Página 1 dos resultados de 14964 itens digitais encontrados em 0.082 segundos

‣ Democracia e transformações sociais no estado parlamentar: Kirchheimer e a República de Weimar; Democracy and social change in parliamentary state: Kirchheimer and the Weimar republic.

Rizzi, Ester Gammardella
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/07/2011 Português
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A partir de dezenove textos publicados por Otto Kirchheimer no período final da República de Weimar, o presente trabalho investiga as possibilidades oferecidas por uma forma específica de organização política o Estado Constitucional Parlamentar para a realização da democracia e, ao mesmo tempo, para a promoção de transformações sociais. Amálgama inconstante entre a crítica de Carl Schmitt às instituições liberais e a crítica marxista da sociedade, a obra weimariana de Kirchheimer apresenta uma análise instigante do ordenamento jurídico e da realidade histórica na qual ele está inserido. Constituição, Estado Parlamentar, separação de poderes e a legitimidade de diferentes meios de ação política são alguns dos temas abordados. O trabalho discute, assim, uma importante ruptura teórica na obra de Kirchheimer nesse período: o progressivo reconhecimento de que o direito pode e deve servir como limitador do poder político, garantindo certo conteúdo mínimo de liberdade. Das falhas no funcionamento do Parlamento e das instituições da democracia formal passa a decorrer, para ele, a necessidade de aperfeiçoá-los e não mais de rejeitá-los.; Based on nineteen texts written by Otto Kirchheimer during the final period of the Weimar Republic...

‣ Information technologies, social change and the future : online journalism in Portugal

Sousa, Helena
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 Português
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The main objective of this article is to equate social change and new information and communication technologies (ICTs). From a multitude of theoretical entry points, the author decided to outline the key concept of time and to discuss its explanatory possibilities in a specific context: the development of online journalism in Portugal over the last decade. She takes the view that general formulations about the relationship between social change and technology could not elucidate the nature of social transformations nor the driving and opposing forces in particular contexts. Technology per se is not a relevant explicative variable but, in context, it certainly contributes to clarify social change. This article argues that the understanding of different simultaneous rhythms of change requires complementary incursions through the past, the present and the empirically accessible future.

‣ Social Change in Conflict-Affected Areas of Nepal

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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This note reports on the findings of a recent study to assess social change in conflict areas of Nepal. It looks specifically at the impact on hierarchical relations based on gender, caste, and ethnicity. All parts of society have been affected by positive, and negative social changes. Most of the positive changes have not yet become imbedded in the fabric of social relations, but are enforced through coercion, and the threat of violence. The challenge for development actors will be to capitalize on these positive changes, and effectively address problems of exclusion and social inequality.

‣ Education and social change in China: Inequality in a market economy

Zhang, N.
Fonte: Contemporary China Centre Publicador: Contemporary China Centre
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
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The article reviews the book "Education and Social Change in China: Inequality in a Market Economy," edited by Gerard Postiglione.

‣ Ageing in the 21st century - are baby boomers prepared?: a study of preparation for later life in a context of social change.

Buckley, Jennifer
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011 Português
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Structural ageing and social change mean that the socio-economic and cultural context for ageing in the 21st century differs from that experienced by previous generations. Contemporary models of positive ageing have challenged constructions of aging as decline and disengagement and resulted in higher expectations for retirement. However, these new notions of ageing may yet be eroded by the economic and social uncertainties associated with modern life; the reformation of the social contract; and dubious assumptions about the prevalence of healthy lifestyles. As population ageing gathers momentum, state supports are becoming more tightly targeted and risk is increasingly being devolved to the individual. This progressive contraction of the welfare state has occurred during a period in which employment has become more precarious, family structures more diverse and marriage less stable. These and other social transformations have significance for how both individuals and governments prepare for later life. Baby boomers, as the first generation to age in this fundamentally different environment, are likely to face challenges that were not present for previous generations and will present policy-makers with new dilemmas. Against this background...

‣ La formación en comunicación/educación para el cambio social en la universidad española. Rutas para un diálogo interdisciplinar; Studies in communication/education for social change in spanish universities. Paths towards an interdisciplinary dialogue

Barranquero, Alejandro; Rosique, Gloria
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em //2014 Português
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El presente estudio evalúa el grado de implantación de la comunicación para el cambio social y de la comunicación/educación en las universidades públicas y privadas españolas. La metodología parte de una revisión bibliográfica de los fundamentos teóricos de ambas disciplinas, como base para el diseño y aplicación de dos protocolos orientados a analizar la fisonomía de dicha formación en los estudios de grado y posgrado en Comunicación, desde su incorporación al Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES). En último término, se reivindica el diálogo interdisciplinar y una mayor implantación de las asignaturas del área en los planes de estudio, habida cuenta de la importancia que en los últimos años están adquiriendo los procesos educomunicativos implementados por la ciudadanía y/o para ella.; This article presents an assessment of the adoption of communication for social change and of communication/ education in Spanish public and private universities. The methodology is grounded on a bibliographic review of the theoretical foundations of both fields, which served as basis for the design and execution of two protocols aimed at analyzing the basic features of these perspectives in the Graduate and Postgraduate Courses in Communication...

‣ Comunicación, cambio social y ONG en España. Pistas para profundizar en la cultura de la cooperación desde los nuevos movimientos comunicacionales. El caso del 15M; Communication, social change and NGOs in Spain. Clues to deepen in a culture of cooperation from the new communicational movements. The case of 15M

Barranquero, Alejandro
Fonte: Universidad de Cádiz. Grupo de Investigación "Comunicación y Ciudadanía Digital" Publicador: Universidad de Cádiz. Grupo de Investigación "Comunicación y Ciudadanía Digital"
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em //2014 Português
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El siguiente artículo tiene por objeto indagar en la relación entre comunicación y ONG desde las apropiaciones tecnológicas y los nuevos usos comunicacionales que emergen en el ciclo de protestas que se inaugura en 2011, en particular desde movimientos socio-comunicacionales que se definen y estructuran en red como el 15M. Desde la perspectiva de la comunicación para el cambio social, se resumen los rasgos del viejo modelo modernizador que aún domina en muchas organizaciones y se apuntan pistas para seguir profundizando en la comunicación entendida como espacio de empoderamiento y promoción de la cultura de la cooperación y la movilización ciudadanas.; This article aims at exploring the relationship between communication and NGOs from the technological appropriations and the new communication uses of the cycle of protests that emerge from 2011, in particular from social and communicational movements, which define and structure themselves in the form of networks such as the 15M. From the perspective of communication for social change, we summarize the main features of the old modernizing model which still dominates in many organizations, and propose clues in order to deepen in the understanding of communication as a space for empowerment and promotion of citizen cooperation and mobilization cultures.

‣ Concepto, instrumentos y desafíos de la edu-comunicación para el cambio social; Concept, instruments and challenges of media education for social change

Barranquero, Alejandro
Fonte: Grupo Comunicar Publicador: Grupo Comunicar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
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Pese a su extensa tradición en otros contextos geográficos, el campo de la edu-comunicación para el cambio social es prácticamente desconocido en nuestro país, por lo que sigue siendo infrautilizado por parte de organizaciones y profesionales comprometidos con el desarrollo. El artículo ofrece una aproximación histórica al concepto y describe sucintamente algunas de sus principales metodologías, a fin de avanzar en la consolidación de la disciplina y potenciar estrategias para el contexto venidero.; Despite its long tradition in other geographic contexts, the field of communication for social change is almost unknown in our country; therefore, there is a widespread ignorance of communication basics on the part of organizations and professionals committed to development. The following article offers a brief historical approach to this concept and describes its main methodologies, in order to help consolidate the discipline and to promote strategies for the future.

‣ IT as agent of social change : "Lonxanet" and the case of the galician artisanal fisheries

Dans, Enrique; Freire, Juan (1966-)
Fonte: Association for Information Systems Publicador: Association for Information Systems
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
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Information technologies (IT) can be used as an agent to foster social change. This case study describes an Internet start-up, Lonxanet, and analyzes its potential role as a catalyst of changes in the Galician (northwest Spain) artisanal seafood fisheries. These fisheries are traditionally associated to rural communities of fishers, selling their products in local auction markets known as lonxas. Galician seafood is hugely appreciated in the Spanish market, where products achieve very high prices and have luxurious connotations. However, the product passes through a wide array of intermediaries where lack of transparence prevails until it reaches the end market, so fishers achieve just a tiny amount of the potential profits despite assuming all the risks associated to the extractive phase. In order to foster social and economic change, Lonxanet proposes a large electronic marketplace initiative partially owned by fishers' organizations, integrating marketing and logistic services and selling directly to restaurants and other final consumers. This change enables fishers to exert control over the whole commercial cycle. Consequently, they switch from a survival mentality to an industrial one, and they become especially interested in the sustainability of the resource...

‣ Development's 'downside': social and psychological pathology in countries undergoing social change

Sugar, Jonathan A; Kleinman, Arthur; Heggenhougen, Kristian
Fonte: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University Publicador: Health Transition Centre, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 34839 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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Emphasis on the decline in mortality related to infectious disease, the improvement in child survival and the extension in longevity creates an optimistic view of the effects on health of social change. In contrast, attention to behavioural and social problems apparently stemming from current global social transformations leads to a more negative assessment. Specific historical processes shape local worlds of experience so as to yield complex patterns of social change with multiple outcomes. Study should be directed at the specific mediating social and moral processes that yield negative mental-health outcomes in order to develop international mental-health policy to guide prevention, and to control the dangerously destructive effects of specific social transformations, planned as well as unplanned.; yes

‣ Demographic and social change in Vietnam

Hull, Terence H.; Forbes, Dean
Fonte: http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/devnet Publicador: http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/devnet
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper; Working/Technical Paper Formato: 12 pages
Português
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The end of the Vietnam War in 1975 sparked Western interest in aiding in the reconstruction of Vietnam, but this came to an abrupt halt in the late 1970s when Vietnamese troops moved into Cambodia. Following the government's renewed commitment to economic reform (doi moi) in 1986, and the withdrawal of its troops from Cambodia during 1989, Vietnam is once again opening up to the Western world. However, information on social and economic conditions in contemporary Vietnam is scarce. With a total population of 64.4 million on the 1st of April 1989, Vietnam is the second largest country in Southeast Asia. Two complementary papers commenting on recent demographic and social change in Vietnam are included in this Briefing Paper. They draw on the first results of the Five Percent Sample from the 1989 Population Census, released in March this year, to profile key aspects of recent social change. Terry Hull summarises the principal trends infertility, marriage and mortality, while Dean Forbes looks at the pattern of urbanisation and urban growth, and the emerging spatial structure of the country.; The article comprises two parts: The 1989 National Population Census: first results on fertility, marriage, and mortality / Terence H. Hull & Recent aspects of urbanisation in Vietnam / Dean Forbes

‣ Reconciling the Discursive and the Material Dimensions of Social Stability and Social Change: A Critical Retheorisation and Non-syncretic Synthesis of Bhaskar, Foucault, and Althusser

Hardy, Nicholas James
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Sociological explanations for human conduct usually place major ontological and epistemological emphasis upon either discursive or material relations without ever establishing or adequately specifying the validity of this dichotomy. Early texts by the Critical Realist philosopher Roy Bhaskar address this forced separation by creating an integrated ontological and epistemological field that provides a more detailed and precise theoretical ordering to agents, objects, and entities. Undertaking a developmental critique of Bhaskar’s arguments, this thesis extends Critical Realism’s role as theoretical ‘underlabourer’ and creates an expanded theoretical framework that balances discursive and material accounts. Utilising the sophisticated analyses of the structure and operation of discourses found in the work of Michel Foucault alongside the innovative arguments for aleatory materialism developed by Louis Althusser, a critique is established that shows discursive, material, and social relations to be complex, immanent, and, importantly, mutually constitutive. In each theory three core concepts of events, emergence, and the extra-discursive are shown to not only be present but also to operate as the main means of explaining social change. The result of integrating Critical Realism...

‣ Approaching social change as a complex problem in a world that treats it as a complicated one: the case of puntos de encuentro, Nicaragua

Virginia Lacayo; Ohio University (athens); Rafael Obregón; Universidad del Norte; Arvind Singhal; University of Texas (El paso)
Fonte: Universidad del Norte Publicador: Universidad del Norte
Tipo: article; publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Resumen El presente estudio de caso usa principios de la Ciencia de la Complejidad como marco teórico para el análisis de la estrategia de comunicación implementada por Puntos de Encuentro, así como para explorar algunas de las críticas más recientes a las teorías y modelos de evaluación de proyectos para el cambio social. Los resultados de este estudio sugieren que Puntos de Encuentro ha aplicado de manera intuitiva varios principios de la Ciencia de la Complejidad en el diseño, implementación y evaluación de su estrategia de comunicación: la dependencia histórica y contextual del cambio social, su aspecto no lineal y paradójico, la superioridad del todo sobre la suma de las partes, la relevancia de la calidad de las relaciones y las interacciones, los beneficios del control descentralizado para el surgimiento de un nuevo orden y para la auto-organización social, y la importancia de un flujo libre, diverso y participativo de información relevante al sistema para que este pueda cambiar. Como conclusión, el artículo sugiere el uso de la comunicación para el cambio social basadas en los principios de la Ciencia de la Complejidad como estrategia alternativa para promover el cambio. Abstract Puntos de Encuentro, a Nicaraguan feminist non-profit organization...

‣ The political solidarity model of social change: Dynamics of self-categorization in intergroup power relations

Subasic, Emina; Reynolds, Katherine J; Turner, John C
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Social and political change involves a challenge to the status quo in intergroup power relations. Traditionally, the social psychology of social change has focused on disadvantaged minority groups collectively challenging the decisions, actions, and polic

‣ Explaining Social Change : an Analytical Approach

Hedström, Peter
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
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Analytical sociology is a middle-range approach to sociological theorizing which seeks to develop precise and realistic action-based explanations of various social phenomena. At the heart of the analytical approach is the idea that acceptable explanations must detail the mechanisms through which the phenomena to be explained were brought about. In this article I discuss the most important elements of this approach and I try to illustrate the various components involved in an explanation of social change. The analytical approach adopted here seeks to closely integrate mechanism-based theories of action and interaction, and agent-based computational modelling. The article is organized in the following way: first I present the guiding ideas behind the mechanisms approach. Second I discuss various mechanisms of action and interaction to illustrate what it is all about. Third I use a socalled agent-based model for illustrating how one can link individual-level mechanisms to social outcomes. Fourth I show how important it is to empirically calibrate these types of models. And fifth, and finally, I round it all up with some concluding remarks.; La sociología analítica es una aproximación a la teorización social «de alcance intermedio» que persigue desarrollar explicaciones precisas...

‣ Measuring Social Change as Categorical Change

Smith, Jeffrey A.
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Sociologists often depict demographic categories as socially constructed, non-essential, and fluid. The language of fluid, contingent categories has not, however, translated very well into the practice of describing social change in a population. There are notable exceptions, but the typical approach is still to take fixed demographic categories, such as Black/White, and follow their outcomes over time. The first goal of this dissertation is to bridge the gap between theory and practice by offering a formal framework for measuring categorical fluidity. The second goal is to use changes in categorical meaning to explore the macro features of a social system.

First, I develop a model of categorical change rooted in interaction patterns, such as marriage or friendship rates. Interaction patterns offer an ideal metric to measure fluid demographic categories: they concretely capture social distinctions without relying solely on pre-defined labels. I consider two categories to be equivalent if the observed behavioral implications of group membership are the same, even if the labels are different. If College graduates now interact in the same manner as High School graduates used to, then College is the new HS. To formalize this idea...

‣ Disasters And Social Change: Consequences For Community Construct and Affect

Nigg, Joanne M.; Tierney, Kathleen J.
Fonte: Disaster Research Center Publicador: Disaster Research Center
Tipo: Outros Formato: 2492376 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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Social scientists have long posited that disasters are capable producing significant changes in the structure, social life, and even the culture of the communities and societies they impact (Prince 1920; Sorokin 1942). When one sees the devastation and disruption created by both natural and technological disaster agents, these claims seem plausible. However, the literature on community recovery, most of which focuses on natural disasters, suggests that major social change rarely results from such events. The current consensus is that disasters do not cause growing, prosperous communities to decline; nor can they "save" declining communities.

‣ Os sertões e os (des)caminhos da mudança social no Brasil; Os sertões and the (mis)direction of social change in Brazil

Rezende, Maria José de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2001 Português
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A obra Os sertões tem sido amplamente discutida em vários campos de interpretação do Brasil, ou seja, na literatura, na sociologia, na antropologia e na história. Este artigo visa demonstrar que o modo de caracterização da existência social do sertanejo fez deste trabalho de Euclides da Cunha um marco na formação das ciências sociais no país. Ao buscar compreender, a partir do evolucionismo spenceriano, os (des)caminhos da mudança social no país o autor contribuiu com a fundação dos primeiros pilares de uma reflexão acerca das singularidades socioculturais brasileiras.; Os sertões has been amply discussed in various fields of interpretation in Brazil, be it in literature, sociology, anthropology or history. This article aims to demonstrate that the means of characterization of the social existence of the peasant from the arid countryside has turned this work of Euclides da Cunha's into a landmark in the formation of the social sciences in Brazil. Based on Spencerian evolutionism, the author analyzes the (mis)direction of social change in the country, as a means to contribute towards the reflection on Brazilian socio-cultural singularities.

‣ "We grew as we grew": visual methods, social change and collective learning over time

Walsh,Shannon
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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Educational research using visual methods has the power to transform the society in which we live and the communities in which we work. We must not naively imagine that having the desire to make change in people's lives will mean that it will happen, as sometimes there may be surprising, unintended negative repercussions as well. Other constraints, such as structural violence and institutional racism, can also intersect with the possibility of making tangible change through educational research using visual methods. Qualitative assessment with a longitudinal approach is one approach that can reveal both the impact, and the limitations, of educational research on social change. I discuss these issues through grounded examples from an HIV educational project that used visual methodologies with a group of youths in Cape Town, South Africa over a number of years. Almost ten years later we interviewed three of theformer participants about what impact the work has had on their lives. Each has travelled a differentjourney and been faced with different constraints that have implications for the effectiveness of such work. Where are they now, and as adults, what do they have to say about the visual methodologies, memory, and social change?

‣ Towards academic generativity: working collaboratively with visual artefacts for self-study and social change

Pithouse-Morgan,Kathleen; van Laren,Linda
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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There appears to be a mounting consciousness in academia that knowledge production and the scholarly dissemination of knowledge do not necessarily lead to general well-being or improvement in society. In this article we start with ourselves by initiating an exploration into generative possibilities for becoming agents of social change through our own educational research. We take a collaborative self-study approach to our inquiry, using artefact retrieval as a visual method to re-examine our own research interests. Our individual reflections on our chosen artefacts are brought together into a reflexive dialogue. We follow this with a collaborative reflection, in which we explain how we have noticed similarities in both the connotative and denotative histories of our artefacts and gained an alternative perspective on our interests and practices as educational researchers. The article demonstrates how, by working with visual artefacts from our professional spaces, we were afforded the opportunity to collaboratively re-think our research endeavours. As 'critical friends' we were able to recognise the importance of moving beyond advocating change, and to explore how 'starting with ourselves' research approaches can facilitate social action for the benefit of others.