute to increased long-term compliance and treatment success in clinical practice. This editorial summarizes the available literature on the short- and medium-term efficacy and safety of the new once-daily mesalazine formulations.

‣ Recent advances in the management of distal ulcerative colitis

Koutroubakis, Ioannis E
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.113394%
The most frequent localization of ulcerative colitis (UC) is the distal colon. In treating patients with active distal UC, efficacy and targeting of the drug to the distal colon are key priorities. Oral and rectal 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) preparations represent the first line therapy of mild-to-moderate distal UC for both induction and maintenance treatment. It has been reported that many UC patients are not adherent to therapy and that non-compliant patients had a 5-fold risk of experiencing a relapse. These findings led to the introduction of once-daily oral regimens of 5-ASA as better therapeutic options in clinical practice due to improved adherence. New formulations of mesalazine, including the multi-matrix delivery system, and mesalazine granules, which allow once-daily administration, have been developed. They have been demonstrated to be efficacious in inducing and maintaining remission in mild-to-moderate distal UC in large clinical trials. However, existing data for distal UC are rather insufficient to make a comparison between new and classical 5-ASA formulations. It seems that the new formulations are at least as effective as classical oral 5-ASA formulations. Other treatment options, in the case that 5-ASA therapy is not effective...

‣ Once daily versus three times daily mesalazine granules in active ulcerative colitis: a double-blind, double-dummy, randomised, non-inferiority trial

Kruis, W; Kiudelis, G; Rácz, I; Gorelov, I A; Pokrotnieks, J; Horynski, M; Batovsky, M; Kykal, J; Boehm, S; Greinwald, R; Mueller, R
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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27.5352%

‣ Mucosal healing effect of mesalazine granules in naproxen-induced small bowel enteropathy

Rácz, István; Szalai, Milán; Kovács, Valéria; Regőczi, Henriett; Kiss, Gyöngyi; Horváth, Zoltán
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.4859%
AIM: To investigate the effect of mesalazine granules on small intestinal injury induced by naproxen using capsule endoscopy (CE).

‣ Long-term efficacy and safety of once-daily mesalazine granules for the treatment of active ulcerative colitis

Böhm, Stephan Karl; Kruis, Wolfgang
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 23/09/2014 Português
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38.102827%
In 1977, 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) was discovered as a therapeutically active moiety of sulfasalazine (SASP) and was launched for topical and oral therapy of ulcerative colitis (UC) in 1984. As a first-step, delivery systems had to be developed to protect 5-ASA against absorption in the upper gastrointestinal tract, resulting in different and competing strategies (azo compounds, controlled release, and pH-dependent release). In a second step, at the beginning of the new century, coinciding with the expiration of patent protection for the first 5-ASA formulations, two component composite release mechanisms (pH-dependent and controlled release) were developed. Furthermore, the drug was formulated as granules instead of tablets, allowing higher unit strengths compared with tablets. Neither Salofalk Granu-Stix®, nor MMX 5-ASA, nor Pentasa® granules have initially been developed for once-daily (OD) dosing. A review of the achievements of 20 years of 5-ASA development has demonstrated that 5-ASA has equal efficacy compared with SASP at best, that there are no measurable differences in efficacy between various 5-ASA preparations, and that in a group of patients tolerating SASP, adverse event profiles of SASP and 5-ASA did not differ significantly...

‣ DECISION TREE CONSTRUCTION AND COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF TREATMENT OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS WITH PENTASA®MESALAZINE 2 G SACHET

NISHIKAWA,Alvaro Mitsunori; PALADINI,Luciano; DELFINI,Régis; KOTZE,Paulo Gustavo; CLARK,Otavio
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 Português
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49.510605%
ContextUnspecified Ulcerative Rectocolitis is a chronic disease that affects between 0.5 and 24.5/105 inhabitants in the world. National and international clinical guidelines recommend the use of aminosalicylates (including mesalazine) as first-line therapy for induction of remission of unspecified ulcerative rectocolitis, and recommend the maintenance of these agents after remission is achieved. However, multiple daily doses required for the maintenance of disease remission compromise compliance with treatment, which is very low (between 45% and 65%). Use of mesalazina in granules (2 g sachet) once daily - Pentasa® sachets 2 g - can enhance treatment adherence, reflecting in an improvement in patients' outcomes.ObjectiveTo evaluate the evidence on the use of mesalazine for the maintenance of remission in patients with unspecified ulcerative rectocolitis and its effectiveness when taken once versus more than once a day. From an economic standpoint, to analyze the impact of the adoption of this dosage in Brazil's public health system, considering patients' adherence to treatment.MethodsA decision tree was developed based on the Clinical Protocol and Therapeutic Guidelines for Ulcerative Colitis, published by the Ministry of Health in the lobby SAS/MS n° 861 of November 4 th...

‣ Development of mesalazine pellets coated with methacrylic-derived polymer

Déo, Simone Cristina; Andreazza, Itamar Francisco; Possamai, João Carlos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.602637%
A mesalazina (5-ASA) tem se apresentado como fármaco padrão para o tratamento da doença inflamatória intestinal (DII) devido ao seu efeito local na mucosa intestinal e colônica. A terapia efetiva e segura desta doença requer a chegada da substância ativa ao seu local de ação com maior eficiência. Nessa busca, tem se destacado o uso de Sistemas Multiparticulados, forma farmacêutica de liberação modificada, em que o fármaco está dividido em várias subunidades funcionais de liberação, sob a forma de grânulos ou péletes, que quando administrados, são rapidamente desintegrados distribuindo seu conteúdo por todo trato gastrintestinal. Este trabalho teve como objetivo desenvolver e avaliar péletes revestidos com polímero de liberação pH-dependente, derivado do ácido metacrílico, tendo como fármaco modelo a mesalazina. A técnica de extrusão-esferonização foi utilizada obtendo-se péletes lisos e esféricos com distribuição granulométrica uniforme, que foram revestidos em leito fluidizado utilizando Opadry® Enteric 94K28327 contendo Eudragit® S100 como agente regulador da liberação do fármaco. O perfil de dissolução dos péletes revestidos demonstrou bom controle na liberação do fármaco por parte do polímero nos dois níveis de revestimento avaliados (8 e 10%)...