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‣ Corneal stroma PDGF blockade and myofibroblast development

KAUR, Harmeet; CHAURASIA, Shyam S.; MEDEIROS, Fabricio W. de; AGRAWAL, Vandana; SALOMAO, Marcella Q.; SINGH, Nirbhai; AMBATI, Balamurali K.; WILSON, Steven E.
Fonte: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Myofibroblast development and haze generation in the corneal stroma is mediated by cytokines, including transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), and possibly other cytokines. This study examined the effects of stromal PDGF-beta blockade on the development of myofibroblasts in response to -9.0 diopter photorefractive keratectomy in the rabbit. Rabbits that had haze generating photorefractive keratectomy (PRK, for 9 diopters of myopia) in one eye were divided into three different groups: stromal application of plasmid pCMV.PDGFRB.23KDEL expressing a subunit of PDGF receptor b (domains 2-3, which bind PDGF-B), stromal application of empty plasmid pCMV, or stromal application of balanced salt solution (BSS). The plasmids (at a concentration 1000 ng/mu l) or BSS was applied to the exposed stroma immediately after surgery and every 24 h for 4-5 days until the epithelium healed. The group treated with pCMV.PDGFRB.23KDEL showed lower alpha SMA+ myofibroblast density in the anterior stroma compared to either control group (P <= 0.001). Although there was also lower corneal haze at the slit lamp at one month after surgery, the difference in haze after PDGF-B blockade was not statistically significant compared to either control group. Stromal PDGF-B blockade during the early postoperative period following PRK decreases stromal alpha SMA+ myofibroblast generation. PDGF is an important modulator of myofibroblast development in the cornea. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; Research to Prevent Blindness...

‣ Expressão precoce de CD34, CD68, α-actina de músculo liso e COX-2 no estroma pericriptal durante carcinogênese colônica induzida quimicamente em ratos. ; Early Expression of CD34, CD68, α-smooth muscle actin and COX-2 in pery-crypt stroma during chemically-induced rat colonic carcinogenesis.

Turatti, Aline
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/09/2006 Português
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Diversos estudos têm demonstrado que a atividade coordenada das células epiteliais com o estroma é fundamental no crescimento e diferenciação em situações fisiológicas e patológicas, inclusive no câncer. Vários relatos acentuam a importância do compartimento estromal nos tumores malignos e indicam fortemente que interações contínuas entre o carcinoma e as células estromais (resultando em regulamento e modulação recíproca) são condições prévias para desenvolvimento e progressão de carcinomas. Comparativamente, pouca informação está disponível sobre as características e o papel do estroma durante o processo carcinogênico e a maioria dos dados são baseados em estudos isolados. Nos animais tratados com o carcinógeno Dimetilhidrazina foi identificado na mucosa colônica o aparececimento de “Focos de Estroma Ativado” (FEA) que diferem do foco inflamatório esporádico encontrado na mucosa normal dos animais controles devido à imuno-expressão aumentada de células CD34, CD68, α-actina de músculo liso (ASMA), COX-2 positivas e densidade microvascular. Além disso, o FEA cercou um número aumentado de criptas colônicas em fissão que freqüentemente apresentavam células epiteliais com núcleos hipercromáticos. Este último achado pode sugerir correlação entre as alterações estromais e epiteliais dentro dos FEA. Embora esses achados sejam novos...

‣ The Hematopoietic stroma

Nardi, Nance Beyer; Alfonso, Zeni Zoraia da Costa
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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All blood cells are derived from a small common pool of totipotent cells, called hematopoietic stem cells. The process is strictly regulated by the hematopoietic microenvironment, which includes stromal cells, extracellular matrix molecules and soluble regulatory factors. Several experimental in vitro assays have been developed for the study of hematopoietic differentiation, and have provided valuable information on the stroma, which includes, among other cell types, macrophages, fibroblasts, adipocytes, and endothelial cells. The composition, ontogeny, and function in physiological as well as pathological conditions of stroma are discussed.

‣ Cellular changes in the prostatic stroma of glucocorticoid-treated rats

Ribeiro, D. L.; Rafacho, A.; Bosqueiro, J. R.; Taboga, S. R.; Goes, R. M.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 499-508
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Glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) have been widely used for the treatment of prostate cancer because of their inhibitory property against tumour growth. However, their mechanism of action in the prostate has received little attention. Excess GCs can lead to peripheral insulin resistance resulting in hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia. Insulin plays an important role as a cellular stimulant and high levels are related to low levels of androgens. Our objective has been to describe the effects of insulin resistance induced by dexamethasone treatment on the morphology of rat ventral prostate. Mate adult Wistar rats received daily intraperitoneal injections of dexamethasone or saline for five consecutive days after which the rats were killed and the ventral prostate was removed, weighed and prepared for conventional and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Dexamethasone treatment resulted in atrophy and decreased proliferative activity of prostatic epithelial cells. TEM analysis revealed changes in the epithelium-stroma interface, with some interruptions in the basement membrane. Fibroblasts showed a secretory phenotype with dilated endoplasmic reticulum. Smooth muscle cells exhibited a contractile pattern with 50% atrophy, an irregular membrane and twisted nuclei. Mitochondrial alterations...

‣ Prostatic stromal cells of old gerbils respond to steroidal blockades creating a microenvironment similar to reactive stroma

Campos, Silvana G.P.; Gonalves, Bianca F.; Scarano, Wellerson R.; Ribeiro, Daniele Lisboa; Góes, Rejane M.; Taboga, Sebastião R.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 97-106
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The present study examined the changes in prostatic stroma of old gerbils (18 months) submitted to orchiectomy associated or not with steroidal blockades. Animals were divided into six groups, all surgically castrated except the control group composed of intact animals. The other two controls were formed by castrated animals, one that received and one that did not receive the drug vehicle. In the experimental groups, doses of flutamide (10 mg/kg/day) and/or tamoxifen (1 mg/kg/48 h) were applied for 1, 3, 7 and 30 days post-castration. The methodologies involved were: morphological (HE, Gömöri reticulin, Picrosirius-hematoxylin), immunohistochemical (tenascin, type IV collagen) and ultrastructural analyses. Gradually, the epithelial compartment was significantly exceeded in volume by the stromal compartment, characterizing regression but not atrophy of the gland. The smooth muscle cell frequency increased significantly after 30 days and participated effectively in the stromal increase. Large collagen I and tenascin deposits in the subepithelial region were a hallmark of prostatic acini in the experimental groups up to 7 days, while in the 30-day group these elements practically disappear. Fibroblasts with reactive aspect, changes in basement membrane structure and maintenance and/or increase of blood vessels were also associated with treatments. These results showed...

‣ O estroma da medula ossea e a sua influencia na expressão de genes de resistencia e sensibilidade a quimioterapicos na leucemia linfoide aguda (LLA) pediatrica; Bone marrow stroma modulates the expression of several drug resistance/sensitivity genes in pediatric acute limphoblastic leukemia

Angelo Brunelli Albertoni Laranjeira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/03/2007 Português
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A resistência intrínseca ou adquirida aos compostos quimioterápicos é uma das mais importantes causas dos insucessos no tratamento das LLAs pediátricas. A interação da LLA com o microambiente da medula óssea contribui para a proliferação e resistência ao regime quimioterápico das células leucêmicas através de uma grande variedade de mecanismos celulares que provavelmente incluem: aumento da expressão de transportadores celulares, aumento no processo de reparo do DNA, diminuição na regulação dos alvos das drogas, mudanças na regulação do ciclo celular e alteração nas vias apoptóticas. No presente estudo observou-se que a interação estabelecida entre células estromais e células de LLA-B, promoveu a ativação destas como avaliado pela análise das moléculas de superfície das células leucêmicas ao longo dos períodos de cultivo, além da sobrevivência e/ou proliferação em mais de 60% dos casos in vitro. A comunicação entre os dois tipos celulares também mostrou a influência do estroma na modulação da expressão transcricional de 17 genes relacionados com a resistência e sensibilidade a quimioterápicos em células de LLA-B. A modulação teve como conseqüência o aumento nos níveis de expressão da maioria dos genes de resistência e a queda de expressão da maioria dos genes de sensibilidade. Sendo assim...

‣ The hematopoietic stroma

Nardi,N.B.; Alfonso,Z.Z.C.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/1999 Português
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All blood cells are derived from a small common pool of totipotent cells, called hematopoietic stem cells. The process is strictly regulated by the hematopoietic microenvironment, which includes stromal cells, extracellular matrix molecules and soluble regulatory factors. Several experimental in vitro assays have been developed for the study of hematopoietic differentiation, and have provided valuable information on the stroma, which includes, among other cell types, macrophages, fibroblasts, adipocytes, and endothelial cells. The composition, ontogeny, and function in physiological as well as pathological conditions of stroma are discussed.

‣ RED CELL STROMA IN DOGS : STROMA PROTEIN AND STROMA LIPIDES VARY IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF ANEMIA

Robscheit-Robbins, F. S.; Whipple, G. H.
Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/11/1955 Português
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Normal red blood cells in dogs contain stroma in fairly uniform amounts. This red cell stroma is rich in proteins and lipides. Anemia due to blood loss causes an increase in stroma protein. The highest levels of stroma protein are found in the severe anemias. As the anemia is corrected by red cell regeneration, the stroma protein level falls to normal. Anemia due to blood destruction (phenylhydrazine) presents very high levels of stroma protein—almost double the increase noted in anemia due to blood loss. Hypoproteinemia added to anemia due to blood loss causes no significant change on the stroma protein level. Abscesses due to the subcutaneous injection of turpentine during the anemia cause slight decreases in the stroma protein levels. Chloroform poisoning has no effect on the stroma protein levels. The total lipides of the stroma are rather stable and are little influenced by anemia. In certain experiments with hemolytic anemia and with hypoproteinemia, there is a significant rise in total lipide figures.

‣ Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in tumour and stroma compartments in cervical cancer: clinical implications

Ferrandina, G; Lauriola, L; Zannoni, G F; Distefano, M G; Legge, F; Salutari, V; Gessi, M; Maggiano, N; Scambia, G; Ranelletti, F O
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This study aims at investigating the relationship between cyclooxygenase-2 expression in tumour vs stroma inflammatory compartment and its possible clinical role. The study included 99 stage IB-IV cervical cancer patients: immunostaining of tumour tissue sections was performed with rabbit antiserum against cyclooxygenase-2. CD3, CD4, CD8, CD25, Mast Cell Tryptase monoclonal antibodies were used to characterise stroma inflammatory cells in nine cervical tumours. An inverse relation was found between cyclooxygenase-2 levels (cyclooxygenase-2 IDV) of tumour vs stroma compartment (r=−0.44, P<0.0001). The percentage of cases showing high tumour/stromal cyclooxygenase-2 IDV ratio was significantly higher in patients who did not respond to treatment (93.3%) with respect to patients with partial (60.5%), and complete (43.7%) response (P= 0.009). Cases with a high tumour/stroma cyclooxygenase-2 IDV ratio had a shorter overall survival rate than cases with a low tumour/stroma cyclooxygenase-2 IDV (P<0.0001). In the multivariate analysis advanced stage and the status of tumour/stroma cyclooxygenase-2 IDV ratio retained an independent negative prognostic role. The proportion of CD3+, CD4+, and CD25+ cells was significantly lower in tumours with high tumour/stroma cyclooxygenase-2 IDV ratio...

‣ Swelling studies of camel and bovine corneal stroma

Almubrad, Turki; Khan, Mohammad Faisal Jamal; Akhtar, Saeed
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In the present study we investigated the swelling characteristics of fresh camel and bovine cornea in sodium salt solutions. Swelling studies were carried out at 20 minutes, 14 hours, and 46 hours on five fresh camel and 5 five fresh bovine corneas. During the 20-minute hydration of fresh corneal stroma was investigated using sodium chloride (NaCl), sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), sodium acetate (CH3COONa), sodium thiocyanate (NaSCN), and sodium floride (NaF) at 2-minute time intervals. During a 46-hour time period, the hydration study was carried out using NaCl (150, 300 mM) and NaF (150 mM) at random intervals. The 14-hour study was carried out to assess the rehydration of corneal stroma after 6 hours of drying. During the 20-minute swelling studies in the first 2 minutes the rate of hydration in both camel and bovine corneas was high but gradually reduced in the 2–20-minute period. The rates and levels of hydration of camel and bovine cornea were not significantly different from each other in all the strengths of solutions. During the 46-hour swelling studies, the initial rate of hydration (0–2 hours) of camel and bovine stroma, in all solutions was significantly higher (Z = 0.056) compared to hydration during later hours (2–46 hours). Camel stromal hydration (high) in 150 mM NaCl was significantly higher compared to bovine stromal hydration in the same solution during the 10–24...

‣ The autophagic tumor stroma model of cancer or “battery-operated tumor growth”: A simple solution to the autophagy paradox

Martinez-Outschoorn, Ubaldo E; Whitaker-Menezes, Diana; Pavlides, Stephanos; Chiavarina, Barbara; Bonuccelli, Gloria; Trimmer, Casey; Tsirigos, Aristotelis; Migneco, Gemma; Witkiewicz, Agnieszka K; Balliet, Renee; Mercier, Isabelle; Wang, Chengwang; Flome
Fonte: Landes Bioscience Publicador: Landes Bioscience
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The role of autophagy in tumorigenesis is controversial. Both autophagy inhibitors (chloroquine) and autophagy promoters (rapamycin) block tumorigenesis by unknown mechanism(s). This is called the “Autophagy Paradox.” We have recently reported a simple solution to this paradox. We demonstrated that epithelial cancer cells use oxidative stress to induce autophagy in the tumor microenvironment. As a consequence, the autophagic tumor stroma generates recycled nutrients that can then be used as chemical building blocks by anabolic epithelial cancer cells. This model results in a net energy transfer from the tumor stroma to epithelial cancer cells (an energy imbalance), thereby promoting tumor growth. This net energy transfer is both unilateral and vectorial, from the tumor stroma to the epithelial cancer cells, representing a true host-parasite relationship. We have termed this new paradigm “The Autophagic Tumor Stroma Model of Cancer Cell Metabolism” or “Battery-Operated Tumor Growth.” In this sense, autophagy in the tumor stroma serves as a “battery” to fuel tumor growth, progression and metastasis, independently of angiogenesis. Using this model, the systemic induction of autophagy will prevent epithelial cancer cells from using recycled nutrients...

‣ Components of the Hematopoietic Compartments in Tumor Stroma and Tumor-Bearing Mice

Huynh, HoangDinh; Zheng, Junke; Umikawa, Masato; Silvany, Robert; Xie, Xian-Jin; Wu, Catherine J.; Holzenberger, Martin; Wang, Qianming; Zhang, Cheng Cheng
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/03/2011 Português
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Solid tumors are composed of cancerous cells and non-cancerous stroma. A better understanding of the tumor stroma could lead to new therapeutic applications. However, the exact compositions and functions of the tumor stroma are still largely unknown. Here, using a Lewis lung carcinoma implantation mouse model, we examined the hematopoietic compartments in tumor stroma and tumor-bearing mice. Different lineages of differentiated hematopoietic cells existed in tumor stroma with the percentage of myeloid cells increasing and the percentage of lymphoid and erythroid cells decreasing over time. Using bone marrow reconstitution analysis, we showed that the tumor stroma also contained functional hematopoietic stem cells. All hematopoietic cells in the tumor stroma originated from bone marrow. In the bone marrow and peripheral blood of tumor-bearing mice, myeloid populations increased and lymphoid and erythroid populations decreased and numbers of hematopoietic stem cells markedly increased with time. To investigate the function of hematopoietic cells in tumor stroma, we co-implanted various types of hematopoietic cells with cancer cells. We found that total hematopoietic cells in the tumor stroma promoted tumor development. Furthermore, the growth of the primary implanted Lewis lung carcinomas and their metastasis were significantly decreased in mice reconstituted with IGF type I receptor-deficient hematopoietic stem cells...

‣ Anterior and posterior corneal stroma elasticity after corneal collagen crosslinking treatment

Dias, Janice; Diakonis, Vasilios F.; Kankariya, Vardhaman P.; Yoo, Sonia H.; Ziebarth, Noël M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The purpose of this project was to assess anterior and posterior corneal stromal elasticity after corneal collagen cross linking (CXL) treatment in human cadaver eyes using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) through indentation. Twenty four human cadaver eyes (12 pairs) were included in this study and divided into 2 groups (6 pairs per group). In both groups, the left eye (OS) served as a control (no riboflavin or CXL treatment was performed) and the right eye (OD) underwent CXL treatment (30 minutes of riboflavin pretreatment followed by 30 minutes of exposure to 3mW/cm2 of ultraviolet light). In group 1, the anterior stroma was exposed by manual delamination of approximately 50μm of the corneal stroma including Bowman’s membrane. In group 2, the posterior stroma was exposed by delamination of the anterior 50% of the corneal stroma including Bowman’s membrane. Delamination was performed after crosslinking treatment in the case of the treated eyes. In all eyes, the stromal elasticity was quantified using AFM through indentation. Young’s modulus of elasticity for the anterior cornea (group 1) was 245.9±209.1kPa (range: 82.3 - 530.8 kPa) for the untreated control eyes, and 467.8±373.2kPa (range: 157.4 – 1126 kPa) for the CXL treated eyes. Young’s modulus for the posterior cornea (group 2) was 100.2±61.9kPa (range: 28.1 - 162.6 kPa) for the untreated control eyes and 66.0±31.8kPa (range: 31.3 - 101.7 kPa) for the CXL treated eyes. Young’s modulus of the anterior stroma significantly increased after CXL treatment (p=0.024)...

‣ Connexin expression and gap-junction-mediated cell interactions in an in vitro model of haemopoietic stroma

Medina, Sandra Patricia Hurtado; Balduino, Alex; Bôdi, Estevão Cardoso de Almeida; El-Cheikh, Márcia Cury; Carvalho, Antonio Carlos Campos de; Borojevic, Radovan
Fonte: Inmetro - Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Qualidade e Tecnologia Publicador: Inmetro - Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Qualidade e Tecnologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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12 p. : il.; In addition to the steady-state production of all blood cells, bone marrow can respond to an increased requirement for one or several cell lineages. The hormonal controls involved may act directly on blood cell progenitors or indirectly through modification of the haemopoietic environment. Intercellular gap junctions formed by connexins (Cx) provide direct communication among adjacent cells and the functional integration of multicellular systems. Since haemopoietic stroma is determinant for blood cell production, we have questioned whether gap-junction-dependent controls of haemopoiesis are sensitive to hormones and vitamins. We have analysed the expression, synthesis, cell distribution and formation of functional gap junctions in the murine bone-marrow stroma cell line S-17, and between stromal cells and blood cell progenitors. Nine Cxs were identified by reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction, and only Cx43 by Western blot and immunofluorescence. All of the studied parameters were sensitive to intrinsic controls dependent upon the pattern of cell growth and modulated by exogenous controls mediated by retinol and steroids. Positive or negative modulation was specific for different Cxs. FACS analysis showed communication among the stromal cells and between stromal cells and myeloid (Mac1+) but not lymphoid (B220+) progenitors. Calcein transfer modulation did not correspond to the modulation of Cx43 expression and formation of connexons...

‣ Distinct nuclear receptor expression in stroma adjacent to breast tumors

Knower, K.; Chand, A.; Eriksson, N.; Takagi, K.; Miki, Y.; Sasano, H.; Visvader, J.; Lindeman, G.; Funder, J.; Fuller, P.; Simpson, E.; Tilley, W.; Leedman, P.; Graham, D.; Muscat, G.; Clarke, C.; Clyne, C.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publ Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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The interaction between breast tumor epithelial and stromal cells is vital for initial and recurrent tumor growth. While breast cancer-associated stromal cells provide a favorable environment for proliferation and metastasis, the molecular mechanisms contributing to this process are not fully understood. Nuclear receptors (NRs) are intracellular transcription factors that directly regulate gene expression. Little is known about the status of NRs in cancer-associated stroma. Nuclear Receptor Low-Density Taqman Arrays were used to compare the gene expression profiles of all 48 NR family members in a collection of primary cultured cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) obtained from estrogen receptor (ER)α positive breast cancers (n = 9) and normal breast adipose fibroblasts (NAFs) (n = 7). Thirty-three of 48 NRs were expressed in both the groups, while 11 NRs were not detected in either. Three NRs (dosage-sensitive sex reversal, adrenal hypoplasia critical region, on chromosome X, gene 1 (DAX-1); estrogen-related receptor beta (ERR-β); and RAR-related orphan receptor beta (ROR-β)) were only detected in NAFs, while one NR (liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1)) was unique to CAFs. Of the NRs co-expressed, four were significantly down-regulated in CAFs compared with NAFs (RAR-related orphan receptor-α (ROR-α); Thyroid hormone receptor-β (TR-β); vitamin D receptor (VDR); and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ)). Quantitative immunohistochemistry for LRH-1...

‣ Tumor stroma is the predominant uPA-, uPAR-, PAI-1-expressing tissue in human breast cancer: prognostic impact

Hildenbrand, Ralf; Schaaf, Antonela; Dorn-Beineke, Alexandra; Allgayer, Heike; Sütterlin, Marc; Marx, Alexander; Stroebel, Philipp
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), its receptor (uPAR) and its inhibitor PAI-1, play a key role in tumor invasion and metastasis. uPA and PAI-1 were the first novel tumor biological factors to be validated at the highest level of evidence regarding their clinical utility in breast cancer. Their antigens are determined in tumor tissue extracts by standardized, quality-assured immunometric assays (ELISA). Since the late 1980s, numerous independent studies have demonstrated that patients with low levels of uPA- and PAI-1 in their primary tumor tissue have significantly better survival than patients with high levels of either factor. However, it is unclear whether it is their (relative) levels in the tumor stroma or in the tumor cells themselves that is most relevant to patient outcome. This missing knowledge leads to an uncertainty concerning the management of breast cancer tissue specimens. It is unclear how much tumor stroma is allowed in one tumor tissue specimen for an adequate assessment of the patients' outcome. This is the first study in which tumor cells and stromal tissue of invasive breast carcinomas (n=60) were separated by laser capture microdissection followed by ELISA-based determination of the uPA-, uPAR- and PAI-1-levels. In addition...

‣ Development of two distinct dendritic-like APCs in the context of splenic stroma

Periasamy, Pravin; Petvises, Sawang; O'Neill, Helen C.
Fonte: Frontiers Research Foundation Publicador: Frontiers Research Foundation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 11 pages
Português
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Murine splenic stroma has been found to provide an in vitro niche for hematopoiesis of dendritic-like APC. Two distinct cell types have been characterized. The novel "L-DC" subset has cross-presenting capacity, leading to activation of CD8(+) T cells, but not activating CD4(+) T cells, which is consistent with their CD11c(lo)CD11b(hi)MHC-II(-) phenotype. For L-DC, an equivalent tissue-specific APC has been found only in spleen. A second population of CD11c(hi)CD11b(lo)MHC-II(+) cells resembling conventional dendritic cells (cDC) can activate both CD4 and CD8 T cells. Production of L-DC but not cDC-like cells is now shown to be dependent on contact between the L-DC progenitor and stroma such that the presence of a Transwell membrane can prevent L-DC development. Since L-DC can be produced continuously in vitro in stromal co-cultures overlaid with bone marrow (BM) progenitors, it was hypothesized that L-DC progenitors are self-renewing. The L-DC progeni! tor is shown here to be defined by the Flt3(-)c-kit(+)Lin(-)Sca-1(+) (F(-)KLS) subset of adult BM which contains primitive HSC. Since the less primitive F(+)KLS HSC subset also contains L-DC progenitors, Flt3 does not appear to be a defining marker for this progenitor. Precursors of the cDC-like subset are found only within the F(+)KLS subset and seed production of a transient population of APC. All data identify differentiation of L-DC from HSC...

‣ Development of two distinct dendritic-like APCs in the context of splenic stroma

Periasamy, Pravin; Petvises, Sawang; O'Neill, Helen C
Fonte: Frontiers Publicador: Frontiers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 11 pages
Português
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Murine splenic stroma has been found to provide an in vitro niche for hematopoiesis of dendritic-like APC. Two distinct cell types have been characterized. The novel “L-DC” subset has cross-presenting capacity, leading to activation of CD8+ T cells, but not activating CD4+ T cells, which is consistent with their CD11cloCD11bhiMHC-II− phenotype. For L-DC, an equivalent tissue-specific APC has been found only in spleen. A second population of CD11chiCD11bloMHC-II+ cells resembling conventional dendritic cells (cDC) can activate both CD4 and CD8 T cells. Production of L-DC but not cDC-like cells is now shown to be dependent on contact between the L-DC progenitor and stroma such that the presence of a Transwell membrane can prevent L-DC development. Since L-DC can be produced continuously in vitro in stromal co-cultures overlaid with bone marrow (BM) progenitors, it was hypothesized that L-DC progenitors are self-renewing. The L-DC progenitor is shown here to be defined by the Flt3−c-kit+Lin−Sca-1+ (F−KLS) subset of adult BM which contains primitive HSC. Since the less primitive F+KLS HSC subset also contains L-DC progenitors, Flt3 does not appear to be a defining marker for this progenitor. Precursors of the cDC-like subset are found only within the F+KLS subset and seed production of a transient population of APC. All data identify differentiation of L-DC from HSC...

‣ Participação do IGFBP7 na interação leucemia-estroma e na resistência a quimioterapia; IGFBP7 participates in the reciprocal interaction between leukemia and BM stroma and in leukemia resistance to chemotherapy

Angelo Brunelli Albertoni Laranjeira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/05/2012 Português
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A Leucemia Linfóide Aguda (LLA) é o tipo de câncer mais comum que acomete crianças. Sabe-se que a interação do tumor com o contexto celular do hospedeiro (microambiente tumoral) é recíproca, ou seja, na medida em que o tumor estimula o seu microambiente, este potencializa a sobrevivência, proliferação e invasividade tumoral. A interação da LLA com as células estromais da medula óssea tem um impacto positivo na resistência das células leucêmicas à quimioterapia. No presente estudo foi investigado a modulação de uma série genes de sensibilidade e resistência à asparaginase em células de LLA-B precursoras após co-cultura com as células estromais. Mostramos o aumento da expressão e secreção da IGFBP7 pelas células leucêmicas após co-cultivo com células do estroma da medula óssea. Em ensaios com o silenciamento do IGFBP7 em células leucêmicas e células estromais, mostramos que a IGFBP7 atua regulando positivamente o crescimento celular e aumenta a resistência a asparaginase. A IGFBP7 'leucêmica' junto com IGF/insulina atua sobre as células estromais, induzindo nestas células o aumento da produção de asparagina, e diminuindo a ação da asparaginase. Além deste mecanismo de resistência dependente das células estromais...

‣ Fibroblast-collagen interactions in the formation of the secondary stroma of the chick cornea

Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/09/1977 Português
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Fibroblasts invade the primary corneal stroma of the 6-day-old chick embryo eye. The way in which these cells build the secondary stroma has been studied by microscope examination of the stroma during the subsequent 8 Days. Eyes were embedded in low viscosity nitrocellulose, and 30-micrometer tangential sections of cornea were cut and stained with azan (giving blue collagen and red cells). These sections were sufficiently thick to include enough cells and collagen for stromal organization to be visible under Nomarski optics. Three days after invasion, the fibroblasts extend along collagen bundles in the posterior region of the stroma; surprisingly, fibroblasts near the epithelium are more rounded. The collagen itself is organized in orthogonal bundles rather than in sheets. Measurements show that posterior bundles increase in size with time while anterior stroma si similar in diameter to primary stroma. These observations confirm that the epithelium continues to deposit primary stroma up to at least the 14th day. They show, moreover, that fibroblasts deposit collagen fibrils on extant stroma and that the farther a bundle is from the epithelium, and hence the longer the period since it was first laid down, the wider it is likely to be. Analysis of the results and existing data on hyaluronic acid levels in the stroma suggests that Bowman's membrane...