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‣ TP53 and EGFR mutations in combination with lifestyle risk factors in tumours of the upper aerodigestive tract from South America

SZYMANSKA, K.; LEVI, J. E.; MENEZES, A.; WÜNSCH-FILHO, V.; ELUF-NETO, J.; KOIFMAN, S.; MATOS, E.; DAUDT, A. W.; CURADO, M. P.; VILLAR, S.; PAWLITA, M.; WATERBOER, T.; BOFFETTA, P.; HAINAUT, P.; BRENNAN, P.
Fonte: OXFORD UNIV PRESS Publicador: OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract [(UADT): oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and oesophagus] have high incidence rates in some parts of South America. Alterations in the TP53 gene are common in these cancers. In our study, we have estimated the prevalence and patterns of TP53 mutations (exons 4-10) in 236 UADT tumours from South America in relation to lifestyle risk factors, such as tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking. Moreover, we have conducted a pilot study of EGFR mutations (exons 18-21) in 45 tumours from the same population. TP53 mutation prevalence was high: 59% of tumours were found to carry mutant TP53. We found an association between TP53 mutations and tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking. The mutation rate increased from 38% in never-smokers to 66% in current smokers (P-value for trend = 0.09). G:C > T:A transversions were found only in smokers (15%). Alcohol drinkers carried more G:C > A:T transitions (P = 0.08). Non-exposed individuals were more probable to carry G:C > A:T transitions at CpG sites (P = 0.01 for never-smokers and P < 0.001 for never-drinkers). EGFR mutations were found in 4% of cases. Inactivation of TP53 by mutations is a crucial molecular event in the UADT carcinogenesis and it is closely related to exposure to lifestyle risk factors. EGFR mutations do not appear to be a common event in UADT carcinogenesis in this population.; European Commission International Cooperation with Developing Countries[IC18-CT97-0222]; Fondo para la Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (FONCyT) (Argentina); FAPESP Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa no Estado de Sao Paulo[01/01768-2]; International Agency for Research on Cancer

‣ Alcohol and tobacco, and the risk of cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract in Latin America: a case-control study

SZYMANSKA, K.; HUNG, R. J.; WÜNSCH-FILHO, V.; ELUF-NETO, J.; CURADO, M. P.; KOIFMAN, S.; MATOS, E.; MENEZES, A.; FERNANDEZ, L.; DAUDT, A. W.; BOFFETTA, P.; BRENNAN, P.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT; including oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and oesophagus) have high incidence rates all over the world, and they are especially frequent in some parts of Latin America. However, the data on the role of the major risk factors in these areas are still limited. We have evaluated the role of alcohol and tobacco consumption, based on 2,252 upper aerodigestive squamous-cell carcinoma cases and 1,707 controls from seven centres in Brazil, Argentina, and Cuba. We show that alcohol drinkers have a risk of UADT cancers that is up to five times higher than that of never-drinkers. A very strong effect of aperitifs and spirits as compared to other alcohol types was observed, with the ORs reaching 12.76 (CI 5.37-30.32) for oesophagus. Tobacco smokers were up to six times more likely to develop aerodigestive cancers than never-smokers, with the ORs reaching 11.14 (7.72-16.08) among current smokers for hypopharynx and larynx cancer. There was a trend for a decrease in risk after quitting alcohol drinking or tobacco smoking for all sites. The interactive effect of alcohol and tobacco was more than multiplicative. In this study, 65% of all UADT cases were attributable to a combined effect of alcohol and tobacco use. In this largest study on UADT cancer in Latin America...

‣ A Sex-Specific Association between a 15q25 Variant and Upper Aerodigestive Tract Cancers

CHEN, Dan; TRUONG, Therese; GABORIEAU, Valerie; BYRNES, Graham; CHABRIER, Amelie; CHUANG, Shu-chun; OLSHAN, Andrew F.; WEISSLER, Mark C.; LUO, Jingchun; ROMKES, Marjorie; BUCH, Shama; NUKUI, Tomoko; FRANCESCHI, Silvia; HERRERO, Rolando; TALAMINI, Renato;
Fonte: AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH Publicador: AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background: Sequence variants located at 15q25 have been associated with lung cancer and propensity to smoke. We recently reported an association between rs16969968 and risk of upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancers (oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx, and esophagus) in women (OR = 1.24, P = 0.003) with little effect in men (OR = 1.04, P = 0.35). Methods: In a coordinated genotyping study within the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology (INHANCE) consortium, we have sought to replicate these findings in an additional 4,604 cases and 6,239 controls from 10 independent UADT cancer case-control studies. Results: rs16969968 was again associated with UADT cancers in women (OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.08-1.36, P = 0.001) and a similar lack of observed effect in men [OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.95-1.09, P = 0.66; P-heterogeneity (P(het)) = 0.01]. In a pooled analysis of the original and current studies, totaling 8,572 UADT cancer cases and 11,558 controls, the association was observed among females (OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.12-1.34, P = 7 x 10(-6)) but not males (OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.97-1.08, P = 0.35; P(het) = 6 x 10(-4)). There was little evidence for a sex difference in the association between this variant and cigarettes smoked per day...

‣ Tendências de incidência do câncer das vias aéreas e digestivas superiores segundo 18 registros de câncer de base populacional com destaque ao município de São Paulo. 1969-1999 ; Trends in upper aerodigestive tract cancer based on 18 cancer registries database worldwide. 1969-1999

Patronieri, Alexandre Tadeu
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2006 Português
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Introdução: O câncer das Vias Aéreas e Digestivas Superiores compreendem um grupo de tumores que se distribuem por diversas regiões anatômicas. Para a maioria das localizações os principais fatores de risco são o tabaco e o álcool. Como os fatores de risco são conhecidos espera-se que as diversas campanhas de prevenção e detecção precoce estivessem propiciando à diminuição da incidência. Objetivos Estimar em algumas localidades do mundo as tendências da incidência dos tumores de lábio, língua, boca, glândulas salivares, orofaringe, nasofaringe e hipofaringe de 1969 a 1999. Métodos Analisou-se os coeficientes de incidência de 18 Registros de Câncer de Base Populacional que possuíam toda a série histórica publicada no “Cancer Incidence in Five Continents”.utilizando-se modelos de regressão polinomial.Resultados Houve tendência de aumento, estatisticamente significativo, para o câncer de língua e boca em São Paulo em mulheres e em homens de diversos países europeus e localidades dos EUA. Em contrapartida houve queda em Porto Rico, Mumbai e Cingapura. O câncer de lábio decresceu na maioria das localidades em homens. Entretanto em países do norte da Europa e em Iowa houve aumento em mulheres. O câncer de orofaringe aumentou em homens na Europa e em Iowa e decresceu em Cali...

‣ A importância da tríplice endoscopia no diagnóstico de neoplasias primárias múltiplas em pacientes com carcinoma epidermóide de vias aerodigestivas superiores; Importance of triple endoscopy in the diagnosis of multiple primary tumors in patients with upper aerodigestive tract squamous cell carcinoma

Priante, Antonio Vitor Martins
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/03/2010 Português
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INTRODUÇÃO: Pacientes com carcinomas das vias aerodigestivas superiores (VADS) apresentam um alto risco de desenvolver outros cânceres tanto simultaneamente quanto subsequentemente. A maioria destes tumores ocorre nas VADS, pulmões ou esôfago. A tríplice endoscopia (laringoscopia, endoscopia digestiva alta e broncoscopia) possibilita o diagnostico de lesões precursoras e de tumores invasivos. No entanto, a maioria dos estudos limita-se a descrever a frequência de diagnósticos, mas não os resultados do tratamento e o impacto na sobrevida. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a importância da tríplice endoscopia para o diagnóstico de neoplasias primárias múltiplas e as diferenças no estadiamento e nas taxas de sobrevida de pacientes com carcinoma epidermóide de VADS. Caracterizar o perfil e analisar fatores de risco para neoplasias primárias múltiplas. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de estudo caso-controle retrospectivo em que foram incluídos pacientes com carcinoma epidermóide de VADS, submetidos à tríplice endoscopia antes do início do tratamento (grupo tríplice endoscopia), pareados, por sexo, idade e localização, estádio clínico e tratamento do tumor primário, com pacientes não submetidos à tríplice endoscopia na avaliação inicial (grupo controle). RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 135 pacientes em cada grupo. No grupo tríplice endoscopia ocorreram mais diagnósticos de segundo tumor primário (STP)...

‣ Efeitos de quimioprevenção dos ligantes do PPAR- e dos ácidos graxos poliinsaturados ômega-3 no processo de carcinogênese da via aerodigestiva superior induzida pelo uso de 4-nitroquinolina-1-óxido em camundongos Swiss; Chemopreventive effects of PPAR-? ligands and polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 on the carcinogenesis process of the upper aerodigestive tract induced by 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide in Swiss mice

Gama, Ricardo Ribeiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/08/2010 Português
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Introdução: O carcinoma de células escamosas da via aerodigestiva superior (VADS) geralmente é unifocal e advém da progressão das lesões pré-neoplásicas. O risco de segundos tumores primários é de 3 a 7% ao ano para pacientes tratados previamente de câncer da VADS, sendo importante avançar em estratégias de quimioprevenção. Nos estudos clínicos realizados, as drogas promissoras mostraramse ineficazes quando aplicadas em doses baixas para minimizar a toxicidade. Neste trabalho, ácidos graxos poliinsaturados ômega-3 (óleo de peixe) e pioglitazone, um agonista PPAR-?, foram utilizados com intenção quimiopreventiva, em modelo animal de carcinogênese da VADS, induzida com o uso de 4- nitroquinolina-1-óxido (4-NQO). Métodos: Camundongos Swiss foram submetidos à indução tumoral com 4-NQO nas doses: 25, 50 ou 100 g/ml diluído em água por 8 semanas. Quimioprevenção foi testada com óleo de peixe nas concentrações de 10% ou 5%. Também foi realizada, em outros grupos, quimioprevenção com pioglitazone nas concentrações de 300 ppm ou 100 ppm. A quimioprevenção foi realizada na iniciação e pós-iniciação tumorais (por 32 semanas) ou apenas na pós- iniciação (por 24 semanas). Resultados: As incidências de neoplasias oral e esofágica foram...

‣ Cyclin D1 gene polymorphism as a risk factor for squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive system in non-alcoholics

Nishimoto, I. N.; Pinheiro, N. A.; Rogatto, Silvia Regina; Carvalho, A. L.; Simpson, A. J.; Caballero, O. L.; Kowalski, L. P.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 604-610
Português
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Squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) is associated with environmental factors, especially tobacco and alcohol consumption. Genetic factors, including cyclin D1 (CCND1) polymorphism have been suggested to play an important rote in tumorigenesis and progression of UADT cancer. To investigate the relationship between CCND1 polymorphism on susceptibility for UADT cancers, 147 cancer and 135 non-cancer subjects were included in this study. CCND1 genotype at codon 242(G870A) in exon 4 was undertaken using denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and DNA sequencing. Significant odds ratio (OR) of the AA + GA genotypes [OR = 7.5 (95% Cl: 1.4-39.7)] was observed in non-drinkers but for non-smokers a non-significant [OR = 5.4 (95% Cl: 0.9-31.4)] was found in the adjusted model. These results suggest that allele A may be a risk factor for UADT cancer, especially in non-alcoholics. However, further epidemiological studies are needed to establish the exact role of CCND1 polymorphism and the development of UADT cancers. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

‣ Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus and multiple primary tumors of the upper aerodigestive tract

RIBEIRO Jr.,Ulysses; CECCONELLO,Ivan; SAFATLE-RIBEIRO,Adriana Vaz; ZILBERSTEIN,Bruno; PINOTTI,Henrique Walter
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/1999 Português
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Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus is frequently associated with other, synchronous or metachronous tumors, in the upper aerodigestive tract. All 264 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus, treated in the Gastrointestinal Surgery, Esophagus section, of the "Hospital das Clínicas" (São Paulo University Medical School, Brazil), between 1979 and 1989 were analyzed retrospectively with regards to the occurrence of multiple primary tumors in the upper aerodigestive tract. Multiple primary tumors were encountered in 10 (3.8%) patients. All patients were male and the mean age at the time of the first primary was 52.2 years. Tobacco smoke and alcohol were the principal carcinogens in these patients (n = 10). The sites of the tumors were: larynx (n = 4), tongue (n = 4), lung (n = 2), and oral cavity (n = 1). Two simultaneous, three synchronous and five metachronous multiple primary carcinomas were detected. The esophagus was the second primary tumor in nine patients. The mean overall survival after the diagnosis of the second primary was 2.8 months (SD = 0.89). Inquiry regarding other malignancies, associated with panendoscopy should be carry out prior to the treatment of the first primary to diagnose simultaneous or synchronous primary tumors...

‣ Evolution of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of upper aerodigestive tract

Amar,Ali; Franzi,Sergio Altino; Rapoport,Abrão
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 Português
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CONTEXT: Local and regional recurrences are frequent in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract and early diagnosis is important for salvage treatment. OBJECTIVE: To identify the period of highest risk for the development of recurrences after surgical treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract, in spite of radical therapy, in order to plan the follow-up for these patients. TYPE OF STUDY: Cross-sectional, descriptive. SETTING: Department of Head and Neck Surgery/Otorhinolaryngology, Heliópolis Hospital (Hosphel), São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A review was made of the hospital records of 889 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract surgically treated between October 1977 and December 1996: 364 had oral cavity tumors, 107 had tumors of the oropharynx, 152 of the hypopharynx and 266, larynx tumors. The disease was stage I in 14 patients, stage II in 117, stage III in 352, stage IV in 397 and 9 patients were not staged. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: The interval between treatment and recurrence of disease was evaluated. The results were expressed as medians, quartiles (25% to 75%) and percentiles (10% to 90%). The annual incidence of recurrences and second tumors was calculated. RESULTS: Seventy-four percent of the recurrences were diagnosed within 18 months post-treatment. The local and regional recurrences and distant metastases showed medians of 270...

‣ Selective neck dissection for treating node-positive necks in cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract

Antonio,Jamile Karina; Menezes,Marcelo Benedito; Kavabata,Norberto Kodi; Bertelli,Antonio Augusto Tupinambá; Kikuchi,William; Gonçalves,Antonio José
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2008 Português
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CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Modified radical neck dissection (MRND) is the classical treatment for neck metastases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the upper aerodigestive tract. However, it may still be accompanied by significant sequelae. One alternative for this treatment would be selective neck dissection (SND), which has a lower incidence of sequelae. The aim of this study was to define which neck metastasis cases would really be suitable candidates for SND. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective clinical-surgical trial at the Division of Head and Neck Surgery, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo (FCMSCSP). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 67 patients with SCC of the upper aerodigestive tract, divided into two groups: 1) 47 patients treated by means of SND (node-negative or node-positive), 2) 20 patients treated by means of MRND (all node-positive). RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that there was no difference between the patients treated with SND or MRND in relation to disease evolution, and that the main prognostic factor was lymph node involvement. We observed that patients with pharyngeal SCC and older patients presented worse evolution and would probably not be suitable candidates for SND. CONCLUSIONS: SND may be a good option for treating node-positive necks in selected cases.

‣ The influence of alcohol consumption on worldwide trends in mortality from upper aerodigestive tract cancers in men.

Macfarlane, G J; Macfarlane, T V; Lowenfels, A B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1996 Português
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STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess current trends in male mortality from cancers of the oral cavity/pharynx, oesophagus, and larynx (upper aerodigestive tract cancers), and relate these to past national consumption of alcohol and smoking of cigarettes. To assess the impact of current trends in alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking on likely future rates of these cancers. DESIGN: Mortality data for cancers of the oral cavity/pharynx, oesophagus, and larynx were obtained for the years 1955-89 in 25 countries located in North America, Australasia, Europe, and Japan. Information on past and current alcohol consumption was also obtained for these countries, while current national lung cancer rates were used as a proxy measure of past smoking levels. SETTING: The World Health Organization mortality database. MAIN RESULTS: National death rates from cancers of the oral cavity/pharynx, oesophagus, and larynx (considered together) are currently increasing among men and are most strongly associated with the level of per capita consumption of alcohol 20 years previously. They were less strongly associated with the level of alcohol consumption 10 years ago, and only very weakly associated with the current level of lung cancer mortality (a marker of past smoking habits). Regression analysis showed that the national rate of upper aerodigestive tract cancer could be estimated using information on past alcohol consumption and an interaction term between alcohol consumption and current lung cancer rates. Assuming stability in rates of lung cancer...

‣ Photodynamic Therapy for 101 Early Cancers of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract, the Esophagus, and the Bronchi: A Single-Institution Experience

Radu, A.; Grosjean, P.; Fontolliet, Ch.; Wagnieres, G.; Woodtli, A.; Bergh, H. Van Den; Monnier, Ph.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1999 Português
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Cancer, when detected at an early stage, has a very good probability of being eradicated by surgery or radiotherapy. However, less aggressive treatments also tend to provide high rates of cure without the side effects of radical therapy. We report on the results of our clinical experience with photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of early carcinomas in the upper aerodigestive tract, the esophagus, and the tracheobronchial tree. Sixty-four patients with 101 squamous cell carcinomas were treated with three different photosensitizers: hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD), Photofrin II, and tetra (m-hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC). Seventy-seven (76%) tumors showed a complete rsponse with no recurrence after a mean follow-up period of 27 months. There was no significant difference in terms of cure rates among the three dyes. However, mTHPC has a stronger phototoxicity and induces a shorter skin photosensitization than either of the other photosensitizers. There were eight major complications: three esophagotracheal fistulae after illumination with red light in the esophagus, two esophageal stenoses following 360° circumferential irradiation, and three bronchial stenoses. Illumination with the less penetrating green light and the use of a 180° or 240° windowed cylindrical light distributor render the risk of complications in the esophagus essentially impossible...

‣ Appropriate use of the day care unit for rigid endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract.

Whinney, D.; Vowles, R.; Harries, M.
Fonte: Royal College of Surgeons of England Publicador: Royal College of Surgeons of England
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1998 Português
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There is increasing pressure for more day surgery to be undertaken in the health service. In this retrospective study of 325 rigid upper aerodigestive tract endoscopies performed in the Day Care Unit of The Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, London, there were no post-discharge complications and only four patients required admission, none were, in our opinion, the direct result of day case rigid endoscopy. In our unit, the day case rate for microlaryngeal surgery is 44.8%, showing that rates significantly higher than published national rates of 17.1% (1993/1994) are achievable. We conclude that day case microlaryngeal surgery and diagnostic rigid endoscopy of the upper aerodigestive tract is safe if performed by suitably qualified staff in dedicated specialist units with patients selected according to existing day case criteria.

‣ Topical use of MMC in the upper aerodigestive tract: a review on the side effects

Veen, Egbert J. D.; Dikkers, Frederik G.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Not much is known about the side effects of mitomycin C (MMC), an anti-fibrogenetic agent, in the upper aerodigestive tract. However, its use in ophthalmology is widely known and without quantitatively important side effects. A literature review was performed for side effects of MMC in the upper aerodigestive tract. Forty-six articles, describing the use of MMC to prevent scarring, were retracted from PubMed. Thirty-two are human studies. MMC is used in different concentrations (0.1–10 mg/ml) with different application times (2–5 min) and frequencies (up to 4 times). Five hundred and thirty-eight patients were included in those publications, of whom 19 developed side effects (3.53%). No side effects developed in studies, where post-application irrigation with saline was reported. The longest mean follow-up period is 75.5 months. Direct relations between the reported side effects and MMC seem absent in most studies. Serious complications seem to occur when MMC is used in high concentrations. Unfortunately, sometimes crucial information is lacking. One patient was described who supposedly developed laryngeal carcinoma after repeated treatment of hyperkeratosis and anterior commissure webbing. Animal studies show that excessive fibrin production can lead to acute airway obstruction. In conclusion...

‣ Cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract in Korea.

Cho, Kyung Ja; Khang, Shin Kwang; Lee, Seung Sook; Koh, Jae Soo; Chung, Jin Haeng; Lee, Yong Sik; Shim, Yoon Sang
Fonte: Korean Academy of Medical Sciences Publicador: Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2002 Português
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Cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) constitute 3.5-4% of all malignancies. Since the majority of cases are squamous cell carcinomas which are related with epidemiologic factors, a different pattern of UADT cancer might be present between the Western and Asian populations. We performed a pathology based statistical study on UADT cancers in Korean patients. Cases from Korea Cancer Center Hospital, from January 1, 1988 through December 31, 1998, were subjected to the study. Among 2,842 cases, epithelial malignancies accounted for 87.8%, with squamous cell carcinoma as the major type (76.5%). The larynx was the most commonly affected site (26%), followed by the oral cavity (25.1%), oropharynx (13%), nasopharynx (9%), hypopharynx (8.4%), paranasal sinuses (6.4%), nasal cavity (6%) and salivary glands (6.1%). The percentage of squamous cell carcinoma was highest (98.7%) at the hypopharynx, and lowest at the nasal cavity (42.3%), which showed the most diverse tumor entities. Korean patients with UADT cancers presented with a higher incidence of non-epidermoid malignancy including sarcoma (1.5%) and malignant melanoma (1.4%), and a higher frequency of involvement of the sinonasal tract, compared with the Western patients.

‣ Acantholytic Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Upper Aerodigestive Tract: Histopathology, Immunohistochemical Profile and Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition Phenotype Change

Gu, Xin; Jiang, Ru; Fowler, Marjorie R.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
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Acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma in the mucosa of upper aerodigestive tract. Histomorphologically, acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma may lose the typical features of conventional squamous cell carcinoma and mimic other epithelial or mesenchymal malignancies due to advanced acantholysis and dyskeratosis. Because of its rarity, information of prognosis, pathologic features and immunohistochemical profiles is limited. We have studied clinicopathologic features and immunohistochemical profiles of four acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma cases arising from upper aerodigestive tract. Clinical results indicate an aggressive biologic behavior. Morphologically, all tumors revealed significant acantholysis with separation of tumor cells and intratumoral spaces. The tumor cells were highly pleomorphic and growth patterns were variable. In immunohistochemical studies, all tumor cells revealed positive reactions for AE1/AE3 and p63 supporting a squamous epithelial origin. In contrast to conventional aerodigestive squamous cell carcinoma, acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma showed significant reductions of cytokeratin19, E-cadherin and concomitant up-regulation of vimentin expression. Both morphologic features and immunohistochemical profiles indicate that acantholytic squamous cell carcinoma has acquired an epithelial mesenchymal transition phenotype. However...

‣ Human papillomavirus–positive basaloid squamous cell carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract: a distinct clinicopathologic and molecular subtype of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma☆

Chernock, Rebecca D.; Lewis, James S.; Zhang, Qin; El-Mofty, Samir K.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract is a rare, morphologically distinct variant of squamous cell carcinoma that is thought to be clinically aggressive. The histologic features are distinct from, but often confused with, those of human papillomavirus–related oropharyngeal nonkeratinizing squamous cell carcinoma. The role of human papillomavirus as an etiologic agent in true basaloid squamous cell carcinoma is controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine human papillomavirus prevalence and its clinicopathologic significance in upper aerodigestive tract tumors with true basaloid squamous cell carcinoma histology. Twenty-eight cases were identified, 12 in the oropharynx and 16 in the larynx and/or hypopharynx. High-risk human papillomavirus in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry for p16 and p53 were performed. Nine (75%) of the oropharyngeal and none of the larynx/hypopharynx tumors were human papillomavirus positive. Human papillomavirus–positive tumors affected younger patients. No significant statistical differences in patients’ sex, tumor stage, treatment modality, or length of follow-up were observed between the 2 groups. Viral status showed a strong, positive correlation with p16 (P < .001) and a strong...

‣ Upper aerodigestive tract disorders and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease

Ciorba, Andrea; Bianchini, Chiara; Zuolo, Michele; Feo, Carlo Vittorio
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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A wide variety of symptoms and diseases of the upper aerodigestive tract are associated to gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). These disorders comprise a large variety of conditions such as asthma, chronic otitis media and sinusitis, chronic cough, and laryngeal disorders including paroxysmal laryngospasm. Laryngo-pharyngeal reflux disease is an extraoesophageal variant of GORD that can affect the larynx and pharynx. Despite numerous research efforts, the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux often remains elusive, unproven and controversial, and its treatment is then still empiric. Aim of this paper is to review the current literature on upper aerodigestive tract disorders in relation to pathologic gastro-oesophageal reflux, focusing in particular on the pathophysiology base and results of the surgical treatment of GORD.

‣ Chapter 7: Human Papillomavirus and Cancer of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract

Herrero, Rolando
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
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We discuss current evidence of the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in some cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract, including the oral cavity, the pharynx, and the larynx. Cancers of the oral cavity and the pharynx are associated mainly with tobacco and alcohol exposure, but there is evidence from case series, from case–control studies, and from cohort studies that HPV plays a role in a fraction of these cancers, particularly cancer in the oropharynx and tonsil. The HPV type most commonly associated with cancers in these locations is HPV 16. Laboratory evidence indicates that the virus is integrated and that HPV oncogenes are transcriptionally active in these tumors. Many aspects of the association remain to be investigated, including the epidemiology and natural history of HPV infection in the mouth, the role of cofactors, and the potential use of HPV testing and vaccines in the prevention of these tumors. An analogous role for the virus at other anatomic sites in the upper aerodigestive tract such as the larynx is less clear. The relationship between HPV infection and laryngeal cancer is of particular interest, given that recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is clearly caused by benign proliferative growths induced by HPV 6 or 11 infection of the laryngeal epithelium. Although HPV genomic DNA has been detected in a proportion of laryngeal cancers and despite the many efforts made during the last 15 years...

‣ DNA methylation changes associated with risk factors in tumors of the upper aerodigestive tract

Mani, Samson; Szymanska, Katarzyna; Cuenin, Cyrille; Zaridze, David; Balassiano, Karen; Lima, Sheila C. S.; Matos, Elena; Daudt, Alexander; Koifman, Sergio; Wunsch Filho, Victor; Menezes, Ana M. B.; Curado, Maria Paula; Ferro, Gilles; Vaissiere, Thomas; S
Fonte: LANDES BIOSCIENCE; AUSTIN Publicador: LANDES BIOSCIENCE; AUSTIN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) are common forms of malignancy associated with tobacco and alcohol exposures, although human papillomavirus and nutritional deficiency are also important risk factors. While somatically acquired DNA methylation changes have been associated with UADT cancers, what triggers these events and precise epigenetic targets are poorly understood. In this study, we applied quantitative profiling of DNA methylation states in a panel of cancer-associated genes to a case-control study of UADT cancers. Our analyses revealed a high frequency of aberrant hypermethylation of several genes, including MYOD1, CHRNA3 and MTHFR in UADT tumors, whereas CDKN2A was moderately hypermethylated. Among differentially methylated genes, we identified a new gene (the nicotinic acetycholine receptor gene) as target of aberrant hypermethylation in UADT cancers, suggesting that epigenetic deregulation of nicotinic acetycholine receptors in non-neuronal tissues may promote the development of UADT cancers. Importantly, we found that sex and age is strongly associated with the methylation states, whereas tobacco smoking and alcohol intake may also influence the methylation levels in specific genes. This study identifies aberrant DNA methylation patterns in UADT cancers and suggests a potential mechanism by which environmental factors may deregulate key cellular genes involved in tumor suppression and contribute to UADT cancers.; IARC; IARC; la Ligue National (Francaise) Contre le Cancer; la Ligue National (Francaise) Contre le Cancer; National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institute (NIH/NCI)...