Scientific innovation depends on finding, integrating, and re-using the products of
previous research. Here we explore how recent developments in Web technology,
particularly those related to the publication of data and metadata, might assist that
process by providing semantic enhancements to journal articles within the mainstream
process of scholarly journal publishing. We exemplify this by describing semantic
enhancements we have made to a recent biomedical research article taken from
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, providing enrichment to its
content and increased access to datasets within it. These semantic enhancements
include provision of live DOIs and hyperlinks; semantic markup of textual terms, with
links to relevant third-party information resources; interactive figures; a
re-orderable reference list; a document summary containing a study summary, a tag
cloud, and a citation analysis; and two novel types of semantic enrichment: the
first, a Supporting Claims Tooltip to permit “Citations in
Context”, and the second, Tag Trees that bring together semantically
related terms. In addition...
Researchers require infrastructures that ensure a maximum of accessibility, stability and reliability to facilitate working with and sharing of research data. Such infrastructures are being increasingly summarized under the term Research Data Repositories (RDR). The project re3data.org–Registry of Research Data Repositories–has begun to index research data repositories in 2012 and offers researchers, funding organizations, libraries and publishers an overview of the heterogeneous research data repository landscape. In July 2013 re3data.org lists 400 research data repositories and counting. 288 of these are described in detail using the re3data.org vocabulary. Information icons help researchers to easily identify an adequate repository for the storage and reuse of their data. This article describes the heterogeneous RDR landscape and presents a typology of institutional, disciplinary, multidisciplinary and project-specific RDR. Further the article outlines the features of re3data.org, and shows how this registry helps to identify appropriate repositories for storage and search of research data.
The Natura 2000 network is regarded as one of the conservation success stories in the global effort to protect biodiversity. However, significant challenges remain in Natura 2000 implementation, owing to its rapid expansion, and lack of a coherent vision for its future. Scientific research is critical for identifying conservation priorities, setting management goals, and reconciling biodiversity protection and society in the complex political European landscape. Thus, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive evaluation of published Natura 2000 research to highlight prevalent research themes, disciplinary approaches, and spatial entities. We conducted a systematic review of 572 scientific articles and conference proceedings focused on Natura 2000 research, published between 1996 and 2014. We grouped these articles into ‘ecological’ and ‘social and policy’ categories. Using a novel application of network analysis of article keywords, we found that Natura 2000 research forms a cohesive small-world network, owing to the emphasis on ecological research (79% of studies, with a strong focus on spatial conservation planning), and the underrepresentation of studies addressing ‘social and policy’ issues (typically focused on environmental impact assessment...