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‣ Bridging the gap between organizations policies and the network security and systems administration in SMEs

Cunha, Carlos R.; Morais, Elisabete Paulo; Gomes, João Pedro
Fonte: International Business Information Management Association Publicador: International Business Information Management Association
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The administration of systems and networks is a technical specialized complex task. If large organizations can have in their Information Technology (IT) departments systems and network security specialists, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) typically can’t; they have only some computers science broadband IT collaborators that respond by the maintenance of the IT resources, and, in some cases, accumulate with some software development. We make of this view the start point of our research, allying the growing need of securing the IT resources and the information sources which are becoming more and more valuable for every single organization. For SMEs the solution for implement security is, many times, an outsourcing task. The problem is that implementing security is an exercise that overflows the common IT domain, but it starts by fully understanding the organization culture, policies and procedures. This knowledge is something that collaborators learn day by day and not something that we can put on paper easily and tell some outsourced specialists to secure. Even if that could be done, the daily maintenance of the security would be a very hard task. This paper makes considerations about security on SMEs reality and presents a framework that permit a high level approach for implement security...

‣ An initial proposal for PDP of smes developing hospital furniture

Ocampo, Jovany Uribe; Kaminski, Paulo Carlos
Fonte: São Paulo Publicador: São Paulo
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A large percentage of the industrial SMEs has an organizational structure for product development too far from the adequate practices and models, elaborated by renowned authors with expertise in the theme of product development. On the other hand, the authors state that SMEs obtain considerable advantages by adopting a model of product development process (PDP) management. Healt is one of the most innovative sectors in the world, and countries like Brazil and Colombia are transitioning from a system that cares for contagious infecttions diseases where the drug product is the main form of treatment - to a system that cares for chronic degenerative conditions - where the equipment, including hospital furniture, has more relevance to the treatment. This change is offering better opportunities of specialized markets to hospital furniture SMEs that adopt an adquate PDF model. The present study proposes a first outline of a model of PDP management for industrial metal-mechanical SMEs that develop and manufacture hospital furniture, from a review of models proposed for great mechanical area.

‣ Adoption of open innovation strategies among SMEs : a comparative study In Portugal and Turkey

Rahman, Hakikur; Acilar, Ali; Ramos, Isabel
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The aim of this paper is to outline the situation of the Portuguese and the Turkish small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) in the field of adopting various open innovation strategies. Through the research, the reader may get a bird sight view on the conditions of the decision-making process leading to the introduction of a open innovation among SMEs within the local context. In the aspect of adoption of strategies the Portuguese enterprises adopt collaboration with universities in higher proportion, while Turkish SMEs adopt collaboration with intermediaries in higher proportion, though in both countries, collaboration with other partners remain as the best chosen strategy. It has been concluded that enterprises of the same size in the surveyed countries consider similar factors before making a decision on introducing open innovation strategies in their business. Furthermore, it is expected that within a short time, an extended survey will be carried out in both countries, including one or two additional countries.

‣ The use of cloud computing services by Portuguese’s Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) : a study which aims to understand to what extent are Portuguese’s SMEs managers using and managing cloud computing services

Duarte, Diogo Miguel de Abreu
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 04/06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The objective of this dissertation is to understand to what extent are the Portuguese SMEs using and managing Cloud Computing services. This work strives to understand if the managers of the Portuguese SMEs are knowledgeable to embrace this technology, and identify which areas of the Portuguese SMEs’ value chain is Cloud Computing being currently applied and which areas are expected to be explored in the future. In order to address the main objective of this dissertation, an on-line questionnaire is made to several Portuguese SMEs from different economic sectors. This questionnaire has been made by taking into account the knowledge of the Literature Review and the expertise and experience of a pool of experts on the field of Cloud Computing. With the objective of interpreting the data from the on-line questionnaire, a statistical analysis is performed. This data is analyzed trough descriptive statistics, as well as cross-tabulations between variables, according to the research objectives of this work The results of this work highlights that only around 40% of the Portuguese SMEs are using Cloud Computing services consciously, meaning that there are companies using this technology without even being aware of it. According to this study...

‣ Employment and SMEs during crises

Varum, C.A.; Rocha, V.C.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The persistent increasing duration of unemployment has become an issue during economic crises. Although lay-offs at large firms normally make headlines during crises, we still know little about the potential impact of firm size on adjustment behavior in a crisis. We studied effects of firm size on employment growth during economic slowdowns using a rich microeconomic database for the 1988-2007 period in Portuguese manufacturing industry. The results show that economic downturns affect firm growth negatively. This negative effect is found to be higher for larger firms, both during and immediately following crisis periods. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) emerge as potential stabilizers in downturn periods. However, larger firms seem to be able to quickly recover from downturn periods. Our results contribute to the scarce literature and to the understanding of the Portuguese case, where many SMEs secure most jobs. These first results may be useful, because SMEs play a determinant role in other European Union economies.

‣ Technology Alliances and Firm Performance: Portuguese SMEs in an EU-Sponsored Research Setting

Carvalho, Adão
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 1518261 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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This thesis is concerned with the relationship between R&D (research and development) alliances and firm performance. It investigates whether SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises) have performance improvements through participation in government sponsored R&D alliances and attempts to understand the extent to which they are capable of turning alliance outcomes into performance. The thesis analyses simultaneously the alliance performance and firm performance and looks at the influence of the initial conditions and implementation process on both. Complementary to this, the study addresses the issue of organisational learning from alliances. The empirical evidence is based on the experience of a sample of Portuguese manufacturing SMEs from several traditional sectors who participated in the collaborative programme CRAFT (1994-98) sponsored by the EU (European Union). The data were collected through face-to-face interviews, using a structured questionnaire for guiding them. The study aims primarily at capturing the firm’s perspective, with the CRAFT programme regarded as a source of resources the firm uses in pursuit of its objectives. The successful cases, though quite few, illustrate the potential performance benefits SMEs can achieve with the CRAFT model of partnering...

‣ Are financing decisions of family-owned SMEs different? Empirical evidence using panel data

Serrasqueiro, Zélia; Nunes, Paulo; Vidigal da Silva, Jacinto
Fonte: eContent Management Pty Ltd Publicador: eContent Management Pty Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This paper analyses if ownership structure is an important determinant of capital structure decisions, on the basis of two sub-samples of family-owned and non-family owned SMEs, and using panel data models. The results suggest that family ownership is an important determinant for: i) the variations of short and long-term debt stimulated by the financial deficit; and ii) the speed of adjustment of short and long-term debt toward the respective target levels; and iii) the relationships between determinants and short-term debt and long-term debt. In general, the capital structure decisions of family-owned SMEs are closer to what is forecast by trade-off theory than those non-family owned SMEs, whereas the capital structure decisions of non-family owned SMEs are closer to forecast of pecking order theory than those family-owned SMEs.

‣ The impact of internationalization on firm’s performance: a qualitative study of Portuguese SMEs

Araújo, João F.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Mestrado em "Internation Management"; Este estudo identifica os principais impactos da internacionalização na performance das organizações. Com base na revisão das teorias relevantes para o tema da pesquisa, este estudo sugere que a internacionalização tem um impacto positivo na performance global das PMEs portuguesas ao nível financeiro, recursos humanos, certificações internacionais, marketing e cultura organizacional. O estudo foi realizado em duas fases. Na primeira fase, foi realizado um questionário junto de trinta PMEs portuguesas de forma a permitir compreender o comportamento dos gestores das PMEs face à internacionalização, sobretudo relativamente aos motivos para internacionalizar, aos mercados de destino e às formas de presença nesses mercados. Na segunda fase do estudo, de forma a permitir identificar os principais impactos relacionados com o objectivo desta tese, foram realizadas seis entrevistas semi-estruturadas com gestores de topo de seis PMEs portuguesas de sectores distintos, com diferentes graus de internacionalização e de diferentes regiões do país. Todos os gestores tinham responsabilidades ao nível do marketing internacional nas suas firmas. O objectivo destas entrevistas semi-estruturadas foi identificar as principais alterações provocadas pela internacionalização nas firmas dos gestores entrevistados. Os resultados sugerem que a internacionalização permitiu obter melhores resultados financeiros...

‣ Controlo de conversores de eletrónica de potência para integração com SMES na melhoria da qualidade de energia elétrica

Casimiro, Luís Diogo da Silva
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Mestre em Engenharia Eletrotécnica e de Computadores; A qualidade de energia elétrica (QEE) tem sido um aspeto da rede elétrica que ganha cada vez mais importância, tanto na investigação académica como no desenvolvimento de soluções técnicas. Neste campo, das várias tecnologias existentes para atenuar os efeitos das perturbações na rede elétrica, o Unified Power Quality Conditioner (UPQC) apresenta bons resultados, pela combinação das capacidades de filtragem e restauração de tensão dos conversores ativos, paralelo e série. No entanto, em distúrbios de maior duração e situações de sobretensão, o UPQC apresenta algumas limitações, que podem ser suprimidas através da integração de um sistema de armazenamento de energia. Neste trabalho, optou-se pela utilização de uma tecnologia supercondutora, os SMES (Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage), dada a sua elevada densidade de potência. Desta forma, o objetivo desta dissertação é contribuir para a melhoria da qualidade da energia, através do desenvolvimento de um sistema de filtragem ativa unificada integrada com SMES. O trabalho envolveu uma reflexão sobre os principais problemas que afetam a QEE nas redes de distribuição...

‣ Strategic alliances in the internationalization of SMEs: a qualitative study

Figueiredo, Sandra Filipa Mesquita
Fonte: Universidade da Beira Interior Publicador: Universidade da Beira Interior
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36105%
In today’s business environment, internationalization is everywhere, whether in daily routines or business and entrepreneur life. To be able to accompany this development markets had to follow this path and so therefore had firms. Not only big companies started to act in international markets, also small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), if they wanted to succeed and achieve better results, started to try and find ways to get involved in other countries and penetrate foreign markets. However these small firms entered these new markets, most of them turned to other firms in order to build strategic alliances as a resource to achieve their goals. Portuguese SMEs are no exception to the rule and have used other firms as a means to help them get their products known beyond national markets. The objectives of this study are to identify the reasons for the internationalization of Portuguese SMEs using strategic alliances and to build an understanding of the entire process. To do so, two case studies were carried out for the analysis, obtaining information from interviews and documentary analysis. It was found that to internationalize, Portuguese SMEs have a preference for strategic alliances because allied firms can provide them with the resources they lack and knowledge of the internationalization process...

‣ Report on credit lending to SMEs

Heneghan, John; Lenihan, Helena
Fonte: Kemmy Business School, University of Limerick Publicador: Kemmy Business School, University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/report; all_ul_research
Português
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non-peer-reviewed;                            The aims of the report were to:-Explore the disparity between the level of information required by lenders and the ability of SMEs to supply it. -Gain insights from the Credit Review Office (CRO) from its experience as an independent reviewer of lending decisions by banks that turn down loan requests from SMEs. -Facilitate an exchange of views between SMEs, lenders and SME advisors, which might lead to overcoming barriers to credit access.; ACCEPTED; non-peer-reviewed

‣ Credit risk mitigation and SMEs bank financing in Basel II : the case of the Loan Guarantee Associations

Cardone Riportella, Clara; Trujillo Ponce, Antonio; Casasola, María José
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2008 Português
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The objective of this paper is to analyse the impact of the techniques foreseen in the Basel Agreement II (BII) for mitigating the risk of default on bank loans to small and medium enterprises (SMEs). In particular, we will conduct an analysis of the effect of the guarantees that the Loan Guarantee Association (LGA) offer to the SMEs on the assignment of capital requirements of the financial entities under BII. At the same time, the study will examine the effect of this guarantee on the credit risk premium that the financial entities should charge their clients, and whether this foreseeable decrease in the interest rates applicable to the SMEs is compensated by the cost of the guarantee. The results show that, considering that the cost of the LGA guarantee in Spain is around 0.68%, it will be advantageous for an SME with the annual sales of less than or equal to €5 million to request this guarantee whenever the probability of default (PD) of the LGA is <1.1%, if the approach utilised by the financial entity is the Internal Ratings-Based (IRB) and the SME is considered as corporate; however, if the SME is included in a regulatory retail portfolio, then the limit for the PD of the LGA decreases to 0.71%. On the other hand...

‣ Best practices and potential biases in trade missions : Portuguese SMEs mission guidelines

Sousa, Jorge Diogo Rodrigues e
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 29/05/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Standing in a period of economic uncertainty, Portugal had to look for measures to improve its financial health. Internationalization was regarded as an option, leading EPAs and, specifically, Trade Missions to gain notoriety. Since SMEs are crucial in the country’s recovery and are seen as the companies which can receive greater benefits from participating in these Missions, we develop a list of potential biases and best practices regarding Trade Mission. Through interviewing SMEs participants, EPAs, and Trade Fairs SMEs participants, we manage to identify some initiatives expected to contribute in making Portuguese Trade Missions more efficient. Among the potential biases, most of them are related to internal attribution. As a result, firms need to: be explicit while interacting with the agencies; take measured risks on which country to invest and be aware of their capability to internationalize their operations; understand who their potential partners are and how to interact with them; and be as less dependent as possible from the organizers, hence, making deals on their own. Regarding the best practices, the ones listed intend to give doable conducts on how an SME can prepare for a Trade Mission. We aim at making participants aware of others’ importance and...

‣ An empirical examination of the extent of software process improvement in software SMEs

Clarke, Paul; O'Connor, Rory V.
Fonte: Wiley_Blackwell Publicador: Wiley_Blackwell
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
Português
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peer-reviewed; Although earlier studies revealed much about software process improvement (SPI) in Small- to Medium-sized Enterprises (software SMEs), no earlier research set out to determine the full extent of SPI being implemented in software SMEs. Therefore, this study was designed from the outset to elicit all instances of SPI, which we term SPI events – no matter how small or informal. We make the important new discovery that SMEs initiate a considerable amount of SPI, albeit in varying quantities in different organisations. No earlier study reported that the practice of SPI was so widespread in software SMEs, and this is perhaps related to the extensive scope of the enquiry adopted in this study. Our study also finds that the significant majority of SPI in software SMEs is minor or moderate in nature, sometimes leveraging the human capital via improvements in tacit knowledge. Software development is an intrinsically human intensive activity and it therefore follows that the maximisation of the human capital in an organisation is a source of competitive advantage. However, contemporary process maturity frameworks and quality management standards do not fully exploit the capacity of human capital and may therefore diminish rather than improve the competitive advantage of software SMEs.

‣ A hierarchy of SPI activities for software SMEs: results from ISO/IEC 12207-based SPI assessments

Clarke, Paul; O'Connor, Rory V.; Yilmaz, Murat
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
Português
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peer-reviewed; In an assessment of software process improvement (SPI) in 15 software small- and –medium-sized enterprises (software SMEs), we applied the broad spectrum of software specific and system context processes in ISO/IEC 12207 to the task of examining SPI in practice. Using the data collected in the study, we developed a four-tiered pyramidal hierarchy of SPI for software SMEs, with processes in the higher tiers undergoing SPI in more companies than processes on lower level tiers. The development of the hierarchy of SPI activities for software SMEs can facilitate future evolutions of process maturity reference frameworks, such as ISO/IEC 15504, in better supporting software development in software SMEs. Furthermore, the findings extend our body of knowledge concerning the practice of SPI in software SMEs, a large and vital sector of the software development community that has largely avoided the implementation of established process maturity and software quality management standards.

‣ The development of a low-overhead assessment method for Irish software SMEs

Mc Caffery, Fergal; Coleman, Gerry
Fonte: Maximilian Press Publicador: Maximilian Press
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
Português
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peer-reviewed; This paper describes the development of ,Adept', a low-overhead method of software process appraisal specifically targeted at Irish software small-to-medium-si2ed enterprises (SMEs). The method explicitly focuses on organisations that have little or no experience of software process improvement (SPI) programmes. Historically, it has been difficult for software SMEs to find the resources, in both time and money, necessary to engage properly in SPI. To alleviate this, we have created a low-overhead and relatively non-invasive solution to support SMEs in establishing process improvement initiatives. The paper initially describes how Adept was developed and then illustrates how the method is currently being extended to include an on-line tool that may be used by the appraised organi2ation to perform follow-on self-assessments.

‣ Family-owned and non family-owned SMEs: empirical evidence of survival determinants

Nunes, Paulo; Serrasqueiro, Zélia; Vidigal da Silva, Jacinto
Fonte: Universidad Oviedo\ Publicador: Universidad Oviedo\
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Using probit regressions and on the basis of two research samples: 1589 family-owned SMEs and 485 non family-owned SMEs, this paper analyzes if there are significant differences between family-owned SMEs and non family-owned SMEs for determinants of survival. The empirical evidence obtained shows the existence of significant differences between these two types of firms for the determinants of survival. In the context of family-owned SMEs, the empirical evidence obtained allows us to conclude that: size, age and R&D expenditure are neither positive nor restrictive determinants of survival; cash flow and labour productivity are positive determinants of survival; and, debt, interest paid and risk are restrictive determinants of survival. In the case of non family-owned SMEs, size, age, cash flow, debt and R&D expenditure are positive determinants of survival, with interest paid, risk and labour productivity being neither positive nor restrictive determinants of survival.

‣ Strategic alliances in the internationalization of SMEs: a qualitative study

Figueiredo, Sandra Filipa Mesquita
Fonte: Universidade da Beira Interior Publicador: Universidade da Beira Interior
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36105%
In today’s business environment, internationalization is everywhere, whether in daily routines or business and entrepreneur life. To be able to accompany this development markets had to follow this path and so therefore had firms. Not only big companies started to act in international markets, also small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), if they wanted to succeed and achieve better results, started to try and find ways to get involved in other countries and penetrate foreign markets. However these small firms entered these new markets, most of them turned to other firms in order to build strategic alliances as a resource to achieve their goals. Portuguese SMEs are no exception to the rule and have used other firms as a means to help them get their products known beyond national markets. The objectives of this study are to identify the reasons for the internationalization of Portuguese SMEs using strategic alliances and to build an understanding of the entire process. To do so, two case studies were carried out for the analysis, obtaining information from interviews and documentary analysis. It was found that to internationalize, Portuguese SMEs have a preference for strategic alliances because allied firms can provide them with the resources they lack and knowledge of the internationalization process...

‣ La innovación publicitaria de las pymes por medio de las tic´s; Innovation rack of smes through ict´s

López Lamilla, Ana María; García Carvajal, Santiago
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Estudios a Distancia; Especialización en Alta Gerencia Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Estudios a Distancia; Especialización en Alta Gerencia
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
Português
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El documento se crea a partir de la situación en la cuál las pymes en Colombia no se encuentran en un contexto muy favorable en Colombia, debido a que en muchos casos éstas no tienen grandes beneficios, o no posee un nivel de educación lo suficientemente grande como para gestionar unas pymes de una manera adecuada, generando así que los ingresos de éstas no sean lo suficientemente grandes para contratar publicidad, y mucho menos en línea, que es la megatendencia actual. con este fin analizar cuál ha sido el crecimiento generado por la innovación publicitaria de las pymes que han encontrado la forma de realizar esto por medio de las tic´s ya sea tanto en empresas especializadas como en personas especializadas que pudiesen llegar al nicho del mercado que estas pymes tanto buscan y que en muchos casos representan una mayor dificultad porque son empresas en muchos casos con una sola sede o que sólo se encuentran en una sola ciudad.; The document was created from the situation in which smes in Colombia are not in a favorable context in Colombia, because in many cases they do not have great benefits, or do not have a large enough level of education as to manage an sme in an appropriate manner,generating revenue of these are not big enough to hire advertising...

‣ SMEs and internationalization: an empirical study of SMEs in Portugal

Trigo,Virgínia; Calapez,Teresa; Santos,Maria da Conceição
Fonte: ISCTE-IUL Business School Publicador: ISCTE-IUL Business School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 Português
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This paper presents the results of a survey of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Portugal drawn from a database of 2500 SMEs supplied by COFACE - the holder of the largest company database in Portugal. It is an exploratory study presenting descriptive results on their export drive, competitiveness in external markets, analysis of the environment, and innovation concerns vis-à-vis global markets and information needs for these markets. We draw from recent literature to identify the main features global markets require of companies if they are to operate successfully and compare them with our findings. Portugal was selected as the basis of our study not only because local companies have faced great changes in the last three decades following the transition from a closed and protected economy to full membership within the European Union and the current very open economy, but also because the country and population are so small that companies face tremendous pressures to internationalize as the domestic market for many types of goods is very limited.