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‣ Polymorphisms and DNA methylation of gene TP53 associated with extra-axial brain tumors

ALMEIDA, L. O.; CUSTODIO, C.; PINTO, G. R.; SANTOS, M. J.; ALMEIDA, J. R. W.; CLARA, C. A.; REY, J. A.; CASARTELLI, C.
Fonte: FUNPEC-EDITORA Publicador: FUNPEC-EDITORA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The p53 tumor suppressor gene is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer; this gene is mutated in up to 50% of human tumors. It has a critical role in the cell cycle, apoptosis and cell senescence, and it participates in many crucial physiological and pathological processes. Polymorphisms of p53 have been suggested to be associated with genetically determined susceptibility in various types of cancer. Another process involved with the development and progression of tumors is DNA hypermethylation. Aberrant methylation of the promoter is an alternative epigenetic change in genetic mechanisms, leading to tumor suppressor gene inactivation. In the present study, we examined the TP53 Arg72Pro and Pro47Ser polymorphisms using PCR-RFLP and the pattern of methylation of the p53 gene by methylation-specific PCR in 90 extra-axial brain tumor samples. Patients who had the allele Pro of the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism had an increased risk of tumor development ( odds ratio, OR = 3.23; confidence interval at 95%, 95% CI = 1.71-6.08; P = 0.003), as did the allele Ser of TP53 Pro47Ser polymorphism (OR = 1.28; 95% CI = 0.03-2.10; P = 0.01). Comparison of overall survival of patients did not show significant differences. In the analysis of DNA methylation...

‣ The p53 gene expression and its developmental regulation in schistosomes

Tanaka,Manami; Matsu-Ura,Tadashi; Hirai,Hirohisa
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1992 Português
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We have studied the gene expression, especially of the oncoproteins, and its regulation in schistosomes. Schistosomes have a complex life cycle with defined dimorphic lifestyle. The parasite are so far unique in biology in expressing oncogene products in their adult stage. In order to characterize the expression and developmental regulation, a lambda gt 11 cDNA library and lambda EMBL4 genomic DNA library of each growth stage of Schistosoma mansoni and S. japonicum was constructed, and was screened with various monoclonal antibodies against ongogene products. One positive plaque reacted to anti-p53 antibody (Ab-2, Oncogene Science, Inc.) was further analyzed. This fusion protein was about 120 KDa in molecular weights, and expressed as 1.4 Kb RNA in the adult stage. P53 gene is well-known as the negative regulator of the cell cicle, and the mutations in the gene are turning out to be the most common genetic alterations in human cancers. The comparison of the gene structure among species and stages were being conducted. Chromosome structures, C-band formation, and the results of in situ hybridization using the phage probe would be discussed.

‣ Infrequent p53 gene alterations in ulcerative colitis

Mattar,R.; Alexandrino,A.M.; Laudanna,A.A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/1999 Português
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether point mutations and loss of the p53 gene take place in ulcerative colitis which is histologically negative for dysplasia. DNA was extracted from 13 frozen rectal or colon biopsies and blood samples. Ulcerative colitis was classified histologically as active (10 cases) and inactive (3 cases). Exons 5-8 were amplified by PCR, treated with exonuclease and shrimp alkaline phosphatase and sequenced by the dideoxy chain termination method with the Sequenase Version 2.0 DNA sequencing kit. PCR products of intron 6 and exon 4 were digested with MspI and AccII, respectively, for RFLP analysis. No p53 gene mutation was detected in these cases. The number of informative patients for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the p53 intron 6 was high, 11 out of 12 (92%), whereas no LOH was observed. LOH affecting p53 exon 4 was not detected in lesions from 5 of 12 patients (42%). In ulcerative colitis, tumor progression is similar to that in sporadic colon cancer, and other oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes are likely to be mutated before the p53 gene.

‣ Role of p53 codon 72 polymorphism in chromosomal aberrations and mitotic index in patients with chronic hepatitis B

Akbaş,H.; Yalcin,K.; Isi,H.; Tekes,S.; Atay,A.E.; Akkus,Z.; Budak,T.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2012 Português
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Polymorphisms of the p53 gene, which participates in DNA repair, can affect the functioning of the p53 protein. The Arg and Pro variants in p53 codon 72 were shown to have different regulation properties of p53-dependent DNA repair target genes that can affect various levels of cytogenetic aberrations in chronic hepatitis B patients. The present study aimed to examine the frequency of chromosomal aberrations and the mitotic index in patients with chronic hepatitis B and their possible association with p53 gene exon 4 codon 72 Arg72Pro (Ex4+119 G>C; rs1042522) polymorphism. Fifty-eight patients with chronic hepatitis B and 30 healthy individuals were genotyped in terms of the p53 gene codon 72 Arg72Pro polymorphism by PCR-RFLP. A 72-h cell culture was performed on the same individuals and evaluated in terms of chromosomal aberrations and mitotic index. A high frequency of chromosomal aberrations and low mitotic index were detected in the patient group compared to the control group. A higher frequency of chromosomal aberrations was detected in both the patient and the control groups with a homozygous proline genotype (13 patients, 3 control subjects) compared to patients and controls with other genotypes [Arg/Pro (38 patients, 20 control subjects) and Arg/Arg (7 patients...

‣ Role of wild type p53 and double suicide genes in interventional therapy of liver cancer in rabbits

Niu,Hong-xin; Du,Tong; Xu,Zhong-fa; Zhang,Xi-kun; Wang,Ruo-gu
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
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PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of interventional lipiodol embolism and multigene therapy in combination with focal chemotherapy in the treatment of VX2 liver cancer in rabbits. METHODS: Forty five rabbits with cancer larger than 2cm in diameter were randomly divided into five groups (n=9 per group). In Group 1, animals were treated with 0.9% sodium chloride. In Group 2, animals received lipiodol embolism. In Group 3, animals received lipiodol embolism and p53 gene therapy. In Group 4, animals received lipiodol embolism and TK/CD gene therapy. In Group 5, animals received lipiodol embolism and p53 and TK/CD gene therapy. Ultrasonography and CT were performed before and at ten days after interventional therapy. RESULTS: The VX2 model of liver cancer was successfully established in rabbits and interventional therapy smoothly performed. At ten days after interventional therapy, significant difference in the tumor volume was noted among five groups (p<0.05) and different treatments could inhibit the cancer growth. The inhibition of cancer growth was the most evident in the Group 5. Factorial analysis revealed gene therapy with p53 or TK/CD and lipiodol embolism independently exert significantly inhibitory effect on cancer growth. In addition...

‣ P53 gene: major mutations in neoplasias and anticancer gene therapy

Lima,Caroline Rocha de Oliveira; Rabelo,Rogério Elias; Vulcani,Valcinir Aloísio Scalla; Cardoso,Lorena Damasio; Sousa,Nicaelle Luan de Moura; Moura,Veridiana Maria Brianezi Dignani de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2012 Português
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The p53 gene encodes a protein that has molecular weight of 53kD and is also called p53 protein, being constantly studied for its classic concept of "genome guardian". This gene plays a range of essential functions to ensure the cell cycle control, in addition to playing a central role in carcinogenesis. With respect to neoplasias, it prevents the neoplastic transformation through three intricate mechanisms. Depending on the extent of the mutation, different responses may be sent by p53 and those range since the disruption of the cell cycle, the correction of the mutation through the activation of repair proteins or still, the induction of senescence or cell death by apoptosis. This review aims to address the structural and functional aspects of the p53 gene and protein, and also reaffirm their participation in the carcinogenesis control, approaching their major mutations and the anticancer gene therapy involving this gene.

‣ Analysis of the p53 gene by PCR-SSCP in ten cases of Wilms’ tumor

Defavery,Ricardo; Lemos,José Alexandre Rodrigues; Kashima,Simone; Bernardes,José Eduardo; Scridelli,Carlos Alberto; Covas,Dimas Tadeu; Tone,Luiz Gonzaga
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2000 Português
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CONTEXT: Mutations of the p53 tumor suppressor gene are the most frequent alterations observed in human neoplasias affecting adults. In pediatric oncology, however, they have seldom been identified. Wilms’ tumor is a renal neoplasia commonly occurring in children and is associated with mutations of the WT1 gene. The correlation between Wilms’ tumor and alterations of the p53 gene has not been well established, with a low frequency of mutations having been reported in this type of tumor. Mutation may be associated with advanced stage disease and unfavorable histology. OBJECTIVE: To screen for mutations of the p53 gene by the PCR-SSCP method and DNA sequencing in cases of Wilms’ tumor sug-gestive of mutation. DESIGN: Case Report. CASE REPORT: Evaluations of exons 5-9 of the p53 gene in DNA samples extracted by PCR-SSCP from 10 Wilms’ tumors in children at different stages, and DNA sequencing. Changes in SSCP analy-sis were observed in exon 8 in two samples. The probable muta-tions were not confirmed by DNA sequencing. The absence of point mutations in p53 gene observed in the 10 samples of Wilms’ tumor studied agrees with literature data, with DNA sequencing being of fundamental importance for the confirmation of possible mutations.

‣ Analysis of the p53 gene and papillomavirus detection in smears from cervical lesions

Oliveira,Ledy do Horto dos Santos; Fernandez,André de Paula; Xavier,Brunno Lessa Saldanha; Rodrigues,Eliana de Vasconcelos Machado; Cavalcanti,Silvia Maria Baeta
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2002 Português
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CONTEXT: Alterations of the p53 tumor suppressor gene are correlated with a critical step in the development of many human cancers.The tumor suppressor gene functions include regulation of the cell cycle and the cellular response to DNA damage, initiation of DNA repair and replication, induction of apoptosis and promotion of cell differentiation. CASE REPORT: Smears from ten cases of cervical lesions were analyzed for status of exons 5-8 of the p53 gene using PCR/SSCP. HPV infection was also screened by the PCR method using two PCR primer sets. Changes in the p53 gene were observed in a case of squamous carcinoma and a case of asymptomatic cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade III (CIN III). High-risk HPV was detected in both cases showing that HPV infection and p53 mutation are not exclusive events.

‣ HPV 16 detection in cervical lesions, physical state of viral DNA and changes in p53 gene

Oliveira,Ledy do Horto dos Santos; Rodrigues,Eliane de Vasconcelos Machado; Lopes,Ana Paula Terra Alvim de Salles; Fernandez,André de Paula; Cavalcanti,Silvia Maria Baeta
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2003 Português
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CONTEXT: Persistent infection with high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) has been linked to cervical carcinoma. Integration of viral DNA into host cell DNA is essential for this cancer development, promoting disruption of the HPV E2 gene, thus leading to unregulated increases in E6 and E7 proteins and inactivating the products of p53 and Rb tumor suppressor genes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate HPV 16 infection in cervical lesions, physical state of viral DNA and p53 gene alterations in a group of women attending a public health service. DESIGN: Prospective, non-controlled, transversal study. SETTING: Gynecological clinic of the School od Medicine, Universidade Federal Fluminense. SAMPLE: 43 consective patients with cervical lesions referred to our service. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Cases were classified via cytology/histology as normal, HPV infection, condyloma, low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and carcinoma. HPV infection was studied via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using two PCR primer sets, to determine DNA integration. p53 gene changes were investigated by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. RESULTS: One normal case, 7 HPV infections, 6 condylomas, 7 LSIL...

‣ p53 nuclear protein accumulation correlates with mutations in the p53 gene, tumor grade, and stage in bladder cancer.

Esrig, D.; Spruck, C. H.; Nichols, P. W.; Chaiwun, B.; Steven, K.; Groshen, S.; Chen, S. C.; Skinner, D. G.; Jones, P. A.; Cote, R. J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1993 Português
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Seventy-three transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for p53 nuclear accumulation, and the results were compared to mutations detected in the p53 gene by single strand conformational polymorphism analysis (SSCP) and DNA sequence analysis. Immunohistochemical studies were performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. A highly significant association between the presence of p53 mutations and p53 nuclear reactivity as detected by immunohistochemistry was found (P = 0.0001). Of 32 tumors that demonstrated p53 mutations by SSCP, 27 (84%) showed p53 nuclear reactivity. Of the five cases that did not demonstrate p53 nuclear reactivity, four had mutations in exon 5. However, of 41 tumors with no evidence of p53 mutation by molecular analysis, 12 (29%) showed p53 immunoreactivity. This indicates that immunohistochemical methods may be more sensitive than SSCP in detecting p53 mutations or that discordant cases represent tumors with accumulation of wild type p53 protein, without mutations at the p53 locus. Of the 15 tumors that were found to have mutations at exon 8, 13 demonstrated high-intensity homogeneous p53 nuclear reactivity by immunohistochemistry, and all mutations located at codon 280 demonstrated high-intensity homogeneous immunoreactivity. However...

‣ High levels of p53 protein expression do not correlate with p53 gene mutations in anaplastic large cell lymphoma.

Cesarman, E.; Inghirami, G.; Chadburn, A.; Knowles, D. M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1993 Português
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Strong immunohistochemical reactivity for p53 tumor suppressor gene product has been reported in a variety of different human malignancies including CD30- (Ki-1) positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). Although high levels of p53 protein have been interpreted as abnormal, rapidly proliferating benign and neoplastic lymphoid cells may have increased p53 expression in the absence of structural alterations. On the other hand, mutations in the p53 gene can lead to a lack of p53 protein production. Structural alterations of the p53 gene have not been documented in cases of ALCL and the mechanism for an abnormal pattern of p53 expression in these lymphomas has not been elucidated. Therefore, to determine whether an altered pattern of p53 expression correlates with mutations in the p53 locus in ALCL, we analyzed the expression of p53 protein immunohistochemically, compared it with the proliferation index using monoclonal antibody Ki-67, and assessed the presence of mutations in exons 5 though 9 of the p53 gene using a single-strand conformation polymorphism assay in a panel of 17 ALCLs. Furthermore, we studied the presence of allelic deletions of chromosome 17p by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. We found significant levels of p53 protein expression in 12 of the 15 cases studied...

‣ Estudo de associação do polimorfismo de base única no códon 72 do gene humano p53 e as características de pigmentação; Association study of single-base polymorphism at codon 72 of human p53 gene and characteristics of pigmentation

COSTA, Kárita Antunes
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Biologia; Ciências Biolóicas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Biologia; Ciências Biolóicas
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The p53 gene encodes a protein which has various functions such as monitoring of the cell cycle, role in repair mechanisms and apoptosis. New functions performed by this protein have been observed and studied as acting in the cascade of skin pigmentation by acting as transcription factor for genes important in this process as POMC (pro-opiomelanocortin) and MC1R (melanocortin receptor 1). Among the genetic polymorphisms, the codon 72 p53 gene is the most commonly studied and this variant has been associated with increased risk for various cancers, including skin. However, the association between this and other types of cancers has generated controversial results. The polymorphism occurs in a substitution G / C codon 72 p53 gene resulting in a change of amino acid sequence (CGC to CCC for arginine and proline). This polymorphism occurs in areas rich in proline generating morphophysiological changes as well as a difference in electrophoretic mobility of the protein. The aim of this study was to establish a possible association between the codon 72 polymorphism of p53 gene with the characteristics of pigmentation such as skin color, hair, eye and skin response after exposure to sunlight (reddening or bronze). The 96 healthy volunteers were recruited randomly and information on skin color...

‣ p53 gene analysis in childhood B non - Hodgkin's lymphoma

Klumb, Claudete Esteves Nogueira Pinto; Resende, Lídia Maria Magalhães de; Tajara, Eloísa Helena; Bertelli, Erika Cristina Pavarino; Rumjanek, Vivian Mary; Maia, Raquel Ciuvalschi
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina (APM) Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina (APM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 212-215
Português
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CONTEXTO: Alterações do gene supressor de tumor p53, como mutações e deleções, são lesões genéticas encontradas com maior freqüência nas neoplasias humanas, incluindo câncer de mama, pulmão e cólon. Entre as malignidades hematológicas, o gene 53 é freqüentemente mutado no linfoma de Burkitt, sendo detectadas mutações em 30-40% das amostras tumorais e em 70% das linhagens celulares. OBJETIVO: Analisar as alterações do gene p53 em crianças com linfoma não-Hodgkin de origem B. TIPO DE ESTUDO: Estudo descritivo. LOCAL: Centro de Oncologia Terciário. PARTICIPANTES: O estudo analisou 12 pacientes com linfoma não-Hodgkin B classificados como linfoma de Burkitt. A análise de possíveis mutações do gene p53 foi realizada pela técnica de PCR-SSCP dos exons 5, 6 ,7 e 8/9 do gene. RESULTADOS: Um padrão anormal de migração foi observado em quatro pacientes (33.3%), em um paciente no exon 6 e em três no exon 7. Os casos positivos incluíam dois pacientes que evoluíram para o óbito por progressão da doença. CONCLUSÃO: Esses resultados preliminares sugerem que as alterações do gene p53 são freqüentes em crianças com linfoma de Burkitt e podem contribuir para patogênese ou progressão da doença.; CONTEXT: Mutations or deletions in the tumor-suppressor gene p53 are among the commonest genetic changes found in human neoplasms including breast...

‣ p53 gene analysis in childhood B non - Hodgkin's lymphoma

Klumb,Claudete Esteves Nogueira Pinto; Resende,Lídia Maria Magalhães de; Tajara,Eloísa Helena; Bertelli,Erika Cristina Pavarino; Rumjanek,Vivian Mary; Maia,Raquel Ciuvalschi
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2001 Português
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CONTEXT: Mutations or deletions in the tumor-suppressor gene p53 are among the commonest genetic changes found in human neoplasms including breast, lung and bowel cancers. In hematological malignancies, p53 is most often mutated in Burkitt's lymphoma, with p53 mutations present in 30 to 40% of tumor samples and in 70% of cell lines. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the p53 gene alterations in child patients with B non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Tertiary oncology care center. PARTICIPANTS: The study investigated 12 patients with childhood B non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (Burkitt's lymphoma). Screening for p53 mutations was done by polymerase chain reaction - single strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis of exon 5 to 8/9 of the gene. RESULTS: Abnormal polymerase chain reaction - single strand conformational polymorphism migration pattern was observed in 4 patients (33.3%), one on exon 6 and three on exon 7. Positive cases included 2 patients who died from disease. CONCLUSION: These preliminary results suggest that p53 mutations are quite frequent in children with Burkitt's lymphoma and may play a role in lymphoma genesis or disease progression.

‣ Increased p53 gene dosage reduces neointimal thickening induced by mechanical injury but has no effect on native atherosclerosis

Sanz-González, Silvia M.; Barquín, Leire; García-Cao, Isabel; Roque, Mercè; González, José María; Fuster, José J.; Castells, M. Teresa; Flores, Juana María; Serrano, Manuel; Andrés, Vicente
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 594540 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Cardiovascular Research following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Cardiovasc Res. 75 (4):803-12. is available online at: http://cardiovascres.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/75/4/803; OBJECTIVE: The tumor suppressor p53 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis, two key processes in the pathogenesis of occlusive vascular disease. Here, we examined the consequences of heightening p53 function on neointimal lesion formation in the setting of atherosclerosis and mechanical injury. METHODS: (1) Immunohistopathological characterization of neointimal lesions in atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E-null mice with normal p53 gene dosage (apoEKO) and carrying a p53 transgene (Super-p53/apoE-KO); (2) molecular studies in macrophages and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) obtained from these mice. RESULTS: The p53 transgene conferred p53 gain-of-function in cultured cells and mice. In vitro, survival of irradiated Super-p53 macrophages and femoral SMCs was reduced, but only Super-p53 SMCs exhibited attenuated proliferation. In vivo, whereas the size of spontaneously formed and diet-induced aortic atheromas was undistinguishable in apoE-KO and Super-p53/apoE-KO mice...

‣ P53 and Rb tumor suppressor gene alterations in gastric cancer; Alterações dos genes supressores tumorais p53 e Rb no câncer gástrico

Mattar, Rejane; Nonogaki, Suely; Silva, Cleonice; Alves, Venancio; Gama-Rodrigues, Joaquim J.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2004 Português
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A inativação de genes supressores tumorais tem sido freqüentemente observada na carcinogênese gástrica. O nosso objetivo foi estudar o envolvimento dos genes p53, APC, DCC e Rb no câncer gástrico. MÉTODO: Vinte e dois casos de câncer gástrico foram estudados por PCR-LOH (reação de polimerase em cadeia- perda de alelo heterozigoto) dos genes p53, APC, DCC e Rb; e por PCR-SSCP (reação de polimerase em cadeia- polimorfismo de conformação de cadeia única) dos exons 5-6 e exons 7-8 do gene p53, empregando 35S-dATP e expressão de p53 por imunoperoxidase com monoclonal anti-p53. RESULTADOS E DISCUSSÃO: Perda de alelo heterozigoto não foi detectada nos genes estudados; deleção homozigótica foi observada no gene Rb em 23% (3/13) dos casos de câncer gástrico do tipo intestinal. Desvio de motilidade de banda nos exons 5-6 e/ou exons 7-8, indicando mutação do gene p53 foi encontrada em 18 casos (81.8%). A expressão de p53 foi positiva nas células de câncer gástrico em 14 casos (63.6%). A mucosa gástrica normal não corou com anti-p53, portanto, a reatividade imune deve representar formas mutantes. A correlação de desvio de motilidade de banda e expressão imune de p53 não foi significante (p=0.90). Não houve correlação entre as alterações genéticas e a extensão da doença. CONCLUSÃO: A inativação dos genes p53 e Rb tem papel na carcinogênese gástrica no nosso meio. A perda do gene Rb observada apenas no câncer gástrico do tipo intestinal deve ser avaliada posteriormente em associação com infecção pelo Helicobacter pylori. O gene p53 estava afetado em ambos os tipos histopatológicos.; Inactivation of tumor suppressor genes has been frequently observed in gastric carcinogenesis. Our purpose was to study the involvement of p53...

‣ Mutação do Gene p53 induzindo predisposição hereditária ao câncer: relato de um caso da síndrome de Li-Fraumeni; P53 gene mutation inducing hereditary cancer predisposition: case report of Li-Fraumeni syndrome

Pinto, Fernanda Nunes; Prudente, Fernanda Vilas Boas; Gonçalves, Marina Sahade; Silva, Priscilla Domene Vaccaro; Del Giglio, Auro
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/12/2002 Português
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A Síndrome de Li-Fraumeni é uma síndrome de predisposição familiar ao câncer, caracterizada pela presença de múltiplos tumores, tais como sarcomas, carcinomas de mama, tumores cerebrais e leucemia. O caso relatado é de uma paciente feminina de 37 anos, que apresenta uma significativa história familiar de câncer, bem como história pessoal de seis diferentes tumores primários (um de cólon, um nevus displásico, um de ovário e três de mama). O seqüenciamento do gene supressor de tumor p53 em seus linfócitos presentes no sangue periférico revelou uma mutação do aminoácido triptofano (TGG) para um códon de parada prematuro (TAG), no nucleotídeo 437 do códon 146 do exon 5 deste gene. As implicações clínicas, preventivas e éticas deste caso são também abordadas.; Li-Fraumeni syndrome is a familiar cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by the appearance of various types of tumors, such as sarcomas, breast carcinomas, brain tumors and leukemia. We present the case of a 37-year-old female who had a strong family history of cancer and herself had a history of six different primary tumors (one colon, one displasic nevus, one ovary and three breast tumors). P53 gene sequencing of her peripheral blood lymphocytes revealed an amino acid change of tryptofan (TGG) to a stop-codon (TAG) in the nucleotide 437 of codon 146 of exon 5 of this gene. Clinical...

‣ Lack of mutation in exon 10 of p53 gene in thyroid tumors

Lia Santarosa,Patricia; Granja,Fabiana; Cristina Morari,Elaine; Leite,Janaína Luisa; Vera Montalli da Assumpção,Ligia; Ward,Laura S
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2004 Português
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Background: p53 is a nuclear protein that exerts an important role in the negative control of cellular proliferation, as well as in masterminding signaling cascades important in DNA repair and/or apoptosis. Mutations of p53 have been reported with high frequency in many cancer types and are highly prevalent in poorly differentiated and undifferentiated thyroid carcinomas, but they are not found in benign tumors and are infrequent in well-differentiated cancer. Most mutations are located in exons 5-8 of the gene. Recently, a germline mutation in the seldom investigated exon 10, on codon 337 of p53 was described in Brazilian children who had adrenocortical tumors. Aim: To study codon 337 of exon 10 of p53 mutation in thyroid tumors. Material and methods: Seventy four thyroid tumors were studied (5 follicular carcinomas including 3 widely invasive, 22 papillary carcinomas including 6 tall cell variants, 11 follicular adenomas, 1 medullary carcinoma and 35 benign goiters). DNA was extracted from a central part of all tumors and contralateral normal thyroid tissue samples or blood from 38 of these patients. The products of PCR for exon 10 of p53 were examined by single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. We sequenced 2 samples suspected of presenting aberrant migrating bands and 3 additional PCR products from tumor samples with normal SSCP patterns but all were wild type. Results: In all samples studied...

‣ Mutación del gen p53 en el cáncer de colon y recto

Roa S,Juan Carlos; Roa E,Iván; Melo A,Angélica; Araya O,Juan C; Villaseca H,Miguel A; Flores M,Mariano; Schneider,Barbara
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2000 Português
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Background: Genetic events associated to colorectal carcinoma are well characterized, but there is scanty information about this issue in Chilean subjects. Aim: To determine the frequency and distribution of exons 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 mutations and the immunohistochemical expression of p53 gene in biopsy samples of colorectal carcinoma. Material and methods: p53 gene exons 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 were directly sequenced in 42 biopsy samples of colorectal carcinoma. Immunohistochemical expression of p53 was determined in 35 samples. Results: Thirty one discrete mutations (12 transitions, 11 transversions and 8 insertions) were observed in 21 samples (60%). Nine samples had mutations in exon 5, twelve samples had mutations in exon 6, seven samples had mutations in exon 7 and three samples had mutations in exons 8 and 9. Immunohistochemical expression of p53 protein was observed in 18 of 35 cases. There was a high correlation between the genetic alteration and immunohistochemistry, when p53 was expressed in more the 20% of cells. The positive and negative predictive values of p53 expression were 87 and 80% respectively. There was a non significant lower mortality among patients with mutations in their biopsies. Conclusions: These results confirm the involvement of p53 gene mutations in colonic carcinogenesis. Immunohistochemical methods for the detection of p53 protein have a high predictive value (Rev Méd Chile 2000; 128: 996-1004)

‣ ; P53 gene mutation and protein expression in ameloblastomas

Al-Salihi, Karima Akool; Azlina, A.
Fonte: UNICAMP/FOP Publicador: UNICAMP/FOP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ;
Publicado em 25/11/2015 Português
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; P53 gene is commonly found to be mutated in human cancer. Currently, limited data exist on the occurrence of p53 gene mutation in ameloblastomas. This study designed to evaluate the expression of p53 proteins and their gene mutations in human ameloblastomas. Four cases of epithelial odontogenic tumors were used. Normal cells of a 7 months aborted fetus’s mandible were used as negative control. P53 Protein expression was detected immunohistochemically. DNA was extracted and amplified using PCR. Gene sequences analyzed to determine p53 mutation. p53 was overexpressed in one case of unicystic ameloblastoma and 2 cases of variant types of ameloblastoma. The Coding sequencing analyses demonstrated p53 gene alteration in cases of ameloblastoms in Exon 7 while, fetus epithelial mucosal cells showed the wild type DNA sequence in Exon 4. In conclusion p53 protein overexpression was detected by immunohistochemical staining as well as by DNA sequence analysis in cases of ameloblastomas.