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‣ Tendências da incidência e da mortalidade por câncer de cólon em residentes no município de São Paulo; Trends in colon cancer incidence and mortality among residents of São Paulo

Marcolin, Marilande
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.26301%
Introdução - Estudos sobre o câncer de cólon mostram que a sua incidência, no mundo, tem aumentado de maneira significativa no último século. Acredita-se que este resultado esteja relacionado, entre outros aspectos, com a industrialização, a urbanização ocorridas neste período e mudanças no estilo de vida. A morbimortalidade associada ao câncer de cólon observada em países desenvolvidos é maior do que em países em desenvolvimento e o que se tem observado é que, embora a tendência da incidência seja crescente para ambos os sexos, a mortalidade permanece estável. Objetivo - Analisar as tendências da incidência e da mortalidade de pacientes com câncer de cólon, registrados no Registro de Câncer de Base Populacional (RCBP) do Município de São Paulo. Métodos - Foram analisadas as tendências temporais da incidência no período de 1997 a 2005 e da mortalidade no período de 1980 a 2007. As análises foram feitas separadamente por sexo e faixa etária e os efeitos da idade, do período e da coorte foram estimados através do modelo de regressão de Poisson. Resultados - Houve aumento na incidência por câncer de cólon no município de São Paulo, em quase todas as faixas etárias estudadas. O aumento da mortalidade foi menor do que o aumento da incidência e parece coincidir com um efeito de coorte presente durante todo o período do estudo. Tanto na incidência quanto na mortalidade...

‣ Tendências da incidência e da mortalidade do câncer de mama feminino no município de São Paulo; Trends in the female breast cancer incidence and mortality in São Paulo, Brazil

Lisbôa, Luís Fernando
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.23323%
Introdução: A cada ano, são diagnosticados mais de um milhão de novos casos de câncer de mama em mulheres no mundo. Os países mais desenvolvidos apresentam as maiores incidências, enquanto a mortalidade é maior nos países em desenvolvimento. No Brasil, as incidências mais elevadas se localizam nas regiões Sul e Sudeste. Nos últimos cinco anos, a incidência de câncer de mama aumentou cerca de 30 por cento nos países do ocidente, porém, a partir do ano 2000, observa-se ligeiro decréscimo na mortalidade. A investigação simultânea sobre a incidência e a mortalidade pode fornecer informações sobre a etiologia da doença, e a análise dos efeitos da idade, período e da coorte facilita a compreensão dos mecanismos responsáveis pela variação nas tendências. Objetivos: Analisar as tendências da incidência e da mortalidade por câncer de mama feminino no município de São Paulo, segundo os efeitos da idade, período e coorte. Métodos: Foram analisadas a incidência no período de 1997 a 2005, e a mortalidade no período de 1982 a 2005. Os dados foram obtidos no Registro de Câncer de Base Populacional de São Paulo, no Sistema de Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde (SIM-MS) e no Instituto Brasileiro Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Os efeitos da idade...

‣ Tendências da incidência e da Mortalidade do câncer de estômago no município de São Paulo; Trends in stomach cancer incidence and mortality in Sao Paulo

Tahara, Emi Igarashi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/03/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.235596%
INTRODUÇÃO: o câncer de estômago já foi, mundialmente, a neoplasia com maior ocorrência na população. Ao longo das décadas, a incidência deste câncer apresenta tendência de decréscimo significativo, sendo que, atualmente, é o quinto tumor maligno mais frequente no mundo. A mortalidade não acompanhou a tendência de decréscimo na mesma velocidade e ainda é considerada a terceira principal causa de morte por câncer. O Brasil acompanhou a tendência mundial, registrando o declínio significativo da incidência e da mortalidade. O município de São Paulo apresenta as mais altas taxas de incidência e mortalidade do país. Apesar disso, existem poucos estudos de tendências de incidência dessa neoplasia para São Paulo e este é o primeiro estudo que investiga as tendências de incidência e mortalidade por sexo, por faixas etárias e por tipo histológico. OBJETIVO: analisar as tendências dos coeficientes de incidência e mortalidade do câncer de estômago, segundo sexo, faixa etária e tipo histológico pela classificação de Lauren. MÉTODOS: estudo ecológico de séries temporais. Foram analisados os novos casos de câncer de estômago, diagnosticados no período de 1997 a 2011, no município de São Paulo, cadastrados no Registro de Câncer de Base Populacional de São Paulo...

‣ Cancer incidence in eighteen cities of the State of São Paulo, Brazil

Andreoni,Gisela I; Veneziano,Donaldo B; Giannotti Filho,Osvaldo; Marigo,Carlos; Mirra,Antonio P; Fonseca,Luiz Augusto M
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.19281%
OBJECTIVE: As in Brazil cancer registries are mostly based on large cities, there are no estimates per state or per region and information on the disease incidence in the vast in-land areas is very scarce. An incidence survey was conducted in 18 major cities of the state of São Paulo, excluding the capital, aiming to collect information about cancer incidence in the state of São Paulo. METHODS: Of the 18 cities in state of São Paulo included in the survey, all had available resources for cancer management. Data from the year of 1991 were collected by the personnel of the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Statistics), who were especially trained by the study coordinators at the Fundação Oncocentro de São Paulo (Cancer Center of São Paulo). The collected data were processed and analyzed at the Oncocentro. Data collection, processing, and analyses were performed according to the recommendations of the International Agency for Research on Cancer. RESULTS: Although some discrepancies were observed in cancer incidence rates between the cities, results obtained for all 18 cities combined were remarkably close to those recently found for the city of São Paulo in the year 1993. One remarkable finding was the relatively high cancer incidence rates in both sexes in the city of Santos. CONCLUSIONS: The very similar all-sites cancer incidence rates found in the year 1991...

‣ Trends in prostate cancer incidence and mortality in a mid-sized Northeastern Brazilian city

Lima,Carlos Anselmo; Silva,Angela Maria da; Kuwano,André Yoichi; Rangel,Margareth Rose Uchôa; Macedo-Lima,Matheus
Fonte: Associação Médica Brasileira Publicador: Associação Médica Brasileira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.10166%
OBJECTIVE: International data have reported prostate cancer as the most frequent among men, and the third highest in mortality. A rise in incidence has been observed in the course of recent decades, probably influenced by early detection, mainly in asymptomatic men, through regular screening with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing. The purpose of this study was to contribute to information on trends in prostate cancer incidence and mortality using population-based data. METHODS: This was an exploratory ecological study of time trends, aiming at describing changes in prostate cancer incidence and mortality in Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil, from 1996 to 2006. Rates were calculated from data of the Registro de Câncer de Base Populacional de Aracaju. Trends were calculated using the Joinpoint Regression Program. RESULTS: For the study period, 1,490 incident cases and 334 deaths were included. Incident cases were more common after 50 years of age, and deaths after 55 years. Age-standardized incidence rates of 46.6 and 50.0/100,000 were observed in the early years of the series, and then progressively increased, with rates higher than 100.0/100,000 in later years. For mortality, age-standardized rates varied from 21.6 and 16.6/100,000 to 24.1 and 28.9/100...

‣ Sirolimus effects on cancer incidence after kidney transplantation: a meta-analysis

Yanik, Elizabeth L; Siddiqui, Kulsoom; Engels, Eric A
Fonte: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Publicador: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.198877%
Sirolimus, an immunosuppressant option for kidney transplant recipients, may reduce cancer risk by interrupting the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. However, studies of sirolimus and cancer incidence in kidney recipients have not been definitive, and have had limited ability to examine specific cancer types. The literature was systematically reviewed to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies of kidney recipients that compared sirolimus users to sirolimus nonusers. Meta-analytic methods were used to obtain pooled estimates of the association between sirolimus use and incidence of total cancer and specific cancer types. Estimates were stratified by study type (RCT vs. observational) and use of cyclosporine (an immunosuppressant that affects DNA repair). Twenty RCTs and two observational studies were eligible for meta-analysis, including 39,039 kidney recipients overall. Sirolimus use was associated with lower overall cancer incidence (incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.71, 95% CI = 0.56–0.90), driven by a reduction in incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC, IRR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.32–0.76). The protective effect of sirolimus on NMSC risk was most notable in studies comparing sirolimus against cyclosporine (IRR = 0.19...

‣ Evolução temporal da incidência do câncer de mama na cidade de Goiânia de acordo com o grupo etário e análise geoespacial; Temporal evolution of breast cancer incidence in the city of goiania according to the age group and geospacial distribuition

Freitas, Nilceana Maya Aires
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.29957%
OBJECTIVE: To study the behavior of breast cancer incidence in the city of Goiania/Goias, during the specified period of years, according to the age group and geospatial distribution. METHODS: In order to achieve our objectives, we conducted three distinctive studies, as described below: Study I: This study sought to verify the Average Annual Percentage Change (AAPC) of breast cancer incidence in Goiania, per decade of life. It used the database of the Population Based Cancer Registries of Goiania (RCBPGo), between 1988 and 2003. During this period, it was registered 3,310 new cases of female breast cancer. The incidence of both crude and standardized rates, this is adjusted by Segi’s World population, were calculated per age groups at each 10 years. Poisson Regression was used to calculate the AAPC for these age groups. Study II: Studied breast cancer incidence trends in young women, in Goiania, during the same period of time (1988 to 2003). The women were divided in three age groups: young women, younger than 39 years old;; women between 40 and 59 years old;; and women above 60 years old. To conduct this study, the annual incidence was calculated by the respective age groups. It was calculated the AAPC and the linear regression. The latter was used to obtain the correlation coefficient and the determination coefficient. Study III: The database of the Population Based Cancer Registries of Goiania (RCBPGo) was updated in this study until 2006;; therefore...

‣ Update of a prospective study of mortality and cancer incidence in the Australian petroleum industry

Gunn, R.; Pratt, N.; Griffith, E.; Adams, G.; Bisby, J.; Robinson, K.
Fonte: British Med Journal Publ Group Publicador: British Med Journal Publ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.166455%
Aims: To update the analysis of the cohort mortality and cancer incidence study of employees in the Australian petroleum industry. Methods: Employees from 1981 to 1996 were traced through the Australian National Death Index and the National Cancer Statistics Clearing House. Cause specific mortality and cancer incidence were compared with those of the Australian population by means of standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) and standardised incidence ratios (SIRs). Associations between increased incidence of specific cancers and employment in the petroleum industry were tested by trends according to period of first employment, duration of employment, latency, and hydrocarbon exposure, adjusting for personal smoking history where appropriate. Total follow up time was 176 598 person-years for males and 10 253 person-years for females. Results: A total of 692 of the 15 957 male subjects, and 16 of the 1206 female subjects had died by the cut off date, 31 December 1996. In males, the all-cause SMR and the SMRs for all major disease categories were significantly below unity. There was a non-significant increase of the all-cancer SIR (1.04, 95% CI 0.97 to 1.11). There was a significant increase of the incidence of melanoma (SIR 1.54, 95% CI 1.30 to 1.81)...

‣ Update of mortality and cancer incidence in the Australian petroleum industry cohort

Gun, R.; Pratt, N.; Ryan, P.; Roder, D.
Fonte: British Med Journal Publ Group Publicador: British Med Journal Publ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.193247%
OBJECTIVES: To update the analysis of the cohort mortality and cancer incidence study of employees in the Australian petroleum industry. METHODS: Employees of Australian Institute of Petroleum member companies were enrolled in the cohort in four industry-wide surveys between 1981 and 1999. Mortality of 16 547 males and 1356 females was determined up to 31 December 2001 and cancer incidence to 31 December 2000. Cause specific mortality and cancer incidence were compared with those of the Australian population by means of standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) and standardised incidence ratios (SIRs). Associations between increased incidence of specific cancers and employment in the petroleum industry were tested by trends according to period of first employment, duration of employment, latency, and hydrocarbon exposure, adjusting for personal smoking history where appropriate. RESULTS: There was a significant elevation of the incidence of mesothelioma (SIR 1.77, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.79), melanoma (SIR 1.37, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.58), and prostate cancer (SIR 1.18, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.34). The SIRs of all leukaemias and of acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia (ANLL) were not significantly different from unity, but all 11 ANLL cases were clustered in the middle to high hydrocarbon exposure categories. Tanker drivers had a significantly elevated incidence of kidney cancer (12 cases v 5.84 expected...

‣ Cancer incidence before and after kidney transplantation

Vajdic, C.; McDonald, S.; McCredie, M.; van Leeuwen, M.; Stewart, J.; Law, M.; Chapman, J.; Webster, A.; Kaldor, J.; Grulich, A.
Fonte: Amer Medical Assoc Publicador: Amer Medical Assoc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.198877%
Context: Immune suppression after organ transplantation is associated with a markedly increased risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer and a few virus-associated cancers. Although it is generally accepted that other cancers do not occur at increased rates, there have been few long-term population-based cohort studies performed. Objective: To compare the incidence of cancer in patients receiving immune suppression after kidney transplantation with incidence in the same population in 2 periods before receipt of immune suppression: during dialysis and during end-stage kidney disease before renal replacement therapy (RRT). Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based cohort study of 28 855 patients with end-stage kidney disease who received RRT, with 273 407 person-years of follow-up. Incident cancers (1982-2003) were ascertained by record linkage between the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry and the Australian National Cancer Statistics Clearing House. Main Outcome Measure: Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of cancer, using age-specific, sex-specific, calendar year–specific, and state/territory–specific population cancer incidence rates. Results:The overall incidence of cancer, excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer and those cancers known to frequently cause end-stage kidney disease...

‣ Trends in Area-Socioeconomic and Race-Ethnic Disparities in Breast Cancer Incidence, Stage at Diagnosis, Screening, Mortality, and Survival among Women Ages 50 Years and Over (1987-2005)

Harper, S.; Lynch, J.; Meersman, S.; Breen, N.; Davis, W.; Reichman, M.
Fonte: Amer Assoc Cancer Research Publicador: Amer Assoc Cancer Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.969653%
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States and varies systematically by race-ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Previous research has often focused on disparities between particular groups, but few studies have summarized disparities across multiple subgroups defined by race-ethnic and socioeconomic position. METHODS: Data on breast cancer incidence, stage, mortality, and 5-year cause-specific probability of death (100 - survival) were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program and data on mammography screening from the National Health Interview Survey from 1987 to 2005. We used four area-socioeconomic groups based on the percentage of poverty in the county of residence (<10, 10-15, 15-20, +20%) and five race-ethnic groups (White, Black, Asian, American Indian, and Hispanic). We used summary measures of disparity based on both rate differences and rate ratios. RESULTS: From 1987 to 2004, area-socioeconomic disparities declined by 20% to 30% for incidence, stage at diagnosis, and 5-year cause-specific probability of death, and by roughly 100% for mortality, whether measured on the absolute or relative scale. In contrast...

‣ Estimating cancer incidence in Indigenous Australians

Zhang, X.; Condon, J.; Rumbold, A.; Cunningham, J.; Roder, D.
Fonte: Public Health Assoc Australia Inc Publicador: Public Health Assoc Australia Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.239194%
Objective: To assess data quality of cancer registrations for Indigenous Australians and produce reliable national Indigenous cancer incidence statistics. Methods: Completeness of Indigenous identification was assessed for the eight Australian cancer registries using an innovative indirect assessment method based on registry-specific registration rates for smoking-related cancers. National age-standardised incidence rates and rate ratios (Indigenous:non-Indigenous) were calculated for all cancers combined and 26 individual cancer sites. Multivariate regression analysis was used to investigate trends in Indigenous cancer incidence by time or remoteness of residence, and whether the incidence rate ratio (Indigenous:non-Indigenous) was different in younger than older age-groups. Results: Four registries covering 84% of the Indigenous population had sufficiently complete Indigenous identification to be included in analysis. Compared to other Australians, Indigenous Australians had much higher incidence of lung and other smoking-related cancers, cervix, uterus and liver cancer, but much lower incidence of breast, prostate, testis, colorectal and brain cancer, melanoma of skin, lymphoma and leukaemia. Incidence was higher in remote areas for some cancers (including several smoking-related cancers) but lower for others. The incidence rate ratios (IRRs) for smoking-related cancers were higher in younger than older people. Conclusions: Indigenous Australians have a different pattern of incidence of specific cancers than other Australians and large geographical variations for several cancers. Implications: All cancer registries need to further improve Indigenous identification...

‣ The global burden of cancer 2013

Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration
Fonte: JAMA Publicador: JAMA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.22441%
IMPORTANCE: Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide. Current estimates of cancer burden in individual countries and regions are necessary to inform local cancer control strategies. OBJECTIVE: To estimate mortality, incidence, years lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 28 cancers in 188 countries by sex from 1990 to 2013. EVIDENCE REVIEW: The general methodology of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013 study was used. Cancer registries were the source for cancer incidence data as well as mortality incidence (MI) ratios. Sources for cause of death data include vital registration system data, verbal autopsy studies, and other sources. The MI ratios were used to transform incidence data to mortality estimates and cause of death estimates to incidence estimates. Cancer prevalence was estimated using MI ratios as surrogates for survival data; YLDs were calculated by multiplying prevalence estimates with disability weights, which were derived from population-based surveys; YLLs were computed by multiplying the number of estimated cancer deaths at each age with a reference life expectancy; and DALYs were calculated as the sum of YLDs and YLLs. FINDINGS: In 2013 there were 14.9 million incident cancer cases...

‣ Influence of mammographic screening on breast cancer incidence trends in South Australia

Beckmann, K.R.; Roder, D.M.; Hiller, J.E.; Farshid, G.; Lynch, J.W.
Fonte: National Cancer Center, Korea Publicador: National Cancer Center, Korea
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.060137%
PURPOSE: To examine breast cancer (BC) incidence trends in relation to mammographic screening and risk factor prevalence in South Australia (SA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Trends in annual BC incidence rates were calculated using direct standardisation and compared with projected incidence derived from Poisson regression analysis of pre-screening rates. Annual percentage change and change time points were estimated using Joinpoint software. Biennial mammography screening participation rates were calculated using data from BreastScreen SA. Trends in overweight/obesity, alcohol use and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use were examined using 1991-2009 Health Omnibus Survey data. Trends in total fertility were examined using data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. RESULTS: BC incidence increased around the time BreastScreen commenced and then stabilised in the mid-1990s. However rates have remained higher than projected, even though the proportion and age distribution of first time screening attendees stabilised around 1998. A decrease in BC incidence was observed among women aged 50-59yrs from the late-1990's but not among older women. Obesity and alcohol use have increased steadily in all age groups, while HRT use declined sharply from the late-1990s. CONCLUSIONS: BC incidence has remained higher than projected since mammography screening began. The sustained elevation is likely to be due to lead time effects...

‣ Decrease in breast cancer incidence following a rapid fall in use of hormone replacement therapy in Australia.

Canfell, Karen; Banks, Emily; Moa, Aye M; Beral, Valerie
Fonte: Australasian Medical Association Publicador: Australasian Medical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.867524%
Objective: To determine if the recent rapid fall in use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in Australia has been followed by a reduction in breast cancer incidence among women aged 50 years or older, but not among younger women. Design and setting: Anal

‣ Cancer incidence in Gipuzkoa, Spain (1998-2002), and time trends from 1986

Larrañaga,Nerea; Sarasqueta,Cristina; Michelena,M. Jesús
Fonte: Gaceta Sanitaria Publicador: Gaceta Sanitaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.224614%
Objectives: To determine the cancer incidence in Gipuzkoa (Spain) from 1998 to 2002 and describe time trends since 1986. Methods: The annual incidence of cancer in Gipuzkoa from 1998 to 2002 was estimated as a rate per 100,000 inhabitants. Incidence trends for the period 1986-2002 were studied for all cancers and for the main cancer sites using Poisson regression and Joinpoint regression for prostate tumours. Results: On average, one in 3 men and one in 5 women would probably be diagnosed with cancer at some time during their life (0-74 years). Among men, prostate surpassed lung as the most frequent cancer site. Among women, breast cancer represented approximately 30% of all cases of cancer (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers). There was an annual increase in the incidence of cancer of 1.5% (95% CI, 1.1-1.8) in men and 0.9% (95% CI, 0.5-1.3) in women. The incidence of prostate cancer in men increased over the study period, and especially between 1996 and 1999, with an annual increase of 34.7% (95% CI, 5.9-71.5). The incidence of lung cancer in women presented an annual increase of 5.2% (95% CI, 3.4-7.1). In contrast, the incidence of stomach cancer decreased during the study period. Conclusions: Cancer incidence in Gipuzkoa increased during the study period. This increase was particularly marked in lung cancer and skin melanoma...

‣ Cancer incidence in Italian contaminated sites

Comba,Pietro; Ricci,Paolo; Iavarone,Ivano; Pirastu,Roberta; Buzzoni,Carlotta; Fusco,Mario; Ferretti,Stefano; Fazzo,Lucia; Pasetto,Roberto; Zona,Amerigo; Crocetti,Emanuele
Fonte: Istituto Superiore di Sanità Publicador: Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.15561%
INTRODUCTION. The incidence of cancer among residents in sites contaminated by pollutants with a possible health impact is not adequately studied. In Italy, SENTIERI Project (Epidemiological study of residents in National Priority Contaminated Sites, NPCSs) was implemented to study major health outcomes for residents in 44 NPCSs. METHODS. The Italian Association of Cancer Registries (AIRTUM) records cancer incidence in 23 NPCSs. For each NPCSs, the incidence of all malignant cancers combined and 35 cancer sites (coded according to ICD-10), was analysed (1996-2005). The observed cases were compared to the expected based on age (5-year period,18 classes), gender, calendar period (1996-2000; 2001-2005), geographical area (North-Centre and Centre-South) and cancer sites specific rates. Standardized Incidence Ratios (SIR) with 90% Confidence Intervals were computed. RESULTS. In both genders an excess was observed for overall cancer incidence (9% in men and 7% in women) as well as for specific cancer sites (colon and rectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, lung, skin melanoma, bladder and Non Hodgkin lymphoma). Deficits were observed for gastric cancer in both genders, chronic lymphoid leukemia (men), malignant thyroid neoplasms, corpus uteri and connective and soft-tissue tumours and sarcomas (women). DISCUSSION. This report is...

‣ Cancer incidence in Gipuzkoa, Spain (1998-2002), and time trends from 1986

Larrañaga,Nerea; Sarasqueta,Cristina; Michelena,M. Jesús
Fonte: Ediciones Doyma, S.L. Publicador: Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.224614%
Objectives: To determine the cancer incidence in Gipuzkoa (Spain) from 1998 to 2002 and describe time trends since 1986. Methods: The annual incidence of cancer in Gipuzkoa from 1998 to 2002 was estimated as a rate per 100,000 inhabitants. Incidence trends for the period 1986-2002 were studied for all cancers and for the main cancer sites using Poisson regression and Joinpoint regression for prostate tumours. Results: On average, one in 3 men and one in 5 women would probably be diagnosed with cancer at some time during their life (0-74 years). Among men, prostate surpassed lung as the most frequent cancer site. Among women, breast cancer represented approximately 30% of all cases of cancer (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers). There was an annual increase in the incidence of cancer of 1.5% (95% CI, 1.1-1.8) in men and 0.9% (95% CI, 0.5-1.3) in women. The incidence of prostate cancer in men increased over the study period, and especially between 1996 and 1999, with an annual increase of 34.7% (95% CI, 5.9-71.5). The incidence of lung cancer in women presented an annual increase of 5.2% (95% CI, 3.4-7.1). In contrast, the incidence of stomach cancer decreased during the study period. Conclusions: Cancer incidence in Gipuzkoa increased during the study period. This increase was particularly marked in lung cancer and skin melanoma...

‣ Ecological studies of cancer incidence in an area interested by dumping waste sites in Campania (Italy)

Fazzo,Lucia; Santis,Marco De; Mitis,Francesco; Benedetti,Marta; Martuzzi,Marco; Comba,Pietro; Fusco,Mario
Fonte: Istituto Superiore di Sanità Publicador: Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.98474%
Cancer incidence was investigated in an area which has been affected by the illegal practices of dumping hazardous waste and setting fire to mismanaged waste. For the 35 municipalities of this area that are served by a Cancer Registry, municipal standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and hierarchical Bayesian estimators (BIR) were computed. Moreover, municipal spatial clustering and a Poisson regression by municipality index of waste-related exposure were performed for 10 cancer types. Increased municipality SIRs were found for some cancer types. The BIRs confirmed the increases for liver cancer in two municipalities. Statistically significant clusters were detected for liver, lung, leukaemia and soft tissue sarcomas. In the regression analysis, testis cancer showed significant trend with the index of waste-related exposure (RR = 1.18).

‣ Cancer incidence in eighteen cities of the State of São Paulo, Brazil

Andreoni,Gisela I; Veneziano,Donaldo B; Giannotti Filho,Osvaldo; Marigo,Carlos; Mirra,Antonio P; Fonseca,Luiz Augusto M
Fonte: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJECTIVE: As in Brazil cancer registries are mostly based on large cities, there are no estimates per state or per region and information on the disease incidence in the vast in-land areas is very scarce. An incidence survey was conducted in 18 major cities of the state of São Paulo, excluding the capital, aiming to collect information about cancer incidence in the state of São Paulo. METHODS: Of the 18 cities in state of São Paulo included in the survey, all had available resources for cancer management. Data from the year of 1991 were collected by the personnel of the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Statistics), who were especially trained by the study coordinators at the Fundação Oncocentro de São Paulo (Cancer Center of São Paulo). The collected data were processed and analyzed at the Oncocentro. Data collection, processing, and analyses were performed according to the recommendations of the International Agency for Research on Cancer. RESULTS: Although some discrepancies were observed in cancer incidence rates between the cities, results obtained for all 18 cities combined were remarkably close to those recently found for the city of São Paulo in the year 1993. One remarkable finding was the relatively high cancer incidence rates in both sexes in the city of Santos. CONCLUSIONS: The very similar all-sites cancer incidence rates found in the year 1991...