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‣ An evaluation of opinions concerning immigration and multiculturality in the School for Teacher Training; Evaluación de las opiniones sobre la inmigración y la multiculturalidad en la escuela de alumnos de Magisterio

León del Barco, Benito; Mira, António Ricardo; Gómez Carroza, Teresa
Fonte: Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology Publicador: Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Introduction During the past academic year in Spain, more than 500,000 immigrant students were enrolled in primary and secondary schools. School is one of those places available to society for creating spaces for coexistence and for changing attitudes. The teacher plays a very important role in this task. In this paper we will observe opinions and attitudes of future teachers regarding immigration, and particularly immigration at school. Method In order to analyze these attitudes, we have developed two instruments: the scale of attitudes towards immigration and the scale of attitudes towards multiculturality at school. In order to analyze the psychometric characteristics of these scales we worked with 300 students in Teacher Training at the Universities of Extremadura (Spain) and of Évora (Portugal). For data analysis related to this work we selected 200 students at the University of Extremadura. Results Both attitude scales have very acceptable psychometric characteristics. There were significant differences in the factor “Negative Social Distance” associated with the variables for type of degree program and for knowledge of, or lack of knowledge of, an immigrant group. There are significant correlations between the total scores and scale factors. Discussion For an explanation of differences associated with type of degree program...

‣ Human values and opposition towards immigration in Europe

Ramos, Alice, 1963-
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011 Português
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Tese de doutoramento, Ciências Sociais (Sociologia Geral), Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, 2011; Three main objectives underlie this thesis: 1) understand opposition towards immigration in Europe; 2) test the hypothesis that human values contribute to the understanding of opposition towards immigration over and above other social factors; 3) undertake this analysis from a multilevel perspective. From these three objectives we derived two main hypotheses: a) at the individual level, values have an impact on opposition towards immigration over and above other important factors; b) the effect of values is maintained over and above other important factors, also when socio-structural factors are included in the statistical models. In other words, we contrast values with other theoretical models (economic self-interest and social capital) and include values at the individual level in multilevel models; two strategies that we have not seen developed in the literature produced to date. Data from the three first Rounds of the European Social Survey (2002- 2004-2006) was used to test both hypotheses; multilevel analysis was performed in order to analyse the effect of individual and socio-structural variables on opposition towards immigration. Results showed that these attitudes are mainly associated to individual variables: the values of universalism stem negative attitudes towards immigrants while conservation values boost them; moreover human values have an effect on opposition towards immigration over and above other important individual and socio-structural factors. We extended the analysis of the impact of human values to the study of racial prejudice and threat perceptions...

‣ Real World is Not Enough: The Media as an Additional Source of Negative Attitudes Toward Immigration, Comparing Denmark and the Netherlands

van Klingeren, Marijn; Boomgaarden, Hajo G.; Vliegenthart, Rens; de Vreese, Claes H.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
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Most people are unable to accurately estimate the number of immigrants in their country. Nonetheless, it has been argued that the size of the immigrant population would affect people’s immigration attitudes. Part of the effect of immigration on attitudes occurs not so much because of real immigration figures, but rather because of media reporting about immigration. In this study, negative attitudes towards immigration are explained by investigating the impact of the salience and the tone of immigration topics in the news media vis-à-vis the impact of immigration statistics. The cases of Denmark and the Netherlands are analysed for a period from 2003 to 2010, using a multilevel design. Overall, real-world immigration numbers have little impact. The tone of news coverage has an effect in the Netherlands: a positive tone reduces negativity towards immigration, while a negative tone does not increase negativity. We cautiously conclude that the longevity of the issue’s salience has a moderating effect.

‣ European immigration and integration : Finland

Koivukangas, Olavi
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 45800 bytes; 357 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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The 1990s witnessed a period of strong immigration in Finland with the number of foreign arrivals increasing five-fold during the course of the decade. A major reason was the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the arrival of the Ingrians and other ethnic Finns. A significant proportion (roughly one-fifth) of the immgratory flow were refugees. Yet Finland remains an homogeneous society, with the proportion of foreign citizens accounting for only 1.9 per cent, the lowest among EU countries. Nevertheless, the challenge Finland faces is one of transition from a monolithic to a polyvalent culture. The recent increase in immigration has created a number of problems. Unemployment among foreign citizens is still over 30 per cent; it is eight per cent nationally. Negative attitudes and xenophobia among the native population towards foreigners remains. The varied composition of migration - refugees, asylum seekers, displaced persons, ordinary migrants and family members – places unique pressures on policy-makers and the citizenry alike. The flows have become more flexible, and the incidence of illegal migration and people smuggling is increasing. To address these challenges, the EU is gradually moving towards adopting a common policy on immigration and refugee issues as flagged under the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. This shift to greater supra-national authority is inevitable. Finland is currently alone among EU states in having a Russian border. However...

‣ Identidad y prestigio en las actitudes lingüísticas de la población ecuatoriana en Madrid

Sancho Pascual, María
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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El auge de los movimientos migratorios hacia España producido en los últimos 15 años ha dado como resultado una compleja situación de relaciones intergrupales que tienen como consecuencia contactos entre distintas lenguas y variedades del español. La lengua, como elemento de suma importancia en la formación de la identidad de los individuos, juega un papel fundamental en estas relaciones. En el caso de los inmigrantes hispanohablantes en comunidades monolingües, la convergencia y la divergencia dialectales son fenómenos que se emplearán como estrategias de acercamiento y distanciamiento de las identidades sociales de los grupos que conviven en una comunidad. Las actitudes lingüísticas se revelan como reflejo de las actitudes sociales hacia el propio grupo y hacia la comunidad de acogida y, por tanto, será necesario conocerlas para entender el proceso de integración sociolingüística de los inmigrantes. Los motivos que van a generar esas actitudes, y que estarán en la base de la acomodación comunicativa, dependerán de factores como el prestigio, el poder y la solidaridad. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar las actitudes lingüísticas de la población ecuatoriana residente en la ciudad de Madrid hacia su propia variedad y hacia la variedad madrileña a partir de la aplicación de una cinta-estímulo...

‣ Binational Social Networks and Assimilation: A Test of the Importance of Transnationalism

Mouw, Ted; Chavez, Sergio; Edelblute, Heather; Verdery, Ashton
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Journal article; Text; publisher version
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While the concept of transnationalism has gained widespread popularity among scholars as a way to describe immigrants' long-term maintenance of cross-border ties to their origin communities, critics have argued that the overall proportion of immigrants who engage in transnational behavior is low and that, as a result, transnationalism has little sustained effect on the process of immigrant adaptation and assimilation. In this article, we argue that a key shortcoming in the current empirical debate on transnationalism is the lack of data on the social networks that connect migrants to each other and to nonmigrants in communities of origin. To address this shortcoming, our analysis uses unique binational data on the social network connecting an immigrant sending community in Guanajuato, Mexico, to two destination areas in the United States. We test for the effect of respondents' positions in cross-border networks on their migration intentions and attitudes towards the United States using data on the opinions of their peers, their participation in cross-border and local communication networks, and their structural position in the network. The results indicate qualified empirical support for a network-based model of transnationalism; in the U.S. sample we find evidence of network clustering consistent with peer effects...

‣ Beyond Radical Right: Attitudes towards immigration and voting behaviour in Europe

PARDOS-PRADO, Sergi
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Defense date: 27/09/2010; Examining Board: Mark Franklin (EUI) (Supervisor), Peter Mair (EUI), José Ramón Montero (University of Madrid), Stephen Fisher (Trinity College, Oxford); Received the Special Mention of the Juan J. Linz prize for 2009-2010 by the Political and Constitutional Studies Centre in Spain.; The issue of immigration has thus far been conceptualised almost exclusively as a catalyst for radical forms of behaviour. Scholars of political behaviour have focused on the exceptional character of the radical voter, the pivotal role played by radical right parties in explaining the strategies of mainstream parties, and the prevalence of negative attitudes. The aim of this study is to transcend the analysis of a minority of the political spectrum, present only in a limited number of political systems, and instead to comparatively observe the impact of attitudes towards immigration on mainstream electoral competition in Europe on the basis of individual, party and system levels of variation. The thesis has three main findings. First, the issue of immigration has strong potential to affect mainstream voting in contemporary European political systems. Contrary to what is usually implied by the literature on the radical right...

‣ Introduction : Europe at stake : European Union in it politics and society

DI MAURO, Danilo; SERRICCHIO, Fabio
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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For a long time, Italy has been traditionally described as one of the strongest pro- European countries. its' general discontent for domestic politicians and institutions seemed initially to amplify these sentiments, indicating in the European Union (EU) the solution to the atavist deficiencies of the it political system. Since the beginning of the 2000s, support for Europe, especially at the mass level, started to decrease. This situation became more evident when the effects of the world financial and economic crisis invaded the political debate. The first aim of this special issue is to understand and explain the new counter-trend in it sceptic sentiments towards the EU. In particular, this issue presents six different papers focusing on : it public support for the EU, the image of Europe in the national press, the Euroscepticism of radical right parties and movements, the relationship between attitudes towards Europe and voting turnout, and the effects of two crucial issues - corruption and immigration - on attitudes towards European institutions. The studies presented confirm the importance of considering the context of each member-state and each national scenario.

‣ 'We're so lucky': meeting challenges to deliver benefits to children in immigration detention

Every, D.; Thompson, K.; Rainbird, S.; Whetton, S.; Procter, N.; Abdul-Halim, S.; Sebben, B.
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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Under pressure from crowded immigration detention centres and an election commitment to remove children from detention, in 2010 the Australian government opened a low security immigration detention facility for families and children in the Adelaide Hills. Children from this alternative place of detention (APOD) attend nine local schools. However, many local residents feared their enrolment would create conflict, reduce educational outcomes for local students, and overburden teachers and school resources. To answer these concerns we conducted an ethnography of the schools and interviewed school teachers, principals, parents, the education managers in the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) and the Department of Education and Children’s Services (DECS). This paper reports our findings on the impacts of the new arrivals on school finances, teacher time and resources, the local children, and the broader Hills community. As did previous quantitative studies, we found no negative effects. Rather, the new arrivals created a newly enriched learning environment and social experiences. The schools also played an integral role in changing the initially hostile community attitudes towards asylum seekers. Our qualitative research approach allowed us to explore factors that created this outcome. We found that the absence of negative impacts was the result of the funding for specialised support staff...

‣ A cosy consensus on deviant discourse: how the refugee and asylum seeker meta-narrative has endorsed an interpretive crisis in relation to the transnational politics of world's displaced persons

Haynes, Amanda; Devereux, Eoin; Breen, Michael
Fonte: Department of Sociology, University of Limerick Publicador: Department of Sociology, University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper; all_ul_research
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non-peer-reviewed; Immigration is a key feature in late capitalist societies, with some 20,000,000 displaced persons worldwide. This paper reports on coverage of refugees and asylum seekers in English-language newspapers worldwide, drawing on media content between 2003 and 2004. It analyses media discourse on refugees and asylum seekers across the world, with a particular focus on deconstructing negative coverage. Five dominant negative frames in international media discourses are identified. These themes are examined in the context of theories of racism and xenophobia to highlight their negative potential for displaced persons and attitudes towards them in their host countries. Theory is also employed to explore the potential utility of such negative narratives for the media and social elites. The work being presented here is part of a much larger research project being undertaken by the authors at the University of Limerick. (For preliminary findings see Devereux and Breen, 2003 and 2004).

‣ Representações e expetativas dos estudantes universitários dos PALOP

Duque, Eduardo Jorge
Fonte: APS Publicador: APS
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Portugal, durante séculos, foi um país de emigração, vendo muita da sua população partir em diáspora para outros países. Esta realidade, a partir dos anos 70, foi de certa forma alterada, com a entrada de muitos imigrantes, sobretudo dos Países de Língua Oficial Portuguesa, fenómeno que aumentou significativamente desde a adesão de Portugal à Comunidade Europeia. De um país de emigração, Portugal tornou-se, nos últimos anos, um país de imigração, com fluxos migratórios que provêm de forma expressiva dos PALOP. A permanência desta comunidade entre nós tem um caráter mais prolongado e, em muitos casos, definitivo. Paralelamente a este fenómeno, um outro tem vindo a ocupar uma expressão significativa em Portugal, nomeadamente a entrada de jovens provenientes dos PALOP à procura de uma formação mais sólida nas universidades portuguesas, realidade que se deve, em grande medida, ao facto destes se sentirem protegidos pelas suas redes de interconhecimento constituídas por familiares e amigos do mesmo país de origem. Não obstante o vínculo histórico e cultural que une estes países, a inserção destes estudantes nas universidades portuguesas tem sido um fenómeno complexo e lento, na medida em que...

‣ Representações e expetativas dos estudantes universitários dos PALOP

Duque, Eduardo
Fonte: Associação Portuguesa de Sociologia Publicador: Associação Portuguesa de Sociologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.53594%
Portugal, durante séculos, foi um país de emigração, vendo muita da sua população partir em diáspora para outros países. Esta realidade, a partir dos anos 70, foi de certa forma alterada, com a entrada de muitos imigrantes, sobretudo dos Países de Língua Oficial Portuguesa, fenómeno que aumentou significativamente desde a adesão de Portugal à Comunidade Europeia. De um país de emigração, Portugal tornou-se, nos últimos anos, um país de imigração, com fluxos migratórios que provêm de forma expressiva dos PALOP. A permanência desta comunidade entre nós tem um caráter mais prolongado e, em muitos casos, definitivo. Paralelamente a este fenómeno, um outro tem vindo a ocupar uma expressão significativa em Portugal, nomeadamente a entrada de jovens provenientes dos PALOP à procura de uma formação mais sólida nas universidades portuguesas, realidade que se deve, em grande medida, ao facto destes se sentirem protegidos pelas suas redes de interconhecimento constituídas por familiares e amigos do mesmo país de origem. Não obstante o vínculo histórico e cultural que une estes países, a inserção destes estudantes nas universidades portuguesas tem sido um fenómeno complexo e lento, na medida em que, se por um lado...

‣ Relative Deprivation and Relative Wealth Enhances Anti-Immigrant Sentiments: The V-Curve Re-Examined

Jetten, Jolanda; Mols, Frank; Postmes, Tom
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/10/2015 Português
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Previous research has shown that negative attitudes towards immigrants and support for anti-immigrant parties are observed both among those experiencing relative deprivation and those experiencing relative gratification (so called v-curve). Whereas the effect of relative deprivation is intuitive, the effect of relative gratification is more difficult to explain. Why would economic prosperity provoke negative attitudes towards immigrants? We first present correlational (Study 1) and experimental (Study 2) support for the v-curve. In Study 1, in a national Swiss referendum, a higher percentage anti-immigrant voting was found in cantons with relatively lower and relatively higher relative disposable income. In Study 2, in a hypothetical society, more opposition to ‘newcomers’ joining society was found among poor or above average wealth group members than among those in a moderate wealth group condition. In Study 3, we replicate this finding and also show that opposition to immigration is higher for all wealth groups when societal inequality is growing rather than declining. In a final study, we examine different forms of relative gratification and mediators of the relationship between relative gratification and opposition to immigration (i.e....

‣ Equilibria of culture contact derived from ingroup and outgroup attitudes

Contucci, Pierluigi; Gallo, Ignacio; Ghirlanda, Stefano
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Modern societies feature an increasing contact between cultures, yet we have a poor understanding of what the outcomes might be. Here we consider a mathematical model of contact between social groups, grounded in social psychology and analyzed using tools from statistical physics. We use the model to study how a culture might be affected by immigration. We find that in some cases residents' culture is relatively unchanged, but in other cases residents may adopt the opinions and beliefs of immigrants. The decisive factors are each group's cultural legacy and its attitudes towards in- and out-groups. The model can also predict how social policies may influence the outcome of culture contact.

‣ Expectativas educativas y sociales de las familias inmigrantes

Garreta Bochaca, Jordi
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1994 Português
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Analizada la importancia de las actitudes de los padres -expectativas, niveles de aspiración,etc.- en el rendimiento escolar de los hijos, se presenta un estudio realizado entre familias procedentes de Africa residentes en Lérida. En éste se pondrán de manifiesto diferentes actitudes en función del proyecto familiar -producto de la trayectoria inmigrante- destacándose las observadas en el nivel de estudios deseado para los hijos, el nivel que realmente creen podrán alcanzar, la utilidad otorgada al sistema educativo y la movilización en la carrera discente.; In this study we consider the analysis of the importance of parents attitudes -expectations and levels of aspiration- in the performance of children at school. This is a study carried out among families of African origin resident in Lérida. In this analysis different attitudes come out of the family study as a result of the immigrant phrnomenon. The following points stand out: the academic level desired for their children, the level that they really think can be achieved, the considered utility of the educational system and the importance of the pupillteacher relationship.

‣ Incertidumbre socio-económica y actitudes hacia la inmigración en Europa

Martin, Antonio; Molina Romo, Óscar; Meardi, Guglielmo
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 Português
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La actual crisis económica ha comportado un deterioro del mercado de trabajo en muchos países europeos, lo que ha estimulado la extensión de actitudes anti-inmigrantes entre la población. Estas actitudes anti-inmigratorias se localizan fundamentalmente en los segmentos bajos del mercado de trabajo, aquellos de baja cualificación y de bajos salarios. En este artículo exploramos las actitudes de los ciudadanos europeos hacia los trabajadores inmigrantes. En particular tratamos de analizar que papel juega la incertidumbre socioeconómica en la conformación de las actitudes. Para ello comparamos los datos de las encuestas de los años 2002, 2008 y 2010 proporcionados por la Encuesta Social Europea para 17 países. Los resultados ponen de relieve la existencia de un cierto cambio de las actitudes entre ambos periodos. Las actitudes hacia la inmigración están condicionadas por tres tipos de variables: socio-económicas, ideológico-políticas y contextuales. El análisis de regresión logística pone de relieve el fuerte papel que juega la ideología izquierda versus derecha como predictor de las actitudes. Finalmente, el análisis de correspondencias múltiples nos ha permitido clasificar a los países estudiados según sus actitudes hacia la inmigración.; The recent economic crisis has brought an unprecedented deterioration in labour market conditions in many European countries. This may have provided new stimulus for the extension of anti-immigrant attitudes amongst population...

‣ Actitudes hacia la inmigración y compromiso igualitario en Europa

Martin, Antonio; Meardi, Guglielmo
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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El "compromiso igualitario" es una de las características de la cultura política europea. Este valor igualitarista se ve amenazado por la crisis económica, el desempleo y la intolerancia. El compromiso igualitario como actitud ante la inmigración depende de variables contextuales que son diferentes según los modelos de Bienestar. Por un lado, en los países con mayor gasto en protección social, en pensiones por desempleo y menor riesgo de pobreza, disminuye la competencia por los escasos recursos de empleo y bienestar. Las sociedades más igualitarias generan actitudes más tolerantes hacia la inmigración, lo que se demuestra en el caso de los países del modelo socialdemócrata escandinavo, Alemania y Francia. Por otro lado, en sentido contrario, los países con mayores tasas de desempleo, con mayor riesgo de pobreza y mayores desigualdades generan actitudes de rechazo al reconocimiento de los derechos sociales de los inmigrantes, como es el caso del modelo liberal británico, en Grecia, Chequia y Lituania. Por consiguiente, las políticas de integración de la inmigración están asociadas con la corrección de las desigualdades sociales, con la política de empleo, con las pensiones y los subsidios por desempleo. La sostenibilidad del Estado del Bienestar está asociada a la integración de la inmigración.; Attitudes of European citizens towards immigrants are restrictive. Restrictive attitudes are related to the unemployment rate and the risk of poverty as well as competition for jobs and welfare resources. National policies of social protection help reduce hostility to immigration because it reduces the risk of poverty and social inequality. However...

‣ ¿Por qué los afiliados sindicales tienen actitudes diferentes hacia la inmigración?

Martin, Antonio; Molina Romo, Óscar
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
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En Europa, la actitud de los afiliados sindicales hacia la inmigración es moderadamente tolerante cuando éstos se sitúan ideológicamente en la izquierda política. Esta actitud es diferente de la de los ciudadanos no afiliados a los sindicatos, pues es restrictiva. Las posiciones ideológicas y las actitudes dibujan una U gráficamente hablando: en un extremo se ubican las posiciones de izquierda, asociadas a alta afiliación sindical y actitudes moderadamente tolerantes; en el otro se ubican las posiciones de derecha, con baja afiliación sindical y actitudes restrictivas. Los factores que influyen en las actitudes negativas son el desempleo, los bajos salarios, los contratos temporales y otras formas de precariedad que estimulan la competencia por los escasos recursos de trabajo y bienestar. La crisis y el desempleo contribuyen al fermento de las actitudes restrictivas.; In Europe, union members’ attitudes towards immigration are moderately tolerant when they are ideologically located on the political left. This behavior is different from that of non union members’, whose attitude is restrictive. ideological positions and attitudes draw a U-shaped pattern. At one extreme are the positions of the left-wing, associated with high union membership and moderately tolerant attitudes. At the other extreme are right-wing positions...

‣ Language, immigration and nationalism: Comparing the Basque and Catalan cases.

Conversi, Daniele
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1994 Português
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Through a comparison between Catalan and Basque nationalism, this thesis describes two patterns of nationalism: inclusive and exclusive, cohesive and fragmented. These are related to the core values of national identity chosen by nationalist elites. However, this choice cannot be arbitrary, but is based on pre-existing cultural material. As language is the key value of most European nationalisms, the degree of language maintenance has a direct influence on the patterns of nationalist mobilization. These two patterns are tested against the different attitudes towards immigrants: early Basque nationalism was isolationist and exclusive, early Catalan nationalism was more integrationist and inclusive. However, during Francoism, Basque nationalism changed its focus from race/religion to language and action, although nationalists never agreed on which one of these was crucial. The result was a more inclusive form of nationalism. Finally, the thesis relates the two models to the rise and spread of political violence. It is argued that ideological infighting and fragmented constituencies are potentially more conducive to violent forms of nationalism. In turn, such ideological frictions are related to cultural discontinuities, including partial assimilation into the dominant culture. However...

‣ New times for migrants' health in Europe

Reyes-Uruena,J.M.; Noori,T.; Pharris,A.; Jansà,J.M.
Fonte: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria Publicador: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2014 Português
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Patterns of migration can change greatly over time, with the size and composition of migrant populations reflecting both, current and historical patterns of migration flows. The recent economic crisis has caused a decrease on migration flows towards the most affected areas, as well as cut offs in health interventions addressed to migrants. The objective of this paper is to review available data about interventions on migrants' health in Europe, and to describe changes in migrant health policies across Europe after the economic crisis, that can have a negative effect in their health status. Although migrants have the right to health care under legal settlements issued by the EU, there is no a standard European approach to offer health care to migrants, since; policies in each EU Member State are developed according to specific migrant experience, political climate, and attitudes towards migration. Migrants use to face greater health problems and major health care access barriers, compared with their counterparts from the EU. Therefore, migrant health policies should focus in protects this vulnerable group, especially during economic hardship, taking into account economic and socio-demographic risk factors. There is an especial need for research in the cost-effectiveness of investing in the health care of the migrant population...