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‣ Qualitative analysis of hippocampal plastic changes in rats with epilepsy supplemented with oral omega-3 fatty acids

CYSNEIROS, Roberta M.; FERRARI, Danuza; ARIDA, Ricardo M.; TERRA, Vera C.; ALMEIDA, Antonio-Carlos G. de; CAVALHEIRO, Esper A.; SCORZA, Fulvio A.
Fonte: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE Publicador: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Studies have provided evidence of the important effects of omega-3 fatty acid on the brain in neurological conditions, including epilepsy. Previous data have indicated that omega-3 fatty acids lead to prevention of status epilepticus-associated neuropathological changes in the hippocampal formation of rats with epilepsy. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation has resulted in extensive preservation of GABAergic cells in animals with epilepsy. This study investigated the interplay of these effects with neurogenesis and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). The results clearly showed a positive effect of long-term omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on brain plasticity in animals with epilepsy. Enhanced hippocampal neurogenesis and BDNF levels and preservation of interneurons expressing parvalbumin were observed. Parvalbumin-positive cells were identified as surviving instead of newly formed cells. Additional investigations are needed to determine the electrophysiological properties of the newly formed cells and to clarify whether the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on brain plasticity are accompanied by functional gain in animals with epilepsy. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.; FAPESP; CNPq; CAPES; CinAPCe (Brazil)

‣ Efeito dos ácidos graxos ômega-3 de origem marinha em parâmetros bioquímicos, antropométricos e inflamatórios de adultos que vivem com HIV em terapia antirretroviral: revisão da literatura e ensaio clínico; Effects of marine omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on biochemical, anthropometric, and inflammatory outcomes in subjects living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy: review and clinical trial.

Oliveira, Julicristie Machado de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/02/2011 Português
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Introdução: A terapia antirretroviral (ART) mudou o curso da Aids, porém está associada a alterações metabólicas e aumento do risco de doenças cardiovasculares. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da suplementação com ácidos graxos ômega-3 de origem marinha no perfil lipídico, na homeostase da glicose, na distribuição de gordura corporal e nos marcadores inflamatórios de adultos com HIV em ART. Métodos: Artigo 1. Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática da literatura com metanálise. Realizou-se busca por ensaios clínicos na base de dados PubMed; 33 artigos foram localizados, seis cumpriram os critérios de inclusão e quatro apresentavam qualidade metodológica adequada. Foi realizada metanálise com efeitos fixos e descrição das diferenças de médias sumárias (DMS (IC95 por cento )). Artigos 2 e 3. Trata-se de um ensaio clínico aleatorizado e controlado. Foram recrutados 120 adultos com idade entre 19 e 64 anos, de ambos os sexos. Os indivíduos alocados no grupo intervenção foram suplementados por 24 semanas com 3g de óleo de peixe/dia (900mg de ácidos graxos ômega-3) e indivíduos alocados no grupo controle receberam placebo (óleo de soja). Resultados: Artigo 1. Após 8-16 semanas de intervenção com 900-3360mg de ácidos graxos ômega-3/dia...

‣ Efeito do uso combinado de ácidos graxos ômega 3 e fitosteróis sobre o perfil lipídico, estresse oxidativo e biomarcadores de inflamação; Effect of omega 3 fatty acids combined with phytosterols on lipid profile, oxidative stress and inflammation biomarkers

Botelho, Patrícia Borges
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/12/2012 Português
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A aterosclerose é um processo inflamatório que se inicia na infância e progride com a idade, sendo o principal processo patológico que culmina nas doenças cardiovasculares. Ácidos graxos ômega 3 (N-3 FA) reduzem triacilgliceróis plasmáticos e inflamação, enquanto fitosteróis possuem ação hipocolesterolêmica. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi de aplicar a combinação dessas duas classes de lipídios bioativos na infância, visando reduzir a aterosclerose na fase adulta. O estudo foi dividido em duas etapas. Inicialmente, o efeito de três ingredientes contendo N-3 FA foi avaliado em termos de perfil lipídico e biomarcadores inflamatórios. Camundongos adultos LDLr Knockout receberam uma dieta hiperlipídica e foram simultaneamente suplementados com água (CON), óleo de algas (ALG), óleo de peixe (FIS) e óleo de Echium (ECH) através de gavagem durante 4 semanas. Os animais suplementados com óleo de Echium apresentaram os maiores índices de redução de triacilgliceróis e VLDL, além de inibição da esteatose causada pelo dieta hiperlipídica. Entretanto, diferente dos óleos marinhos, tais efeitos não envolveram ativação de fatores de transcrição envolvidos no metabolismo lipídico, como PPARα e LXRα hepáticos. Na segunda etapa deste estudo...

‣ Decreased oxidative stress in patients with ulcerative colitis supplemented with fish oil omega-3 fatty acids

Barbosa, D. S.; Cecchini, R.; El Kadri, M. Z.; Rodriguez, MAM; Burini, R. C.; Dichi, I
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 837-842
Português
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OBJECTIVE: the potential pathogenicity of free radicals may have a pivotal role in ulcerative colitis. Fish oil omega-3 fatty acids exert anti-inflammatory effects on patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), but the precise mechanism of the action of fish oil on oxidative stress is still controversial. The aim of the present work was to verify the blood oxidative stress in patients with UC and determine whether the association of sulfasalazine to fish oil omega-3 fatty acids is more effective than isolated use of sulfasalazine to reduce the oxidative stress.METHODS:, Nine patients (seven female and two male; me. an age = 40 +/- 11 y) with mild or moderate active UC were studied in a randomized crossover design. In addition to their usual medication (2 g/d of sulfasalazine), they received fish oil omega-3 fatty acids (4.5 g/d) or placebo for 2-mo treatment periods that were separated by 2 mo, when they only received sulfasalazine. Nine healthy individuals served as control subjects to study the oxidative stress status. Disease activity was assessed by laboratory indicators (C-reactive protein, alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein, alpha(1)-antitrypsin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, albumin, hemoglobin, and platelet count), sigmoidoscopy, and histology scores. Analysis of oxidative stress was assessed by plasma chemiluminescence and erythrocyte lipid peroxidation...

‣ Comparison of omega-3 fatty acids and sulfasalazine in ulcerative colitis

Dichi, I; Frenhane, P.; Dichi, J. B.; Correa, C. R.; Angeleli, AYO; Bicudo, M. H.; Rodrigues, MAM; Victoria, C. R.; Burini, R. C.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 87-90
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Fish oil omega-3 fatty acids exert antiinflammatory effects on patients with ulcerative colitis. However, a comparative study in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis receiving only sulfasalazine or omega-3 fatty acids has not been performed. We sought to detect changes in the inflammatory disease activity with the use of either fish oil omega-3 fatty acids or sulfasalazine in patients with ulcerative colitis. Ten patients (five male, five female; mean age = 48 +/- 12 y) with mild to moderate active ulcerative colitis were investigated in a randomized cross-over design. They received either sulfasalazine (2 g/d) or omega-3 fatty acids (5.4 g/d) for 2 mo. Disease activity was assessed by clinical and laboratory indicators, sigmoidoscopy, histology, and whole-body protein turnover (with N-15-glycine). Treatment with w-3 fatty acids resulted in greater disease activity as detected by a significant increase in platelet count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and total fecal nitrogen excretion. No major changes in protein synthesis and breakdown were observed during either treatment. In conclusion, treatment with sulfasalazine is superior to treatment with omega-3 fatty acids in patients with mild to moderate active ulcerative colitis. Nutrition 2000;16:87-901 (C) Elsevier B.V. 2000.

‣ Ação antioxidante da vitamina E sobre a oxidação lipidica serica e hepatica de ratos wistar suplementados com acidos graxos poliinsaturados omega-3; Antioxidant activity of vitamin E on the oxidation of serum lipids and liver Wistar rats supplemented with polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3

Flavia Queiroga Aranha de Almeida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/06/2003 Português
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O objetivo, deste trabalho, foi estudar o possível efeito protetor da vitamina E sobre a oxidação lipídica no sangue e no fígado de ratos Wistar, alimentados conforme dietas AIN93-G e suplementados por gavagem com ácidos graxos poliinsaturados ômega-3. Para o primeiro ensaio biológico, foram utilizados 60 ratos machos albinos, recém-desmamados, distribuídos aleatoriamente em 6 grupos experimentais, no qual foram divididos, de acordo com a quantidade de suplemento e marca, com e sem vitamina E: GRUPO 1 - Controle -Suplementação com 2 g/dia de óleo de soja; GRUPO 2 - Suplementação com 2 g/dia de ácidos graxos ômega-3 da marca A com vitamina E (120 mg/dia); GRUPO 3 - Suplementação com 2 g/dia de ácidos graxos ômega-3 da marca B, sem vitamina E; GRUPO 4 - Suplementação com 1 g/dia de ácidos graxos ômega-3 da marca A, com vitamina E (60 mg/dia); GRUPO 5 - Suplementação com 1 g/dia de ácidos graxos ômega-3 da marca B, sem vitamina E; GRUPO 6 - -Suplementação com 2 g/dia de ácidos graxos ômega-3 da marca B, sem vitamina E, por um período de 30 dias e, posteriormente, durante 15 dias, suplementação com vitamina E (marca C - 400 mg de acetato de DL-?--tocoferol). Nesse grupo, não houve sacrificio de animais no Tempo 1. Foram realizadas análises em três tempos: T0 - valor de referência após 3 dias em adaptação com dieta basal (sacrificados 12 animais...

‣ Ácidos graxos ômega-3 induzem neurogênese predominantemente de células que expressam POMC no hipotálamo; Omega-3 fatty acids induce neurogenesis prdominantly of POMCexpressing cells in the hypothalamus

Lucas Francisco Ribeiro do Nascimento
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/03/2014 Português
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Em modelos experimentais de obesidade induzida por dieta rica em gordura há desenvolvimento de resistência hipotalâmica à leptina decorrente da ativação de uma resposta inflamatória específica no hipotálamo. Estudos recentes revelaram que além da indução da inflamação, a dieta rica em gordura ativa também vias de sinalização apoptóticas que culminam com a morte de neurônios em regiões hipotalâmicas envolvidas com o controle da fome e do gasto energético. Acredita-se que a perda de sub-populações específicas de neurônios no hipotálamo acarrete em dano dos mecanismos de controle do balanço entre consumo calórico e gasto energético, resultando no desenvolvimento ou perpetuação da obesidade. A composição de ácidos graxos da dieta tem papel central na resposta inflamatória hipotalâmica, sendo os ácidos graxos saturados de cadeia longa os mais lesivos. Por outro lado, em outras regiões do cérebro, alguns ácidos graxos insaturados podem desempenhar papel anti-inflamatório e induzir reparo funcional através da neurogênese. Neste trabalho, nós avaliamos os efeitos dos ácidos graxos poliinsaturados α-linolênico (ALA C18:3-n3), e docosaexaenoico (DHA 22:6-n3) sobre a indução de neurogênese no hipotálamo de animais com obesidade induzida por dieta rica em gordura (HFD). Nossos resultados mostram que ácidos graxos ômega-3 administrados tanto na dieta ou diretamente no cérebro...

‣ TRP channels, omega-3 fatty acids, and oxidative stress in neurodegeneration: from the cell membrane to intracellular cross-links

Leonelli,M.; Graciano,M.F.R.; Britto,L.R.G.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2011 Português
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The transient receptor potential channels family (TRP channels) is a relatively new group of cation channels that modulate a large range of physiological mechanisms. In the nervous system, the functions of TRP channels have been associated with thermosensation, pain transduction, neurotransmitter release, and redox signaling, among others. However, they have also been extensively correlated with the pathogenesis of several innate and acquired diseases. On the other hand, the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 fatty acids) have also been associated with several processes that seem to counterbalance or to contribute to the function of several TRPs. In this short review, we discuss some of the remarkable new findings in this field. We also review the possible roles played by n-3 fatty acids in cell signaling that can both control or be controlled by TRP channels in neurodegenerative processes, as well as both the direct and indirect actions of n-3 fatty acids on TRP channels.

‣ Reduction of Heart Rate by Omega-3 Fatty Acids and the Potential Underlying Mechanisms

Kang, Jing X.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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An elevated resting heart rate is one of the strongest predictors of cardiovascular mortality and is independently associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD). Agents capable of reducing heart rate without significant side effects are therefore of particular interest for the prevention of SCD. Recent human and animal studies have shown that omega-3 fatty acids can reduce heart rate. Our work has shown that omega-3 fatty acids significantly reduce membrane electrical excitability of the cardiac myocyte by lowering its resting membrane potential and the duration of the refractory period through inhibition of ion channels. We propose that these actions may be the underlying mechanisms for the omega-3 fatty acid-induced reduction of heart rate observed in both humans and animals. The heart rate-lowering capability of omega-3 fatty acids may contribute to their preventive effect against SCD.

‣ Plasma Phospholipid Omega‐3 Fatty Acids and Incidence of Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation in the OPERA Trial

Wu, Jason H. Y.; Marchioli, Roberto; Silletta, Maria G.; Macchia, Alejandro; Song, Xiaoling; Siscovick, David S.; Harris, William S.; Masson, Serge; Latini, Roberto; Albert, Christine; Brown, Nancy J.; Lamarra, Mauro; Favaloro, Roberto R.; Mozaffarian, Da
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background: Long‐chain polyunsaturated omega‐3 fatty acids (n‐3 PUFA) demonstrated antiarrhythmic potential in experimental studies. In a large multinational randomized trial (OPERA), perioperative fish oil supplementation did not reduce the risk of postoperative atrial fibrillation (PoAF) in cardiac surgery patients. However, whether presupplementation habitual plasma phospholipid n‐3 PUFA, or achieved or change in n‐3 PUFA level postsupplementation are associated with lower risk of PoAF is unknown. Methods and Results: In 564 subjects undergoing cardiac surgery between August 2010 and June 2012 in 28 centers across 3 countries, plasma phospholipid levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were measured at enrollment and again on the morning of cardiac surgery following fish oil or placebo supplementation (10 g over 3 to 5 days, or 8 g over 2 days). The primary endpoint was incident PoAF lasting ≥30 seconds, centrally adjudicated, and confirmed by rhythm strip or ECG. Secondary endpoints included sustained (≥1 hour), symptomatic, or treated PoAF; the time to first PoAF; and the number of PoAF episodes per patient. PoAF outcomes were assessed until hospital discharge or postoperative day 10...

‣ Relationship of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on C-Reactive Protein and Homocysteine in Haitian and African Americans with and without Type 2 Diabetes

Huffman, Fatma G.; Vaccaro, Joan A.; Exebio, Joel C.; Ajabshir, Sahar; Zarini, Gustavo G.; Shaban, Lemia H.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Background: Omega-3 fatty acids (n-3) may be protective of cardiovascular risk factors for vulnerable populations. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between n-3 with, C-reactive protein (CRP), and homocysteine (HCY) in Black minorities with and without type 2 diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 406 participants: Haitian Americans (HA): n=238. African Americans (AA): n=172. Participants were recruited from a randomly generated mailing lists, local diabetes educators, community health practitioners and advertisements from 2008-2010. Sociodemographics and anthropometrics were collected and used to adjust analyses. All dietary variables were collected using the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and used to quantify vitamin components. Blood was collected to measure CVD risk factors (blood lipids, HCY, and CRP). Results: African Americans had higher waist circumferences and C-reactive protein and consumed more calories as compared to Haitian Americans. Omega 3 fatty acid intake per calorie did not differ between these ethnicities, yet African Americans with low n-3 intake were three times more likely to have high C-reactive protein as compared to their counterparts [OR=3. 32 (1. 11...

‣ Levels of Omega 3 fatty acids in Australian seafood

Soltan, S.; Gibson, R.
Fonte: H E C Press Publicador: H E C Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
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The aim of this study was to determine the quantity of omega 3 (n-3) fatty acids in commonly consumed species of South Australian fish. Omega 3 fatty acids ranged from 17.7% to 53.7% of total fat with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) as the major omega 3 fatty acid in all 26 species tested (range 9.5 % to 47.1% of total fat). The levels of total omega 6 (n-6) fatty acids ranged from 2.3% to 20.2% of total lipids, chiefly as arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4n-6). Fatty fish such as Gemfish, Atlantic Salmon and Swordfish were found to be good sources of omega-3 fatty acid (1360, 2252 and 2571 mg/100g fish respectively), while low fat fish such as Ling, Deep Sea Bream (Blue Warhou) and Blue Grenadier (0.5, 0.7 and 0.7% fat) had low levels of omega 3 fatty acid (222, 257 and 247 mg/100g). Because most white table fish consumed by Australians are so low in fat they are actually a limited source of omega 3 fats. The amount of fish required to be consumed to provide 1 g of omega 3 fatty acid per day ranged from 40 to 450 g.; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18818157; Soltan SS and Gibson RA.

‣ Influence of preoperative supplementation of omega-3 fatty acid in the healing of colonic anastomoses in malnourished rats receiving paclitaxel

Vizzotto Junior,Alvo Orlando; Campos,Antonio Carlos Ligocki; Mello,Eneri Vieira de Souza Leite; Castilho,Tiago Jacometo
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 Português
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of preoperative supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids on the healing of colonic anastomoses in malnourished rats receiving paclitaxel. METHODS: we studied 160 male Wistar rats, divided in two groups: one subjected to malnutrition by pair feeding (M) for four weeks, and another that received food ad libitum (W). In the fourth week, the groups were further divided into two subgroups that received omega-3 or olive oil by gavage. The animals were submitted to colonic transection and end-to-end anastomosis. After the operation, each of the four groups was divided into two subgroups that received intraperitoneal isovolumetric solutions of saline or paclitaxel. RESULTS: mortality was 26.8% higher in the group of animals that received paclitaxel (p = 0.003). The complete rupture strength was greater in well-nourished-oil Paclitaxel group (WOP) compared with the the malnourished-oil Paclitaxel one (MOP). The collagen maturation index was higher in well-nourished-oil saline group (WOS) in relation to the malnutrition-oil-saline group (MOS), lower in malnourished-oil-saline group (MOS) in relation to malnourished-ômega3-saline one (M3S) and lower in the well-nourished-omega3-saline group (W3S) compared with the malnourished-omega3-saline (M3S). The blood vessel count was higher in the malnourished-oil-saline group (MOS) than in the malnourished-oil-paclitaxel group (MOP) and lower in the malnourished-oil-saline group (MOS) in relation to the malnourished-omega3-paclitaxel group (M3P). CONCLUSION: supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids was associated with a significant increase in the production of mature collagen in malnourished animals...

‣ Theoretical dietary modelling of Australian seafood species to meet long-chain omega 3 fatty acid dietary recommendations

Grieger, J.A.; McLeod, C.; Chan, L.; Miller, M.D.
Fonte: Co-action Publishing Publicador: Co-action Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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BACKGROUND: Several agencies recommend seafood to be consumed 2-3 times per week. In Australia, there is a lack of nutrient composition data for seafood species and it is not known whether including different seafood species in a diet would provide sufficient long-chain omega 3 fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) to meet various national recommendations. OBJECTIVE: To utilise recent nutrient composition data for major Australian seafood groups (n=24) with the addition of two tuna options (total n=26) to: (1) determine whether including these species into a diet based on the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE) will achieve LC n-3 PUFA recommendations [Adequate Intake (AI: 160 mg/d men, 90 mg/d women)], Suggested Dietary Target (SDT), 500 mg/d Heart Foundation (HF) recommendation and (2) determine the weekly number of servings of seafood to meet recommendations using either lower fat (n=23, <10% total fat) or higher fat (n=3, ≥10% total fat) seafood. DESIGN: Two simulation models incorporated all 26 species of seafood or only lower fat seafood into a diet based on the AGHE. Two further models identified the number of servings of lower or higher fat seafood required to meet recommendations. RESULTS: Including 2 and 3 servings/week of any seafood would enable 89% of women and 66% of men to meet the AI. Including only lower fat seafood would enable 83% of women and 47% of men to meet the AI. Half a serving/week of higher fat seafood would enable 100% of men and women to meet the AI. CONCLUSIONS: Including the recommended 2-3 servings of seafood/week requires at least some higher fat seafood to be consumed in order for most men and women to meet the AI. Further messages and nutrition resources are needed which provide options on how to increase intake of LC n-3 PUFA...

‣ Relationship of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on C-Reactive Protein and Homocysteine in Haitian and African Americans with and without Type 2 Diabetes

Huffman, Fatma G.; Vaccaro, Joan A.; Exebio, Joel C.; Ajabshir, Sahar; Zarini, Gustavo G.; Shaban, Lemia H.
Fonte: SelectedWorks Publicador: SelectedWorks
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
119.40009%
Background: Omega-3 fatty acids (n-3) may be protective of cardiovascular risk factors for vulnerable populations. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between n-3 with, C-reactive protein (CRP), and homocysteine (HCY) in Black minorities with and without type 2 diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 406 participants: Haitian Americans (HA): n=238. African Americans (AA): n=172. Participants were recruited from a randomly generated mailing lists, local diabetes educators, community health practitioners and advertisements from 2008-2010. Sociodemographics and anthropometrics were collected and used to adjust analyses. All dietary variables were collected using the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and used to quantify vitamin components. Blood was collected to measure CVD risk factors (blood lipids, HCY, and CRP). Results: African Americans had higher waist circumferences and C-reactive protein and consumed more calories as compared to Haitian Americans. Omega 3 fatty acid intake per calorie did not differ between these ethnicities, yet African Americans with low n-3 intake were three times more likely to have high C-reactive protein as compared to their counterparts [OR=3. 32 (1. 11...

‣ Las thraustochytriales (labyrinthulomycetes, heterokonta): caracterización de su biodiversidad en humedales salinos de la Argentina mediante un enfoque multidisciplinario y diseño de un bioproceso para la producción de ácidos grasos omega 3; Thraustrochytrids (Labyrinthylomycetes, Heterokonta): characterization of their biodiversity in argentinian saline wetlands by a multidisciplinary approach and bioprocess design for omega 3 fatty acids production

Rosa, Silvina Mariana
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires Publicador: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; tesis doctoral; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2010 Português
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Se obtuvieron más de 140 cepas de traustoquitriales de muestras recolectadas en una amplia variedad de humedales salinos argentinos a partir del mejoramiento de la metodología de aislamiento, que incluyó la formulación de dos nuevos medios de cultivo. Se estudiaron los caracteres taxonómicos tradicionales (rasgos morfológicos observados en cultivos en agua y cebos) de las cepas así como la morfología de las colonias, los requerimientos para su cultivo, el perfil de ácidos grasos poliinsaturados (PUFAs) y la secuencia del gen ARNr 18S. El reconocimiento de grupos monofiléticos que incluyeron a los aislamientos y a otras traustoquitriales previamente estudiadas permitió la identificación en el nivel genérico de la mayoría de las nuevas cepas en base a los criterios recientemente propuestos y dio elementos para proponer que algunas de ellas serían nuevas especies. Se observó también la morfología a nivel ultraestructural en cepas identificadas como representantes de los taxones más abundantes (Ulkenia visurgensis, Schizochytrium sp., Thraustochytrium striatum, T. kinnei y T. aureum); esto permitió obtener mayor detalle sobre la formación de estructuras reproductivas. Los estudios de producción de PUFAs omega 3 se realizaron con la cepa modelo Aurantochytrium limacinum SR21. Se diseño un bioproceso en dos etapas...

‣ Effects of rosemary and green tea extracts on frozen surimi gels fortified with omega-3 fatty acids

Pérez Mateos, Miriam; Lanier, Tyre C.; Boyd, Leon C.
Fonte: John Wiley & Sons Publicador: John Wiley & Sons
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 259768 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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10 pages, 9 figures, 2 tables.-- Printed version published March 2006.; Two different sources of omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil concentrate and menhaden oil) with or without the addition of natural antioxidants (rosemary and green tea) were incorporated into surimi gels at equivalent levels and examined for changes in sensory and physical properties and resistance to oxidation during 9 months of frozen storage. Gels with menhaden oil showed higher acceptance than gels with fish oil concentrate, which displayed a fishy taste that was partially masked by natural antioxidants. Formation of volatile compounds was similar in all samples. Upon heating to form the gel, there was a ca 20-25% decrease in the relative polyene index of the control containing no rosemary or green tea extract. Formulations with menhaden oil containing green tea and rosemary were more stable immediately after cooking; however, a slight pro-oxidant effect occurred during storage. Omega-3 fortified gels were whiter than gels with no added oil. Rosemary and green tea extracts increased yellowness (b*) and redness (a*), respectively. Strength increased in all formulations during frozen storage.; This research was funded by the North Carolina Agricultural Research Service of the College of Agricultural and Life Science...

‣ Omega 3 fatty acids supplementation has an ameliorative effect in experimental ulcerative colitis despite increased colonic neutrophil infiltration

Varnalidis,Ioannis; Ioannidis,Orestis; Karamanavi,Elisavet; Ampas,Zafeiris; Poutahidis,Theofilos; Taitzoglou,Ioannis; Paraskevas,George; Botsios,Dimitrios
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2011 Português
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Purpose: omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties and can be beneficial in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, such as ulcerative colitis. Dextran sodium sulphate (DSS) colitis in rats appears to mimic nearly all of the morphological characteristics and lesion distributions of ulcerative colitis. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the efficacy of omega 3 fatty acids in the treatment of experimental ulcerative colitis. Methods: thirty-six Wistar rats were randomly assigned to group A or group B receiving 5% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in their drinking water for eight days. For the next eight days post-DSS, group A animals received tap-water, and group B animals were fed a nutritional solution containing high levels of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ProSure®, Abbott Laboratories, Zwolle, Netherlands) once per day, administrated with a orogastric feeding tube. Results: animals fed an omega 3 rich diet exhibited a statistically significant increase in hematocrit and hemoglobin levels, compared to animals drinking tap water, and a trend towards histopathological and clinical improvement, with the administration of omega 3 fatty acids ameliorating epithelial erosion by day 8 post-DSS...

‣ Importance of a balanced omega 6/omega 3 ratio for the maintenance of health: Nutritional recommendations

Gómez Candela,C.; Bermejo López,L. M.ª; Loria Kohen,V.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2011 Português
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The modification of dietary patterns has led to a change in fatty acid consumption, with an increase in the consumption of ω-6 fatty acids and a markerd reduction in the consumption of ω-3 fatty acids. This in turn has given rise to an imbalance in the ω-6/ω-3 ratio, which is now very different from the original 1:1 ratio of humans in the past. Given the involvement of ω-6 and ω-3 essential fatty acids in disease processes, the present article examines changes in dietary patterns that have led to the present reduction in the consumption of ω-3 essential fatty acids, and to study the importance of the ω-6/ω-3 balance in maintaining good health. In addition, an assese-ment is made of the established recommendations for preventing a poor intake of ω-3 essential fatty acids, and the possible options for compensating the lack of these fatty acids in the diet.

‣ Influence of omega-3 fatty acids from the flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) on the brain development of newborn rats

Lenzi Almeida,K. C.; Teles Boaventura,G.; Guzmán Silva,Mª A.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
109.96248%
Objectives: The importance of essential fatty acids, in particular the omega-3 family, in the central nervous system development of newborns is well documented. The flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) is considered one of the best vegetable sources of omega-3 fatty acids. The influence of omega-3 fatty acids from flaxseed on the brain development of newborn rats was evaluated. Material and methods: Pups of the F1 generation were obtained from 18 female Wistar rats divided in 3 groups (n = 6), FG: fed with diet based on Flaxseed added with casein, CG: Casein, and MCG: Modified Casein supplemented with fibers and soybean oil. Newborn pups were weighted and submitted to euthanasia; brains were collected for evaluation of weight and lipid profile through gaseous chromatography. Results: Significant increase in brain weight (39%) and relative brain weight (37%) was verified in pups from mothers fed with flaxseed diet. The omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids from the flaxseed were found in abundance in the diet made with this oleaginous and also significant increase in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (38%), as well as in total of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (62%). Conclusion: Maternal diet of flaxseed during pregnancy influences the incorporation of omega-3 fatty acid in the composition of brain tissue...