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‣ Fibrin glue in the management of complex anal fistula; Uso da cola de fibrina no tratamento da fistula anal complexa

Damin, Daniel de Carvalho; Rosito, Mario Antonello; Contu, Paulo de Carvalho; Tarta, Claudio
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Contexto - O manejo das fistulas anais complexas está associado ao risco de lesão esfincteriana e incontinência fecal. Recentemente, a cola de fibrina surgiu como uma alternativa de tratamento conservador de esfíncter para as fístulas anais, porém até o momento não se chegou a um consenso quanto à eficácia do método. Objetivo - Avaliar o uso da cola de fibrina especificamente no tratamento de fístulas anais complexas de origem criptoglandular. Métodos - Foram estudados pacientes com fístulas anais complexas tratados com cola de fibrina entre janeiro de 2005 e janeiro de 2008. Somente pacientes com fístulas de origem criptoglandular foram analisados, sendo excluídos pacientes com fístulas relacionadas à doença de Crohn, ao HIV ou à cirurgia prévia. Sob anestesia espinhal, as fistulas eram curetadas, sendo após preenchidas com cola de fibrina. Depois do tratamento, os pacientes eram acompanhados por 12 meses. Resultados - Trinta e dois pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. Dois pacientes foram perdidos durante o seguimento pós-operatório, sendo excluídos. Dos 30 pacientes remanescentes, apenas 3 tiveram suas fistulas cicatrizadas (10%). Com relação aos 27 pacientes nos quais não houve cicatrização, em 9 pacientes (33...

‣ Rectovaginal fistula with anal atresia in 5 dogs

Rahal, Sheila C.; Vicente, Cristiane S.; Mortari, Ana C.; Mamprim, Maria J.; Caporalli, Evelyn H.G.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 827-830
Português
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Five dogs with rectovaginal fistula and atresia ani that had been treated by surgical correction of the malformations were studied retrospectively. Ages at presentation varied from 1 to 3 months and weight from 350 g to 7.5 kg. The histories included voiding of feces through the vulva, with or without tenesmus, usually observed after weaning. Artesia ani, presence of feces in the vaginal canal, abdominal distention, and discomfort on abdominal palpation were observed during clinical examination. Also, 3 dogs had partial tail agenesis. In all dogs, the rectovaginal fistula was isolated and transected, the vulvar and rectal defects were closed separately, and the atresia ani was repaired. Normal defecation was restored, but 1 dog had fecal incontinence that subsequently resolved. One dog died 2.5 months postoperatively, and follow-up was done on the others for periods ranging from 1.6 year to 7.7 years. Surgical correction in dogs with rectovaginal fistula and atresia ani may result in a favorable outcome, if it is done early.

‣ Cura cirúrgica de fístula recto-urinária iatrogénica – técnica de York- Mason

Santos, P; Ferrito, F; Pires, F
Fonte: Associação Portuguesa de Urologia Publicador: Associação Portuguesa de Urologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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Introdução: A fístula recto-urinária de origem traumática ou cirúrgica, é uma complicação grave e desgastante, constituindo um desafio não só pela escolha da melhor técnica para a sua resolução como pelo receio de recorrência. A cura espontânea é rara. Material e métodos: Descreve-se a técnica de York-Mason aplicada ao caso clínico de um homem de 61 anos que ao 9º dia de pós-operatório de prostatectomia radical via laparoscópica (PRL) desenvolve um quadro de fecalúria e fezes líquidas. A presença de fístula recto-urinária foi confirmada ao 10º dia após realização de tomografia computorizada (TC) abdómino-pélvica e enema contrastado. Procedeu-se a laparotomia exploradora infra-umbilical para remoção do volumoso hematoma do espaço de Retzius, correcção da anastomose uretro-vesical e tentativa de encerramento directo da lesão da parede do recto. Apesar de ser ter completado a cirurgia com colostomia de derivação a fístula permaneceu. Três meses após procedeu-se ao encerramento definitivo da fístula. Resultados: Das várias vias de abordagem, optouse pela técnica de York-Mason, por ser simples de executar, eficaz e realizada com o mínimo de morbilidade. Trata-se de uma abordagem posterior...

‣ Surgical treatment of iatrogenic rectourinary fistula-York-Mason technique-a case report

Santos, P; Ferrito, F; Pires, F
Fonte: International Scholarly Research Network Publicador: International Scholarly Research Network
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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Introduction. Recto-urinary fistulas resulting from trauma or surgery are a serious and debilitating complication. They represent a challenge not only because of the difficulty on choosing the best technique to solve them but also because of the risk of recurrence. Spontaneous cure is rare. Materials and Methods. We describe the case of a 61-years-old man that on the 9th postoperative day of a laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) started with fecaluria and liquid faeces. Recto-urinary fistula was confirmed at the 10th postoperative day by CT scan and contrast enema. Discussion. We chose the York-Mason technique, because it is simple to perform, effective and hasminimalmorbidity. This is a posterior, transrectal, and transsphincteric approach, carried out on healthy tissues without previous scarring phenomena. Results. The postoperative period progressed without complications, and the patient discharged on the 4th day. The closure of the fistula was confirmed radiologically by retrograde cystography after 4 weeks allowing the removal of drainage catheter. The reconstruction of intestinal transit was carried out 2 months later. Conclusion. The York-Mason technique, a transrectal and transsphincteric approach with minimalmorbidity...

‣ Surgical treatment of rectal prolapse: experience and late results with 51 patients

Sobrado,Carlos Walter; Kiss,Desidério Roberto; Nahas,Sérgio C.; Araújo,Sérgio E. A.; Seid,Victor E.; Cotti,Guilherme; Habr-Gama,Angelita
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2004 Português
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The "best" surgical technique for the management of complete rectal prolapse remains unknown. Due to its low incidence, it is very difficult to achieve a representative number of cases, and there are no large prospective randomized trials to attest to the superiority of one operation over another. PURPOSE: Analyze the results of surgical treatment of complete rectal prolapse during 1980 and 2002. METHOD: Retrospective study. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients underwent surgical treatment during this period. The mean age was 56.7 years, with 39 females. Besides the prolapse itself, 33 patients complained of mucous discharge, 31 of fecal incontinence, 14 of constipation, 17 of rectal bleeding, and 3 of urinary incontinence. Abdominal operations were performed in 36 (71%) cases. Presacral rectopexy was the most common abdominal procedure (29 cases) followed by presacral rectopexy associated with sigmoidectomy (5 cases). The most common perineal procedure was perineal rectosigmoidectomy associated with levatorplasty (12 cases). Intraoperative bleeding from the presacral space developed in 2 cases, and a rectovaginal fistula occurred in another patient after a perineal rectosigmoidectomy. There were 2 recurrences after a mean follow-up of 49 months...

‣ Radiofrequency fistulotomy: a better alternative for treating low anal fistula

Gupta,Pravin Jaiprakash
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2004 Português
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CONTEXT: Wide varieties of approaches are employed in dealing with low anal fistula. However, the simple method of laying open the fistula tract (fistulotomy) is still considered to be the favored one. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A modified approach to the procedure of fistulotomy is discussed. This study describes the procedure, which used a technique of radiofrequency surgery, and its outcome in 232 patients with low anal fistula. The patients were followed for a period of 15 months. RESULTS: The patients were discharged on the same day as the procedure. The mean period off work was four days. The average healing time recorded was 67 days. Four wound complications in the form of premature closure of the external wound were noted, which required trimming of the edges. Two of these wounds remained unhealed. The recurrence rate was 1.7%. CONCLUSION: In this era when the emphasis is on criteria like the minimization of hospital stay, reduction of postoperative pain, early resumption of work and low and comparable recurrence rates, there is a future for the procedure of radiofrequency fistulotomy.

‣ Anal fistula: results of surgical treatment in a consecutive series of patients

Oliveira,Paulo Gonçalves de; Sousa,João Batista de; Almeida,Romulo Medeiros de; Wurmbauer,Isabel Ferreira Saenger; Santos,Antônio Carlos Nóbrega dos; Guilherme Filho,José
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 Português
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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the results of surgical treatment of patients with anal fistulas in a consecutive series of patients. METHODS: A retrospective analytical study of a consecutive series of cases prospectively collected. The sample comprised 210 patients who underwent surgery; demographic data, signs and symptoms, intraoperative classification of the fistulas and healing time were analyzed. RESULTS: The median age was 38 years and 69.0% of the patients were male. The most frequent symptom was perianal orifice with purulent drainage. The fistulas were classified as transsphincteric in 60.9% and the most used operative treatment was the marsupialization of fistulotomy, in 84.2% of cases. Complete healing occurred in all patients between 2 and 16 weeks. One hundred and seventy-eight patients, 84.8% of the patients who underwent surgery, were evaluated at least one year after surgery and recurrence occurred in 6.4% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: There was male prevalence (2.2/1), and most fistulas were transsphincteric. The marsupialization of fistulotomy was the most used operative treatment, and it presented acceptable low rates of morbidity and recurrence of 6.4%.

‣ Seminal Vesicle-Rectal Fistula Secondary to Anastomotic Leakage After Low Anterior Resection for Rectal Cancer: A Case Report and Brief Literature Review

Kitazawa, Masato; Hiraguri, Manabu; Maeda, Chika; Yoshiki, Mizukami; Horigome, Naoto; Kaneko, Gengo
Fonte: The International College of Surgeons, World Federation of General Surgeons and Surgical Specialists, Inc. Publicador: The International College of Surgeons, World Federation of General Surgeons and Surgical Specialists, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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We report a case of a patient with seminal vesicle-rectal fistula, an extremely rare complication of low anterior resection of the rectum. A 53-year-old man with rectal adenocarcinoma underwent low anterior resection in our hospital. The patient experienced diarrhea, pneumaturia, and low-grade fever on postoperative day 13. A computed tomography scan showed emphysema in the right seminal vesicle. We concluded that anastomotic leakage induced a seminal vesicle-rectal fistula. The patient underwent conservative therapy with total parenteral nutrition and oral intake of metronidazole. Diarrhea and pneumaturia rapidly improved after metronidazole administration and the patient was successfully cured without invasive therapy such as colostomy or surgical drainage. A seminal vesicle-rectal fistula is a rare complication of low anterior resection, and therapeutic strategies for this condition remain elusive. Our report provides valuable information on the successful conservative treatment of a secondary seminal vesicle-rectal fistula that developed after low anterior resection of the rectum in a patient.

‣ Acute diarrhea and metabolic acidosis caused by tuberculous vesico-rectal fistula

Wei, Xiu-Qing; Zou, Yan; Wu, Zhi-E; Abassa, Kodjo-Kunale; Mao, Wei; Tao, Jin; Kang, Zhuang; Wen, Zhuo-Fu; Wu, Bin
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Acquired vesico-rectal fistula is an uncommon complication of pelvic malignant tumors, surgical injury, inflammatory disorders such as tuberculosis infection, radiotherapy and less commonly diverticulum of the urinary tract. The fistula is often identified by urinary tract abnormalities such as dysuria, recurrent urinary tract infection, pneumaturia, and fecaluria. Here, we report an unusual case of a patient with a vesico-rectal fistula of tuberculous origin, presenting with severe acute diarrhea, metabolic acidosis, hyperchloremia and hypokalemia while with only mild urinary tract symptoms. The patient was cured by tuberculostatic therapy.

‣ Fibrin glue in the management of complex anal fistula

Damin,Daniel C.; Rosito,Mário A.; Contu,Paulo C.; Tarta,Cláudio
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 Português
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CONTEXT: Management of complex anal fistulas is associated with the risk of sphincter injury and fecal incontinence. In recent years, fibrin glue has emerged as an alternative sphincter-preserving treatment for anal fistulas. To date, however, there is no consensus about the efficacy of the method. OBJECTIVE: To specifically evaluate the fibrin glue injection in the management of complex cryptoglandular anal fistulas. METHODS: We studied a series of patients with complex anal fistulas treated with fibrin glue between January 2005 and January 2007. Only patients with fistulas of cryptoglandular origin were analyzed. Patients with fistulas related to Crohn's disease, HIV or previous surgery were excluded from the study. Under spinal anesthesia, the fistulas were curetted and injected with fibrin glue. After treatment, patients were followed-up for 12 months. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were enrolled in the study. Two patients were lost to follow-up and were excluded. Out of the remaining 30 patients, only three healed successfully (10%). Among the 27 patients who failed to heal, 9 (33.3%) were diagnosed within the first postoperative month. In 13 patients (48.1%) the failure of treatment occurred in the period between 1 and 3 months...

‣ A Case of Abdominal Abscess in Crohn's Disease: Successful Endoscopic Demonstration of an Obscure Enteric Fistula by Dye Injection via a Percutaneous Drainage Catheter

Hamada, Toshihide; Kosaka, Keiichi; Sonde, Cho; Nakai, Kuniharu; Suenaga, Kenji
Fonte: S. Karger AG Publicador: S. Karger AG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/05/2009 Português
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Abdominal and pelvic abscesses occur in approximately 10–30% of Crohn's disease patients during the course of the disease; most of these abscesses have an enteric communication. For this condition, percutaneous abscess drainage (PAD) rather than emergency surgery has recently been recognized as a valuable procedure for initial treatment. However, in cases wherein the abscess is accompanied by an enteric fistula, the recurrence of abscess might be inevitable without the management of the enteric fistula. Therefore, demonstration and evaluation of the enteric fistula is essential to prevent abscess recurrence; however, this is not necessarily a simple procedure. Here, we report abdominal abscess accompanied by a rectal fistula in a patient with Crohn's disease; this condition was successfully treated by PAD. Furthermore, PAD was also useful in identifying the fistula by colonoscopy involving dye injection via the drainage catheter. To our knowledge, no previous literature has reported the use of dye injection via the drainage catheter for identifying a fistula during endoscopic examination. We present here the radiographic, sonographic, and endoscopic findings of this case.

‣ Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from recurrent perianal fistula in patient with Crohn's disease: case report

Alencar,Suelene Suassuna Silvestre de; Corrêa,Romualdo da Silva; Bezerra,Cátia de França; Alencar,Marcelo José Carlos; Nunes,Cristiana Soares; Costa,Davi Aragão Alves da; Menezes,Emanuela Simone Cunha de; Nascimento,Antonio Luiz do
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Coloproctologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 Português
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Introduction: Anal carcinoma is a rare variant of epithelial tumors of the anal canal. When associated with chronic and active anal fistulas, usually this is an aggressive cancer that has difficult diagnosis and poor prognosis. Anal fistulas are a common manifestation of Crohn's disease (CD). This study aims to report a case of mucinous adenocarcinoma originating from recurrent perianal fistula in patients with CD. Case report: A man of 43 years, with melanoderma, complaining of perianal tumors, anal pain and mucopurulent secretion, the patient was diagnosed with fistulae. Colonoscopy revealed a chronic inflammatory process associated with villous polypoid lesion in the colonic and rectal mucosa. In a new episode, where it was diagnosed, chronic colitis of rectum and sigmoid was being prescribed sulfasalazine with improvement. There were relapses and the patient underwent repeated fistulectomias. After investigation, CD was diagnosed. Computed tomography (CT) of abdomen and pelvis showed multiple perineal and gluteal collections, and the patient underwent abdominoperineal resection of the rectum. Anatomopathological exam showed invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. A new CT showed residual growth of the lesion. The patient was referred to the oncology referral service...

‣ Video-assisted anal fistula treatment: technical considerations and preliminary results of the first brazilian experience

MENDES,Carlos Ramon Silveira; FERREIRA,Luciano Santana de Miranda; SAPUCAIA,Ricardo Aguiar; LIMA,Meyline Andrade; ARAUJO,Sergio Eduardo Alonso
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 Português
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Backgroung : Anorectal fistula represents an epithelized communication path of infectious origin between the rectum or anal canal and the perianal region. The association of endoscopic surgery with the minimally invasive approach led to the development of the video-assisted anal fistula treatment. Aim : To describe the technique and initial experience with the technique video-assisted for anal fistula treatment. Technique : A Karl Storz video equipment was used. Main steps included the visualization of the fistula tract using the fistuloscope, the correct localization of the internal fistula opening under direct vision, endoscopic treatment of the fistula and closure of the internal opening which can be accomplished through firing a stapler, cutaneous-mucosal flap, or direct closure using suture. Results : The mean distance between the anal verge and the external anal orifice was 5.5 cm. Mean operative time was 31.75 min. In all cases, the internal fistula opening could be identified after complete fistuloscopy. In all cases, internal fistula opening was closed using full-thickness suture. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. After a 5-month follow-up, recurrence was observed in one (12.5%) patient. Conclusion : Video-assisted anal fistula treatment is feasible...

‣ Anterior transanal, transsphincteric sagittal approach for fistula repair secondary to laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: A simple and effective technique

Bodden, Elías M.; Vitagliano, Gonzalo; Gómez, Reynaldo; Castillo, Octavio A.
Fonte: ELSEVIER Publicador: ELSEVIER
Tipo: Artículo de revista
Português
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Introduction. To report our experience with the anterior, transanal, transsphincteric, sagittal approach in the correction of rectourinary fistula secondary to laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Technical Considerations. Of the first 110 laparoscopic extraperitoneal radical prostatectomies performed from December 2001 to February 2004, 9 (8%) were complicated by rectal injury. Of the nine rectal lesions, seven were diagnosed intraoperatively and the rectal defects closed laparoscopically. Primary repair failed in I of the 7 patients. In 2 other patients, the rectal injuries were missed intraoperatively, and a rectourinary fistula later developed. Rectourinary fistula was confirmed in these 3 patients by cystoscopy and digital rectal examination. The procedure chosen for repair was the anterior sagittal transrectal anal approach. The time from diagnosis to fistula repair was 1 to 3 months. Fistula repair was successful in all patients. The mean follow-up was 12 to 24 months. No patient presented with fecal incontinence or anal strictures. Postprostatectomy urinary continence was not affected by the procedure. Conclusions. The transsphincteric transanal surgical approach provides many advantages for the repair of acquired urethrorectal fistulas after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. It allows for good surgical exposure and fistula tract identification and ensures good access to well-vascularized tissue. This surgical technique is simple...

‣ A case of metastatic carcinoma of anal fistula caused by implantation from rectal cancer

Takahashi, Rina; Ichikawa, Ryosuke; Ito, Singo; Mizukoshi, Kosuke; Ishiyama, Shun; Sgimoto, Kiichi; Kojima, Yutaka; Goto, Michitoshi; Tomiki, Yuichi; Yao, Takashi; Sakamoto, Kazuhiro
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Text
Publicado em 11/12/2015 Português
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This case involved an 80-year-old man who was seen for melena. Further testing revealed a tubular adenocarcinoma 50 mm in size in the rectum. In addition, an anal fistula was noted behind the anus along with induration. A biopsy of tissue from the external (secondary) opening of the fistula also revealed adenocarcinoma. Nodules suspected of being metastases were noted in both lung fields. The patient was diagnosed with rectal cancer, a cancer arising from an anal fistula, and a metastatic pulmonary tumor, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy was begun. A laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection was performed 34 days after 6 cycles of mFOLFOX-6 therapy. Based on pathology, the rectal cancer was diagnosed as moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, and this adenocarcinoma had lymph node metastasis (yp T3N2aM1b). There was no communication between the rectal lesion and the anal fistula, and a moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma resembling the rectal lesion was noted in the anal fistula. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that both the rectal lesion and anal fistula were cytokeratin 7 (CK7) (−) and cytokeratin 20 (CK20) (+), and the patient’s condition was diagnosed as implantation of rectal cancer in an anal fistula.

‣ Surgical treatment of rectal prolapse: experience and late results with 51 patients; Tratamento cirúrgico da procidência retal: experiência e resultados tardios de 51 pacientes

Sobrado, Carlos Walter; Kiss, Desidério Roberto; Nahas, Sérgio C.; Araújo, Sérgio E. A.; Seid, Victor E.; Cotti, Guilherme; Habr-Gama, Angelita
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2004 Português
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A técnica cirúrgica mais apropriada para a correção da procidência retal permanece motivo de controvérsia. Por se tratar de afecção pouco freqüente, há dificuldade de avaliação de número adequado de pacientes em estudos randomizados e existe pouca evidência para comprovar a superioridade de alguma das técnicas. OBJETIVO: Analisar os resultados de eficácia e segurança do tratamento cirúrgico da procidência retal em pacientes operados entre 1980 e 2002. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo. RESULTADOS: Cinqüenta e um pacientes foram operados. A idade média foi de 56,7 anos e 39 eram mulheres. Além do prolapso, 33 pacientes queixavam-se de eliminação de muco, 31 tinham incontinência anal, 14 apresentavam constipação, 17 com sangramento retal e 3 incontinência urinária. Operações abdominais foram realizadas em 36 (71%) casos, sendo a retopexia sem prótese a operação mais realizada (29 casos) seguida pela retossigmoidectomia com retopexia (5 casos). A operação perineal mais realizada foi a retossigmoidectomia com plastia dos elevadores (12 casos). O sangramento sacral foi a única complicação intra-operatória e ocorreu em dois casos. Como complicação pós-operatória, houve um caso de fístula retovaginal após operação de retossigmoidectomia perineal. Após seguimento médio de 49 meses...

‣ Postoperative radiotherapy-induced morbidity in rectal cancer

Garay Burdeos,M.; García-Botella,M.; Viciano Pascual,V.; Torregrosa Macías,M. D.; Aguiló Lucia,J.; Ata,M.; Muñoz Alonso,M. C.; García del Caño,J.
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2004 Português
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Objectives: we analyzed long-term morbidity and bowel function alteration after postoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer following resection with anastomosis. Patients and methods: thirty-seven patients who underwent surgery with intention to cure and a minimal follow-up period of 3 years were included. These patients were divided into two groups: in the first group, 14 patients received postoperative chemo-radiotherapy, 5-fluorouracil plus folinic acid, and 45 Gy plus 5 Gy boost. In the second group, there were 23 patients regarded as controls. We designed a questionnaire about their bowel function and analyzed the morbidity detected in their follow-up. Results: the group that was treated with postoperative chemo-radiotherapy had more daily bowel movements (p = 0.03) and night-time movements (p = 0.04); incontinence (69.2 versus 17.4% in the control group; p = 0.002), and perianal skin irritation (p = 0.04) versus the control group. Although without meaningful differences, the group under treatment wore a pad more often, had more defecatory urgency, could distinguish worse gas from stool, and needed more frequently antidiarrheal measures. Major complications were present in 28.6% of the under-treatment group: three intestinal resections were performed due to actinic stenosis; one patient had a residual stercoral fistula; another had several occlusive crises solved with medical treatment. Conclusions: postoperative chemo-radiotherapy had a high morbidity rate...

‣ Factores de riesgo asociados al desarrollo de fístula anal

Pérez Escobedo,Sergio Ulises; Jiménez Bobadilla,Billy; Villanueva Herrero,Juan Antonio
Fonte: Asociación Mexicana de Cirugía General A.C. Publicador: Asociación Mexicana de Cirugía General A.C.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 Português
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Objetivo: Determinar los factores de riesgo asociados para el desarrollo de fístula anal posterior a absceso anal. Sede: Hospital General de México. Diseño: Estudio de casos y controles. Análisis estadístico: Análisis univariado. Pacientes y métodos: Se incluyeron 250 pacientes observados en el periodo de mayo de 2009 a enero de 2012, evaluados en consulta externa de la Unidad de Coloproctología con el diagnóstico de absceso anal y con tres meses o más de seguimiento. Las variables analizadas fueron: edad, ocupación, diabetes mellitus, tabaquismo, consumo de alcohol, antibióticos previos y posteriores al drenaje, tipo de evacuación de acuerdo a la escala de Bristol, anorrecepción, tiempo de evolución del absceso y lugar de drenaje del absceso (consultorio, quirófano o espontáneamente). Resultados: De los 250 pacientes con absceso anal tratados con un drenaje simple, 103 (41.2%) desarrollaron fístula anal. Los resultados del análisis univariado no mostraron significancia estadística para ninguna de estas variables. Conclusión: No identificamos factor de riesgo, estudiados en este trabajo, para poder determinar qué pacientes pueden desarrollar fístula anal posterior a un evento de absceso anal.

‣ Carcinoma escamoso de recto y fístula rectovaginal traumática: Relación o coincidencia? Reporte de un caso

Becerra del Carpio,Ángel Hugo; Quispicondor Ramón,Teodoro; H. Bardales,Ricardo
Fonte: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú Publicador: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 Português
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El carcinoma escamoso primario de recto es raro, y su etiopatogenia no está esclarecida. Asimismo el carcinoma escamoso rectal en pacientes con fístula rectovaginal en ausencia de cáncer ginecológico es extremadamente raro. Reportamos uno de tales casos que se diagnosticó un año después de fístula traumática rectovaginal no tratada. También realizamos una revisión de la literatura y una discusión de la probable asociación entre ambos procesos.

‣ Duplicación rectal extrofiada asociada a malformación anorrectal y transposición pene-escrotal con hipospadias perineal: Reporte de un caso clínico

Fernández Fernández,Jesús Ángel; Parodi Hueck,Luis; Carrasco Fermín,Joanna
Fonte: Universidad del Zulia Publicador: Universidad del Zulia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
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Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino quien requirió tratamiento por agenesia anorrectal con fístula rectouretral y transposición pene-escrotal con hipospadias perineal, acompañados de una masa perineal. La tumoración perineal se encontró íntimamente adherida y en continuidad al recto, lo que la hace compatible con una duplicación rectal extrofiada. La reconstrucción quirúrgica de la anomalía se realizó en etapas hasta lograr resultados funcionales y estéticos aceptables.