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‣ Research methodologies for EER in Europe: taxonomical classification of EER papers

Wiiliams, Bill; Malmi, Lauri; deGraaf, Erik; Adawi, Tom; Curmi, Ronald; Duffy, Gavin; Kauz, Christian; Kinnunen, Päivi
Fonte: EUGENE Academic Network Publicador: EUGENE Academic Network
Tipo: Relatório
Publicado em //2009 Português
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This paper presents a taxonomy for classifying EER papers. The taxonomy includes the following dimensions for categorizing research: theoretical background of the paper, general research strategy,type of collected data, data analysis methods, and the general type of paper (research paper, case report, position paper). The taxonomy also allows recording how explicitly the paper presents these aspects. We have used the taxonomy to analyse a set of papers from central European forums of presenting EER: two years of volumes of European Journal of Engineering Education, and the EER track of the SEFI conference.

‣ Tobacco documents research methodology

Anderson, Stacey J; McCandless, Phyra M; Klausner, Kim; Taketa, Rachel; Yerger, Valerie B
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2011 Português
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Tobacco documents research has developed into a thriving academic enterprise since its inception in 1995. The technology supporting tobacco documents archiving, searching and retrieval has improved greatly since that time, and consequently tobacco documents researchers have considerably more access to resources than was the case when researchers had to travel to physical archives and/or electronically search poorly and incompletely indexed documents. The authors of the papers presented in this supplement all followed the same basic research methodology. Rather than leave the reader of the supplement to read the same discussion of methods in each individual paper, presented here is an overview of the methods all authors followed. In the individual articles that follow in this supplement, the authors present the additional methodological information specific to their topics. This brief discussion also highlights technological capabilities in the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library and updates methods for organising internal tobacco documents data and findings.

‣ Paper modified with ZnO nanorods – antimicrobial studies

Jaisai, Mayuree; Baruah, Sunandan; Dutta, Joydeep
Fonte: Beilstein-Institut Publicador: Beilstein-Institut
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/10/2012 Português
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Paper with antimicrobial properties was developed through in situ growth of ZnO nanorods. The targeted application for this type of paper is in health centers as wallpaper, writing paper, facemasks, tissue paper, etc. The paper was tested on three model microbes, Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and common airborne fungus Aspergillus niger. No viable bacterial colonies or fungal spores could be detected in the areas surrounding test samples of the antimicrobial paper. Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli were found to be inhibited in an area that is 239% and 163% the area of the paper sample under different room lighting conditions, i.e., halogen and fluorescent lamp illumination, respectively. For Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus the zones of inhibition surrounding the paper samples are 102% and 70%, and for Aspergillus niger, 224% and 183% of the sample area, under similar lighting conditions.

‣ Weighted Markov chains for forecasting and analysis in Incidence of infectious diseases in jiangsu Province, China☆

Peng, Zhihang; Bao, Changjun; Zhao, Yang; Yi, Honggang; Xia, Letian; Yu, Hao; Shen, Hongbing; Chen, Feng
Fonte: Editorial Department of Journal of Biomedical Research Publicador: Editorial Department of Journal of Biomedical Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2010 Português
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This paper first applies the sequential cluster method to set up the classification standard of infectious disease incidence state based on the fact that there are many uncertainty characteristics in the incidence course. Then the paper presents a weighted Markov chain, a method which is used to predict the future incidence state. This method assumes the standardized self-coefficients as weights based on the special characteristics of infectious disease incidence being a dependent stochastic variable. It also analyzes the characteristics of infectious diseases incidence via the Markov chain Monte Carlo method to make the long-term benefit of decision optimal. Our method is successfully validated using existing incidents data of infectious diseases in Jiangsu Province. In summation, this paper proposes ways to improve the accuracy of the weighted Markov chain, specifically in the field of infection epidemiology.

‣ Governing synthetic biology for global health through responsible research and innovation

Douglas, Conor M. W.; Stemerding, Dirk
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Synthetic biology (SynBio) is a global endeavour with research and development programs in many countries, and due (in part) to its multi-use characteristics it has potential to improve global health in the area of vaccine development, diagnostics, drug synthesis, and the detection and remediation of environmental toxins. However, SynBio will also concurrently require global governance. Here we present what we have learnt from the articles in this Special Issue, and the workshop we hosted in The Hague in February of 2012 on SynBio, global health, and global governance that generated many of the papers appearing here. Importantly we take the notion of ‘responsible research and innovation’ as a guiding perspective. In doing so our understanding of governance is one that shifts its focus from preventing risks and other potential negative implications, and instead is concerned with institutions and practices involved in the inclusive steering of science and technology towards socially desirable outcomes. We first provide a brief overview of the notion of global health, and SynBio’s relation to global health issues. The core of the paper explores some of the dynamics involved in fostering SynBio’s global health pursuits; paying particular attention to of intellectual property...

‣ Biodegradability kraft paper coated with films emulsified chitosan and palmitic acid.

REIS, A. B.; YOSHIDA, C. M. P.; VILELA, E. S. D.; NASCIMENTO, R. dos S.; MELO, I. S. de; FRANCO, T. T.
Fonte: Journal of Research Updates in Polymer Science, v. 2, n. 2, p. 122-131, 2013. Publicador: Journal of Research Updates in Polymer Science, v. 2, n. 2, p. 122-131, 2013.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
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Abstract: The use of natural polymers is an alternative to polymers derived from petroleum that may reduce industrial waste and contribute to the environmental protection. Following the same reasoning, the biodegradability of paper packaging is already known for it being a product originated from cellulosic materials (cellulosic fibers). The aim of this work was to assess the process of degradation from the junction of two different materials; biopolymer and sheets of paper. This paper proposes the study of the biodegradability of chitosan film-coated Kraft paper sheets and emulsified chitosan film-coated Kraft paper sheets added with palmitic acid, both in comparison with uncoated Kraft paper sheets. The biodegradability study was conducted based on analyses of biofilm formation by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), soil respiration, Gravimetry, Microbial Biomass Carbon and enzymatic soil activity and evaluation.; 2013

‣ From Curtin to Keating : the 1945 and 1994 White Papers on Employment: a better environment for human and economic diversity?

Coombs, HC
Fonte: North Australia Research Unit, Australian National University Publicador: North Australia Research Unit, Australian National University
Tipo: Livro
Português
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This short paper provides a brief background to the 1945 White Paper and evaluate its assumptions, shortcomings and successes (The White paper itself is included as there are so few copies available). Nugget also questions many of today’s political and industrial strategies that form the basis of the recent Keating Government’s paper on employment. In particular he questions the assumptions that economic growth and the ‘market’ will lead to growth in employment and a decent livelihood or most Australians.; no

‣ Why Do I Have to Write That?: Compositionists Identify Disconnects between Student and Instructor Conceptions of Research Writing that Can Inform Teaching; A Review of: Schwegler, R. A., and Shamoon, L. K. (1982). The aims and process of the research paper. College English, 44(8), 817-824.

Baer, Andrea
Fonte: Evidence Based Library and Information Practice Publicador: Evidence Based Library and Information Practice
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This classic article discusses research-based writing assignments. Schwegler and Shamoon sought to identify differences between college students??? and college instructors??? conceptions of research and research paper assignments, particularly in terms of their purpose and process. The authors also sought to identify common features of academic research writing that could inform writing instruction about research writing.

‣ From intangible cultural heritage to collectable artefact: the theory and practice of enacting ethical responsibilities in ethnomusicological research  

Falk, Catherine; Ingram, Catherine 
Fonte: The Australia-Netherlands Research Collaboration (ANRC); http://www.aust-neth.net/ Publicador: The Australia-Netherlands Research Collaboration (ANRC); http://www.aust-neth.net/
Tipo: Conference paper; Published Version Formato: 21 pages
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In this paper we focus upon two central and broad issues regarding the ethics of creating tangible, static artefacts from intangible and dynamic musical heritage: the process of making sound recordings, and the repatriation of those recordings to the cultural custodians, including the ways that these recordings act as a form of self‐representation... Our paper takes a reflective and pragmatic approach regarding these issues by focussing upon how they were addressed during Caterine Ingram’s recent twenty months of doctoral research into the music of the Kam people, a minority group resident in southwest China.; Australian National University and Leiden University; Paper presented at the Transmission of academic values in Asian Studies workshop, 25 & 26 June 2009, Canberra, ANU

‣ Land and Urban Policies for Poverty Reduction : Proceedings of the Third International Urban Research Symposium Held in Brasilia, April 2005, Volume 1

Freire, Mila; Lima, Ricardo; Cira, Dean; Ferguson, Bruce; Kessides, Christine; Mota, Jose Aroudo; Motta, Diana
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC and Institute for Applied Economic Research, Brasilia Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC and Institute for Applied Economic Research, Brasilia
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
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The first paper of this section (Durand-Laserve) documents how increasing pressures on urban land and the 'commodification' of shelter and settlement has increased 'market evictions' of families holding intermediate tide to property, although international declarations and pressures have contributed to reducing 'forced evictions.' The second paper (Mooya and Cloete) uses the tools of the New Institutional Economics to analyze the argument in Hernando DeSoto's path-breaking book, The Mystery of Capital, that full legal tide is the key to turning 'dead capital' in the form of informal property held by many low-income families into an economic asset and to detonating broad-based economic growth. The paper concludes that intermediate forms of tenure can have the virtues of full legal tide if properly constructed, and then examines the case of Namibia in this context. The third paper (Fernandes) documents and assesses the recent efforts of the Brazilian federal Ministry of Cities to develop a comprehensive approach for regularizing title throughout that country. In the fourth paper...

‣ Papyres : un système de gestion et de recommandation d’articles de recherche

Naak, Amine
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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Les étudiants gradués et les professeurs (les chercheurs, en général), accèdent, passent en revue et utilisent régulièrement un grand nombre d’articles, cependant aucun des outils et solutions existants ne fournit la vaste gamme de fonctionnalités exigées pour gérer correctement ces ressources. En effet, les systèmes de gestion de bibliographie gèrent les références et les citations, mais ne parviennent pas à aider les chercheurs à manipuler et à localiser des ressources. D'autre part, les systèmes de recommandation d’articles de recherche et les moteurs de recherche spécialisés aident les chercheurs à localiser de nouvelles ressources, mais là encore échouent dans l’aide à les gérer. Finalement, les systèmes de gestion de contenu d'entreprise offrent les fonctionnalités de gestion de documents et des connaissances, mais ne sont pas conçus pour les articles de recherche. Dans ce mémoire, nous présentons une nouvelle classe de systèmes de gestion : système de gestion et de recommandation d’articles de recherche. Papyres (Naak, Hage, & Aïmeur, 2008, 2009) est un prototype qui l’illustre. Il combine des fonctionnalités de bibliographie avec des techniques de recommandation d’articles et des outils de gestion de contenu...

‣ Building capacity for tobacco control research and policy

Stillman, F; Yang, G; Figueiredo, V; Hernandez‐Avila, M; Samet, J
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2006 Português
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The Fogarty International Center (FIC) initiative, “International Tobacco and Health Research Capacity Building Program” represents an important step in US government funding for global tobacco control. Low‐ and middle‐income countries of the world face a rising threat to public health from the rapidly escalating epidemic of tobacco use. Many are now parties to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and capacity development to meet FCTC provisions. One initial grant provided through the FIC was to the Institute for Global Tobacco Control (IGTC) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH) to support capacity building and research programmes in China, Brazil, and Mexico. The initiative's capacity building effort focused on: (1) building the evidence base for tobacco control, (2) expanding the infrastructure of each country to deliver tobacco control, and (3) developing the next generation of leaders as well as encouraging networking throughout the country and with neighbouring countries. This paper describes the approach taken and the research foci, as well some of the main outcomes and some identified challenges posed by the effort. Individual research papers are in progress to provide more in‐depth reporting of study results.

‣ Developing Primary Care: The Contribution of Primary Care Research Networks

Peckham, Stephen; Hutchison, Brian
Fonte: Longwoods Publishing Publicador: Longwoods Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2012 Português
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The performance of Canada's primary care sector remains lacklustre relative to other wealthy industrialized countries, and it has been suggested that a lack of investment in research and evaluation may be a cause. One approach to improving and sustaining primary care research is through research networks. Over the past few years, significant investments have begun to be made in developing primary care networks in Canada. While Canadian experience in this area is relatively new, in the United Kingdom primary care research networks were first established in the 1980s. Initially developed at a local level, these have more recently been incorporated into large-scale national networks. This paper reviews the UK experience and highlights potential lessons for the development of networks in Canada.

‣ Framework for automatic information extraction from research papers on nanocrystal devices

Dieb, Thaer M; Yoshioka, Masaharu; Hara, Shinjiro; Newton, Marcus C
Fonte: Beilstein-Institut Publicador: Beilstein-Institut
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/09/2015 Português
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46.16473%
To support nanocrystal device development, we have been working on a computational framework to utilize information in research papers on nanocrystal devices. We developed an annotated corpus called “ NaDev” (Nanocrystal Device Development) for this purpose. We also proposed an automatic information extraction system called “NaDevEx” (Nanocrystal Device Automatic Information Extraction Framework). NaDevEx aims at extracting information from research papers on nanocrystal devices using the NaDev corpus and machine-learning techniques. However, the characteristics of NaDevEx were not examined in detail. In this paper, we conduct system evaluation experiments for NaDevEx using the NaDev corpus. We discuss three main issues: system performance, compared with human annotators; the effect of paper type (synthesis or characterization) on system performance; and the effects of domain knowledge features (e.g., a chemical named entity recognition system and list of names of physical quantities) on system performance. We found that overall system performance was 89% in precision and 69% in recall. If we consider identification of terms that intersect with correct terms for the same information category as the correct identification, i.e....

‣ Research Paper on Transaction-Oriented Simulation In Ad Hoc Grids

Krafft, Gerald
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/09/2007 Português
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This paper analyses the requirements of performing parallel transaction-oriented simulations with a special focus on the space-parallel approach and discrete event simulation synchronisation algorithms that are suitable for transaction-oriented simulation and the target environment of Ad Hoc Grids. To demonstrate the findings a Java-based parallel transaction-oriented simulator for the simulation language GPSS/H is implemented on the basis of the most promising Shock Resistant Time Warp synchronisation algorithm and using the Grid framework ProActive. The validation of this parallel simulator shows that the Shock Resistant Time Warp algorithm can successfully reduce the number of rolled back Transaction moves but it also reveals circumstances in which the Shock Resistant Time Warp algorithm can be outperformed by the normal Time Warp algorithm. The conclusion of this paper suggests possible improvements to the Shock Resistant Time Warp algorithm to avoid such problems.; Comment: 6 pages, condensed research paper of my thesis with the same title

‣ Personalized Academic Research Paper Recommendation System

Lee, Joonseok; Lee, Kisung; Kim, Jennifer G.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/04/2013 Português
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A huge number of academic papers are coming out from a lot of conferences and journals these days. In these circumstances, most researchers rely on key-based search or browsing through proceedings of top conferences and journals to find their related work. To ease this difficulty, we propose a Personalized Academic Research Paper Recommendation System, which recommends related articles, for each researcher, that may be interesting to her/him. In this paper, we first introduce our web crawler to retrieve research papers from the web. Then, we define similarity between two research papers based on the text similarity between them. Finally, we propose our recommender system developed using collaborative filtering methods. Our evaluation results demonstrate that our system recommends good quality research papers.

‣ The Generation beyond print-on-paper

Kleper, Michael
Fonte: Printing Industry Research Center at RIT Publicador: Printing Industry Research Center at RIT
Tipo: Monograph Formato: 15949083 bytes; application/pdf
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The purpose of this paper is to: • Compare and contrast paper display with on-screen display. • Examine the state-of-the-art in electronic “paper-like” screen display technology. • Highlight the screen display technologies that are under development and most likely to affect or replace print. • Introduce the subject of printed electronics. • Present comments from leaders in the display technology field. Today’s printing and publishing process involves repurposing content, publishing through multiple channels, and applying XML coding to separate form from content. All of these operations can serve, in one way or another, to disassociate print output from other forms of publishing. The result has been that information that would have been published solely in print is also published, or is exclusively published, for on-screen display. Although on-screen publication, or the presentation of information in some form of digital display, has accounted for a reduction in the relative volume of printing, it must be kept in mind that print-on-paper is just another form of display. As such, printers manufacture displays that are composed of one or more layers of ink on a succession of sheets of pulp-based paper. The recognition that printers are display manufacturers is of critical importance is of critical importance for three reasons. First...

‣ Disaster Related Social Behavior: Summary of 50 Years of Research Findings

Quarantelli, E. L.
Fonte: Disaster Research Center Publicador: Disaster Research Center
Tipo: Outros Formato: 57983 bytes; application/pdf
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This paper summarizes much although not all of what is known about overall disaster related social behavior. Drawing from a base of 50 years of social science research involving thousands of studies, we note the typical patterns of behavior at the individual, organizational, community and mass media levels. The last is a surrogate for reactions at the societal level. To avoid interminable and specific documentation, readers are presented a large bibliography at the end of this paper that lists the major research literature examined for the purpose of this essay. Most disasters impact a community. However, there are non-community types of disasters, e.g., a plane crash in an isolated rural area. This affects behavioral responses (e.g., crash survivors do not receive the social support that emerges in a community when residents have undergone a common disaster experience). The 20 general observations below around which we organize our comments, are mostly about community disasters. This is the paper written as background for the oral remarks to be made at the 8Th International Symposium on Natural and Technological Hazards: Hazards 2000 to be held in Tokushima, Shikoku, Japan, May 21-25, 2000.

‣ A Half Century Of Social Science Disaster Research:Selected Major Findings And Their Applicability

Quarantelli, E. L.
Fonte: Disaster Research Center Publicador: Disaster Research Center
Tipo: Outros Formato: 67628 bytes; application/pdf
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Since systematic studies started in the early 1950s, there has now been a half century of social science disaster research. After all this work, what can be said about what is known about the human and social behavior associated with natural and technological disasters? This paper highlights some of the more major findings from these studies. No attempt is made to present all that has been established by the research; that would require writing an encyclopedia. Our goal here is more limited and selective. Drawing from this base of 50+ years of social science research involving thousands of studies, we note some of the more established and important patterns of behavior at the individual, organizational, community and societal levels. However, we will not discuss the societal level directly because there is limited knowledge about that level. Instead we will discuss mass communication systems (in some respects seeing them as surrogates for society). At the end of all the substantive observations we will make some comments on what has been done with this established knowledge, or in other words, how the research findings have been applied. To avoid interminable and specific documentation, readers are presented a large bibliography at the end of this paper that lists the major research literature examined for the purpose of this paper. To what extent are the research-based observations we discuss applicable everywhere? This is a very legitimate question. It is of particular relevance given that most of the studies so far undertaken have been done by social scientists in Western type societies...

‣ State of the Art and Roadmap for Current Research Information Systems and Repositories: White Paper

Jeffery, Keith G.; Asserson, Anne; Luzi, Daniela
Fonte: euroCRIS; Italian National Research Council. Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies (CNR-IRPPS) Publicador: euroCRIS; Italian National Research Council. Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies (CNR-IRPPS)
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
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White Paper produced as briefing paper for the 1st Workshop on CRIS, CERIF and Institutional Repositories held May 2010 by euroCRIS at the Italian National Research Council Central Building in Rome.-- 7 pages.; Various pressures bring CRIS and repositories together. In many countries evaluation of research is becoming important, to assure public funds are well-spent. Such requirements need to associate research output (including publications but also products, patents, dissemination at events) with persons, organizational units (university, faculty, department, cross-department centre, research group), projects (e.g. funded grants), facilities (e.g. large synchrotron radiation sources), equipment (particular experiment) for analysis. Repository systems usually do not collect this contextual information, being restricted to scholarly publication output with title, abstract, author and some other publication-related information, commonly based on DC (Dublin Core) metadata. On the other hand, some CRIS include within them the research outputs as objects (e.g. publications). Similarly, the context of a research output is important in evaluating its utility, quality and relevance to any repurposing. Context is usually recorded in a CRIS. CERIF provides an appropriate timestamped structure so that provenance information is also available.