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‣ A Genetic Screen for Suppressors of a Mutated 5′ Splice Site Identifies Factors Associated With Later Steps of Spliceosome Assembly

Dassah, MaryAnn; Patzek, Sophie; Hunt, Valerie M.; Medina, Pedro E.; Zahler, Alan M.
Fonte: Genetics Society of America Publicador: Genetics Society of America
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Many alleles of human disease genes have mutations within splicing consensus sequences that activate cryptic splice sites. In Caenorhabditis elegans, the unc-73(e936) allele has a G-to-U mutation at the first base of the intron downstream of exon 15, which results in an uncoordinated phenotype. This mutation triggers cryptic splicing at the −1 and +23 positions and retains some residual splicing at the mutated wild-type (wt) position. We previously demonstrated that a mutation in sup-39, a U1 snRNA gene, suppresses e936 by increasing splicing at the wt splice site. We report here the results of a suppressor screen in which we identify three proteins that function in cryptic splice site choice. Loss-of-function mutations in the nonessential splicing factor smu-2 suppress e936 uncoordination through changes in splicing. SMU-2 binds SMU-1, and smu-1(RNAi) also leads to suppression of e936. A dominant mutation in the conserved C-terminal domain of the C. elegans homolog of the human tri-snRNP 27K protein, which we have named SNRP-27, suppresses e936 uncoordination through changes in splicing. We propose that SMU-2, SMU-1, and SNRP-27 contribute to the fidelity of splice site choice after the initial identification of 5′ splice sites by U1 snRNP.