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‣ Produção científica publicada nos Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia (2003-2007); Scientific research published on the Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia (2003-2007)

FERNANDES, Juliana Dumet; MACHADO, Maria Cecília Rivitti; OLIVEIRA, Zilda Najjar Prado de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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FUNDAMENTOS - A produção científica da dermatologia brasileira, quantitativa e qualitativamente, é pouco conhecida e pouco estudada. OBJETIVO - Analisar características da produção científica da dermatologia brasileira segundo o publicado nos Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia entre 2003 e 2007. MÉTODOS - Realizou-se estudo transversal através análise dos artigos publicados nas seções de "investigação clínica, epidemiológica, laboratorial e terapêutica"; "caso clínico"e "comunicação"dos Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia entre 2003 e 2007. As variáveis de interesse foram: objeto temático, delineamento utilizado e grupo de enfermidades nas seções de investigação e caso clínico e o enfoque quanto à seção "comunicação". RESULTADOS - Entre os artigos de investigação predominaram os trabalhos clínicos (60,3%); os com temática cirúrgica ou cosmiátrica somaram 13%. Delineamento descritivo/observacional prevaleceu (81,9%), sendo a "série de casos"o mais utilizado (50%). Predominaram enfermidades infecciosas (33,6%) entre os de investigação e inflamatórias (28,6%) entre os casos relatados. Relato de casos (54,3%) foi o principal enfoque dado às comunicações CONCLUSÃO - Predominou a tradição descritiva nos artigos publicados no período. Delineamentos mais elaborados e sofisticados foram incomuns. O método científico e a análise crítica da literatura devem fazer parte do currículo da pós-graduação em dermatologia...

‣ Jogo de empresas: ambiente laboratorial para pesquisas econômicas; Business game: laboratory environment for economic research

Silva, Adriano Maniçoba da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/04/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
456.89%
Os jogos de empresas, ambientes laboratoriais caracterizados por interações de múltiplas variáveis, têm sido pouco utilizados para pesquisas em face das críticas a sua validade interna, ou seja, à capacidade de o ambiente bem representar relações de causa e efeito (KEYS; WOLFE, 1990; STAINTON et al, 2010). Ao contrário, são usados com frequência para ensino-aprendizagem (FARIA et al, 2009) e considerados ambientes verossímeis quanto ao contexto organizacional e à capacidade de generalização dos resultados obtidos - validade externa (MICHALISIN et al, 2004; STAINTON et al, 2010). O oposto ocorre nos ambientes laboratoriais adotados no programa de pesquisa da economia experimental, que, ao utilizarem delineamentos simplificados (geralmente com fator único) têm maior reconhecimento para pesquisa, pois permitem o controle da validade interna (ROTH, 2010). Contudo, tais pesquisas são frequentemente criticadas pela baixa validade externa, decorrente da utilização do delineamento simplificado (LEVITT; LIST, 2007b, p. 353; CAMERER, 2011). Buscou-se nesta tese aproximar jogos de empresas e economia experimental e estudar as condições em que os jogos de empresas tornam-se ambientes laboratoriais adequados para pesquisas econômicas. Para cumprir este objetivo a tese foi composta por quatro estudos. O ensaio teórico revisitou os fundamentos dos programas de pesquisa de jogos de empresas e de economia experimental e permitiu delinear três estudos teórico-empíricos...

‣ An overview of research designs relevant to nursing: Part 1: quantitative research designs

Sousa,Valmi D.; Driessnack,Martha; Mendes,Isabel Amélia Costa
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This three part series of articles provides a brief overview of relevant research designs in nursing. The first article in the series presents the most frequently used quantitative research designs. Strategies for non-experimental and experimental research designs used to generate and refine nursing knowledge are described. In addition, the importance of quantitative designs and the role they play in developing evidence-based practice are discussed. Nursing care needs to be determined by the results of sound research rather than by clinical preferences or tradition.

‣ An overview of research designs relevant to nursing: part 2: qualitative research designs

Driessnack,Martha; Sousa,Valmi D.; Mendes,Isabel Amélia Costa
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
565.15094%
This second article of the series An Overview of Research Designs Relevant to Nursing presents qualitative research designs. Phenomenological, ground theory, ethnography, narrative inquiry, and other related qualitative-related research methodologies are described. In addition, the importance of qualitative research as groundwork for quantitative studies is discussed. This link between qualitative and quantitative research is fundamental to promote evidence-based nursing practice.

‣ An overview of research designs relevant to nursing: Part 3: Mixed and multiple methods

Martha,Driessnack; Sousa,Valmi D.; Mendes,Isabel Amélia Costa
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
554.7364%
This third article of the series "An Overview of Research Designs Relevant to Nursing" presents the use of mixed or multiple methods in nursing research. The use of mixed or multiple methods is a growing trend that offers another option for researchers in addressing the complex health problems faced in nursing today. Understanding of all methods and all combinations of methods facilitate the conduction and dissemination of research to serve nursing practice.

‣ Description of research design of articles published in four Brazilian physical therapy journals

Saragiotto,Bruno T.; Costa,Lucíola C. M.; Oliveira,Ronaldo F.; Lopes,Alexandre D.; Moseley,Anne M.; Costa,Leonardo O. P.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
456.45223%
Background : While the research design of articles published in medical journals and in some physical therapy journals has already been evaluated, this has not been investigated in Brazilian physical therapy journals. Objective : To describe the research design used in all articles published in Brazilian scientific journals that are freely available, have high Qualis rankings, and are relevant to physical therapy over a 7-year period. Method : We extracted the bibliometric data, research design, research type (human or animal), and clinical area for all articles published. The articles were grouped into their level of evidence, and descriptive analyses were performed. We calculated the frequency, proportions of articles, and 95% confidence interval of these proportions with each research design in each journal. We cross-tabulated the clinical areas with research designs (expressed as number and percentages). Results : A total of 1,458 articles from four Brazilian journals were found: Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia, Revista Fisioterapia em Movimento, Revista Fisioterapia e Pesquisa, and Revista Acta Fisiátrica. The majority of articles were classified as level II of evidence (60%), followed by level III (29%) and level I (10%). The most prevalent research designs were cross-sectional studies (38%)...

‣ Should Zelen pre-randomised consent designs be used in some neonatal trials?

Allmark, P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
457.20844%
My aim is to suggest that there is a case for using a randomised consent design in some neonatal trials. As an example I use the trials of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonates suffering pulmonary hypertension. In some trials the process of obtaining consent has the potential to harm the subject, for example, by disappointing those who end in the control group and by creating additional anxiety at times of acute illness. An example of such were the trials of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonates suffering pulmonary hypertension. Pre-randomised consent could avoid or lessen these harms. However, a number of ethical objections are made to these research designs. They involve denial of information, using people, denial of choice, and "overselling" of allocated treatment. Furthermore, they are the wrong response; better communication might be the answer, for example. I argue that these objections are not completely persuasive. However, they are enough to suggest caution in the use of such designs.

‣ Creating Innovative Research Designs: The 10-Year Methodological Think Tank Case Study

Katerndahl, David; Crabtree, Benjamin
Fonte: Copyright 2006 Annals of Family Medicine, Inc. Publicador: Copyright 2006 Annals of Family Medicine, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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PURPOSE Addressing important but complex research questions often necessitates the creation of innovative mixed methods designs. This report describes an approach to developing research designs for studying important but methodologically challenging research questions.

‣ Research designs for studies evaluating the effectiveness of change and improvement strategies

Eccles, M; Grimshaw, J; Campbell, M; Ramsay, C
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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 The methods of evaluating change and improvement strategies are not well described. The design and conduct of a range of experimental and non-experimental quantitative designs are considered. Such study designs should usually be used in a context where they build on appropriate theoretical, qualitative and modelling work, particularly in the development of appropriate interventions. A range of experimental designs are discussed including single and multiple arm randomised controlled trials and the use of more complex factorial and block designs. The impact of randomisation at both group and individual levels and three non-experimental designs (uncontrolled before and after, controlled before and after, and time series analysis) are also considered. The design chosen will reflect both the needs (and resources) in any particular circumstances and also the purpose of the evaluation. The general principle underlying the choice of evaluative design is, however, simple—those conducting such evaluations should use the most robust design possible to minimise bias and maximise generalisability.

‣ Small Sample Research Designs for Evidence-based Rehabilitation: Issues and Methods

Graham, James E.; Karmarkar, Amol M.; Ottenbacher, Kenneth J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
469.4436%
Conventional research methods, including randomized controlled trials, are powerful techniques for determining the efficacy of interventions. These designs, however, have practical limitations when applied to many rehabilitation settings and research questions. Alternative methods are available that can supplement findings from traditional research designs and improve our ability to evaluate the effectiveness of treatments for individual patients. The focus on individual patients is an important element of evidenced-based rehabilitation. This paper examines one such alternate approach: small-N research designs. Small-N designs usually focus on ten or fewer participants whose behavior (outcomes) are measured repeatedly and compared over time. The advantages and limitations of various small-N designs are described and illustrated using three examples from the rehabilitation literature. The challenges and opportunities of applying small-N designs to enhance evidence-based rehabilitation are discussed.

‣ RESEARCH DESIGNS IN SPORTS PHYSICAL THERAPY

Page, Phil
Fonte: Sports Physical Therapy Section Publicador: Sports Physical Therapy Section
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
460.4792%
Research is designed to answer a question or to describe a phenomenon in a scientific process. Sports physical therapists must understand the different research methods, types, and designs in order to implement evidence‐based practice. The purpose of this article is to describe the most common research designs used in sports physical therapy research and practice. Both experimental and non‐experimental methods will be discussed.

‣ Tying comparative effectiveness information to decision-making and the future of comparative effectiveness research designs: the case for antipsychotic drugs

Basu, Anirban; Meltzer, Herbert Y
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
459.8083%
The outcome of comparative effectiveness research on antipsychotic drugs, specifically the National Institute of Mental Health-funded CATIE trial, has raised questions regarding the value of second-generation antipsychotic drugs and has sparked a debate regarding their accessibility through public insurance. We reviewed the evidence on the impact of access restrictions for antipsychotic drugs in Medicaid programs and found that such restrictions resulted in increases in overall costs and a possible decline in the quality of care. We attribute this unwanted outcome to limitations in comparative effectiveness research designs that fail to inform either clinical or policy decision-making. We enumerate these limitations and illustrate the potential for more innovative comparative effectiveness research designs that may be in line with clinical decision-making using an original analysis of the CATIE trial data. The value of genomic information in enabling better trial design is also discussed.

‣ Designs, devices & development: audience research as creative resource in the making of an Afghan radio drama

Skuse, A.; Gillespie, M.
Fonte: University of Wales Publicador: University of Wales
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
456.2939%
This essay analyses the role of audience research as a change agent in media development interventions in Afghanistan. It analyses how audience research in transnational contexts involves a complex set of intercultural negotiations and translations that contribute to the enduring relevance and sustainability of the highly popular Afghan radio soap opera New Home, New Life. This is a ‘development drama’ that has been broadcast across Afghanistan since 1993. It is based on BBC Radio 4’s The Archers and produced by BBC Afghan Education Projects (BBC AEP). Audience research has been vital to forging a dynamic relationship between the creative teams who make the drama, the donors who pay for it, and the audiences who consume it. The article addresses three broad themes. First, we outline how data gathered in formative audience research, prior to the creation of the drama, provides the creative team with the dramatic raw material for the radio serial. The extensive qualitative data gathered by Afghan researchers in local milieux is translated so as to enable culturally diverse teams of writers and producers to ground the serial narratives in the lived experiences of its audiences, and to introduce multiple local perspectives on development issues. Second...

‣ A critical analysis of the Acquisition Review Journal: are we in step with the field?

Miranda, Cristina M.; Spann, Cheronda V.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 85 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
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MBA Professional Report; The purpose of this study is to provide contributing authors with an understanding of the trends in article submission to the Acquisition Review Journal (ARJ) with regard to the types of research performed, research design, and data analysis. This research will provide future contributors with insight that will improve both the quality of the ARJ and future research for the Acquisition Corps. It will also provide guidance and recommendations for future research articles within the ARJ. This study analyzed and classified 233 articles that were published in the ARJ over the last 13 years (1994-2006). Ccontent and statistical analyses were performed on the themes, research types, research designs, and data analysis methods employed. Moreover, trends such as educational and institutional affiliations of contributing authors were also reviewed. The ARJ has shown some distinctive trends, which are reflected in its publication of a number of qualitative studies; however, it has also shown progress in the number of published quantitative studies. The academe and practitioners' contributions remained steady,while civilian contributions have been rising. These trends are in line with current recommendations of the research community. For a relatively new journal...

‣ The state of the discipline : authorship, research designs, and citation patterns in studies of EU interest groups and lobbying

BUNEA, Adriana; BAUMGARTNER, Frank R.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
461.33016%
Published online on July 02, 2014; Which European universities and research centres are most prominent in research on European Union (EU) interest groups? What are the theoretical perspectives employed currently in this scholarship? What research designs do scholars employ to study and investigate EU interest groups? And finally, what are the academic works that constitute the core building blocks on which researchers of EU lobbying build their theoretical arguments and empirical research? We answer these questions by analysing an original, built-for-purpose dataset providing information on the theoretical approaches, research designs and bibliographic references employed in 196 academic articles published on the topic of EU lobbying and interest groups in 22 European and American journals of political science and public policy. The dataset also contains information about authors' academic affiliation and Ph.D.-awarding institutions. We combine two approaches employed in the literature on systematic analyses of a discipline: the research synthesis and meta-analysis approach, and the bibliometric approach.

‣ A vision for chronic disease prevention and intervention research: report from a workshop

Ashbury, F.D.; Little, J.; Ioannidis, J.P.A.; Kreiger, N.; Palmer, L.J.; Relton, C.; Taylor, P.
Fonte: Canadian Public Health Association Publicador: Canadian Public Health Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
456.58656%
The Population Studies Research Network of Cancer Care Ontario hosted a strategic planning workshop to establish an agenda for a prevention intervention research program in Ontario, including priority topics for investigation and design considerations. The two-day workshop included: presentations on background papers developed to facilitate participants' preparation for and discussions in the workshop; keynote presentations on intervention research concerning primary prevention of chronic diseases, design and study implementation considerations; a dedicated session on critical and creative thinking to stimulate participation and discussion topics; breakout groups to identify, discuss and present study ideas, designs, implementation considerations; and a consensus process to discuss and identify recommendations for research priorities and next steps. The retreat yielded the following recommendations: 1) develop an intervention research agenda that includes working with existing large-scale cohorts; 2) develop an intervention research agenda that includes novel research designs that could target individuals or groups; and 3) develop an intervention research agenda in which studies collect data on costs, define stakeholders, and ensure clear strategies for stakeholder engagement and knowledge transfer. The Population Studies Research Network will develop options from these recommendations and release a call for proposals in 2014 for intervention research pilot projects that reflect these recommendations. Pilot projects will be evaluated based on their fit with the retreat's recommendations...

‣ Longitudinal designs, methods and analysis in psychiatric research

Anstey, Kaarin; Hofer, Scott
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
463.34234%
Objective: To outline the strengths and limitations of longitudinal research designs in psychiatry, and to describe different types of longitudinal designs and methods for analyzing longitudinal data. Method: Key references on longitudinal methods were reviewed and examples drawn from literature in psychiatry and psychology. Results: Longitudinal studies provide important information regarding the incidence and developmental trajectories of mental disorders. They allow for identification of risk factors and developmental concomitants. Recent developments in statistical methods for analyzing longitudinal data provide efficient estimates of change and predictors of change over time, identification and characteristics of distinct subgroups defined by change pattern, and improved methods for obtaining unbiased population estimates when data are incomplete. Conclusion: Longitudinal designs, methods and analysis can contribute to psychiatric studies on risk factors for common mental disorders, studies of early intervention and prevention and treatment outcomes.

‣ Revisão dos desenhos de pesquisa relevantes para enfermagem: Parte 1: desenhos de pesquisa quantitativa; Revisión de diseños de investigación resaltantes para enfermería. Parte 1: diseños de investigación cuantitativa; An overview of research designs relevant to nursing: Part 1: quantitative research designs

Sousa, Valmi D.; Driessnack, Martha; Mendes, Isabel Amélia Costa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
569.274%
Esta série de três artigos apresenta uma breve revisão dos desenhos de pesquisa relevantes para a enfermagem. Neste primeiro artigo da série são revistos os desenhos de pesquisa quantitativa mais utilizados atualmente nas investigações desta área de conhecimento. São apontados os tipos de estratégia que tais desenhos utilizam para gerar e refinar conhecimento e são descritos os desenhos classificados como não-experimentais e experimentais. A guisa de conclusão ressalta-se a importância da prática baseada em evidência para a profissão, de modo que o cuidado de enfermagem seja determinado por resultados de pesquisa sólida e não por preferências clínicas ou por tradição.; Esta serie de tres artículos muestra una breve revisión de los diseños de investigación resaltantes para Enfermería. En el primer artículo de la serie son revisados los diseños de investigación cuantitativa mas utilizados en la actualidad para las investigaciones en esta área del conocimiento. Son indicados los tipos de estrategias que tales diseños utilizan para generar y refinar conocimiento siendo descritos los diseños clasificados como no experimentales y experimentales. A modo de conclusión se resalta sobre la importancia de la práctica basada en evidencia para la profesión...

‣ Revisão dos desenhos de pesquisa relevantes para enfermagem: Parte 3: Métodos mistos e múltiplos; Revisión de los diseños de investigación relevantes para la enfermería: Parte 3: Métodos mixtos y múltiples; An overview of research designs relevant to nursing: Part 3: Mixed and multiple methods

Martha, Driessnack; Sousa, Valmi D.; Mendes, Isabel Amélia Costa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
554.7364%
Este terceiro artigo da série "Revisão dos Desenhos de Pesquisa Relevantes para Enfermagem" apresenta o uso dos métodos mistos ou múltiplos na pesquisa em enfermagem. O uso de métodos mistos ou múltiplos é uma tendência crescente que oferece uma alternativa aos pesquisadores na abordagem de problemas complexos da saúde enfrentados atualmente em enfermagem. Entender todos os métodos e todas as combinações de métodos facilita a condução e disseminação da pesquisa para servir a prática da enfermagem.; Este tercero artículo de la serie "Revisión de los Diseños de Investigación Relevantes para la Enfermería" presenta el uso de los métodos mixtos o múltiples en la investigación en enfermería. El uso de métodos mixtos o múltiples es una tendencia creciente que ofrece una alternativa a los investigadores en la aproximación de problemas complejos de la salud enfrentados actualmente en la enfermería. Entender todos los métodos y todas las combinaciones de métodos facilita la conducción y diseminación de la investigación para servir a la práctica de la enfermería.; This third article of the series "An Overview of Research Designs Relevant to Nursing" presents the use of mixed or multiple methods in nursing research. The use of mixed or multiple methods is a growing trend that offers another option for researchers in addressing the complex health problems faced in nursing today. Understanding of all methods and all combinations of methods facilitate the conduction and dissemination of research to serve nursing practice.

‣ An overview of research designs relevant to nursing: part 2: qualitative research designs; Revisión de diseños relevantes para enfermería: parte 2: diseños de investigación cualitativa; Revisão dos desenhos de pesquisa relevantes para enfermagem: parte 2: desenhos de pesquisa qualitativa

Driessnack, Martha; Sousa, Valmi D.; Mendes, Isabel Amélia Costa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
565.15094%
This second article of the series An Overview of Research Designs Relevant to Nursing presents qualitative research designs. Phenomenological, ground theory, ethnography, narrative inquiry, and other related qualitative-related research methodologies are described. In addition, the importance of qualitative research as groundwork for quantitative studies is discussed. This link between qualitative and quantitative research is fundamental to promote evidence-based nursing practice.; Este segundo artículo de la serie de Revisión de los Diseños de Investigación Relevantes para Enfermería presenta los diseños de investigación cualitativa. Son descritas metodologías fenomenológicas, teoría fundamentada en los datos, etnografía, investigación narrativa entre las principales. Así mismo se discute la importancia de la investigación cualitativa como base para estudios cuantitativos. Esta conexión entre investigación cualitativa y cuantitativa es fundamental para promover la práctica de enfermería basada en evidencias.; Este segundo artigo da série Revisão dos Desenhos de Pesquisa Relevantes para Enfermagem apresenta desenhos de pesquisa qualitativa. São descritas metodologias fenomenológicas, teoria fundamentada nos dados...