Página 1 dos resultados de 24 itens digitais encontrados em 0.034 segundos

‣ À luz da Lua, na face negra da Terra

Ferreira, Sónia Mairos
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Exposta, na contemporaneidade, como a evidência mais severa da pobreza e da exclusão social, no seio das economias avançadas, a situação de sem-abrigo tem vindo a ser alvo de crescente interesse por parte de cientistas, organismos e agentes da sociedade civil. Para este incremento concorreu, por um lado, - o aumento do número de pessoas e agregados que se encontram em situação de privação habitacional severa e, por outro, - a constatação de que as abordagens tradicionais, centradas no escrutínio de fatores individuais e relacionais ou, pelo oposto, institucionais e sociais, se relevaram desajustadas para a sua compreensão, em profundidade. Conscientes de que estamos perante um processo dinâmico, para o qual concorrem fatores de ordem diversa, que atuam em simultâneo e em diferido, especialistas de diversos quadrantes científicos têm vindo a alertar para a necessidade de reforço da adoção de abordagens multireferenciadas, em que são reconhecidas, e respeitadas, as vozes dos/as multíplices atores envolvidos. Este estudo pretende responder a esse repto, tendo sido mobilizados os contributos da Grounded Theory Clássica para o efeito. Subordinado à questão chave “qual(ais) é(são) o(s) principal(ais) problema(s) e/ou preocupação(ões) das pessoas que experienciam a situação de sem-abrigo?”...

‣ Brasil e Rússia : política, comércio, ciência e tecnologia entre 1992 e 2010

Jubran, Bruno Mariotto
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Em 2002, durante a visita de Fernando Henrique Cardoso a Moscou, Brasil e Rússia consagraram a expressão “Parceria Estratégica”. Na mesma ocasião, a Rússia deu apoio à proposta de inclusão do Brasil como membro permamente do Conselho de Segurança das Nações Unidas e, em troca, o Brasil apoiou a adesão russa à Organização Mundial do Comércio. Em 2004, Vladimir V. Putin realizou a primeira visita de um chefe de Estado russo ao Brasil, os apoios mútuos foram confirmados e um novo conceito foi adicionado às relações bilaterais: a “Aliança Tecnológica”. As expectativas de cooperação bilateral pareciam bastante positivas, dada a vontade política de ambos os governos de iniciar as discussões.Porém, ao se observar a situação atual da cooperação em diversas áreas, conclui-se que a grande maioria dos projetos sequer foi iniciada. Havendo vontade política de ambos os países, o que explica a não realização desses projetos? Fatores materiais, como variação de poder dos países, bem como pressões do sistema internacional (e de outros países) podem ser relevantes para o problema. De fato, identifica-se, em alguns casos, a ingerência de terceiros países, como os EUA, em alguns projetos específicos...

‣ Liberdade & ortodoxia : infraestruturas de arquitectura moderna em Moçambique (1951-1964)

Miranda, Elisiário José Vital
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 26/07/2013 Português
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Tese doutoramento em Arquitetura (ramo de conhecimento em Cultura Arquitetónica); O estado do conhecimento disciplinar relativo à arquitetura do Movimento Moderno produzido nas antigas províncias ultramarinas portuguesas de África durante o século XX permanece ainda escasso e fragmentário. O principal objetivo desta dissertação de doutoramento é o de contribuir para a formação de uma futura síntese global através de uma interpretação parcial de contornos delimitados. Durante o período que medeia entre a revisão constitucional de 1951 e o eclodir da guerra colonial, em 1964, encontraram-se no território da antiga província ultramarina portuguesa de Moçambique duas conceções ideológicas opostas: a utopia identitária do Estado Novo e a utopia social do Movimento Moderno. A primeira, a utopia do país enquanto nação pluricontinental, plurirracial e pluricultural, foi edificada em Portugal no segundo pós-guerra nascida da necessidade de construção de um discurso operativo de defesa do regime. A segunda, a utopia social do Movimento Moderno, constituiu paradoxalmente um suporte operativo e uma expressão simbólica desta política do Estado Novo. A necessidade de rápida execução de novas infraestruturas nos territórios africanos em acelerado desenvolvimento industrial e demográfico potenciou a utilização de sistemas construtivos inovadores...

‣ A Modest Proposal for Another Phenomenological Approach to Psychopathology

Mullen, Paul E.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In 1912, Karl Jaspers published an article entitled “The Phenomenological Approach to Psychopathology.” This and his subsequent text, General Psychopathology, was to exert a profound influence on the development of psychiatry in general and psychiatric nosology in particular. The current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and International Classification of Diseases both reflect, at least in part, that legacy. This article will argue that the descriptive psychopathology of Jaspers has been gradually transformed into a caricature which has substituted authority for enquiry and simplification for subtlety. We have been left with classificatory systems which impose reified categories increasingly at variance with clinical reality and increasingly divorced from the data generated by scientific enquiry. Returning to the phenomenological method, despite its contradictions, may open the way to clinical and research approaches which free us from the current straightjacket of orthodoxy which is impending our progress.

‣ Clinical review: Thinking outside the box - an iconoclastic view of current practice

Singer, Mervyn; Matthay, Michael A
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Many advances in medicine have been achieved through challenging established dogma with revolutionary thought and novel practices. Each and every specialty is reinvigorated by regular re-evaluation of processes and practices in the light of new evidence and fresh conceptualization. Challenge can galvanize fresh thinking and new approaches, yet may also reinforce and strengthen traditional paradigms if the prevailing orthodoxy is subsequently revalidated. This article is a synopsis of a roundtable meeting held in Brussels in March 2010 designed specifically to confront doctrine with reasoned scientific argument, and to propose new ideas for advancing critical care practices and outcomes.

‣ Eukaryotic origins

Lake, James A.
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/09/2015 Português
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The origin of the eukaryotes is a fundamental scientific question that for over 30 years has generated a spirited debate between the competing Archaea (or three domains) tree and the eocyte tree. As eukaryotes ourselves, humans have a personal interest in our origins. Eukaryotes contain their defining organelle, the nucleus, after which they are named. They have a complex evolutionary history, over time acquiring multiple organelles, including mitochondria, chloroplasts, smooth and rough endoplasmic reticula, and other organelles all of which may hint at their origins. It is the evolutionary history of the nucleus and their other organelles that have intrigued molecular evolutionists, myself included, for the past 30 years and which continues to hold our interest as increasingly compelling evidence favours the eocyte tree. As with any orthodoxy, it takes time to embrace new concepts and techniques.

‣ Banque mondiale et développement. Pertinences scientifiques des discours et pratiques de développement de la Banque mondiale dans les PED des années 80 à nos jours.

Maitourama, Marouma Kadey
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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RÉSUMÉ « De nos jours, notent Samoff et Carrol, la Banque mondiale doit être considérée à la fois comme une banque, une agence de développement et un institut de recherche » (2004, p9). L’institution de Bretton Woods est en effet devenue notamment dans le cadre du développement des PED, à la fois une banque de prêt et une institution de savoir ; « le laboratoire d’idées sur le développement le plus important au monde », précisent Wilks et Lefrançois (2002). Cependant, si elle reste un partenaire idéologique et financier pour le développement de ces pays, la Banque mondiale est aussi en même temps dans le paysage des relations économiques internationales contemporaines une véritable superpuissance, une figure importante de la dominance mondiale d’aujourd’hui. Les programmes de développement qu’elle professe et met en œuvre dans les PED y sont de ce fait également les discours et pratiques de développement dominants. Mais le discours de développement de la Banque mondiale dans les PED, outre qu’il y soit le savoir dominant du développement, se veut aussi par ailleurs un discours d’érudition : un corps de connaissances savant de développement, qui dans sa formulation comme dans son contenu revendique l’appartenance à une certaine rationalité...

‣ Consumer Citizenship in Postnational Constellations?

EVERSON, Michelle; JOERGES, Christian
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 223789 bytes; application/pdf; digital
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It is perhaps a truism to note that ‘the consumer’ is but a role that is played by human subjects. This insight leaves us, as lawyers, with one vital question: how can or does the legal system meaningfully rationalise its encounters with the consumer? Can it, and if so to what way, shape the act of consumption? Can it even ensure that the ‘fact’ of consumption translates into ‘good’ normative institutions. In a summarizing account of legal encounters with the consumer since the era of laissez-faire liberalism we seek to show that this potential does exist within the constitutional state. However, as markets, political systems and consumers have broken free from national communities we need to ask: will the achievements of constitutional democracies survive Europeanisation and Gliobalisation? In our assessment of current trends in the EU we diagnose a seemingly paradoxical alliance between a new orthodoxy of neo-liberalism within market relations and a de-legalisation of regulatory policies. At international level, our analysis is restricted to a single case (namely, the recent report of a WTO Panel on the controversy over Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). It has become increasingly clear that the notion of a international consumer interest has been reduced to one of health and safety that is identified and secured with simple recourse to ‘scientific expertise’. ‘Sound science’ has become transnationally binding yardstick that both orients and limits consumer policy. The vision of a ‘consumer citizen’...

‣ HENRY WILLIAM RAVENEL, 1814-1887: SOUTH CAROLINA SCIENTIST IN THE CIVIL WAR ERA

HAYGOOD, TAMARA ANNE MINER
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Recent historical interest in science in the Old South inspired this biography of mycologist Henry Ravenel (1814-1887). Prior writing on antebellum southern science was done without the benefit of strong monographs on southern scientists or institutions. Writing done in such a vacuum was necessarily very general and distorted in its perspectives. T. Carey Johnson exaggerated the importance of southern science, while Clement Eaton denigrated it, attributing the South's supposed lack in scientific contributions to the effect of two of her major institutions: slavery and religious orthodoxy. Henry Ravenel, though a South Carolina slaveholder and a devout Episcopalian, was also one of a small group of leaders in antebellum American botany. He was a familiar correspondent to such other top American botanists as Asa Gray, Edward Tuckerman, William Sullivant, Moses Ashley Curtis and Alvan Wentworth Chapman. He also corresponded with a number of European scientists, particularly Miles Joseph Berkeley. To Berkeley he sent specimens of fungi together with detailed notes and descriptions. Berkeley would examine his collections and name new species, sometimes sharing authorship with Ravenel. Between 1852 and 1860 Ravenel published a five volume fungus exsiccati...

‣ Technocracy and the market: world bank group technical assistance and the rise of neoliberalism

Bazbauers, Adrian Robert
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Português
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This thesis analyses the provision of technical assistance by the World Bank Group (the Group) from 1946 to 2010. Technical assistance concerns the transmission of knowledge and practices to encourage economic growth. Starting from the ontological position that “development” is merely a series of normative positions that change over time and that are dependent upon the worldview of the observer, it argues that Group technical assistance has helped to construct, project, and legitimise particular development “truths”. Drawing upon literature from within the discipline of International Political Economy, this analysis regards technical assistance as a form of power whereby exercising actors are able to persuade others and define structures in such a way as to make particular understandings appear as common sense. The use of “soft” technical assistance to build institutional and human resource capacity during the neoliberal era – built through policy reform, management selection, and personnel training – became a means to persuade recipients of the alleged legitimacy of market-led development. An institutional study, this work contextualises the growth and evolution of Group technical assistance in terms of crises in the world economy...

‣ La danse des fantômes à la cour Suprême du Canada: les droits autochtones pendant le premier quart de siècle de l'article 35 de la loi constitutionnelle, 1982; Ghost dancing at the Supreme Court of Canada: indigenous rights during the first quarter century of s.35.of Canada's constitution act, 1982

Woo (née Slykhuis), Grace Li Xiu
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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Certains supposent que la Loi constitutionnelle de 1982, donc la section 35(1) reconnait les droits existants des peuples autochtones, a complété la décolonisation du Canada. Par contre, malgré le passage d'un quart de siècle, plusieurs Autochtones estiment que la Cour suprême continue à nier l'existence de leurs droits. Cette étude examine cette problématique en formulant des définitions juridiques du « colonialisme » et du « post colonialisme ». Vu le remplacement de l'idéal de «la loi» comme «commande », promu par le juriste anglais John Austin au dernier siècle, par l'idéal du consensus populaire et démocratique, nous avons vécu une changement important dans le droit euro-canadien. Mais, selon la théorie des paradigmes de Thomas Kuhn, la continuation des anciennes habitudes est une partie normale du processus de changement, qui n'est jamais complète sans l'émergence de nouveaux modèles et procédures. Pour déterminer la situation de la Cour suprême du Canada par rapport au processus de décolonisation, la Partie I de cette étude examine le fonctionnement paradigmatique autant que le phénomène colonial, la décolonisation en droit international et le postcolonialisme pour identifier les indicateurs du paradigme colonial autant que le paradigme postcolonial. La Partie II adapte ce cadre analytique aux raisonnements de la Cour suprême du Canada concernant les droits autochtones protégés par l’article 35 (1) de la Loi constitutionnelle de 1982. Cette double analyse coloniale/postcoloniale démontre la persistance des anciennes habitudes malgré la reconnaissance des idéaux postcoloniaux par la Cour. Les juges sont conscients des limites institutionnelles qui restreignent leur capacité de protéger les droits autochtones...

‣ Ensaios sobre a mainline economics e a história do pensamento econômico liberal; Essays on the mainline economics and the history of liberal economic thought

Eduardo Angeli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/07/2012 Português
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O objetivo da tese, constituída de quatro ensaios, é, por um lado, aprofundar o conhecimento acerca da mainline economics, e, por outro, aproximá-la de alguns debates contemporâneos da ciência econômica. Para isso, apresenta e qualifica como heterodoxa e robusta a mainline economics, uma linha de pesquisa existente ao longo da evolução do pensamento econômico que abre mão de um conceito central à ortodoxia, o de equilíbrio, substituindo-o pela análise institucional sob uma perspectiva liberal. Procura argumentar também que a crítica heterodoxa da teoria econômica convencional não deve ser confundida com a crítica do próprio sistema capitalista. Uma vez que os autores associados à mainline economics, em geral, encontram-se no passado da disciplina e à margem de sua corrente ortodoxa, a tese busca, a seguir, justificar a importância do estudo da história do pensamento econômico e da existência do pluralismo de metodologias em economia. Para isso, levanta dois argumentos associados à escola austríaca, um grupo particular dentro da mainline economics: a abordagem de Israel Kirzner para a descoberta de oportunidades no processo de mercado como analogia ao que acontece na relação entre teoria econômica e história do pensamento econômico...

‣ The Public Life of Scientific Orthodoxy: Stephen Jay Gould, Evolutionary Biology and American Creationism, 1965-2002

Sheldon, Myrna Lynn Perez
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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This dissertation uses the public career of Harvard evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould to examine the place of evolution in American culture from 1960 to 2002. Gould was a professional paleontologist and public science writer who rose to fame through his participation in a series of American controversies over biology and society. Prior to the 1980s, Gould publicly disagreed with other biologists over the relationship between liberalism and scientific research. As a New Left activist, Gould advocated caution over public pronouncements on evolutionary explanations of race and sex. His opponents believed that science could provide objective standards for understanding human difference. This thesis shows how the resurgence of creationism in the context of the New Right brought a new community into dialogue with these generally left-oriented academics. Evolutionary scientists and writers solidified a new evolutionary orthodoxy in their attempt to close ranks against the political, social and intellectual threat of creationism. Gould's intellectual and political struggles with the rise of this Darwinian orthodoxy demonstrate the impact that the American public had on the terms of debate within professional evolutionary biology. By studying the impact of public religious controversy on scientific knowledge production...

‣ Evasion, private events, and pragmatism: A Reply to Moore's response to my review of Conceptual Foundations of Radical Behaviorism

Baum, William M
Fonte: Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Inc Publicador: Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2011 Português
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Moore's screed in response to my review of his book uses several rhetorical tricks to counter criticism without actually addressing it: he tries to preempt the transparency of his own orthodoxy by groundlessly accusing me of orthodoxy; he caricatures my criticisms to make them appear obviously wrong; he professes lack of understanding so as to dodge having to attempt a genuine response; and he engages in pejorative labeling to dismiss the criticisms without analysis. From a scientific and pragmatic point of view, private events are a mistake, precisely because they are private. They cannot serve as independent variables, as Moore suggests, because they cannot be measured; “private independent variable” is a contradiction in terms. When we carefully examine locutions like “observe” and “report on,” we discover that they entail only public verbal and nonverbal behavior, not objects and not private events as objects. A person in pain is not reporting on anything, is engaging in public verbal and nonverbal pain-behavior, and an infant or a dog may be considered to be in pain. The public behavior is all that matters, because determining whether a person is really in pain privately is impossible. The same is true of any private event...

‣ Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy in the Research on the Foundations of Quantum Physics: E. P. Wigner's Case

Freire Jr, Olival
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Dealing with Eugene Wigner's ideas on the measurement procedure in quantum physics and unearthing the controversy that pitted him against supporters of the interpretation of complementarity, I will show how Wigner and his followers contributed to the defeat of a seemingly unshakeable consensus. In fact, although he intended to defend what seemed to him to be orthodoxy, he himself became a heterodox. I suggest that Wigner's conjectures on the role of consciousness in physical phenomena were not fruitful and were discarded, being today part of the history of physics rather than physics proper. However, his ideas and actions left an indelible mark on the physics of the second half of the 20th century. Namely, he formulated his ideas in opposition to the Copenhagen monocracy, which held a stronghold on the interpretation of quantum physics until the late 1960s; he stressed the unsolved status of the measurement problem; and he effectively defended his ideas and supported those who were willing to investigate the foundations of quantum physics. He thus contributed to the creation of a new field of physical research, that of the foundations of quantum physics, which attributed a higher scientific status to the old controversy on the interpretations and foundations of this theory. This new field has had to deal with important theoretical...

‣ Re-presenting scientific representation.

Frigg, Roman
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2003 Português
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It is now part and parcel of the official philosophical wisdom that models are essential to the acquisition and organisation of scientific knowledge. It is also generally accepted that most models represent their target systems in one way or another. But what does it mean for a model to represent its target system. Surprisingly, this issue has hardly been recognised, much less seriously discussed. In the first part, I introduce the problem of scientific representation and argue for its importance. In the second part, I provide a critique of the current orthodoxy, the semantic view of theories. Though writers in this tradition do not explicitly address the issue of scientific representation, the semantic view implies that a model represents by being isomorphic or, in another version, similar to its target. I argue that this view faces insurmountable problems because both isomorphism and similarity are notions too weak to endow a model with representational power. In the third part, I develop a theory of representation that overcomes the shortcomings of the semantic view. The leading idea consists in taking representation to be explained in terms of three relations: denotation, display and designation. A model denotes its target system in roughly the same way in which a name denotes its bearer. At the same time it displays certain aspects...

‣ Social ontology and agency. Methodological holism naturalised.

Saaristo, Antti Jussi
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
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Contemporary philosophy of the social sciences is dominated by methodological individualism. Intentional agency is assumed to be conceptually and explanatorily prior to social facts and social practices. In particular, it is generally thought that denials of methodological individualism are bound to include ontologically unnatural and, thereby, unacceptable views. This dissertation provides a comprehensive criticism of this orthodoxy. Part I argues that social facts do not have to be understood as aggregates of actions and attitudes of essentially asocial individuals. Rather, the construction of social facts requires that acting as a member of a group rather than as a disparate individual is a fundamental building block of social reality and social facts. This idea is explicated in the anti-individualistic terms of the theory of collective intentionality. Part II tackles the accusation that the theory of collective intentionality is indefensibly anti-naturalistic in the sense that its picture of humans is essentially incompatible with evolutionary biology. This accusation is answered in terms of detailed analyses of evolutionary models of human sociality and empirical studies of the nature of social action. Part II concludes that it is actually the methodologically individualistic picture of social action as strategic individual action that is unacceptable. The theory of collective intentionality is compatible with and supported by scientific naturalism. Part III...

‣ Dissent in economics: Making radical political economics and post Keynesian economics, 1960-1980.

Jorge Fernandes Mata, Tiago
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
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The history of dissent in economics has thus far been subject to scant interest. The existing scholarship, authored by dissenters probing their own past, has failed to address the crucial questions of how dissent emerged and rooted itself. This study is about two dissenting communities, Radical Political Economics and Post Keynesian Economics. I review the circumstances that led to their emergence in the late 1960s and early 1970s. I draw from the histories of religious and scientific dissent to explore the making of the dissenters' challenge to the economics orthodoxy. Notably, I use the concept of boundary work to analyse the debates between dissenters and mainstream. The history of Radical Political Economics begins with the founding in 1968 of the Union for Radical Political Economics. Onto this Union converged a generation of young radicalised academics that sought to unite their political interests and their scholarly pursuits. After a period devoted to the design of a "paradigm of conflict," radicals turned to outreach work with popular movements. The new commitment brought divisive political identities into their Union that barred any agreement on a programme to transform economics. Post Keynesian Economics emerged in the aftermath of debates on capital theory between Cambridge left Keynesians and neoclassical economists. With the conviction that the debates signalled the emergence of a new theory in economics...

‣ The European contribution to "Sugarbaker's protocol" for the treatment of colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis

Gómez Portilla,A.; Cendoya,I.; Olabarria,I.; Martínez de Lecea,C.; Gómez Martínez de Lecea,C.; Gil,A.; Martín,E.; Muriel,J.; Magrach,L.; Romero,E.; Lirola,A.; Guede,N.; Moraza,N.; Fernández,E.; Kvadatze,M.; Valdovinos,M.; Larrabide,I.; Ruiz de Alegr
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2009 Português
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Introduction: in 1981, Dr. PH Sugarbaker, challenging oncological orthodoxy, considered carcinomatosis to be a locoregional stage of the disease that was still susceptible to treatment with curative intent. To this end he developed a new therapeutic alternative based on the combined treatment. The macroscopic disease treated by maximum radical oncological cytoreductive surgery (through the peritonectomies described by him), followed by treatment of the residual microscopic disease with the direct intra-abdominal application of intraoperative chemotherapy with locoregional intensification, modulated by hyperthermia and early normothermic postoperative intra-abdominal chemotherapy. Using this new therapeutic regimen, known as "Sugarbaker's Protocol", his group has reported 45% survival rates in carcinomatosis of colorectal origin at 5 years, and, in selected groups of patients, 50% survival rates at 5 years. The scientific community, however, has criticized these results considering that: it is a personal experience, with a not homogenous treatment protocol with developmental modifications over time, that it is a retrospective non-randomized study, and finally that the cytostatics used in his protocol are obsolete. Various European groups have replied to these main criticisms confirming the good results that this new therapeutic alternative offers for patients with carcinomatosis of colorectal origin. The purpose of this article is to present these contributions. Material and methods: all the articles published in the English language by European groups in the world's medical literature have been reviewed using the Pubmed-MEDLINE database to identify the relevant articles related to the treatment of carcinomatosis of colorectal origin using cytoreduction and intraperitoneal chemotherapy from January 1980 to January 2008. Results: the European contribution during these 25 years in favour of the "Sugarbaker's Protocol" has consisted fundamentally in: a) one multicenter retrospective study; b) two randomized prospective phase III studies; and c) the use of oxaliplatin and irinotecan as new cytostatic agents in the protocols for intraperitoneal chemotherapy. At the same time...

‣ Theology and philosophy within Radical Orthodoxy (Milbank) and Reformational Philosophy (Dooyeweerd)

Strauss,D.
Fonte: Acta Theologica Publicador: Acta Theologica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
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This article aims to show that, despite agreeing on some basic issues such as rejecting the dogma of the autonomy of reason and accepting that there is no territory independent of God, Radical Orthodoxy and Reformational Philosophy nonetheless differ. While both philosophy and theology, according to Radical Orthodoxy, investigate being qua, being only theology has the task to relate being to God. This view still continues the medieval nature-grace split. Alternatively, it is argued that the distinctive feature of scholarly endeavours, namely modal abstraction, may enhance an appreciation of the special scientific nature of theology, without advocating a "static division of human life" into "distinct spheres".