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‣ Prevalência de excesso de peso e obesidade e fatores associados, Brasil, 2006; Prevalence of overweight and obesity and associated factors, Brazil, 2006; Prevalencia de exceso de peso y obesidad y factores asociados, Brasil, 2006

GIGANTE, Denise Petrucci; MOURA, Erly Catarina de; SARDINHA, Luciana Monteiro Vasconcelos
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de excesso de peso e obesidade e fatores associados. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados dados referentes a indivíduos com idade >18 anos entrevistados pelo sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (VIGITEL), realizado nas capitais brasileiras e Distrito Federal em 2006. Para 49.395 indivíduos, o índice de massa corporal (IMC) foi utilizado para identificar excesso de peso (IMC 25-30 kg/m²) e obesidade (IMC >30 kg/m²). Prevalência e razões de prevalência foram apresentadas segundo variáveis sociodemográficas, escolaridade e condição de saúde/comorbidades e auto-avaliação da saúde, estratificadas por sexo. Utilizou-se regressão de Poisson para análises brutas e ajustadas por idade. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de excesso de peso foi de 47% para os homens e 39% para as mulheres, e de obesidade, 11% para ambos os sexos. Observou-se associação direta entre excesso de peso e escolaridade entre homens, e associação inversa entre mulheres. Obesidade foi mais freqüente entre os homens que viviam com companheira e não esteve associada com escolaridade ou cor da pele. As prevalências de excesso de peso e obesidade foram mais altas entre mulheres negras e que viviam com companheiro. A presença de diabetes...

‣ Associação entre excesso de peso e hábito de fumar, Santarém, PA, 2007; Association between overweight and smoking habits, Santarém, PA, 2007

SÁ, Naíza Nayla Bandeira de; MOURA, Erly Catarina
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pós -Graduação em Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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OBJETIVO: Estudar associação entre excesso de peso e hábito de fumar. METODOLOGIA: Estudo transversal desenvolvido por telefone numa amostra probabilística de adultos (Santarém /PA), em 2007. Variável desfecho foi excesso de peso, explanatória hábito de fumar e de confusão idade, escolaridade, união conjugal, estado nutricional prévio, abuso de bebidas alcoólicas, atividade física no lazer e padrão alimentar. Associação entre excesso de peso e demais variáveis foi investigada pelo teste do qui-quadrado e regressão de Poisson para o cálculo das razões de prevalência de excesso de peso conforme hábito de fumar, considerando-se três níveis de hierarquia: características sociodemográficas, estado nutricional prévio e padrão comportamental. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se 40,6% de excesso de peso e 16,4% de fumantes. As variáveis associadas ao excesso de peso foram: maior idade, menor escolaridade, união conjugal estável, excesso de peso aos 20 anos e hábito de não consumo de refrigerante para ambos os sexos; não ativo no lazer para homens e hábito de fumar (atual e passado) para mulheres. As razões de prevalência de excesso de peso não apresentaram associação com hábito de fumar para homens, porém para mulheres houve tendência de maior prevalência de excesso de peso para fumantes atuais...

‣ Mild Stunting is Associated with Higher Blood Pressure in Overweight Adolescents

Grotti Clemente, Ana Paula; Santos, Carla Danusa; Benedito Silva, Ana Amelia; Martins, Vinicius Jose; Marchesano, Anna Carolina; Fernandes, Mariana Belluca; Albuquerque, Maria Paula; Sawaya, Ana Lydia
Fonte: ARQUIVOS BRASILEIROS CARDIOLOGIA; RIO DE JANEIRO Publicador: ARQUIVOS BRASILEIROS CARDIOLOGIA; RIO DE JANEIRO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93014%
Background: Studies have shown that pre/postnatal undernutrition leads to higher risk of non communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and obesity in adulthood. Objetive: To determine whether overweight adolescents with mild stunting [height-for-age Z scores (HAZ) in the range <-1 to >=-2] have higher blood pressure than overweight individuals with normal stature (HAZ >=-1). Methods: Participants were classified as mildly stunted or of normal stature, and further stratified according to body mass index-for-age percentiles as overweight, normal or underweight. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DPB) blood pressures were determined according to guidelines, and abdominal fat was analyzed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results: Mild stunted overweight individuals showed higher DBP values (p=0.001) than their underweight counterparts (69.75 +/- 12.03 and 54.46 +/- 11.24 mmHg, respectively), but similar to those of normal BMI. No differences were found in DBP values of normal, overweight and underweight individuals among the normal stature groups. An increase in SBP (p=0.01) among mild stunted individuals was found when those with overweight were compared to their underweight and normal BMI counterparts (114.70 +/- 15.46...

‣ A baixa estatura leve está associada ao aumento da pressão arterial em adolescentes com sobrepeso; Mild stunting is associated with higher blood pressure in overweight adolescents; La baja estatura leve está asociada al aumento de la presión arterial en adolescentes con sobrepeso

Clemente, Ana Paula Grotti; Santos, Carla Danusa; Silva, Ana Amélia Benedito; Martins, Vinicius Jose; Marchesano, Anna Carolina; Fernandes, Mariana Belluca; Albuquerque, Maria Paula; Sawaya, Ana Lydia
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC; São Paulo Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC; São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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FUNDAMENTO: Estudos têm demonstrado que a desnutrição pré/pós-natal leva a um maior risco de doenças não transmissíveis, como diabetes, hipertensão e obesidade na idade adulta. OBJETIVO: Determinar se os adolescentes com sobrepeso e desnutrição leve [escores-Z altura/idade (HAZ) na faixa de <-1 a > -2] têm pressão arterial mais elevada do que os indivíduos com sobrepeso e com estatura normal (HAZ > -1). MÉTODOS: Os participantes foram classificados como de baixa estatura leve ou de estatura normal, e estratificados de acordo com os percentis de massa corporal para a idade, como sobrepeso, peso normal ou abaixo do peso. As pressões arteriais sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) foram determinadas de acordo com as diretrizes e a gordura abdominal foi analisada por absorciometria de dupla emissão de raios-X. RESULTADOS: Indivíduos com baixa estatura leve e sobrepeso apresentaram valores mais elevados da PAD (p = 0,001) do que suas contrapartes de baixo peso (69,75 ± 12,03 e 54,46 ± 11,24 mmHg, respectivamente), mas semelhantes àqueles com IMC normal. Não foram encontradas diferenças nos valores de PAD em indivíduos normais, indivíduos com sobrepeso e com baixo peso entre os grupos de estatura normal. Foi encontrado um aumento na PAS (p = 0...

‣ "Prevalência de excesso de peso em adolescentes de escolas públicas e privadas da cidade de Guarapuava-PR" ; Prevalence of overweight among adolescents at public and private schools in Guarapuava

Gatti, Raquel Rosalva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/09/2005 Português
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O excesso de peso é um grave problema de saúde pública na atualidade e vem sendo considerado uma epidemia nos países desenvolvidos. Este quadro predispõe os indivíduos a risco de desenvolvimento de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis e quando instaladas na adolescência, são agravantes para perpetuação na idade adulta. O presente estudo teve como objetivo estimar a prevalência de excesso de peso em 386 adolescentes de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 10 e 14 anos, de duas escolas públicas e duas escolas privadas da cidade de Guarapuava-PR. A análise foi realizada com dados de peso e altura e cálculo do Índice de Massa Corporal, levando em consideração a idade, sexo, rede de ensino e a presença de maturação sexual. Como resultados, encontrou-se prevalência de sobrepeso de 13,0% e obesidade de 3,4% com níveis mais elevados em meninos do que em meninas. Praticamente a metade dos adolescentes apresentava sinais de maturação sexual e desses, 70,0% tinham sobrepeso. Porém, naqueles com obesidade, a distribuição em relação à maturação sexual foi igual. Analisando-se pela origem da escola, os alunos da rede privada apresentaram índices mais elevados (16,2% de sobrepeso e 3,8% de obesidade) em relação aos da rede pública (10...

‣ Comportamentos associados ao excesso de peso em adolescentes do município de São Paulo; Overweight and associated behaviors among adolescents in city of São Paulo, Brazil.

Dalabona, Caroline Caus
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2008 Português
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Introdução - O estudo dos fatores comportamentais associados ao estado nutricional na adolescência é relevante para a análise da tendência de aumento do excesso de peso observada nas últimas décadas entre os adolescentes do Brasil. Objetivo - Estimar a prevalência de excesso de peso e os principais comportamentos associados ao excesso de peso entre adolescentes da rede escolar do município de São Paulo/SP. Métodos - Foram estudados 759 adolescentes matriculados nas redes pública e privada do Distrito de Pinheiros do Município de São Paulo. Foram coletados dados de peso, altura, consumo alimentar e atividade física. O excesso de peso foi classificado segundo valores Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) recomendados pela IOTF. A análise da associação entre excesso de peso e características do consumo alimentar ou da atividade física foi estratificada por sexo e rede escolar. Resultados - A prevalência de excesso de peso foi de 25,2% (homens 27,3%; mulheres 23,8%). O excesso de peso se mostrou positivamente associado à prática de dieta e inversamente associado ao consumo de alimentos não-saudáveis na rede escolar e ao consumo de alimentos saudáveis em escolas privadas. Não houve associação entre excesso de peso e omitir/substituir refeições ou praticar atividade física dentro ou fora do colégio. Conclusões - Prevalências elevadas de excesso de peso foram encontradas entre os adolescentes estudados. Há necessidade de novos estudos para dimensionar o problema na rede escolar do Município de São Paulo e de ações para promover comportamentos ativos e saudáveis no grupo social analisado.; Introdution - The study of risk behaviors in nutrition is important to understanding the trend of overweight observed in the last decades among Brazilian adolescents. Objective - To analyze the prevalence and main behaviors associated with overweight among students from 10 to 19 years in São Paulo. Methods - The sample included 759 adolescents enrolled in public and privates schools in the district of Pinheiros in São Paulo. Stature...

‣ Concepção materna sobre excesso de peso infantil e o estado nutricional de seus filhos; Maternal conception regarding overweight children and their nutritional status

Silva, Janaína Paula Costa da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/04/2013 Português
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Introdução. A prevalência da obesidade tem apresentado números cada vez mais elevados em populações mais jovens, inclusive entre as crianças de baixa idade de famílias de condição socioeconômica menos favorecida. Os determinantes deste desvio nutricional que têm sido estudados são diversos, abrangendo desde fatores genéticos até fatores ambientais. Dentre estes últimos, do ambiente que envolve a criança de baixa idade, é possível que a concepção materna acerca do excesso de peso na infância seja dos determinantes exógenos que contribuem para maior risco de desenvolver sobrepeso ou obesidade já na infância. Objetivo. Analisar as concepções maternas acerca do estado nutricional infantil verificando se as mesmas, caso sejam diferentes, podem ser fatores que contribuam para presença de sobrepeso ou obesidade em seus filhos menores de quatro anos de idade. Métodos. Estudo observacional, exploratório, transversal e quanti-qualitativo. Participaram mães de crianças em idade pré-escolar, matriculadas em creches públicas no ano de 2011. Foram entrevistadas mães de dois grupos: dezesseis mães de crianças com sobrepeso ou obesidade e quinze mães de crianças classificadas como eutróficos, segundoos pontos de corte para o índice de massa corporal recomendados pelo Ministério da Saúde...

‣ Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Portuguese Youth: a study in a representative sample of 10-18 years old children and adolescents

Sardinha, Luís; Santos, Rute; Vale, Susana; Silva, Analiza; Ferreira, José; Raimundo, Armando; Moreira, Helena; Baptista, Fátima; Mota, Jorge
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Purpose. The aim of this research was to report the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a representative sample of Portuguese youth. Methods. This was a school-based study performed in Portugal. A total of 22 048 children and adolescents aged 10 – 18 years were included in the study. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) cut-offs were used to categorise overweight and obese participants. Results. Using IOTF cut-offs the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 17.0 and 4.6% in girls, and 17.7 and 5.8% in boys, respectively ( p 0.001 for overweight and p 0.05 for obesity), whereas WHO cut-offs resulted in overweight and obesity prevalence scores of 23.1 and 9.6% in girls, and 20.4 and 10.3% in boys, respectively ( p 0.001 for overweight and p 0.05 for obesity). With IOTF cut-offs, a lower prevalence of obesity and overweight was observed at higher ages, in both genders. With the WHO cut-offs, a lower prevalence of obesity and overweight was observed at higher ages, in boys. In girls, the prevalence of overweight and obesity increases from 10 to 12 years of age and decreases from the age of 13 to 18 years. Conclusion. The prevalence for overweight/obesity among Portuguese children and adolescents vary according to the cut-off points used and are also of concern requiring strategies to promote healthy weight gain among children and adolescents.

‣ Overweight in Brazilian industry workers: Prevalence and association with demographic and socioeconomic factors and soft drink intake

Silveira,Pablo Magno da; Silva,Kelly Samara; Silva,Jaqueline Aragoni da; Oliveira,Elusa Santina Antunes de; Barros,Mauro Virgílio Gomes de; Nahas,Markus Vinicius
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 Português
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Objective: To estimate the prevalence of overweight in industry workers and its association with demographic and socioeconomic factors and soft drink intake (including type). Methods: This is a nationwide cross-sectional cohort survey of "Lifestyle and leisure habits of industry workers" conducted between 2006 and 2008 in 24 Brazilian federate units. The participants answered a previously tested questionnaire and self-reported their weight and height. Statistical analyses consisted of crude and adjusted Poisson regression. Results: Males and females had overweight prevalences of 45.7% (95%CI=45.1; 46.2) and 28.1% (95%CI=27.4; 28.9) respectively. Older and married individuals and those working in medium-sized and large factories were more likely to be overweight. Males with higher education levels and gross family incomes were also more likely to be overweight, but not females. Finally, men (PR=1.24; 95%CI=1.13; 1.36) and women (PR=1.40; 95%CI=1.22; 1.61) who consumed diet/light soft drinks were also more likely to be overweight than those who did not consume soft drinks. Conclusion: More than one-third of the workers were overweight according to their self-reported weight and height, and the prevalence of overweight was higher in males. Demographic and socioeconomic variables and diet/light soft drink intake were associated with overweight. These data may be helpful for the development of actions that reduce the risk of overweight in this population.

‣ A longitudinal study of overweight during childhood : etiology, mental health outcomes and mediating factors

Pryor, Laura Elizabeth
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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Au cours des 30 dernières années, l’embonpoint et l’obésité infantile sont devenus de véritables défis pour la santé publique. Bien que l’obésité soit, à la base, un problème physiologique (i.e. balance calorique positive) une série de facteurs psychosociaux sont reliés à son développement. Dans cette thèse, nous avons étudié le rôle des facteurs périnataux et de la petite enfance dans le développement du surpoids, ainsi que la relation entre le surpoids et les troubles internalisés au cours de l’enfance et au début de l’adolescence. Nous avions trois objectifs généraux: 1) Modéliser le développement de l’indice de masse corporelle (IMC) ou du statut pondéral (le fait d’être en surpoids ou non) durant l’enfance, ainsi qu’estimer l’hétérogénéité dans la population au cours du temps (i.e. identification de trajectoires développementales de l’IMC). 2) Identifier les facteurs périnataux et de la petite enfance pouvant accroitre le risque qu’un enfant suive une trajectoire menant au surpoids adolescente. 3) Tester la possibilité que le surpoids durant l’enfance soit associé avec des problèmes de santé mentale internalisés à l’adolescence, et vérifier la possibilité qu’une telle association soit médiatisée par l’expérience de victimisation par les pairs et l’insatisfaction corporelle. Ce travail est mené dans une perspective de développement au cours de la vie (life span perspective)...

‣ Obesity and overweight in Indigenous Australia

Reid, Frances
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
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Directly caused by long-term imbalance in energy intake and energy expenditure, obesity and overweight are conditions of excess body fat bringing with them a range of adverse health effects. What is less well understood is their intimate connection with the action of the hormone insulin in the body, a hormone which promotes the use of ingested glucose as a primary fuel source and blocks the metabolism of stored fat. In a large number of people, genetic pre-disposition and/ or the presence of overweight leads to insulin resistance, where higher levels of the hormone are required for the same blood glucose regulating effect - a state that is highly conducive to weight gain. Indigenous populations, among them Indigenous Australian people, have a greater incidence of insulin resistance, and exposed to some elements typical of Western lifestyle, are at greater risk of developing overweight and obesity. Generally, overweight and obesity are defined in relation to the body mass index, or BMI. The BMI is a weight-for-height ratio with categories based on increasing health risk. Its universal suitability, particularly as regards muscular individuals and different ethnic groups, is contested. Generally, Aboriginal people will have a higher proportion of body fat...

‣ Population attributable risk (PAR) of overweight and obesity on chronic diseases: South Australian representative, cross-sectional data, 2004–2006

DalGrande, E.; Gill, T.; Wyatt, L.; Chittleborough, C.; Phillips, P.; Taylor, A.
Fonte: Elsevier BV Publicador: Elsevier BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
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Background: To determine the contribution of overweight and obesity to five chronic conditions using the population attributable risk (PAR) statistic. Method: Self-reported data were collected in Australia using a representative, ongoing monthly risk factor surveillance system using computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) for the period 2004–2006 (n = 15,261). The PAR, adjusted for various demographic and health-related risk factors, was used to determine the contribution of overweight and obesity to diabetes, asthma, cardiovascular disease (CVD), arthritis and osteoporosis for people aged 18 years and over. Results: In total, 19.0% of South Australians aged 18 years and over were obese, and 36.0% were overweight. The PAR of overweight and obesity was highest among those with diabetes (17.3% and 28.4%). After adjusting for demographic and risk factors, overweight and obesity had a significantly high PAR for diabetes (11.3% and 23.1%), asthma (4.0% and 10.3%) and arthritis (6.7% and 8.1%). The unadjusted PAR of overweight and obesity for CVD was significant (10.8% and 11.7%) but was reduced when controlled for other factors. The PAR of overweight and obesity was significant for osteoporosis but the association was protective. Conclusions: The use of PAR contributes to the understanding of how overweight and obesity are related to various chronic conditions however the size of this association depends on the chronic disease and other socio-demographic and health-related risk factors that may or may not be modifiable. The information provides evidence of the association of overweight and obesity with chronic disease and the potential for reducing the burden of chronic disease by addressing the obesity epidemic.; Eleonora Dal Grande...

‣ Socioeconomic position, macroeconomic environment and overweight among adolescents in 35 countries

Due, P.; Damsgaard, M.; Rasmussen, M.; Holstein, B.; Wardle, J.; Merlo, J.; Currie, C.; Ahluwalia, N.; Sorensen, T.; Lynch, J.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
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OBJECTIVE: It is important to understand levels and social inequalities in childhood overweight within and between countries. This study examined prevalence and social inequality in adolescent overweight in 35 countries, and associations with macroeconomic factors. DESIGN: International cross-sectional survey in national samples of schools. SUBJECTS: A total of 11-, 13- and 15-year-olds from 35 countries in Europe and North America in 2001-2002 (N=162 305). MEASUREMENTS: The main outcome measure was overweight based on self-reported height and weight (body mass index cut-points corresponding to body mass index of 25 kg/m(2) at the age of 18 years). Measures included family and school affluence (within countries), and average country income and economic inequality (between countries). RESULTS: There were large variations in adolescent overweight, from 3.5% in Lithuanian girls to 31.7% in boys from Malta. Prevalence of overweight was higher among children from less affluent families in 21 of 24 Western and 5 of 10 Central European countries. However, children from more affluent families were at higher risk of overweight in Croatia, Estonia and Latvia. In Poland, Lithuania, Macedonia and Finland, girls from less affluent families were more overweight whereas the opposite was found for boys. Average country income was associated with prevalence and inequality in overweight when considering all countries together. However...

‣ Social determinants of childhood overweight and obesity in South Australian families: parenting, work patterns, and gender roles.

Champion, Stephanie Louise Emma
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Obesity in children has increased rapidly in Western countries over the past three decades. Childhood obesity is a major public health issue because it contributes to immediate health and psychosocial problems in children, as well as increased risk of adult obesity and associated chronic disease, and restricted life opportunities. Obesity represents an inequality in health as, in Western countries, it is now most common in the most disadvantaged groups. However, it is not clear how the prevalence of childhood obesity has come to be socially patterned. A relatively small body of literature provides theoretical insights as to what might be occurring in families of low socio-economic status (SES) to increase the likelihood of childhood obesity. From recurrent organising explanations, three were selected for investigation: food-related parenting beliefs and practices; parental work patterns; and gender roles within families. Each of these domains is shaped by broader ideologies and structural arrangements. Briefly, it is argued that contemporary parenting beliefs and practices may lead parents to oblige children’s food requests, even when not in the child’s nutritional interests. Furthermore, parents may lack the ability to negotiate with children around food or to be firm when denying requests for unhealthy food. These parenting beliefs and practices may be most common in low SES families. Secondly...

‣ Der Effekt von Übergewicht bei Kindern auf die Entstehung von Fuß-, Knie-, und Rückenschmerzen; Effects of overweight kids and the formation of pain at foot,knee and back

Radke,Marleen
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
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Einleitung Diese Arbeit befasst sich mit der Fragestellung ob übergewichtige Kinder häufiger (und wenn ja, welche) Beschwerden haben als normalgewichtige und untergewichtige Kinder. Überdies ist in dieser Arbeit von Interesse, ob Unterschiede in den verschiedenen Altersgruppen (4-14 Jahre) zu ermitteln sind und ob sich diese Probleme im Entwicklungsverlauf verändern oder gar erst entstehen. Methodik Im Rahmen dieser internationalen Studie wurden 7905 Kinder in Deutschland, der tschechischen Republik, der Slowakei, der Schweiz und in Australien rekrutiert. Mittels Fragebögen wurde der Zusammenhang von Übergewicht und Beschwerdehäufigkeit an Fuß, Knie und Rücken untersucht. Die Kinder wurden dazu in die drei Gewichtsklassen „untergewichtig“, „normalgewichtig“ und „übergewichtig“ nach der Tabelle von Kromeyer- Hausschild et. al. eingeteilt. Für Daten über die Schmerzpräsenz und die möglichen Veränderungen während der Entwicklung wurden die Kinder in die entsprechenden Alterkategorien (4-15 Jahre) verifiziert. Eine exakte Einschätzung der Schmerzfrequenz konnte im Fragebogen durch die Klassifikation „seltener“, “gelegentlicher“, “häufiger“ Schmerz verifiziert werden. Für die Auswertung der vorliegenden parametrischen Daten wurde die Statistik-Software JMP 7.01 von SAS verwendet. Ergebnisse Im gesamten Probandenpool ist ersichtlich...

‣ Response to Chemotherapy in Overweight/Obese Patients With Low-Risk Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

Maesta, Izildinha; Horowitz, Neil S.; Goldstein, Donald P.; Bernstein, Marilyn R.; Ramirez, Luz Angela C.; Moulder, Janelle; Berkowitz, Ross S.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams &wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams &wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 734-740
Português
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Objective Despite rising global obesity rates, the impact of obesity on gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) remains uninvestigated. This study aimed at investigating whether overweight/obesity relates to response to chemotherapy in low-risk GTN patients.Methods This nonconcurrent cohort study included 300 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics-defined postmolar low-risk GTN treated with a single-agent chemotherapymethotrexate or actinomycin-D (actD)between 1973 and 2012 at the New England Trophoblastic Disease Center. Chemotherapy dosing was based on actual body weight regardless of obesity status, except for 5-day courses or pulse regimens of actD. Patients were classified as overweight/obese (body mass index [BMI] 25 kg/m(2)) or non-overweight/obese (BMI <25 kg/m(2)). Information on patient characteristics and response to chemotherapy (need for second-line chemotherapy, reason for changing to an alternative chemotherapy, number of cycles, need for combination chemotherapy, and time to human chorionic gonadotropin remission) was obtained.Results Of 300 low-risk GTN patients, 81 (27%) were overweight/obese. Overweight/obese patients were older than the non-overweight/obese patients (median age: 30 vs 28 years...

‣ Incidence of overweight/obesity in preschool children during a two-year follow-up

Menezes,Caroline Franz Broering de; Neves,Janaina das; Gonsalez,Priscila Schramm; Vasconcelos,Francisco de Assis Guedes de
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
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36.965232%
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of overweight/obesity and associated factors in children aged six years or less during a two-year follow-up. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study followed 242 preschoolers from Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, from 2008 to 2010. The outcome was overweight/obesity (Z-score >+2) measured by accumulated incidence. The Chi-square test measured the differences between the study factors. The association between overweight/obesity and associated factors was analyzed by adjusted and crude rate ratios. RESULTS: Nine (4.00%) of the 222 non-overweight/obese children in 2008 were overweight/obese in 2010, indicating an accumulated incidence of overweight/obesity of 4.05% (1.4-6.7). The study accumulated incidence of overweight/obesity was 20.25/year/1000, similar to the incidence density of 20.65/year/1000. CONCLUSION: After adjustment, none of the study factors were associated with overweight/obesity. However, the lack of studies that investigate the incidence of overweight and obesity in preschoolers calls for longitudinal studies with larger samples that analyze not only the incidence of overweight/obesity but also other factors, such as the influence of parents' nutritional status on their offspring's nutritional status.

‣ Maternal fat mass may predict overweight/obesity in non-instituzionalized women with intellectual disability

Fornieles,Gabriel; Camacho-Molina,Alejandra; Rosety,Miguel A.; Díaz,Antonio J.; Rosety,Ignacio; Rosety-Rodríguez,Manuel; Alvero-Cruz,José Ramón; Rosety,Manuel; Ordonez,Francisco J.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2013 Português
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Introduction: Previous studies have found a significant correlation between parents and offspring regarding overweight and obesity in general population at early life stages. However this issue has received no attention in people with intellectual disability (ID). Therefore, the present study was designed to find out potential correlations in overweight/obesity between young adult women with ID living in the family and their parents. Material and methods: In the present observational cross-sectional study, a total of thirty-four women with Down syndrome (n = 34; 22.6 ± 2.1 years; 29.6 ± 3.3 km/m²) were recruited through different community support groups for people with intellectual disabilities. Furthermore, biological mothers (n = 34; 59.6 ± 4.9 years; 28.5 ± 3.2 km/m²) and fathers (n = 34; 61.5 ± 5.3 years; 26.2 ± 2.7 km/m²) volunteered for this study. They all underwent an anthropometric assessment to determine body mass index (BMI). This protocol was approved by an Institutional Ethics Committee. Results: In the studied population, a total of 26 (76.5%) women with ID were overweight/obese. Furthermore, there were 22 (66.6%) overweight/obese mothers and 16(53.3%) fathers. Results also showed significant correlations between participants BMI and their father (r = 0.327; p = 0.0116) and mother BMI (r = 0.412; p < 0.001). Lastly...

‣ Prevalence of overweight and obesity among children six to ten years of age in the North-East Health region of Jamaica

Blake-Scarlett,BE; Younger,N; McKenzie,CA; Van den Broeck,J; Powell,C; Edwards,S; Win,SS; Wilks,RJ
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 Português
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36.965232%
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among children six to ten years old in the NorthEast Health Region (NEHR) of Jamaica. METHODS: Weights and heights were measured in a representative sample of 5710 children between the ages of six and ten years in 34 schools between October 2008 and March 2009. Overweight and obesity were defined as body mass index (BMI) Zscore >1SD and >2SD, respectively based on the World Health Organization (WHO)endorsed age and genderspecific growth standards for children. Point prevalence estimates of overweight and obesity were calculated. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to estimate associations between overweight and obesity and age, gender and school location. RESULTS: Overweight and obesity prevalence among children six to ten years old in NEHR, Jamaica, was 10.6% and 7.1%, respectively. Overweight (OR = 1.11, 95% CI: 1.04, 1.18) and obesity (OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.08, 1.26) prevalence increased significantly with age. Overweight (OR = 1.51, 95% CI: 1.27, 1.80) and obesity (OR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.11, 1.67) prevalence was significantly higher among girls than boys. Children attending ruralpublic schools had less risk of being overweight (OR = 0.57...

‣ Physical activity and overweight among adolescents on the Texas-Mexico border

Pérez,Adriana; Reininger,Belinda M.; Aguirre Flores,María Isabel; Sanderson,Maureen; Roberts,Robert E.
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.99109%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in associations between physical activity and over-weight for students in two adjacent areas on the border between Mexico and the United States of America: students in the city of Matamoros, Mexico, and Mexican-American students in the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) area of southern Texas. Since the extremely high prevalence of overweight among Mexican-American adolescents is well-recognized, we wanted to determine whether overweight has become a problem among Mexican adolescents as well. METHODS: Students from 6 schools (n = 653), representing 11% of the ninth-grade students in Matamoros during 2002-2003, and students from 13 high schools (n = 4 736), representing 22% of the ninth-grade students in the LRGV during 2000-2001, completed questionnaires. Polytomous logistic regression was performed to estimate the risk of being at risk for overweight (> 85th percentile to < 95th percentile of body mass index (BMI) for age and sex) and the risk of being overweight (> 95th percentile of BMI-for-age and sex) versus normal weight that were associated with measures of physical activity. For simplicity, the classification of normal weight also included underweight. RESULTS: A higher percentage of adolescents in the LRGV were at risk of overweight (17%) in comparison with adolescents from Matamoros (15%). The percentages of LRGV and Matamoros adolescents who were overweight were identical (17%). LRGV adolescent boys (OR = 0.87...