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‣ A importância do exercício do poder no desenvolvimento de infra-estruturas de informação; The importance of the exercise of power for the development of an information infrastructure

Humes, Leila Lage
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/12/2006 Português
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O desenvolvimento de uma infra-estrutura de informação só é possível se ela for sustentada e legitimada por atores organizacionais e pelas pessoas que contribuem para o seu desenvolvimento ou dela se utilizam. O principal objetivo desta tese é contribuir para um maior entendimento do papel desempenhado pelo exercício do poder no processo de desenvolvimento de uma infra-estrutura de informação. Este estudo baseia-se em uma análise empírica de um sistema de informação, cujo desenvolvimento foi sustentado por atores poderosos e por agentes que se tornaram poderosos graças a uma ampliação no seu escopo e à sua utilização como fonte de poder ou vigilância, dando origem a uma infra-estrutura de informação. Uma infra-estrutura de informação difere dos sistemas de informação tradicionais por ser um recurso compartilhado por uma grande comunidade de usuários e organizações não estando sujeito ao controle de uma única unidade organizacional. O seu desenvolvimento é comandado por vários atores, com interesses diversos e sem uma coordenação central que exerça controle sobre todos os agentes, não podendo, portanto, ser projetada e gerenciada de acordo com os princípios utilizados para o projeto de sistemas de informação...

‣ From Regional Healthcare Information Organizations to a National Healthcare Information Infrastructure

Kaufman, James H; Eiron, Iris; Deen, Glenn; Ford, Dan A; Smith, Eishay; Knoop, Sarah; Nelken, H; Kol, Tomer; Mesika, Yossi; Witting, Karen; Julier, Kevin; Bennett, Craig; Rapp, Bill; Carmeli, Boaz; Cohen, Simona
Fonte: American Health Information Management Association Publicador: American Health Information Management Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/12/2005 Português
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Recently there has been increased focus on the need to modernize the healthcare information infrastructure in the United States.1–4 The U.S. healthcare industry is by far the largest in the world in both absolute dollars and in percentage of GDP (more than $1.5 trillion, or 15 percent of GDP). It is also fragmented and complex. These difficulties, coupled with an antiquated infrastructure for the collection of and access to medical data, lead to enormous inefficiencies and sources of error. Consumer, regulatory, and governmental pressure drive a growing consensus that the time has come to modernize the U.S. healthcare information infrastructure (HII). While such transformation may be disruptive in the short term, it will, in the future, significantly improve the quality, expediency, efficiency, and successful delivery of healthcare while decreasing costs to patients and payers and improving the overall experiences of consumers and providers. The launch of a national health infrastructure initiative in the United States in May 2004-with the goal of providing an electronic health record for every American within the next decade-will eventually transform the healthcare industry in general, just as information technology (IT) has transformed other industries in the past. The key to this successful outcome will be based on the way we apply IT to healthcare data and the services delivered through IT. This must be accomplished in a way that protects individuals and allows competition but gives caregivers reliable and efficient access to the data required to treat patients and to improve the practice of medical science.

‣ Health and the National Information Infrastructure

Detmer, Don E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1998 Português
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Only information technology offers society the opportunity to reinvent health care into a more value-driven, knowledge-based, cost-effective industry. The author urges the health informatics community to assume greater leadership for defining and securing a robust health information infrastructure (HII). A blueprint for the future tied to a coalition of advocates pushing for change would enable the step-interval improvements in health care needed by the nation.

‣ Towards Social Radiology as an Information Infrastructure: Reconciling the Local With the Global

Motta, Gustavo Henrique Matos Bezerra
Fonte: Gunther Eysenbach Publicador: Gunther Eysenbach
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/10/2014 Português
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The current widespread use of medical images and imaging procedures in clinical practice and patient diagnosis has brought about an increase in the demand for sharing medical imaging studies among health professionals in an easy and effective manner. This article reveals the existence of a polarization between the local and global demands for radiology practice. While there are no major barriers for sharing such studies, when access is made from a (local) picture archive and communication system (PACS) within the domain of a healthcare organization, there are a number of impediments for sharing studies among health professionals on a global scale. Social radiology as an information infrastructure involves the notion of a shared infrastructure as a public good, affording a social space where people, organizations and technical components may spontaneously form associations in order to share clinical information linked to patient care and radiology practice. This article shows however, that such polarization establishes a tension between local and global demands, which hinders the emergence of social radiology as an information infrastructure. Based on an analysis of the social space for radiology practice, the present article has observed that this tension persists due to the inertia of a locally installed base in radiology departments...

‣ Information and Communication Technologies for Rural Development : Issues and Options, Volume 1. Main Report and Annexes

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are a potentially revolutionary means of empowering the poor. Realizing this potential will require investments that increase access to ICTs in remote low productivity areas and the development of innovative applications that cater to the needs of the poor and small firms. The costs of these kinds of investment have been decreasing rapidly, but still yield low short term private returns. The private sector cannot alone be expected to underwrite the costs of these developments. If Government does not support these public investments, economic disparities will rise, undermining social stability and future growth. Effective public sector action is required, to establish a regulatory and legal framework that enables the rise of a vibrant innovative competitive private telecommunications and ICT services sector, and to institute selective efficient and transparent public subsidies with high social payoff but low financial returns. This is needed most urgently precisely in developing country contexts where public institutions are often ineffective, corrupt and unaccountable. The challenge takes added significance in Indonesia, a country still recovering from severe economic and political crisis...

‣ The Private Sector and the Internet

Braga, Carlos A. Primo; Fink, Carsten
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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The authors look at the rise of the Internet as the main application behind the emerging global information infrastructure. Many now believe that the Internet provides a window into a future in which access to information will be independent of geographic location and interactivity in a multimedia environment will be ubiquitous. The authors review the need for a regulatory framework for the Internet in three critical areas: provision of backbone access, Internet service providers, and information services. They also explore the problem of the appropriability of content, discussing intellectual property rights in the digital era and other remedies to the cost recovery problem. For developing countries, however, the critical bottleneck is still their weak information infrastructure.

‣ Korea and the Knowledge-based Economy : Making the Transition

Dahlman, Carl; Anderson, Thomas
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and OECD Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and OECD
Português
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Knowledge is fast becoming a key factor in economic and social development worldwide. Rapid innovations in science, communications and computing technologies are opening up new opportunities for countries to harness knowledge and participate more fully in the global economy. Developing countries that successfully make the transition to the knowledge-based economy will have unprecedented possibilities to become more competitive in world markets and to participate in the global information society. New technologies can also extend the benefits of knowledge to all segments of society and help countries close the gap in living standards among their citizens. This book defines a knowledge-based economy as one where knowledge is created, acquired, transmitted and used effectively by enterprises, organizations, individuals and communities. It does not focus narrowly on high-technology industries or on information and communications technologies, but rather presents a framework for analyzing a range of policy options in education...

‣ Foundations for the Development of Information and Communication Technologies in Algeria

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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The rapid pace of information communication technologies (ICT) in the last ten years have transformed developed countries into "information societies". Consequently, new technologies are at the center of debate in developing countries, who also aim at profiting from its advantages. Technology transfer is unprecedented, where electronic commerce, largely due to modern semi-conductors, now allows substantial price, and operational cost reductions. Similarly, the emerging industrial enterprises, mainly small and medium scale, are competitively grouped along complementary activities. In parallel to this ICT penetration in all sectors of the economy, the information content of industrial activity, and productivity is enhanced. This paper looks at the crucial elements to develop ICTs in Algeria, suggesting its transition towards an information economy, requires an economic diversification, and competitiveness strength vis-e-vis international markets. This in turn requires the development of new sources of economic growth. To this end...

‣ Spatial Data Infrastructure and INSPIRE

Tonchovska, Rumyana; Stanley, Victoria; De Martino, Samantha
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) is defined as a framework of policies, institutional arrangements, technologies, data, and people that enables the sharing and effective usage of geographic information by standardizing formats and protocols for access and interoperability. The goals of SDI are to: 1) reduce duplication of efforts among governments, 2) lower costs related to geographic information while making geographic data more accessible, 3) increase the benefits of using available spatial data, and 4) establish key partnerships between states, counties, cities, academia, and the private sector. SDI should be seen as part of wider e- Government initiatives. Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) is a European Union (EU) directive that came into force on May 15, 2007, binding EU members to establish a spatial data infrastructure via the Internet that facilitates the sharing of geographic information in a standardized way. INSPIRE addresses technical and nontechnical issues...

‣ ICT Sector Policy Note for Panama : Enabling Inclusive Development through Information and Communications Technologies

World Bank
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
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The Government of Panama and the private sector recognize the importance of information and communications technology (ICT) as an enabler of national development. This ICT sector policy note seeks to identify opportunities and challenges for growth of the ICT sector in Panama, particularly on rural access to broadband services and on cybersecurity, and potential for spillover impacts across other sectors. It provides a brief overview of the ICT sector in Panama and outlines a series of strategic actions and recommendations aimed at leveraging ICT as an engine of growth by targeting connectivity infrastructure, policies, regulation, e-Services, public data, and skills. The report is organized as follows: section one presents ICT sector in the economy. Section two deals with offer for connectivity. Section three presents demand. Section four describes the sector status from the cybersecurity point of view. Based on these analyses, section five identifies challenges that are hindering the growth of the industry, and section six presents policy options to overcome them. Finally...

‣ Development of the information infrastructure for the ministry of foreign affairs of Ukraine

Illyashov, Oleksiy M.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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56.9737%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The objective of thesis is to determine the needs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and design an appropriate information infrastructure. Choosing the best solution for this government organization requires an indepth understanding of the methods and technologies available and the organizational problems and needs in conditions of the deep economical crisis in Ukraine. This thesis evaluated existing information systems, and reviewed the current architecture and problems. Research includes a detailed analysis of intranet technology, virtual private networks, secure messaging system and the development of a feasible solution for this government organization

‣ An analysis of naval aviation squadron information systems and strategy for implementationcAnthony B. Onorati and Scott E. Robillard.

Onorati, Anthony B.; Robillard, Scott E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 153 p.
Português
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The world is currently experiencing what is termed 'the information revolution'. The ability to access, manipulate and store information has grown tremendously due to computers and advanced telecommunications technology. Organizations, including the U.S. military, must adopt to the new technology available in order to effectively compete in the future world environment. In the case of the military, however, the task-based hierarchical structure and lack of an information technology infrastructure are preventing the efficient use of technology and information system integration. Barriers to integration, such as information hoarding, independent application development, lack of IT management and external driver specialization, will continue to proliferate task-based organizations. The military will be prevented from achieving success in information technology integration by the very structure it has created. Organizations must reengineer around the process rather than the task in order to achieve success in this area and develop a sound information infrastructure to alleviate personnel from routine and repetitive work. This thesis provides a sample of how reengineering around the process and creating an information infrastructure can increase a naval aviation squadron's efficiency and make them more competitive in the future.; NA; NA; U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) authors.

‣ Proposed management architecture for managing a distributed network information system

Everingham, Michael A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 75 p.
Português
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Today's organizations are becoming increasingly dependent on their information infrastructure. Whether is an effort to maintain their competitive advantage, or provide a Joint Task Force Commander with a real-time picture of the battlefield, the organization's information infrastructure is becoming a vital key to the organization's success or failure in performing its mission-critical processes. "However, the complexity of the modem infrastructure, and the changes affecting it, produce significant management challenges." (Ref 1, .451). The purpose of this study is to develop a management architecture that will assist Network Managers in formulating network management strategies that will be flexible, proactive, distributed, standardized, comprehensive, collaborative and integratable. It also lays the foundation for the development of an Management Information Base (MIB), specifically that portion which relates to Asset Management. The need for a comprehensive network management architecture is clear. The proposed architecture will provide the necessary structure needed by Network Managers within DoD to effectively formulate network management strategies that will be able to meet the complex challenges of managing todays information infrastructure.; NA; NA; U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author.

‣ Feasibility comparison and analysis of the Unix network environment and the Windows NT environment for integration with the Defense Information Infrastructure (DII)

Sauer, Mark F.; Smith, Timothy J.; Sprague, John W.; Staier, Joseph E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 205 p.
Português
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; The history of the Department of Defense (DOD) information system technical infrastructure includes a collection of stovepipe, single purpose systems. Recently, the DOD has developed initiatives to help promote the development of common target architectures to which DOD information systems can migrate, evolve, and interoperate. The DOD's Technical Architecture Framework for Information Managers (TAFIM) provide system developers guidance and methodologies for developing standard architectures. The Defense Information Infrastructure (DII) Common Operating Environment (COE) is a development architecture based on the ideas of TAFIM, and provides a framework for designing and building military information systems. This thesis applies the objectives presented in TAFIM in order to develop an approach for determining which network operating system (NOS) would best facilitate implementations of the DII COE. By first examining the evolution of Navy information systems, and the development of the DII COE, this thesis provides a detailed description of requirements placed on a NOS by a DOD DII COE based information system. These requirements are the used to help understand how TAFIM's objectives apply to NOSs. Two prevalent NOSs...

‣ Information infrastructure and social adaptation in rural Afghanistan

Wilson, John Mark.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xviii, 127 p. : col. ill. ;
Português
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis explores whether the expansion of cellular phone networks and community-based radio broadcasting into rural Pashtun communities could create operational vulnerabilities for the Taliban. Divergence is observed between the population's adaptive behavior in response to the Taliban's rural information strategy and the expansion of the information infrastructure. This study shows that this variance in the population's responses could create an operational vulnerability for the Taliban. The success of any expansive information strategy, however, may ultimately be limited by the population's fear of Taliban reprisals and other inhibitors, such as illiteracy and inexperience in operating advanced technologies. To counter this condition, information strategists should implement cellular phone and community radio-based programs in areas where an embedded security apparatus, such as the Village Stability Platform (VSP), can enhance local security conditions. By reducing the Taliban's capacity for using violence to intimidate the population, developmental advisors embedded within the VSP can implement tailored cellular phone and community radio programs that exploit local incentive structures more effectively. With persistence...

‣ Information Infrastructure : The World Bank Group's Experience

Barbu, Alain; Dominguez, Rafael; Melody, William
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Finance Corporation Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Finance Corporation
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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This joint OED(Operations Evaluation Department)/OEG (Operations Evaluation Group) study follows up OED's 1993 review of the Bank's experience in telecommunications. It assesses how World Bank Group assistance from 1993 onward has influenced the development of information infrastructure in developing countries. It finds that recommendations of the 1993 review have generally been heeded with a) the adoption of a new private-sector-led agenda; b) the incorporation of the new agenda in most recent Bank lending and non-lending interventions; and c) the increasing share of IFC in total Bank Group funding commitments for telecommunications. The study points out that, at a time when the information revolution presents developing countries with far-reaching opportunities and risks, the Bank Group's ability to play a global policy leadership role has been hampered by its benign neglect of the sector at both the strategic and country management levels, as well as a fragmented internal organization. As a result, the number of countries where it has had a real impact is limited. The study recommends that the Bank Group a) restate its strategy in the broader information infrastructure...

‣ Information and Communication Technologies : A World Bank Group Strategy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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Information and communication technologies provide the basis for increasing and applying knowledge in the private and public sectors. Countries with strong information infrastructures that employ innovative information technology applications, have many advantages for sustained economic growth and social development. This book is, primarily, a business strategy which explains the World Bank's role in the development of information infrastructure. It details a plan for expanding the institutional development capacity within the World Bank and in the regions in order to successfully implement this strategy. This book also discusses issues relating to information technology quality assurance and improving the World Bank's capacity to ensure such quality.

‣ Capturing Technology for Development : An Evaluation of World Bank Group Activities in Information and Communication Technologies, Volume 1. The Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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57.40448%
Technological innovation drives economic progress. Information and communication technologies (ICT) can be leveraged for development, but harnessing this potential depends on an enabling environment for their production, diffusion, and use. Otherwise, technology can widen rather than narrow existing inequalities. Over the past decade developing countries have seen rapid but uneven growth in ICT access and use. The unprecedented spread of mobile technologies, driven by private sector investment and supported by reforms to promote competition, enabled the growth of phone services for the underserved and poor to levels unseen before. But outside mobile telephony, large gaps exist in high-speed Internet access and broadband connectivity and in the diffusion and use of ICT in business, services, and government the areas where ICT can deliver the largest developmental impacts. The World Bank Group's strategy has sought development results in ICT by promoting (i) sector reform, (ii) access to information infrastructure...

‣ Capturing Technology for Development : An Evaluation of World Bank Group Activities in Information and Communication Technologies, Volume 2. Appendixes

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.43386%
Technological innovation drives economic progress. Information and communication technologies (ICT) can be leveraged for development, but harnessing this potential depends on an enabling environment for their production, diffusion, and use. Otherwise, technology can widen rather than narrow existing inequalities. Over the past decade developing countries have seen rapid but uneven growth in ICT access and use. The unprecedented spread of mobile technologies, driven by private sector investment and supported by reforms to promote competition, enabled the growth of phone services for the underserved and poor to levels unseen before. But outside mobile telephony, large gaps exist in high-speed Internet access and broadband connectivity and in the diffusion and use of ICT in business, services, and government the areas where ICT can deliver the largest developmental impacts. The World Bank Group's strategy has sought development results in ICT by promoting (i) sector reform, (ii) access to information infrastructure...

‣ Information infrastructure development in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Yahaya, Lateef Folarin
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2000 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.540537%
Since the post-war period researchers have been pointing to a shift towards a new techno-economic paradigm. Whilst the macroeconomic impact of this powerful wave of technology has yet to be determined, it is sensed intuitively as being more important than generally suspected and to have major multiplier effects on national development. The convergence of information technology and modern communications has raised renewed hopes for enhancing national development in developing countries. At the same time, there are legitimate fears of increased marginalisation for those countries that fail to keep pace in the technological race. Grappling with the complexity involved in constructing an infrastructure that can improve their ability to achieve development objectives, and may lay the foundations for their future competitive advantage, few Sub-Saharan African countries have constructed a coordinated policy response to the complexities involved in creating an effective information infrastructure. Economically and politically fragile, and with only the promise of technological potentialities, the vast majority of African policy-makers are adopting a cautious approach. In the face of such a policy vacuum external actors such as multilateral development agencies...