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‣ Estudo bibliométrico das publicações em economia da saúde, no Brasil, 1989-1998.; A bibliometric study of health economics publications in Brazil, from 1989 to 1998.

Gonsalez Saes, Sueli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/11/2000 Português
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Avaliar o rendimento da atividade científica e seu impacto na sociedade, com a finalidade primordial de adequar a distribuição dos recursos destinados à atividade de investigação e desenvolvimento, é um ponto indispensável na gestão e planejamento científico de qualquer instituição, instância de governo ou país para conseguir uma rentabilidade máxima nos investimentos neste campo. Este trabalho analisou o "Estado da Arte" no campo da Economia da Saúde no Brasil, através da pesquisa de publicações brasileiras e de publicações sobre temas brasileiros neste campo, no período de 1989 a 1998. Para tal utilizou-se a bibliometria como instrumento de análise para medir a atividade científica no campo da economia da saúde. O conhecimento organizado da literatura disponível em economia da saúde é muito importante, pois evidenciou além dos temas mais estudados pelos pesquisadores desta área, quais instituições e autores estão envolvidos com esta atividade. Para os países em desenvolvimento, onde a escassez de recursos é mais aguda, a utilização das técnicas de análise desenvolvidas pela ciência econômica, serve para subsidiar as decisões no campo da política de saúde. Embora tenham ocorrido oscilações durante o período de dez anos estudados...

‣ Avaliação econômica do impacto da atividade de atenção farmacêutica na assistência à saúde: aspectos metodológicos; Economic evaluation of Pharmaceutical Care activity impact in health assistance: methodological aspects.

Carvalho, Felipe Dias
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/11/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A atenção farmacêutica (ATENFAR) é uma nova prática clínica, inerente ao profissional farmacêutico, que tem como principais objetivos a prevenção de doenças, a promoção e a recuperação da saúde de usuários de serviços sanitários, através do fomento ao uso racional de medicamentos. Vários estudos realizados no Brasil e no exterior mostram que a atividade de ATENFAR pode propiciar muitos benefícios aos tratamentos de saúde que fazem uso de farmacoterapia, resultando no aumento da efetividade do tratamento e na melhoria da qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Além disso, alguns estudos mostram que a ATENFAR exerce influência sobre os custos assistenciais, sendo esta informação de grande importância para que se discuta a inserção desta prática em programas de saúde coletiva. Devido à escassez de estudos econômicos sobre serviços de ATENFAR, este trabalho visou, através de pesquisa bibliográfica, levantar informações acerca dos temas Economia da Saúde, Atenção Farmacêutica e Avaliação em Saúde e discutir criticamente a aplicabilidade e adequação dessas informações aos referidos estudos. A análise das publicações encontradas através da revisão bibliográfica realizada permitiu concluir que: o As análises econômicas tipo custo-minimização...

‣ Economic evaluation in the field of mental health conceptual basis

Lima, Ana Flavia Barros da Silva; Cruz, Luciane Nascimento; Polanczyk, Carisi Anne; Maia, Carlos Renato Moreira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Objective: Technological advances in medicine have given rise to a dilemma concerning the use of new health technologies in a context of limited financial resources. In the field of psychiatry, health economic evaluation is a recent method that can assist in choosing interventions with different cost and/or effectiveness for specific populations or conditions. This article introduces clinicians to the fundamental concepts required for critical assessment of health economic evaluations. Methods: The authors conducted a review with systematic methods to assess the essential theoretical framework of health economic evaluation and mental health in Brazil through textbooks and studies indexed in the PubMed, Cochrane Central, LILACS, NHS CRD, and REBRATS databases. A total of 334 studies were found using the specified terms (MeSH - Mental Health AND Economic, Medical) and filters (Brazil AND Humans); however, only five Brazilian economic evaluations were found. Results and conclusions: Economic evaluation studies are growing exponentially in the medical literature. Publications focusing on health economics as applied to psychiatry are increasingly common, but Brazilian data are still very incipient. In a country where financial resources are so scarce...

‣ Economic evaluation in the field of mental health: conceptual basis

Lima,Ana Flávia Barros da Silva; Cruz,Luciane Nascimento; Polanczyk,Carisi Anne; Maia,Carlos Renato Moreira
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.00812%
Objective: Technological advances in medicine have given rise to a dilemma concerning the use of new health technologies in a context of limited financial resources. In the field of psychiatry, health economic evaluation is a recent method that can assist in choosing interventions with different cost and/or effectiveness for specific populations or conditions. This article introduces clinicians to the fundamental concepts required for critical assessment of health economic evaluations. Methods: The authors conducted a review with systematic methods to assess the essential theoretical framework of health economic evaluation and mental health in Brazil through textbooks and studies indexed in the PubMed, Cochrane Central, LILACS, NHS CRD, and REBRATS databases. A total of 334 studies were found using the specified terms (MeSH - Mental Health AND Economic, Medical) and filters (Brazil AND Humans); however, only five Brazilian economic evaluations were found. Results and conclusions: Economic evaluation studies are growing exponentially in the medical literature. Publications focusing on health economics as applied to psychiatry are increasingly common, but Brazilian data are still very incipient. In a country where financial resources are so scarce...

‣ What is the minimum a doctor should know about health economics?

Musgrove,Philip
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A doctor need not learn a great deal of economics in order to understand some of the basic ideas of health economics. What is more important than any particular piece of knowledge is to understand how economists think, particularly how and why they think about markets. Health economics emphasizes some market failures which lead to poor health outcomes or high costs or both, and it concentrates especially on issues of how health care is paid for - the sources of funding, the pooling of those funds to provide protection from financial risk, and their use to purchase goods and services. Better understanding between economists and health professionals can reduce incomprehension and antagonism, and offer opportunities for more efficient and equitable health systems.

‣ Essays in Health Economics: Understanding Risky Health Behaviors

Friedman, Abigail Sarah
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This dissertation presents three papers applying health economics to the study of risky behaviors. The first uses data from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine the relationship between adverse events and risky behaviors among adolescents. Substance use responses to experiencing either of two adverse events--violent crime victimization or death of a non-family member one felt close to--explain 6.7 percent of first cigarette use, and 14.3 percent of first use of illegal drugs other than marijuana. Analyses of exercise, a positive coping mechanism, find shock-responses consistent with a coping-response, but not with rational, time-inconsistent, or non-rational drivers considered here. I conclude that distressing events lead to risky behaviors, with a coping response contributing to this effect.

‣ Health Economics in Development

Musgrove, Philip
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
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The papers in this collection span 21 years of thinking and writing about health economics, first at the Pan American Health Organization (1982-1990) and then at the World Bank (1990-2002, including two years, 1999-2001, on secondment to the World Health Organization). They are divided into six general topics, which together touch on several of the major issues in this field. Chapters 1 through 3 concern the connection between health, particularly public health, and economics-a connection that has occupied much of my professional effort, in part because I started to work on the subject in an organization dominated by public health professionals, and only later moved to an organization dominated by other economists. Chapters 4 through 6 treat several different aspects of equity, while chapters 7 through 17 deal with effectiveness and efficiency, first in general terms and then with specific attention to communicable diseases and to malnutrition. Equity and efficiency are among the main issues in any branch of economics...

‣ Analyzing Markets for Health Workers : Insights from Labor and Health Economics

McPake, Barbara; Scott, Anthony; Edoka, Ijeoma
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
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The aim of this publication is to examine how labor and health economics can be used to analyze and better understand the role and functions of health worker labor markets. Health workforce shortages stem not only from inadequate overall supply, but also from suboptimal allocation of health human resources by location and role. Low performance and productivity are also issues. These three problems are often compounded by a resource problem - the gap between the finances required for an adequate workforce and those likely available. The application of labor economics to health care labor markets needs to account for the specific institutional features and market failures in health care. The document is organized as follows: first section gives introduction, the second section sets out a broad framework that needs to be used when examining health care labor markets. The third section summarizes the key issues surrounding the demand and supply of health workers and how these interact in the health worker labor market. The fourth section summarizes the broad analytical approaches used in economics...

‣ Four Decades of Health Economics Through a Bibliometric Lens

Wagstaff, Adam; Culyer, Anthony J.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In this paper, we take a bibliometric tour of the last forty years of health economics using bibliographic “metadata” from EconLit supplemented by citation data from Google Scholar and our own topical classifications. We report the growth of health economics (we find 33,000 publications since 1969—12,000 more than in the economics of education) and list the 300 most-cited publications broken down by topic. We report the changing topical and geographic focus of health economics (the topics ‘Determinants of health and ill-health’ and ‘Health statistics and econometrics’ both show an upward trend, and the field has expanded appreciably into the developing world). We also compare authors, countries, institutions and journals in terms of the volume of publications and their influence as measured through various citation-based indices (Grossman, the US, Harvard and the JHE emerge close to or at the top on a variety of measures).

‣ Entendiendo la economía de la salud: una revisión de los estudios sobre eficiencia, equidad y desigualdades; Understanding health economics: a review of efficiency, equity and inequalities studies

Pascual Sáez, Marta; Cantarero Prieto, David
Fonte: Asociación Internacional de Economía Aplicada ASEPELT Publicador: Asociación Internacional de Economía Aplicada ASEPELT
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; publishedVersion
Português
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RESUMEN. Este trabajo estudia el desarrollo e influencia actual de la economía de la salud en lo referente a los aspectos de eficiencia, equidad y desigualdades. Además, se muestra el estado actual del papel del sector público y privado así como su colaboración en la provisión y producción de servicios sanitarios. Los resultados obtenidos implican que la prospectiva de evolución de esta disciplina seguirá creando herramientas útiles en cuanto a ser aplicadas para conse-guir mejorar la calidad de la atención sanitaria y la equidad en el acceso de sus ciudadanos. No obstante, para obtener una visión global en estudios de economía de la salud, es aconsejable utilizar varias medidas que se complementen entre sí.; ABSTRACT. This paper examines the current development and influence of health economics to efficiency, equity and inequality issues. Besides, the current status of public and private sectors and their collaboration with health care provision and financing systems is showed. The results suggest that future evolution of health economics will create useful tools for improving quality and equity in access to health care services. Nevertheless, to obtain a comprehensive vision in relation with health economics studies...

‣ WBI-China Health Sector Partnership : Fourteen Years and Growing

Yang, Chialing; Shanlian, Hu; Yazbeck, Abdo S.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
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Structural transformation of China's economy in the 1980s and its impact on the health sector created a critical need for skills and research capacity in health economics and financing. In 1989 the Government of China (GOC) enlisted the World Bank Institute (WBI) to work with China's Ministry of Health (MOH) to organize senior policy seminars addressing emerging health issues and to establish a network of institutions to train academic faculty and government officials. In 1991 GOC launched the China Health Economics Network, which in fourteen years has expanded membership from seven to nineteen institutions, offered health sector courses, and led to the training of more than 2,100 executives and trainers. Network research and senior policy seminars have supported critical government policy decisions. Replication of this successful network model is possible in large countries.

‣ Four Decades of Health Economics through a Bibliometric Lens

Wagstaff, Adam; Culyer, Anthony J.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.525244%
This paper takes a bibliometric tour of the past 40 years of health economics using bibliographic "metadata" from EconLit supplemented by citation data from Google Scholar and the authors' topical classifications. The authors report the growth of health economics (33,000 publications since 1969 -- 12,000 more than in the economics of education) and list the 300 most-cited publications broken down by topic. They report the changing topical and geographic focus of health economics (the topics 'Determinants of health and ill-health' and 'Health statistics and econometrics' both show an upward trend, and the field has expanded appreciably into the developing world). They also compare authors, countries, institutions, and journals in terms of the volume of publications and their influence as measured through various citation-based indices (Grossman, the US, Harvard and the JHE emerge close to or at the top on a variety of measures).

‣ The World Bank's Assistance to China's Health Sector

Ooi, Elaine Wee-Ling
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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For its level of socioeconomic development, China has widely been perceived as a country with an enviable record in public health. Recently, there are encouraging signs that health has become an important priority in the government s agenda, bringing multiple government agencies into a more cooperative relationship, and providing the Bank greater opportunity to engage the country in policy dialogues to more effectively in improve health outcomes and financing in a more equitable and sustainable way. Since China became a member in 1980, the World Bank's program of assistance for health has consisted of 11 projects (involving commitments of 808 million dollars of International Development Association (IDA) credits and 139 million dollars of International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) loans) and 3 economic and sector work (ESW) reviews. This was complemented by the China network for training and research in health economics and health financing set up in 1991, and jointly funded by the Chinese Government and World Bank Institute (WBI). There have also been various initiatives supported by the health anchor some of which include tobacco control...

‣ Essays in labor and health economics

Watts, Timothy M
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 126 p.
Português
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This dissertation consists of three essays in empirical labor and health economics. The first chapter examines how the amount of time devoted to a leisure activity varies in response to temporary changes in the price of that activity. Specifically, I estimate the effect of changes in expected winnings in an online poker game on the probability that players quit playing. I find that expected winnings have a large negative effect on the probability that a player quits playing poker. A one dollar increase in expected winnings decreases the probability that a player quits playing altogether by 0.5 percentage points, compared to the mean of 1.1 percentage points. This corresponds to a price elasticity of demand for poker of -0.14. The second chapter develops and tests a model of how college students choose their field of study. The model combines features from learning and human capital models and captures several stylized facts from the empirical literature on choice of college major. I test the model's predictions using High School and Beyond data. I find three results that generally agree with the model's predictions. First, students with higher levels of ability choose majors with higher average earnings. Second, students who receive low grades in college are more likely to change their field of study. Third...

‣ Avances y retos de la economía de la salud; Advances and perspectives in health economics

Hernández Peña, Patricia; Arredondo, Armando; Ortiz, Claudia; Rosenthal, Gerald
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/1995 Português
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A economia da saúde incorpora a p8erspectiva econômica no campo da saúde, os serviços e o complexo médico-industrial. Foi apresentada a evolução desse campo, desde a perspectiva das áreas de interesse e os avanços para sua consolidação, partindo dos seguintes aspectos: generação, difusão, réplica e aplicação do conhecimento especializado.; La economía de la salud como especialidad, incorpora la perspectiva económica en el campo de la salud, los servicios, y el complejo médico industrial. Se presenta su evolución desde la perspectiva de sus áreas de interés y su consolidación reflejada en la generación, difusión, réplica y aplicación del conocimiento especializado.; Health economics is a specialized field of economic science that applies the economic perspective to the fields of health, the medical-industrial complex and health services. A brief review of the evolution of this speciality by subject, as well as the level achieved assessed in terms of generation, diffusion, reproduction and application of its specialized knowledge, is presented.

‣ Docencia en economía de la salud en México: cinco años de experiencia; Teaching of health economics in Mexico: five years of experience

Hernández, Patricia; Arredondo, Armando; Cruz, Carlos; Ortiz, Claudia; Durán, Luis; Avila, Leticia
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/1994 Português
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La docencia de una nueva especialidad impone el reto de agilizar la formación de docentes y egresados en cada disciplina. El área de la Economía de la Salud busca responder a los requerimientos de recursos que operen los cambios en los sistemas de salud que se ameritan con el nuevo modelo de desarrollo, que sean capaces de generar nuevos conocimientos, preveer y buscar soluciones a las dificultades de los procesos en marcha. Con este fin se elaboró una estrategia de desarrollo integral de la especialidad en México, cuya vertiente de docencia es analizada en este escrito y presentada bajo los siguientes rubros: estructuración teórica de los contenidos; adecuación de los contenidos al alumnado; apoyo a los docentes; intercambio y difusión; y formulación de una agenda de trabajo para el mediano plazo.; Teaching strategies for a new specialty constitute a challenge to ensure the rapid development of human resources for the purpose of supporting these activities. In the health economics field a plan was applied for coping with the needs of teaching activities in the field. The activities developed in the plan are presented in this paper, included under the following items: A. Theoretical organization of the contents of the subject. B. Organization of contents according to the students' needs. C. Support given to teachers. D. The whole strategy also includes: academic interchange...

‣ Inequalities in self-reported health: a meta-regression analysis

Costa-i-Font, Joan; Hernández-Quevedo, Cristina
Fonte: LSE Health and Social Care, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: LSE Health and Social Care, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2013 Português
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There is a growing amount of health economics literature in Europe using standardised cross-country health inequality indexes. Yet, limited efforts have been put forward to examine the extent to which such evidence is subject to any specific methodological and publication biases despite studies relying upon different samples, heterogeneous health system institutions and which use different empirical strategies and data manipulation procedures. We draw upon appropriate statistical methods to examine the presence of publication bias in the health economics literature measuring health inequalities of self-reported health. In addition, we test for other biases including the effect of precision estimates based on meta-regression analysis (MRA). We account for a set of biases in estimates of income-related health inequalities that rely on concentration index-related methods and self-reported health measures. Our findings suggest evidence of publication bias that primarily depends on the cardinalisation of self-reported health and study-specific precision. However, no robust evidence of other publication biases has been identified.

‣ Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the armed forces : health economic considerations

McCrone, Paul R.; Knapp, Martin; Cawkill, Paul
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper addresses the use of health economics in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the Armed Forces, with a view to assessing the feasibility of carrying out future evaluative studies. Although psychological and pharmacological interventions can be used to treat PTSD, no economic evaluations are known to exist. There is an economic ‘burden’ associated with PTSD and treatments require the use of scarce resources. Health economics provides tools (including cost-effectiveness, cost-benefit and cost utility analyses) to ascertain the relative efficiency of different treatment options. The paper concludes that the quality of life and resource consequences of PTSD require a better understanding of the economics of the disorder and the alternative ways to treat it.

‣ Essays on healthcare priority setting for population health

Airoldi, Mara
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /05/2014 Português
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Healthcare priority setting is a major concern in most countries because healthcare represents a large and increasing public expenditure. Yet, there is not well established procedure that is consistently used to support those responsible for priority setting decisions. This dissertation consists of a review of the literature and five independent essays on healthcare priority setting, focusing on the value of formal analysis to support local healthcare planners in allocating a fixed budget. This dissertation makes both an intellectual and a practical contribution. The intellectual contribution is a synthesis of both economics and decision analysis insights. The review of the literature shows that tools grounded in health economics currently fail to contribute to local healthcare priority setting decisions because they are not practical. At the same time, tools grounded in (multi-criteria) decision analysis fail to incorporate the methodological advances of health economics and are hence theoretically weak. My thesis contributes to closing this gap. The practical contribution is that I design, and test the value of, a process and of particular value functions that can be used by local healthcare planners within their limited resources.

‣ Health economics or Health Care economics?

Cardoso,Cláudia
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Cávado e do Ave Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Cávado e do Ave
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2008 Português
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Arrow (1963) started the discussion about health care markets. However, Grossman (1972) was who presented a model of demand for health, showing that the relevant social concern was health, not health care. Both Arrow and Grossman defended that health care is just one of the variables that explain health. Despite starting from the same premise, they followed different approaches. It is discussed if the discipline usually called ‘health economics’ is mainly health economics, or mainly health care economics; and if we can trace a precise distinction. The conclusion is that the separation exists and that, in the last decades, the health care economics had dominated the research.