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‣ Knowledge transfer in product development processes: A case study in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of the metal-mechanic sector from Sao Paulo, Brazil

KAMINSKI, Paulo Carlos; OLIVEIRA, Antonio Carlos de; LOPES, Tiago Marques
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This paper reports a research that evaluated the product development methodologies used in Brazilian small and medium-sized metal-mechanic enterprises (SMEs), in a specific region of Sao Paulo. The tool used for collecting the data was a questionnaire, which was developed and applied through interviews conducted by the researchers in 32 companies. The main focus of this paper can be condensed in the synthesis-question ""Is only the company responsible for the development?"" which was analyzed thoroughly. The results obtained from this analysis were evaluated directly (through the respective percentages of answers) and statistically (through the search of an index which demonstrates if two questions are related). The results point to a degree of maturity in SMEs, which allows product development to be conducted in cooperation networks. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

‣ Proposta de um ambiente cooperativo suportado por computador para participação de pequenas e médias empresas em organizações virtuais. ; Proposal of a co-operative environment supported by computer for the participation of small and medium enterprises in virtual organisations.

Mundim, Ana Paula Freitas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/06/1999 Português
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Diversos fatores levam ao crescimento do número de cooperações entre empresas. Dentre estes podem ser destacados: o rápido desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias de informação e a tendência das empresas concentrarem-se em suas competências essenciais, procurando tornarem-se ágeis para sobreviverem no competitivo mercado atual. Neste cenário, Empresas Virtuais (EVs) constituem uma apropriada alternativa e vantagem competitiva para Pequenas e Médias Empresas (PMEs). EVs podem ser formadas dentro de Organizações Virtuais (OVs), que são redes de potenciais parceiros (empresas). Entretanto, através de uma utilização sistemática de modernas tecnologias de informação, as EVs se tornam mais viáveis economicamente, devido a uma significativa redução nos custos de transação. Diante desta alternativa, propõe-se um ambiente cooperativo suportado por computador que possibilite e otimize a participação de PMEs em OVs. Como ambiente entende-se aqui as soluções técnicas de suporte computacional (ou infra-estrutura de informação), que devem apoiar a participação de PMEs nos processos de trabalho cooperativo do ambiente distribuído de uma OV. As questões humanas e organizacionais que as PMEs devem atender para participarem em OVs são...

‣ Indicadores de mensuração de desempenho em pequenas e médias empresas (PMEs): estudo no setor calçadista de Santa Catarina; Indicators of performance measurement in small and medium enterprises (SMEs): a study in the shoe sector de Santa Catarina

Souza, Antonia Egidia de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/09/2011 Português
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Para competir em um mercado global as organizações precisam, além de formular e implementar estratégias, adotar ferramentas de gestão para monitorar e controlar o desempenho do negócio e comunicar suas ações junto aos seus stakeholders. Diante disso, nos últimos 20 anos, os pesquisadores passaram a examinar e propor sistemas de mensuração de desempenho, considerando os parâmetros financeiros e não financeiros, para auxiliar os gestores na implemtação de planejamento estratégico, na tomada de decisão e no controle das ações. Mas, causa surpresa, os poucos trabalhos dirigidos às Pequenas e Médias Empresas (PMEs), sobre esse tema. Sabe-se que as PMEs têm características organizacionais e de desempenho que as tornam diferentes das grandes empresas, porém não se pode negligenciar o importante papel dos sistemas de mensuração de desempenho para qualquer tipo de empresa ou forma de gestão. Com isso em mente, a intenção desta tese foi responder a duas perguntas importantes, a saber: as Pequenas e Médias Empresas (PMEs) empregam indicadores de mensuração de desempenho? As características organizacionais influenciam no emprego de indicadores de mensuração de desempenho? As questões principais podem ser subdivididas nos seguintes questionamentos: Quais tipos de indicadores de desempenho são adotados pelas PMEs? Os indicadores são financeiros ou não financeiros? Quais dimensões não financeiras dos sistemas de mensuração de desempenho são aplicadas nas PMEs? Quais as motivações para empregar medidas de desempenho? Empresas que adotam práticas de gestão estratégicas e de pessoas...

‣ Ciclo de vida organizacional e artefatos de contabilidade gerencial: uma investigação nas 250 pequenas e médias empresas que mais cresceram no Brasil entre 2008 e 2010; Life cycle and management tools: an investigation in the 250 small and medium companies that most grew in brazil between 2008 and 2010

Valeriano, Carlos Eduardo Braz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/02/2013 Português
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Este trabalho tem por objetivo ampliar o conhecimento sobre as teorias de ciclo de vida e de Contabilidade Gerencial investigando a relação existente entre o estágio do ciclo de vida organizacional e os artefatos da Contabilidade Gerencial adotados pelas Pequenas e Médias Empresas (PMEs) que mais cresceram no Brasil entre 2008 e 2010, sendo esta não muito explorada em pesquisas e literatura, contribuindo, deste modo, para um melhor entendimento dos problemas enfrentados pelas PMEs, uma vez que a estas empresas possuem grande relevância na economia e na sociedade Brasileira. Para tanto, foi realizado um estudo envolvendo 37 PMEs, dentre as 250 PMES que mais cresceram no Brasil entre 2008 e 2010, por meio de questionário eletrônico enviado durante o mês de Setembro de 2012 que tinha como objetivo investigar a relação existente entre o estágio do ciclo de vida organizacional e os artefatos de Contabilidade Gerencial adotados pelas 250 PMEs. Sendo uma pesquisa descritiva e quantitativa o tratamento estatístico dos dados foi submetido ao teste de Qui- Quadrado para independência. No que diz respeito aos resultados da pesquisa, foi constatado que, das 37 organizações pesquisadas, 26 estavam no estágio nascimento, oito no estágio crescimento...

‣ Fatores determinantes do desempenho de pequenas e médias empresas da região centro-sul do estado do Paraná; Determinants factors of the performance of small and medium enterprises in center-south state of Paraná.

Raifur, Léo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/12/2013 Português
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Pequenas e médias empresas (PMEs) cumprem um importante papel no desenvolvimento econômico e social das nações: geram riquezas, empregos e produzem inovação. Empresas como Apple® e Microsoft®, maiores do mundo na atualidade, já figuraram na dimensão dessas empresas. Entretanto, compreender a dinâmica desse universo empresarial tem se revelado um desafio para a pesquisa acadêmica. No contexto mundial constata-se que em torno de 25% das empresas nascentes sobrevivem menos de dois anos e, em torno de 50%, menos de cinco. O objetivo desta Tese consistiu em identificar e testar os fatores que determinam a sobrevivência e o desempenho de PMEs. A amostra foi formada por 410 empresas da região centro-sul do Estado do Paraná, sendo 74 empresas inativas (não sobreviventes) e 336 ativas (sobreviventes). A medida de desempenho resultou de oito indicadores, e foi testada sob três modalidades: a) sobrevivência versus não sobrevivência; b) grupos: não sobreviventes, sobrevivência marginal e alto desempenho, e; c) desempenho como variável contínua. As variáveis independentes foram distribuídas em oito dimensões: capital humano, capital social, características gerenciais, condições do ambiente, características organizacionais...

‣ Proposal of a methodology for customer relationship management adoption in small and medium enterprises : a multiple case study

Oliveira, Bianca Daniela Velez
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão Publicador: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Mestrado em Marketing; How Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is regarded has been changing over time, and is currently a phenomenon with considerable importance, not only for big organizations but also for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), due to the competitiveness that presently exists. After the literature review about the theme, the research questions emerged were: Why do SMEs need to implement CRM? How is CRM implemented in SMEs? In this, we proposed a methodology for the adoption of CRM by SMEs. A multiple case study, with an exploratory approach, was conducted. Data was collected throught semi-structured interviews in 6 organizations, with a total of 19 interviews. These organizations needed to be SMEs and to have a CRM strategy implemented in it already. Although, there are many SMEs that do not have the necessary resources to implement an adequate combined CRM strategy as well as CRM software, many result in using other programs that are more accessible, but not without limitations. This study proposes a suggestion for CRM adoption in SMEs, taking into consideration the analysis of the current CRM strategies employed by 6 different Portuguese SMEs, their characteristics, qualities and limitations, as well as their current experience. In our sample we were alble to observe that most processes corroborated what was presented in the literature. However...

‣ Internationalisation processes in small and medium enterprises of the agrifood sector in Portugal

Noronha, Teresa de
Fonte: CIHEAM Publicador: CIHEAM
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em //1995 Português
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During thel ast years we have observedin Portugal;as in the mosto f the European countriesa, n accentuated development concerning the internationalisation of the agri-food sector. As a result a better cornpetitive capacity is expected together with the technological reconversion of Portuguese enterprises, an improved organisational capacity of their managers as well as agressivity in the external markets. The internationalisation of enterprises, particularly of small and medium enterprises, may cause the development of their strategic capacity. The, agrifood sector is analyzed using four main topics: the recent evolution of the sector, the growth of the agiifood industry, the relative importanoe of the internationalisation process and the entrepreneurial and governemental strategies for internationalisation. The study allows to open the discussion on the importance that foreign capital has in the Portuguese SMEs atid in the exports value of the Portuguese agri-food sector, considering some subsectors in particular. We are able to conclude that therei s a growing interest of the agrifood European industriyn the Portuguese SMEs, speciallyi n those producing for the internal market. Further, conclusions coulbde arrived at regarding the growing capacitoy f a few large enterprisest o export parallelt o a decreasing participation of the "traditional" SMEs. They need to enter reconversion processesin order to improve specificities of the producatn d find niche markets.

‣ Determinants of the capital structure of small and medium sized Brazilian enterprises

Forte,Denis; Barros,Lucas Ayres; Nakamura,Wilson Toshiro
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2013 Português
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This research investigates the determinants of the capital structure of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) using a unique database that includes over 19,000 Brazilian firms and spans 13 years of data. The econometric analysis employs the System Generalized Method of Moments estimator (GMM-Sys) and two strong results emerge: (a) profitability is negatively related to leverage, and (b) asset growth is positively related to leverage. Both results are consistent with the pecking order theory of capital structure and suggest that SMEs tend to finance their expansion with debt only after exhausting their internal resources. Additionally, we find weaker evidence for the following: (a) size is positively related to leverage, which can be interpreted as evidence that larger firms have more access to credit markets; (b) riskier SMEs tend to be less financially leveraged, consistent with the bankruptcy cost arguments from trade-off theories; and (c) the age of the firm is negatively related to financial leverage, suggesting that older SMEs may be slightly more conservative in their financing choices. Finally, the magnitude of the coefficient of lagged leverage shows the high persistence of this variable and is compatible with the hypothesis that SMEs adjust their debt/equity ratio towards a target value...

‣ Peru - Developing New Structured Financial Products to Channel Savings Towards Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Growth

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Português
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The objective of this study is to contribute to the development of new structured financial products in Peru, in particular as means to address the problems of access to finance faced by underserved segments such as Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). This document reviews how structured financial products can provide an alternative channel for SMEs to access the market. Additionally it provides suggestions regarding policy issues aimed at improving the market environment. The study concludes that: (i) one way to effectively address Peruvian SMEs credit constraints, particularly with respect to longer term financing, is the use of structured products and (ii) although the Peruvian capital markets regulatory framework regarding securitization has become more flexible in recent years, and despite being one of the least restrictive in the region, it still shows significant weaknesses.

‣ Chile : A Strategy to Promote Innovative Small and Medium Enterprises

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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This study is to provide the Government of Chile with a review of the portfolio of small and medium enterprise (SMEs) development programs and the institutions that provide them, leading to recommendations to improve the effectiveness of a streamlined portfolio. This emphasis is important for economic reasons, given the sectors role in employment, and the possibility of improving its integration into the national economy and export-oriented production and marketing chains. However, this analysis also identifies areas where SMEs can more effectively leverage government programs to become more productive, efficient, and innovative. The analysis is based on interviews with key policymakers, managers and other staff of the government institutions responsible for most of the programs secondary reports, and discussions with small business managers, business association leaders, academicians and financial intermediaries. The report is organized as follows: The first chapter reviews the evolution of the macroeconomic and business environment in Chile...

‣ Small and Medium Enterprises, Growth, and Poverty : Cross-Country Evidence

Beck, Thorsten; Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli; Levine, Ross
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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The authors explore the relationship between the relative size of the small and medium enterprise (SME) sector, economic growth, and poverty using a new database on the share of SME labor in the total manufacturing labor force. Using a sample of 76 countries, they find a strong association between the importance of SMEs and GDP per capita growth. This relationship, however, is not robust to controlling for simultaneity bias. So, while a large SME sector is characteristic of successful economies, the data fail to support the hypothesis that SMEs exert a causal impact on growth. Furthermore, the authors find no evidence that SMEs reduce poverty. Finally, they find qualified evidence that the overall business environment facing both large and small firms-as measured by the ease of firm entry and exit, sound property rights, and contract enforcement-influences economic growth.

‣ Small and Medium Enterprises across the Globe : A New Database

Ayyagari, Meghana; Beck, Thorsten; Demirguc-Kunt, Asli
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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This paper describes a new cross-country database on the importance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). This database is unique in that it presents consistent and comparable information on the contribution of the SME sector to total employment and GDP across different countries. The dataset improves on existing publicly available datasets on several grounds. First, it extends coverage to a broader set of developing and industrial economies. Second, it provides information on the contribution of the SME sector using a uniform definition of SMEs across different countries, allowing for consistent cross-country comparisons. Third, while we follow the traditional definition of the SME sector as being part of the formal sector, the new database also includes the size of the SME sector relative to the informal sector. This paper describes the sources and the construction of the different indicators, presents descriptive statistics, and explores correlations with other socioeconomic variables.

‣ Closing the Credit Gap for Formal and Informal Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises

Stein, Peer; Ardic, Oya Pinar; Hommes, Martin
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
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Job creation and economic growth through private sector development have become primary areas of focus for policy makers around the world in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. Recent evidence points to the importance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in providing employment across countries. In addition to employing the largest number of people in aggregate, SMEs generate the most new jobs. But SMEs also face many challenges in day-to-day operations and to grow. This note is a report back on the state of the credit gap for MSMEs with this new and updated data, while providing additional focus on the sizable informal enterprise sector in the developing world. In addition, this report examines various operational challenges that small and informal firms face, and some formalization obstacles they often cite as the primary reasons for not registering their business. A framework to differentiate the informal sector is offered, with the intention of segmenting the vast landscape of informal firms some of which exist today due to opportunistic behavior...

‣ Access to Credit among Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises

Alper, Oya; Hommes, Martin
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief
Português
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In 2010, IFC conducted a study to estimate the number of micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in the world, and to determine the degree of access to credit and use of deposit accounts for formal and informal MSMEs. The study used primarily data from the World Bank Enterprise Surveys (ES). In 2011 the data was revisited as new enterprise surveys became available. The resulting database, IFC Enterprise Finance Gap Database, covers 177 countries. This fact sheet summarizes and highlights the key data points available for the formal micro, formal small and medium enterprises (SME), and the aggregated formal and informal MSME sectors.

‣ Competitive Small and Medium Enterprises : A Diagnostic to Help Design Smart SME Policy

Tewari, Parth S.; Skilling, David; Kumar, Pranav; Wu, Zack
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Knowledge Economy Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for a lion's share of the enterprises in most economies and are also thought to be an engine of new growth and innovation. The focus of this paper is to take the insights on SME mix and segments to practical implications for developing countries around the world. The paper attempts to do this by providing a diagnostic approach that client countries and regions can use to assess their SME sectors and tease out firms' contribution to the local economy. Guidelines and specific examples of policies based on the insights in the paper have been provided. Lastly, the paper includes some areas of future research that are required on the subject. This paper proceeds in three steps. The first is to better understand the economic contribution of SMEs. This analysis complements the existing policy focus and takes it further to direct attention to a more specific set of growth drivers to enable the firms that matter disproportionately, the competitive SMEs, while remaining inclusive and avoiding market distortion. The second step is to develop a perspective on how best to complement the policy focus on competitive SMEs with that on larger firms. Policy-makers need to structure policy appropriately to develop a healthy eco-system of firms. The third step is to make this analysis actionable by policy-makers. This paper provides an initial SME policy diagnostic. A better understanding of how to encourage SME growth has the potential to make a substantial contribution to national economic performance.

‣ SME Solutions Center—Kenya : Developing Alternative Financing Solutions for Small and Medium Enterprises

Maina, Kiragu; Butoyi, Scholastica; Michira, Nkatha
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
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Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Africa have been hailed as the engine of economic growth. They are at the heart of developing countries' entrepreneurship, the source of most new employment and productive investment, and the basis for growth and poverty reduction. Despite the economic potential of SMEs, they face severe constraints related to access to resources, finance, and services, as well as procedural barriers all of which limit their potential to invest, innovate, and improve productivity and sustainability. To address these constraints, International Finance Corporation (IFC) developed the SME Solutions Centre (SSC) Pilot Program in Kenya. The SSC value proposition centers on four key pillars: access to finance, access to advisory services/technical assistance (now SME management solutions), access to reliable market information, and support for an enhanced business enabling environment. This smart lesson details the lessons learned from the SSC's experience with the access to finance pillar.

‣ OPEN INNOVATION AS AN ELEMENT OF ANALYSIS FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM INDUSTRIES. CASE ENGINEERING SECTOR DOI:10.5773/rai.v8i2.595; LA INNOVACIÓN ABIERTA COMO ELEMENTO DE ANÁLISIS EN LAS PEQUEÑAS Y MEDIANAS INDUSTRIAS. CASO SECTOR METALMECÁNICO DOI:10.5773/rai.v8i2.595

Teran, Anabel; Rodriguez Monroy, Carlos; Bucci Peluso, Nunziatina
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2011 Português
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Open innovation is based on the idea that companies are no longer capable of addressing the whole process of innovation through their own resources. It is a paradigm that assumes that organizations can and should use external ideas as well as internal ideas. The objective of this research was to identify management practices in the process of open innovation in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in emerging economies. The methodology was based on field research and the data collection technique used was the interview, based on a questionnaire (focusing on the Spanish UNE 166002 standards), whose categories were: managerial commitment, focus on stakeholders, human resources and research, and development and innovation. Thirty companies participated in this study, which concluded that a key element for the incorporation of open innovation is managerial commitment to the industrial sector. This has been shown to improve communication channels with the surroundings, and to strengthen the innovation culture through the promotion of teamwork, motivation and the training of human resources as well as through the consideration of both internal and external sources.; La innovación abierta parte de la idea de que las empresas ya no son capaces de abordar todo el proceso de esta por sus propios medios y es un paradigma que asume que las organizaciones pueden y deben usar ideas externas...

‣ USING THE INTERNET IN THE ACTIVITIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCANNING IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES DOI:10.5773/rai.v1i1.526; UTILIZAÇÃO DA INTERNET NAS ATIVIDADES DE MONITORAMENTO AMBIENTAL EM EMPRESAS DE PEQUENO E MÉDIO PORTE DOI:10.5773/rai.v1i1.526

Krakauer, Patricia V. de Castro; Almeida, Martinho Isnard Ribeiro de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/04/2012 Português
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This article aims to understand the importance of systematic environmental scanning in SMEs (small and medium enterprises), whereas the understanding of how companies seek and use information from the Internet is of great relevance to this process, keeping them more competitive in their market. For this was a literature review of environmental scanning, evaluating that several generic models are described in the literature, although many don’t direct their efforts for small and medium enterprises. The methodology used was a descriptive single case study to present the procedures performed by a company that uses data from the Internet in its environmental scanning, comparing the practice used with the steps of the model described in the literature. The results showed that the Internet is used as an important source for environmental scanning of this company, but the search for on-line information happens without systematic, intuitively and reactively. This article contributes to help SMEs to perceive the importance of scanning the environment and begin to adopt a formal model that systematizes the search and use of on-line information, making them more strategic to their business.; Este artigo tem como proposta compreender a importância da sistematização do monitoramento ambiental em PMEs (pequenas e médias empresas)...

‣ Implementing Environmentally Sustainable Practices at Small and Medium Enterprises

Friedlander, Minna; Meer, Vanessa; Stenclova, Sona
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project Formato: 1558118 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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North Carolina is challenged to foster economic development while protecting environmental assets under regulatory and legislative mandate. Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are the major economic drivers in North Carolina, and in the United States as a whole, but existing support networks for small emterprises looking to pursue sustainable practices are insufficient. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to ensure that its regulations do not unreasonably burden SMEs. The EPA is investigating ways that it can assist SMEs that are voluntarily trying to improve their environmental stewardship, specifically looking at the feasibility and appropriateness of using environmental management systems (EMSs) and peer-to-peer mentoring to help small businesses address their corporate practices. This report provides the results of the first phase of work for the EPA. Analysis of qualitative data from SMEs in two North Carolina cities shows that barriers and motivations for sustainable behavior in small organizations are different than those for larger entities. Our analysis and recommendations for tools to help SMEs improve their environmental footprints were aided by identifying and analyzing the motivations that SMEs cite for implementing sustainable practices. SMEs need a simple and flexible framework for developing and implementing EMSs. Introducing SMEs to the newly-developed “EMS Guide for SME” tool may help smaller enterprises at different level of EMS potential incorporate an informal environmental management system into their daily business operations. The EMS Guide for SME separates SMEs into three categories based on their EMS development potential and provides specific guidance for entities across the potential range. This will help organizations customize their environmental analysis and procedures to fit their capabilities...

‣ The impact of electricity crises on the consumption behaviour of small and medium enterprises

Von Ketelhodt,A; Wöcke,A
Fonte: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Publicador: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
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Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) will play a key role in future economic and social strategies in South Africa. However, we find that SMEs are particularly vulnerable to shocks in their external environment due to a general lack of skills and resources. This is critical as the future demand for electricity in South Africa is likely to outstrip supply and electricity will become increasingly unreliable and expensive. We surveyed 250 SMEs in Cape Town and found that the prevailing policy methods of changing electricity consumption behaviour: information campaigns, increasing prices, and providing rebates for energy savings, have had limited results and are unsustainable when applied to SMEs.