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‣ The effect on survival of early detection of breast cancer in South Australia

Tallis, G.M; Leppard, P; O’Neill, T.J
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 330598 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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Early detection of breast cancer is an important public health policy. Programs of regular screening examinations have been widely established in an attempt to detect the disease when the primary tumour diameter is small. In South Australia, BreastScreen SA suggests that women between the ages of 50 and 70 years be screened every 24 months. Our aim in this paper is to make assessments of various screening procedures by using statistical models with parameters estimated exclusively from South Australian data. We establish a relationship between primary tumour diameter and ultimate survival time. We estimate an advantage of 2.9 (.7) years in median survival time for those women detected with the disease by BreastScreen SA, compared with an unscreened population. We construct a computer model from which we determine the consequences of using a 12 month screening interval, and also the effect of beginning screening at the age of 40 rather than the current conventional commencement age of 50 years.; no

‣ The Tarcoola Goldfield of the Central Gawler Gold Province, and the Hiltaba Association Granites, Gawler Craton, South Australia

Budd, Anthony Ronald
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD)
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The Tarcoola Goldfield, central South Australia, is one of a number within the Central Gawler Gold Province (CGGP) spatially related to Hiltaba Suite granites. This study investigates the origin of mineralisation at Tarcoola, and the petrogenesis of granites at and around Tarcoola. ‘Hiltaba Suite’ granites in the Tarcoola region are assigned to two supersuites, which is expanded to four once granites from the rest of the Gawler Craton are considered. The term Hiltaba Association Granites (HAG) is introduced as the parental unit of the Jenners, Malbooma, Venus and Roxby Supersuites. These criteria are applied to the felsic parts of the comagmatic Gawler Range Volcanics (GRV). The HAG and GRV are grouped as the bimodal Gawler Ranges–Hiltaba Volcano–Plutonic (GRHVP) Association. The felsic components generally have high K, HFSE, LIL, are fractionated and evolved, have moderate to high Fe/Mg, are slightly alkaline, metaluminous to slightly peraluminous, slightly oxidised and high-temperature. The supersuites of the Tarcoola region are the Malbooma Supersuite, which is more strongly evolved and fractionated than the Jenners Supersuite. Both Supersuites are I-type and evolved from a granodiorite composition by fractional crystallisation. The Pegler and Ambrosia Granites (Jenners Supersuite)...

‣ Expected lifetime in South Australia 1841-1996

Leppard, P.; Tallis, G.; Pearce, C.
Fonte: Royal Soc South Australia Inc Publicador: Royal Soc South Australia Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 Português
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For each sex, population life tables have been calculated from mortality data associated with the age-specific population counts produced by each of the twentyfive population censuses that have been conducted in South Australia from 1841 until 1996. Estimates of expected lifetime have been derived separately for males and females for each census year. The computationally intensive statistical method of the bootstrap has been used to calculate a statistical sampling error for each estimate of expected lifetime. The results show generally increasing trends: from approximately 44 years and 48 years in 1841, to 75 years and 81 years in 1996, for males and females respectively.; P. I. Leppard, G. M. Tallis & C. E. M. Pearce

‣ Trends in the prevalence of trachoma, South Australia, 1976 to 1990

Stocks, N.; Hiller, J.; Newland, H.; McGilchrist, C.
Fonte: PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOC AUSTRALIA INC Publicador: PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOC AUSTRALIA INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1996 Português
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The eye health of rural Aboriginal Australians is known to be poor. Over the past 20 years, Aboriginal communities in remote parts of Australia have had increasing access to eye health services through the National Trachoma and Eye Health Program (NTEHP). Using published and unpublished data, we examined trends in the prevalence of inflammatory trachoma in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara of South Australia. Comparisons using a generalised linear model of surveys in 1976, 1985 and 1990 indicate that there has been a significant reduction in the age-standardised prevalence of inflammatory trachoma in 0- to 20-year-olds. When the 1990 survey was compared with 1976 interim report data from the NTEHP survey, the odds of inflammatory trachoma in 1990 were 0.25 (95 per cent confidence interval (CI) 0.18 to 0.35). When the comparison was with data from the NTEHP survey of the Red Centre, the odds of follicular trachoma in 1990 were 0.51 (CI 0.42 to 0.62), and in comparison with the 1985 NTEHP review data, the odds of inflammatory trachoma in 1990 were 0.28 (CI 0.20 to 0.39). In the older age groups (20 and over), an increase in the prevalence of inflammatory trachoma was found. Although significant, the increase affected a small proportion of the population and may have been because of difficulty in standardising the trachoma grading between surveys...

‣ The production of certified seeds in South Australia during the period, 1973-1978 : a statistical summary / by J.G. Pergoleto

Pergoleto, J. G.
Fonte: [Adelaide] : Dept. of Agriculture and Fisheries, South Australia, Publicador: [Adelaide] : Dept. of Agriculture and Fisheries, South Australia,
Tipo: Relatório Formato: 24 leaves ;; 728825 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //1978 Português
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Crops. Certified seed. Cultivation. South Australia. Statistics (ANB/PRECIS SIN 0313432); Electronic reproduction. Adelaide, S. Aust. : University of Adelaide, Barr Smith Library, 2006. Title from t.p. on PDF file (viewed 29 May 2006).

‣ Field day on utilisation of dryland lucerne pastures, Kynoch Station, via Keith, South Australia / M.V. Smith

Smith, Murray V.
Fonte: [Adelaide, S. Aust.] : Dept. of Agriculture, South Australia, Publicador: [Adelaide, S. Aust.] : Dept. of Agriculture, South Australia,
Tipo: Relatório Formato: 8, 7 leaves :; 690875 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //1970 Português
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Summary: Report of a project which aimed at definining the potential of dryland lucerne pastures in the Upper South East of South Australia in terms of stocking rate, grazing management requirements, and risk of erosion; Electronic reproduction. Adelaide, S. Aust. : University of Adelaide, Barr Smith Library, 2006. Title from t.p. on PDF file (viewed 23 May 2006).

‣ State of the environment reporting in South Australia: the last three decades, 1972-2002

Harvey, N.
Fonte: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia Publicador: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 Português
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A critical review is provided of the state of the environment reports prepared in South Australia over the period from 1972 to 2002. This is placed in the context of state of the environment reporting in Australia. While the South Australian reports appear to have covered the broad environmental issues at the time of their preparation, the most recent reports have not been compiled by independent authorities as is the case for the national reports. Consequently there has been a lack of accountability for government. As a result it would appear that several of the issues raised in the first 1972 report are still relevant today.; N. Harvey; © Royal Geographical Society of South Australia

‣ Geography in South Australian universities: future prospects

Harvey, N.; Forster, C.
Fonte: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia Publicador: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 Português
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N. Harvey and C. Forster; © Royal Geographical Society of South Australia

‣ Regionalised natural resource management in South Australia: prospects and challenges of the new regime

Lane, Marcus B.; Cheers, B.; Morrison, T. H.
Fonte: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia Publicador: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
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Marcus B. Lane, Brian Cheers, Brian and T.H. Morrison; © Royal Geographical Society of South Australia

‣ Controls on reservoir development and quality in a glacial sequence; a study of the late palaeozoic, Cooper Basin South Australia and Queensland, Australia : thesis submitted to the University of Adelaide in fullfillment [sic] of the requirement for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, July 2000 / Chris Cubitt.

Cubitt, Chris; National Centre for Petroleum Geology & Geophysics (Australia)
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2120414 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2000 Português
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Studies the provenance and diagenesis of the Merrimelia Formation in South Australia and Queensland; a complex mosaic of glacial facies in which the Tirrawarra Sandstone and Merrimelia Formation exhibit an interfingering relationship, and defines the relationship further. Indicates that the Tirrawarra Sandstone should be included in the Merrimelia Formation as a "facies type" as both the Merrimelia and Tirrawarra sediments form an integrated suite of sediments.; Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, Dept. of Geology, 2000?; At head of title: National Centre for Petroleum Geology and Geophysics.; CD-ROM contains Appendices (1-10) in PDF.; Includes copies of papers co-authored by the author.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves [471]-499 in vol. 2); System requirements for accompanying CD-ROM: Macintosh or IBM compatible computer with Windows NT. Other requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.; 2 v. (various pagings) : ill. (some col.), maps, ports. ; 30 cm. + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.); Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library.

‣ The changing role of environmental impact assessment under the South Australian Development Act 1994 to 2005

Clarke, B.; Harvey, N.
Fonte: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia Publicador: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 Português
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© Royal Geographical Society of South Australia

‣ Special issue: The centenary of academic geography in South Australia / edited by Nick Harvey and Fay Gale

Fonte: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia Publicador: Royal Geographical Society of South Australia
Tipo: Journal issue
Publicado em //2004 Português
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A special issue of South Australian geographical journal commissioned by the Royal Geographical Society of South Australia to recognise the centenary of the tertiary teaching of geography in South Australia. From tenuous beginnings at the University of Adelaide in 1904, it has grown to a large and important discipline taught in various forms at South Australian tertiary institutions, including related studies in GIS, planning, population studies and environmental management. Indicates the significant role of geography in the community from the beginning of the Society in 1885, which focussed on exploration and the extension of geographical knowledge in South Australia and the Northern Territory. Edited by Nick Harvey and Fay Gale.; Foreword -- The importance of Adelaide in the genesis of academic geography in Australia / Nick Harvey -- The role of Royal Geographical Society of South Australia / Brian Ward -- The development of university geography, 1904-1960 / Fay Gale -- Geography at Flinders University, 1966-2003 / Alaric Maude -- Geography at the University of Adelaide, 1960-1991 / Peter Smailes and Trevor Griffen -- Geography and Environmental Studies at the University of Adelaide since 1990 / Graeme Hugo --The Geography Teachers’ Association of South Australia / Lindsay Francis -- The rise and fall of geography at the University of South Australia / William Slaytor and Neville Harris -- Geography in South Australian universities: future prospects / Nick Harvey and Clive Forster; © Royal Geographical Society of South Australia

‣ A tagging study on yellowtail kingfish (Seriola lalandi) and samson fish (S. hippos) in South Australian waters

Hutson, K.; Smith, B.; Godfrey, R.; Whittington, I.; Chambers, C.; Ernst, I.; Gillanders, B.
Fonte: Royal Soc South Australia Inc Publicador: Royal Soc South Australia Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
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Wild yellowtail kingfish (Seriola lalandi Valenciennes, 1833) and Samson fish (S. hippos Günther, 1876) were tagged with nylon-headed, single-barbed dart tags between December 1, 2004 and December 31, 2006 in Spencer Gulf and offshore from the west coast of Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. Two-hundred and forty-one S. lalandi and 73 S. hippos were tagged. Twenty-four S. lalandi were recaptured and the maximum distance between capture points was 130 km and the maximum time at liberty was 442 days. Two S. hippos were recaptured, of which one was at liberty for a maximum of 378 days. Both S. hippos were recaptured at the original capture site. Recapture results indicate that large S. lalandi remain in, or return to, northern Spencer Gulf. This region may be important for aggregations of large, reproductively mature S. lalandi. One large S. lalandi tagged at Port Augusta was recaptured near Fitzgerald Bay, indicating that wild fish may move past S. lalandi sea-cage farms in this region. This course of movement may provide opportunities for disease and parasite interactions between wild and farmed fish. An additional outcome of this research was the residual impact that it has had on sustainable fishing practices in South Australia with increased recreational fisher participation in the tag and release of S. lalandi and S. hippos.; http://www.adelaide.edu.au/rssa/pub/; Hutson...

‣ The ecology, biology and conservation of threatened Phebalium species in South Australia

Jusaitis, M.
Fonte: Plant Biodiversity Centre, State Herbarium of South Australia Publicador: Plant Biodiversity Centre, State Herbarium of South Australia
Tipo: Livro
Publicado em //2000 Português
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Five species of Phebalium occurring in South Australia (P. brachyphyllum, P. equestre, P. hillebrandii, P. glandulosum subsp. glandulosum and P. lowanense) have various categories of threat ranging from Endangered to Rare. Three are endemic to South Australia, and all have rather limited, and in some cases declining areas of occupancy. This study was undertaken to develop an understanding of the biology and ecology of these Phebaliums in relation to their conservation. Current population details, habitat requirements and threats were documented. Field sites were established for collection of demographic and phenological information on each species. Reproductive biology, seed dispersal mechanisms, and recruitment were studied, and ecological factors that affect sensitive life history stages (eg, weeds, grazing, fire, disturbance) were examined. Techniques for propagation of each species of Phebalium were developed using seed, cuttings and/or micropropagation. Two species (P. equestre and P. glandulosum) were successfully translocated into conservation reserves to increase their areas of occupancy. Management recommendations were made for each species to aid development of recovery guidelines.; Jusaitis, Manfred

‣ Pleistocene fossil vertebrate sites of the South East region of South Australia II

Reed, E.H.; Bourne, S.J.
Fonte: Royal Society of South Australia Publicador: Royal Society of South Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
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This paper provides an update of the original review of Pleistocene vertebrate fossil sites of the South East region of South Australia. It includes recent discoveries, revisions of faunal lists for some sites and the results of recently completed research projects.; E. H. Reed & S. J. Bourne

‣ Equivalence of outcomes for rural and metropolitan patients with metastatic colorectal cancer in South Australia

Hocking, C.; Broadbridge, V.T.; Karapetis, C.; Beeke, C.; Padbury, R.; Maddern, G.J.; Roder, D.M.; Price, T.J.
Fonte: MJA Group Australia Publicador: MJA Group Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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OBJECTIVE: To compare the management and outcome of rural and metropolitan patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in South Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with mCRC submitted to the South Australian mCRC registry between 2 February 2006 and a cut-off date of 28 May 2012. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Differences in oncological and surgical management and overall survival (calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method) between city and rural patients. RESULTS: Of 2289 patients, 624 (27.3%) were rural. There was a higher proportion of male patients in the rural cohort, but other patient characteristics did not significantly differ between the cohorts. Equivalent rates of chemotherapy administration between city and rural patients were observed across each line of treatment (first line: 56.0% v 58.3%, P = 0.32; second line: 23.3% v 22.5%, P = 0.78; and third line: 10.1% v 9.3%, P = 0.69). A higher proportion of city patients received combination chemotherapy in the first-line setting (67.4% v 59.9%; P = 0.01). When an oxaliplatin combination was prescribed, oral capecitabine was used more frequently in rural patients (22.9% v 8.4%; P < 0.001). No significant difference was seen in rates of hepatic resection or other non-chemotherapy treatments between cohorts. Median overall survival was equivalent between city and rural patients (14.6 v 14.9 months...

‣ NatureLinks: a critical response to climate change impacts on biodiversity in South Australia

Bardsley, D.K.
Fonte: Geography Teachers’ Association of South Australia Inc. Publicador: Geography Teachers’ Association of South Australia Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
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An enhanced Greenhouse Effect and associated climate change impacts are becoming significant issues for environmental management in regions that experience Mediterranean climates such as South Australia. Although the specific impacts of future climate change are uncertain, the projected change can no longer be considered as an issue separate from other biodiversity conservation activities, which will increasingly need to integrate climate change projections and impacts into planning and management. By emphasising the importance of long-term, landscape level planning for biodiversity conservation in South Australia, the NatureLinks strategy builds resilience and flexibility in conservation systems. The different elements of the approach respond directly to a range of emerging conservation challenges relating to climate change namely: connection of habitat to overcome fragmentation in the landscape; maintenance of ecological integrity to minimise impacts of changing disturbance regimes; improved linkages between biodiversity conservation and other natural resource management activities to minimise external pressures on intact ecosystems; and community engagement to ensure ownership of the new levels of environmental risk amongst managers of both natural and anthropogenic landscapes.; Douglas K. Bardsley

‣ Thysanotus racemoides (Asparagales: Asparagaceae), a new species from South Australia and western Victoria

Sirisena, U.M.; Macfarlane, T.D.; Conran, J.G.
Fonte: National Herbarium of New South Wales Publicador: National Herbarium of New South Wales
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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The new species Thysanotus racemoides Sirisena, T.D.Macfarl. & Conran, from South Australia and western Victoria, is described and distinguished from the previously conspecific T. juncifolius (Salisb.) J.H.Willis & Court, by the presence of sessile subterminal umbels and relatively longer anthers and perianth segments. The revised distribution of T. juncifolius is New South Wales and eastern Victoria. Descriptions, photographic plates and a map are provided for the new species and T. juncifolius. The key in the Flora of Australia is amended to accommodate the new species.; Udani M. Sirisena, Terry D. Macfarlane, and John G. Conran

‣ A shelduck (Anatidae : Tadorna) from the Pliocene of south Australia

Worthy, Trevor Henry; Pledge, Neville S.
Fonte: Royal Society of South Australia Publicador: Royal Society of South Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
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A complete fossil humerus referable to a shelduck (Anatidae: Tadorna sp.) is reported from an uncertain locality in the 'Bookmark cliffs' on the River Murray, a few kilometres upstream from Berri and Lyrup southwest of Renmark, in the Riverland region of South Australia. The fossil was embedded in a piece of pale grey, clean coarse sandstone having a siliceous cement. This is interpreted as being Parilla Sand, of late Pliocene age, which outcrops along the Murray River from Renmark to Loxton.; http://www.adelaide.edu.au/rssa/pub/

‣ Late Pleistocene megafauna site at Black Creek Swamp, Flinders Chase National Park, Kangaroo Island, South Australia

Wells, Roderick; Grun, Rainer; Sullivan, Jo; Forbes, M; Dalgairns, Simone; Bestland, Erick; Rhodes, Edward; Walshe, Keryne E; Spooner, Nigel A; Eggins, Stephen
Fonte: Geological Society of Australia Publicador: Geological Society of Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The occurrence of fossil vertebrate remains at Black Creek Swamp at the western end of Kangaroo Island, South Australia, along with reports of 'primitive' stone implements in the vicinity has, for more than seventy years, fuelled speculation that this sit